FSI B2 14-16 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in FSI B2 14-16 Deck (242):
1

宁[寧] nìng

rather ② to prefer

2

桃[桃] táo peach

peach

3

烂[爛] làn

soft ② mushy ③ well-cooked and soft ④ to rot ⑤ to decompose ⑥ rotten ⑦ worn out ⑧ chaotic ⑨ messy ⑩ utterly ⑪ thoroughly

4

筐[筐] kuāng

basket ② CL:隻|只[zhi1]

5

无穷[無窮] wúqióng

endless ② boundless ③ inexhaustible

6

屈指[屈指] qūzhǐ

to count on one's fingers

7

车把[車把] chēbǎ

handlebar (bike, motor)

8

鸽[鴿] gē

pigeon ② dove

9

提篮[提籃] tílán

a basket

10

驮[馱] tuó

to carry on one's back

11

蹬[蹬] dèng

step into (as tight shoe)

12

零部件[零部件] língbùjiàn

spare part ② component

13

茬子[茬子] cházi

stubble

14

风吹日晒[風吹日曬] fēngchuīrìshài

to be exposed to the elements (idiom)

15

减退[減退] jiǎntuì

to ebb ② to go down ③ to decline

16

风光[風光] fēngguāng

scene ② view ③ sight ④ landscape ⑤ to be well-regarded ⑥ to be well-off ⑦ grand (topolect) ⑧ impressive (topolect)

17

不再[不再] bùzài

no more ② no longer

18

照样[照樣] zhàoyàng

as before ② (same) as usual

19

硬实[硬實] yìngshí

sturdy ② robust

20

不忍[不忍] bùrěn

cannot bear to ② disturbed

21

叹服[嘆服] tànfú

(to gasp) with admiration

22

补丁[補丁] bǔdīng

patch

23

痴情[癡情] chīqíng

infatuation

24

敝帚自珍[敝帚自珍] bìzhǒuzìzhēn

to value the broom as one's own (idiom); to attach value to sth because it is one's own ② a sentimental attachment

25

牙膏[牙膏] yágāo

toothpaste ② CL:管[guan3]

26

洗衣粉[洗衣粉] xǐyīfěn

laundry detergent ② washing powder

27

酶[酶] méi

enzyme ② ferment

28

消化酶[消化酶] xiāohuàméi

digestive enzyme

29

溶酶体[溶酶體] róngméitǐ

lysosome

30

魅力[魅力] mèilì

charm ② fascination ③ glamor ④ charisma

31

波段[波段] bōduàn

wave band

32

波长[波長] bōcháng

wavelength

33

波束[波束] bōshù

beam

34

半导体[半導體] bàndǎotǐ

semiconductor

35

微处理器[微處理器] wēichùlǐqì

microprocessor

36

耻笑[恥笑] chǐxiào

to sneer at sb ② to ridicule

37

蚩[蚩] chī

surname Chi ② ignorant ③ worm

38

龙猫[龍貓] lóngmāo

chinchilla

39

抱残守缺[抱殘守缺] bàocánshǒuquē

to cherish the outmoded and preserve the outworn (idiom); conservative ② stickler for tradition

40

陈旧[陳舊] chénjiù

old fashioned

41

跟不上[跟不上] gēnbushàng

not able to keep up with

42

形势[形勢] xíngshì

circumstances ② situation ③ terrain ④ CL:個|个[ge4]

43

不敢苟同[不敢苟同] bùgǎngǒutóng

to beg to differ ② too bad to be accepted (idiom)

44

不可抗拒[不可抗拒] bùkěkàngjù

irresistible (idiom)

45

次品[次品] cìpǐn

substandard products ② defective ③ seconds

46

享誉[享譽] xiǎngyù

to enjoy a reputation

47

盛名[盛名] shèngmíng

famous reputation

48

游刃有余[遊刃有餘] yóurènyǒuyú

handling a butcher's cleaver with ease (idiom); to do sth skillfully and easily

49

光彩[光彩] guāngcǎi

luster ② splendor ③ radiance ④ brilliance

50

大放光明[大放光明] dàfàngguāngmíng

great release of light (idiom)

