Flashcards in Chapter 6 - The Middle Ages Deck (155)
What was a fief?
An area of land which the king granted a lord. In return the lord promised to fight for the king
What was a motte?
A man made hill on which a castle was built
What was a bailey?
The courtyard of a medieval castle
What was a moat?
A deep ditch dug around the walls of a castle
What was a keep?
A large square tower in a castle
What was a portcullis?
An iron gate which could be lowered over the entrance of a castle during attack
What was a turret?
A small tower built on a castle wall
What was a barbican?
A defensive gatehouse at the entrance of the castle
What was the fosterage?
A common practise in the middle ages whereby the children of the lord and lady were sent to other noble families to supervise their upbringing
What was hawking?
A form of hunting whereby birds of prey are trained to hunt for small animals
What was a manor?
The land owned by a lord
What was a demesne?
The land retained by the lord for his own uses
What was a page?
The first stage of a knights training. Young boys were taught manners and basic fighting skills
What was a squire?
The second stage of a knights training. Squires accompanied fully trained knights and learned to fight with real weapons
What was a tournament?
Contest between knights
What was jousting?
A contest in which two knights on horseback charge at each other with a lance in an attempt to unseat their opponent
What was chivalry?
A code pf conduct for knights
What was the open field system?
A system in which the land in the village was divided into three large fields and then divided into strips which were farmed by the serfs
What was a serf?
A peasant who was not allowed to leave the village without the lords permission
What was the tithe?
Every year the serfs had to give one tenth of their crops to the parish priest to pay for the upkeep of the church
What was pottage?
A vegetable stew normally eaten by peasants
What was a charter?
A list of rules for a medieval town or city
What was a toll?
Money that had to be paid in order to trade in a medieval town
What was a curfew?
Once darkness came, townspeople had to extinguish all fires
What was a guild?
An organisation for craft workers which had strict rules for all its members
What was a pillory?
A medieval form of punishment where an offenders hands and head was locked in a wooden frame
What was a sanctuary?
A place of refuge from the law within church grounds
What was a cloister?
A cloister was a wall, enclosed area in a monastery where monks prayed
What was an abboy
The monk in charge of the monastery