Flashcards in Deindidivdalisation - Aggression Deck (10):
What does Zimbardo distinguish between?
Individuated behaviour - conforms to social norms
Deindividuated behaviour - unsocialised and based on more primitive argues
What is reduced public self-awareness and reduced private self-awareness?
Public - we are less likely to be identified by others
Private - people become less successful at monitoring their own behaviour and judging wether it is appropriate
What are Deiner's (1980) 4 types of self-awareness?
- Poor self-monitoring of behaviour
- Reduced need for social approval
- Reduced inhibitions
- Reduced rational thinking
What is Hogg and Vaughan's (2008) definition?
Is a process whereby people loose their sense of socialised individual behaviour and engage in unsocialised, often anti-social behaviour
Is the approach nature or nurture? Why?
Nurture approach. If an individual was put into a situation where they were deindivdulised they may become aggressive even if they are not that type of person.
Why could this approach be considered nature?
Perhaps people who are already aggressive may set up accounts to target people and may choose jobs which allow them to wear uniforms
What are the issues surrounding this topic? (2 points)
- Perhaps if their was a policy that restricted people to one Facebook account in their real name this would stop aggression/anti-social behaviour online
- Prison guards and police should always have their face showing and a name badge to prevent them becoming deindividulised
Why did the guards in Zimbardos study become aggressive?
Because they became deindividulised due to wearing mirrored sunglasses, uniforms and caps - prisoners could not see who they were?
What is some evaluation of Zimbardos study?
- The guards became aggressive and prisoners didn't suggesting deindividulisation is nurture
- BUT prisoners were also deindividulised, wore uniform, but became passive and obedient not aggressive