51

蜂拥[蜂擁] fēngyōng

to flock (to see) ② to mill ③ to throng

52

注脚[註腳] zhùjiǎo

footnote

53

眼花缭乱[眼花繚亂] yǎnhuāliáoluàn

be dazzled

54

加冕[加冕] jiāmiǎn

to crown ② coronation

55

急眼[急眼] jíyǎn

hot tempered

56

座右铭[座右銘] zuòyòumíng

motto ② maxim

57

最[最] zuì

most ② the most ③ -est

58

震耳[震耳] zhèn'ěr

ear-splitting

59

震耳欲聋[震耳欲聾] zhèn'ěryùlóng

ear-splitting (idiom); deafening

60

舒心[舒心] shūxīn

comfortable ② happy

61

逐鹿[逐鹿] zhúlù

to pursue deer ② fig. to vie for supremacy

62

增强[增強] zēngqiáng

to increase ② to strengthen

63

效益[效益] xiàoyì

benefit

64

税收[稅收] shuìshōu

taxation

65

赚取[賺取] zhuànqǔ

to make a profit ② to earn a packet

66

可观[可觀] kěguān

considerable

67

盛[盛] chéng

to hold ② contain ③ to ladle ④ pick up with a utensil

68

圈[圈] quān

circle ② ring ③ loop ④ classifier for loops, orbits, laps of race etc ⑤ CL:個|个[ge4]

69

圈[圈] juān

to confine ② enclose

70

圈[圈] juàn

pen (pig) ② a fold

71

卷[卷] juàn

chapter ② examination paper

72

馀[餘] yú

variant of 餘|余, remainder ② surname Yu

73

倒座儿[倒座兒] dàozuòr

the north-facing room opposite the master's in a siheyuan 四合院|四合院

74

各取所需[各取所需] gèqǔsuǒxū

each takes what he needs (idiom)

75

品牌[品牌] pǐnpái

brand name ② trademark

76

宁缺勿滥[寧缺勿濫] nìngquēwùlàn

to rather go without than have sth. shabby (idiom)

77

米面[米麵] mǐmiàn

rice and noodles ② rice flour ③ rice-flour noodles

78

恶搞[惡搞] ègǎo

a spoof (web based genre in PRC acquiring cult status from 2005, involving humorous, satirical or fantastical videos, photo collections, texts, poems etc)

79

超载[超載] chāozài

to overload

80

飞鸽[飛鴿] fēigē

Flying Pigeon (famous bicycle brand, made in Tianjin since 1936)

81

均衡[均衡] jūnhéng

equal ② balanced ③ harmony ④ equilibrium

82

理睬[理睬] lǐcǎi

to heed ② to pay attention to

83

凝聚力[凝聚力] níngjùlì

cohesion ② cohesiveness ③ cohesive

84

勿庸置疑[勿庸置疑] wùyōngzhìyí

undoubtedly (idiom)

85

解馋[解饞] jiěchán content

to eat to one's heart's

86

期盼[期盼] qīpàn

hope and expectation ② to anticipate ③ to look forward to ④ to await expectantly

87

云云[云云] yúnyún

and so on ② so and so ③ many and confused

88

大谬不然[大謬不然] dàmiùbùrán mistaken (idiom)

entirely

89

营养[營養] yíngyǎng

nutrition ② nourishment ③ CL:種|种[zhong3]

90

搭配[搭配] dāpèi

to pair up ② to match ③ to arrange in pairs ④ to add sth into a group

91

奶制品[奶製品] nǎizhìpǐn

dairy product

92

甜食[甜食] tiánshí

dessert ② sweet

93

烹茶[烹茶] pēngchá

to brew tea

94

烹饪法[烹飪法] pēngrènfǎ

cuisine ② culinary art ③ cookery ④ recipe

95

炊事[炊事] chuīshì

cooking

96

炊事员[炊事員] chuīshìyuán

cook ② kitchen worker

97

乌烟瘴气[烏煙瘴氣] wūyānzhàngqì

foul black smoke atmosphere (idiom); fig. everything in a tremendous mess ② pandemonium reigns

98

可取[可取] kěqǔ

desirable ② worth having

99

可圈可点[可圈可點] kěquānkědiǎn

very good (of writing) ② very laudable (of demeanor) (idiom)

100

品种[品種] pǐnzhǒng

breed ② variety ③ CL:個|个[ge4]

101

夜郎自大[夜郎自大] yèlángzìdà

ignorant or parochial arrogance (idiom)

