FSI Set 11 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in FSI Set 11 Deck (418):
1

与否[與否] yǔfǒu

is or is not ② whether or not

2

挂钩[掛鉤] guàgōu

couple ② link together

3

本事[本事] běnshì

ability ② skill ③ source material ④ original story

4

小气[小氣] xiǎoqì

stingy ② petty ③ miserly ④ narrow-minded

5

小气鬼[小氣鬼] xiǎoqìguǐ

a miser ② a penny-pincher

6

小心翼翼[小心翼翼] xiǎoxīnyìyì

cautious and solemn (idiom); very carefully ② prudent ③ gently and cautiously

7

大方[大方] dàfāng

expert ② scholar ③ mother earth (cf 大地, because the earth is square 地方) ④ a type of green tea

8

大方[大方] dàfang

generous ② magnanimous ③ poise ④ a great moral principle

9

应邀[應邀] yìngyāo

at sb's invitation ② on invitation

10

灿烂[燦爛] cànlàn

to glitter ② brilliant ③ splendid

11

质地[質地] zhìdì

texture ② background (texture) ③ grain ④ quality ⑤ character ⑥ disposition

12

束[束] shù

to bind ② bunch ③ bundle ④ classifier for bunches, bundles, beams of light etc ⑤ to control ⑥ surname Shu

13

鲜花[鮮花] xiānhuā

fresh flowers ② CL:朵[duo3]

14

祝福[祝福] zhùfú

blessings ② wish well

15

交谈[交談] jiāotán

talk with each other ② converse ③ chat

16

新郎[新郎] xīnláng

bridegroom ② groom

17

新娘[新娘] xīnniáng

bride

18

挨[挨] āi

in order ② in sequence ③ close to ④ adjacent to

19

挨[捱] ái

to suffer ② to endure ③ to pull through (hard times) ④ to delay ⑤ to stall ⑥ to play for time ⑦ to dawdle

20

敬酒[敬酒] jìngjiǔ

to toast ② to propose a toast

21

宾客[賓客] bīnkè

guests ② visitors

22

宾客盈门[賓客盈門] bīnkèyíngmén

guests filled the hall (idiom); a house full of distinguished visitors

23

请柬[請柬] qǐngjiǎn

invitation card ② written invitation

24

贺卡[賀卡] hèkǎ

greeting card ② congratulation card

25

护身符[護身符] hùshēnfú

amulet ② protective talisman ③ charm

26

询问[詢問] xúnwèn

to inquire

27

讯问[訊問] xùnwèn

to interrogate ② to ask about

28

寻问[尋問] xúnwèn

to inquire

29

沓[沓] tà

again and again ② many ③ surname Ta

30

钞票[鈔票] chāopiào

paper money ② a bill (e.g. 100 yuan) ③ CL:張|张[zhang1],扎[za1]

31

宅经[宅經] zháijīng

one of the earliest classics about Fengshui ② see also 黃帝宅經|黄帝宅经[huang2 di4 zhai2 jing1]

32

塞[塞] sāi

stop up ② to squeeze in ③ to stuff ④ Serb (abbr.) ⑤ Serbian

33

塞子[塞子] sāizi

cork ② plug

34

匈牙利[匈牙利] Xiōngyálì

Hungary

35

宁愿[寧願] nìngyuàn

would rather ② better

36

低廉[低廉] dīlián

cheap ② inexpensive ③ low

37

惊喜[驚喜] jīngxǐ

be pleasantly surprised

38

宴请[宴請] yànqǐng

to entertain (for dinner) ② to invite to dinner

39

在意[在意] zàiyì

to care about ② to mind

40

载漪[載漪] Zàiyī

Zai Yi (1856-1922), Manchu imperial prince and politician, disgraced after supporting the Boxers

41

信以为真[信以為真] xìnyǐwéizhēn

to accept sth. as true (idiom)

42

龙虾[龍蝦] lóngxiā

lobster

43

龙涎香[龍涎香] lóngxiánxiāng

ambergris (biliary secretion of whale, used in perfume)

