Chapter 6 - The Middle Ages Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6 - The Middle Ages Deck (155)
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121

What was a fief?

An area of land which the king granted a lord. In return the lord promised to fight for the king

122

What was a motte?

A man made hill on which a castle was built

123

What was a bailey?

The courtyard of a medieval castle

124

What was a moat?

A deep ditch dug around the walls of a castle

125

What was a keep?

A large square tower in a castle

126

What was a portcullis?

An iron gate which could be lowered over the entrance of a castle during attack

127

What was a turret?

A small tower built on a castle wall

128

What was a barbican?

A defensive gatehouse at the entrance of the castle

129

What was the fosterage?

A common practise in the middle ages whereby the children of the lord and lady were sent to other noble families to supervise their upbringing

130

What was hawking?

A form of hunting whereby birds of prey are trained to hunt for small animals

131

What was a manor?

The land owned by a lord

132

What was a demesne?

The land retained by the lord for his own uses

133

What was a page?

The first stage of a knights training. Young boys were taught manners and basic fighting skills

134

What was a squire?

The second stage of a knights training. Squires accompanied fully trained knights and learned to fight with real weapons

135

What was a tournament?

Contest between knights

136

What was jousting?

A contest in which two knights on horseback charge at each other with a lance in an attempt to unseat their opponent

137

What was chivalry?

A code pf conduct for knights

138

What was the open field system?

A system in which the land in the village was divided into three large fields and then divided into strips which were farmed by the serfs

139

What was a serf?

A peasant who was not allowed to leave the village without the lords permission

140

What was the tithe?

Every year the serfs had to give one tenth of their crops to the parish priest to pay for the upkeep of the church

141

What was pottage?

A vegetable stew normally eaten by peasants

142

What was a charter?

A list of rules for a medieval town or city

143

What was a toll?

Money that had to be paid in order to trade in a medieval town

144

What was a curfew?

Once darkness came, townspeople had to extinguish all fires

145

What was a guild?

An organisation for craft workers which had strict rules for all its members

146

What was a pillory?

A medieval form of punishment where an offenders hands and head was locked in a wooden frame

147

What was a sanctuary?

A place of refuge from the law within church grounds

148

What was a cloister?

A cloister was a wall, enclosed area in a monastery where monks prayed

149

What was an abboy

The monk in charge of the monastery

150

What was a tonsure?

The shaving if the crown of the monks head