102

整齐[整齊] zhěngqí

orderly ② neat ③ even ④ tidy

103

灵动[靈動] língdòng

to be quick-witted

104

适宜[適宜] shìyí

suitable ② appropriate

105

诗意[詩意] shīyì

poetry ② poetic quality or flavor

106

情感[情感] qínggǎn

feeling ② emotion ③ to move (emotionally)

107

积淀[積澱] jīdiàn

deposits accumulated over long periods ② fig. valuable experience, accumulated wisdom

108

大地[大地] dàdì

earth ② mother earth

109

海内[海內] hǎinèi

the whole world ② throughout the land ③ everything under the sun

110

眷[眷] juàn

concern ② wife and children

111

依依[依依] yīyī

to regret leaving ② reluctant to part ③ onomat. young leaves stir gently in the wind

112

浮想联翩[浮想聯翩] fúxiǎngliánpiān

thoughts thronging one's mind (idiom)

113

心潮澎湃[心潮澎湃] xīncháopéngpài

to feel an upsurge of emotion (idiom)

114

湃[湃] pài

sound of waves

115

体会[體會] tǐhuì

know (through learning or by experience) ② CL:個|个[ge4]

116

体现[體現] tǐxiàn

to embody ② to reflect ③ to give expression to ④ to be reflected in ⑤ exemplify

117

手推车[手推車] shǒutuīchē

trolley ② cart ③ barrow ④ handcart ⑤ wheelbarrow ⑥ baby buggy

118

平仄[平仄] píngzè

level and oblique tones (technical term for classical Chinese rhythmic poetry)

119

音韵[音韻] yīnyùn

phonetics of Chinese, 音[yin1] corresponding to the initial consonant and 韻|韵[yun4] to the rhyme and tone

120

对偶[對偶] duì'ǒu

dual ② duality ③ antithesis ④ coupled phrases (as rhetorical device) ⑤ spouse

121

典故[典故] diǎngù

allusion (to classic story or saying) ② classical quotation ③ parable

122

简练[簡練] jiǎnliàn

terse ② succinct

123

牙牙学语[牙牙學語] yáyáxuéyǔ

to babble out one's first words ② to begin to babble ③ to prattle (idiom)

124

背诵[背誦] bèisòng

recite ② repeat from memory

125

吟[吟] yín

moan ② to hum

126

吟诗[吟詩] yínshī

to recite poetry

127

诵[誦] sòng

read aloud

128

送别[送別] sòngbié

farewell

129

喜悦[喜悅] xǐyuè

happy ② joyous

130

慷慨[慷慨] kāngkǎi

vehement ② fervent ③ generous ④ giving ⑤ liberal

131

疲倦[疲倦] píjuàn

to tire ② tired

132

激越[激越] jīyuè

intense ② loud

133

铸[鑄] zhù

cast metals ② to coin (money)

134

铸铁[鑄鐵] zhùtiě

pig iron ② foundry iron

135

冀朝铸[冀朝鑄] Jì Cháozhù

Ji Chaozhu (1929-), Chinese diplomat

136

斗而铸兵[鬥而鑄兵] dòu'érzhùbīng

to be too late to make preparations (idiom)

137

盛行[盛行] shèngxíng

to be in vogue ② to be prevalent

138

唱和[唱和] chànghè

antiphon (i.e. solo voice answered by chorus) ② sung reply (in agreement with first voice) ③ to reply with a poem in the same rythm

139

酬酢[酬酢] chóuzuò

to exchange toasts

140

继承[繼承] jìchéng

to inherit ② to carry on ③ to succeed

141

株[株] zhū

tree trunk ② stump (tree root) ③ a plant ④ classifier for trees or plants ⑤ to involve others (in shady business)

142

株连[株連] zhūlián

to involve others (in a crime) ② guilt by association

143

范例[範例] fànlì

example ② model case

144

关连[關連] guānlián

connected ② related ③ linked ④ linkage ⑤ correlation

145

典故[典故] diǎngù

allusion (to classic story or saying) ② classical quotation ③ parable

146

来历[來歷] láilì

history ② antecedents ③ origin

147

出处[出處] chūchù

source (esp. of quotation or literary allusion) ② origin ③ where sth comes from

148

地步[地步] dìbù

condition ② plight ③ extent

149

全然[全然] quánrán

completely

150

废除[廢除] fèichú

to abolish ② to abrogate ③ to repeal

151

原汁原味[原汁原味] yuánzhīyuánwèi

original ② authentic ③ lit. original juices, original flavor

152

朗诵[朗誦] lǎngsòng

read aloud with expression ② recite ③ declaim

153

欢欣鼓舞[歡欣鼓舞] huānxīngǔwǔ

elated and excited (idiom); overjoyed

154

唐诗三百首[唐詩三百首] Tángshīsānbǎishǒu

Three hundred Tang dynasty poems, a stable anthology collected around 1763 by Sun Zhu 孫誅

