Cognitive Explanations for Gambling - Addiction Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Cognitive Explanations for Gambling - Addiction Deck (6):
1

How can self-medication explain initiation?

- Individuals may turn to gambling as they perceive this to reduce/treat their psychological symptoms
- Gambling can be believed to control depression when winning and distract from everyday life

2

How does Biddle help to explain initiation?

28% of veterans studied reached the criteria fro problem gambling
- escape problems in their life = turned to gambling as a way to self-medicate as there was no help from the state

3

How can self-medication explain maintenance?

- If gambling reduces depressive symptoms individuals will then gamble as much as possible to achieve the same effect
- Try to win as much as possible to feel good + reduce depression
- The losses may make them feel worse causing them to gamble more and more to increase their wins

4

How does Thomsen et al help to explain maintenance?

- Worse gambling behaviours were found in those with high levels of depression than low; in terms of urge, excitement, no. of games played and duration.
= play more to reduce depressive symptoms

5

How can self medication help to explain relapse?

- If the individual falls back into depression gambling may be the only option the they feel will work to help

6

How does Thomsen and Biddle help to explain relapse?

Due to disorders causing people to turn to gambling any time these may develop again gamblers may seek to gamble again