155

唐氏症[唐氏症] Tángshìzhèng

Down's syndrome ② mongolism

156

由衷[由衷] yóuzhōng

heartfelt ② sincere ③ unfeigned

157

起码[起碼] qǐmǎ

at the minimum ② at the very least

158

料理[料理] liàolǐ

to arrange ② to handle ③ the ordinary Japanese word for cooking ④ cuisine (esp. foreign restaurants)

159

东坡肘子[東坡肘子] Dōngpōzhǒuzi

Dongpo pork shoulder, traditional dish said to have been created by Northern Song dynasty writer Su Dongpo 蘇東坡|苏东坡

160

东坡[東坡] Dōngpō

eastern slope ② Dongpo district of Meishan city 眉山市[Mei2 shan1 shi4], Sichuan

161

歇[歇] xiē

to rest

162

潇潇细雨[瀟瀟細雨] xiāoxiāoxìyǔ

fine, gentle drizzle (idiom)

163

潇[瀟] xiāo

river name ② sound of rain and wind

164

熟读成诵[熟讀成誦] shúdúchéngsòng

to read again and again until one knows it by heart (idiom)

165

墨守成规[墨守成規] mòshǒuchéngguī

hidebound by convention (idiom)

166

肤色[膚色] fūsè

skin color (race)

167

杂谈[雜談] zátán

discussion of various topics

168

好心[好心] hǎoxīn

kindness ② good intentions

169

慨[慨] kǎi

generous ② sad

170

世风日下[世風日下] shìfēngrìxià

The world is declining in its moral values. (idiom)

171

人心叵测[人心叵測] rénxīnpǒcè

Man's heart is incomprehensible. (idiom)

172

叵[叵] pǒ

not ② thereupon

173

心怀叵测[心懷叵測] xīnhuáipǒcè

concealing wicked intentions (idiom); malicious ② to prod sly

174

出奇[出奇] chūqí

extraordinary ② exceptional ③ unusual

175

淤血斑[淤血斑] yūxuèbān

bruise ② patch of bruising

176

紫斑[紫斑] zǐbān

bruise

177

货真价实[貨真價實] huòzhēnjiàshí

genuine goods at fair price (idiom)

178

败事有余[敗事有餘] bàishìyǒuyú

to spoil everything rather than help (idiom)

179

成事不足[成事不足] chéngshìbùzú

unable to achieve (but able to ruin) (idiom)

180

说得上[說得上] shuōdeshàng

can be counted or regarded as ② to be able to tell or answer ③ to deserve mention

181

确乎[確乎] quèhū

for sure

182

难免[難免] nánmiǎn

hard to avoid ② difficult to escape from

183

一概[一概] yīgài

all ② without any exceptions ③ categorically

184

宽宥[寬宥] kuānyòu

to pardon ② to forgive

185

旁观者[旁觀者] pángguānzhě

observer ② spectator

186

旁观者清[旁觀者清] pángguānzhěqīng

The person on the spot is baffled, the onlooker sees clear (idiom). The spectator sees more of the game.

187

当事人[當事人] dāngshìrén

persons involved or implicated ② party (to an affair)

188

狡猾[狡猾] jiǎohuá

crafty ② cunning ③ sly

189

培养[培養] péiyǎng

to train ② culture ③ to bring up ④ to groom (for a position)

190

动员[動員] dòngyuán

mobilize ② arouse ③ CL:次[ci4],個|个[ge4]

191

脸上无光[臉上無光] liǎnshàngwúguāng

to lose face (idiom)

192

干饭[乾飯] gānfàn

cooked and dried rice

193

细致[細緻] xìzhì

delicate ② fine ③ careful ④ meticulous ⑤ painstaking

194

匹敌[匹敵] pǐdí

to be equal to ② to be well-matched ③ rival

195

基建[基建] jījiàn

capital construction (project) ② infrastructure

196

别墅[別墅] biéshù

villa ② CL:幢[zhuang4],座[zuo4]

197

看涨[看漲] kànzhǎng

bull market (prices appear to be rising)

198

喂[餵] wèi

to feed

199

贱卖[賤賣] jiànmài

to sell cheaply ② sacrifice ③ low price ④ discount sale

200

贱买贵卖[賤買貴賣] jiànmǎiguìmài

to buy cheap and sell high (idiom)

201

贱[賤] jiàn

inexpensive ② lowly

202

积蓄[積蓄] jīxù

to save ② to put aside ③ savings

203

精光[精光] jīngguāng

nothing left (money, food etc) ② all finished ③ bright and shiny ④ radiant ⑤ glorious

204

发誓[發誓] fāshì

to vow ② to pledge ③ to swear

205

暧昧[曖昧] àimèi

vague ② ambiguous ③ equivocal ④ dubious

206

遮掩[遮掩] zhēyǎn

to cover

207

遮[遮] zhē

to cover up (a shortcoming) ② to screen off ③ to hide ④ to conceal

208

出名[出名] chūmíng

well-known for sth ② to become well known ③ to make one's mark

209

支付[支付] zhīfù

to pay (money)

210

想必[想必] xiǎngbì

presumably ② probably ③ in all likelihood ④ surely

211

不至于[不至於] bùzhìyú

cannot go so far ② be unlikely

212

愚笨[愚笨] yúbèn

stupid ② clumsy

213

轻飘飘[輕飄飄] qīngpiāopiāo

light as a feather

214

圣旨[聖旨] shèngzhǐ

imperial edict

215

上演[上演] shàngyǎn

to screen (a movie) ② to stage (a play) ③ a screening ④ a staging

216

漫不经心[漫不經心] mànbùjīngxīn

careless ② heedless ③ absent-minded ④ indifferent

217

肇事[肇事] zhàoshì

to cause trouble ② to provoke a disturbance

218

美联储[美聯儲] Měiliánchǔ

US Federal Reserve (Fed), the US central bank

219

谨言慎行[謹言慎行] jǐnyánshènxíng

to be discreet in word and deed (idiom)

220

著称[著稱] zhùchēng

to be widely known as

221

证监会[証監會] zhèngjiànhuì

China securities regulatory commission CSRC ② abbr. for 中國證券監督管理委員會|中国证券监督管理委员会

222

社交[社交] shèjiāo

interaction ② social contact

223

迂腐[迂腐] yūfǔ

pedantic ② officious

224

一朝被蛇咬,十年怕井绳[一朝被蛇咬,十年怕井繩] yīzhāobèishéyǎoshíniánpàjǐngshéng

once bitten by a snake, ten years in fear of a well rope ② once bitten, twice shy (idiom)

225

之际[之際] zhījì

during ② at the time of

226

于理不通[於理不通] yúlǐbùtōng

improper and unreasonable (idiom)

227

采访[採訪] cǎifǎng

to interview ② to gather news ③ to hunt for and collect ④ to cover

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争取[爭取] zhēngqǔ

to fight for ② to compete (for a prize) ③ to struggle

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答应[答應] dāying

to reply ② to respond ③ to promise ④ to agree

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大力[大力] dàlì

energetic ② vigorous ③ vigorously

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事例[事例] shìlì

example ② exemplar ③ typical case

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专业户[專業戶] zhuānyèhù

family firm producing a special product ② cottage industry

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行事[行事] xíngshì

to execute ② to handle ③ behavior ④ action ⑤ conduct

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事理[事理] shìlǐ

reason ② logic

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般[般] bān

sort ② kind ③ class ④ way ⑤ manner

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无事[無事] wúshì

to have nothing to do

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消毒[消毒] xiāodú

disinfect ② sterilize

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解剖学[解剖學] jiěpōuxué

anatomy

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胚胎[胚胎] pēitāi

embryo

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只要[只要] zhǐyào

if only ② so long as

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李时珍[李時珍] Lǐ Shízhēn

Lǐ Shízhēn (1518-1593), Ming botanist and pharmacologist, author of Compendium of medical herbs 本草綱目|本草纲目

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政绩[政績] zhèngjì

(political) achievements ② track record