44

鲍鱼[鮑魚] bàoyú

abalone

45

包园儿[包園兒] bāoyuánr

buy the whole lot ② finish up or off

46

包圆儿[包圓兒] bāoyuánr

to buy the whole lot ② to take everything remaining

47

包月[包月] bāoyuè

monthly payment

48

优雅[優雅] yōuyǎ

grace ② graceful

49

酉阳土家族苗族自治县[酉陽土家族苗族自治縣] Yǒuyáng Tǔjiāzú Miáozúzìzhìxiàn

Youyang Miao and Tujia autonomous county in Qianjiang suburbs of Chongqing municipality

50

争先恐后[爭先恐後] zhēngxiānkǒnghòu

striving to be first and fearing to be last (idiom); outdoing one another

51

番[番] fān

deeds ② foreign ③ classifier for repeated actions: time

52

番石榴[番石榴] fānshíliu

guava (fruit)

53

番薯[番薯] fānshǔ

sweet potato ② yam

54

番木瓜[番木瓜] fānmùguā

papaya

55

诚意[誠意] chéngyì

sincerity ② good faith

56

昂贵[昂貴] ángguì

expensive ② costly

57

诡计[詭計] guǐjì

deceit

58

尺度[尺度] chǐdù

scale ② yardstick

59

考验[考驗] kǎoyàn

to test ② to put to the test

60

吝啬[吝嗇] lìnsè

stingy ② mean ③ miserly

61

林森[林森] Lín Sēn

Lin Sen (1868-1943), revolutionary politician, colleague of Sun Yat-sen, chairman of the Chinese nationalist government (1928-1932)

62

铁公鸡[鐵公雞] tiěgōngjī

cheapskate ② stingy person

63

一毛不拔[一毛不拔] yīmáobùbá (idiom)

stingy

64

艰辛[艱辛] jiānxīn

hardships ② arduous ③ difficult

65

拆东墙补西墙[拆東牆補西牆] chāidōngqiángbǔxīqiáng

lit. pull down the east wall to repair the west wall (idiom); fig. temporary expedient ② Rob Peter to pay Paul

66

拆东补西[拆東補西] chāidōngbǔxī

lit. pull down the east wall to repair the west (idiom); fig. temporary expedient ② Rob Peter to pay Paul

67

不惜[不惜] bùxī

not stint ② not spare ③ not hesitate (to do sth) ④ not scruple (to do sth)

68

足以[足以] zúyǐ

sufficient to... ② so much so that ③ so that

69

足印[足印] zúyìn

footprint

70

足够[足夠] zúgòu

enough ② sufficient

71

敬佩[敬佩] jìngpèi

to esteem ② to admire

72

认同[認同] rèntóng

identify ② approve ③ acknowledge

73

付账[付賬] fùzhàng

to settle an account

74

AA制[AA制] (null)

to split the bill ② to go Dutch

75

老少咸宜[老少咸宜] lǎoshàoxiányí

suitable for both the old and the young (idiom)

76

不外乎[不外乎] bùwàihū

nothing else but

77

糖果[糖果] tángguǒ

candy ② CL:粒[li4]

78

人性[人性] rénxìng

human nature ② humanity ③ human ④ the totality of human attributes

79

掩饰[掩飾] yǎnshì

to conceal a fault ② to gloss over

80

理性[理性] lǐxìng

reason ② rationality ③ rational

81

分期付款[分期付款] fēnqīfùkuǎn

installment

82

精打细算[精打細算] jīngdǎxìsuàn

(saying) meticulous planning and careful accounting

83

应付[應付] yìngfu

to deal with ② to cope

84

对付[對付] duìfu

to handle ② to deal with ③ to cope ④ to get by with

85

似的[似的] sìde

seems as if ② rather like ③ also pr. (shi4 de5) or (shi5 de5)

86

情趣[情趣] qíngqù

one's temperament and interests ② emotional appeal

87

年复一年[年復一年] niánfùyīnián

year after year (idiom)

88

拷贝[拷貝] kǎobèi

to copy

89

靠背椅[靠背椅] kàobèiyǐ

high-back chair

90

暴富[暴富] bàofù

to get rich quick

91

包袱底儿[包袱底兒] bāofudǐr

family heirloom ② most precious family possession ③ person's secrets ④ one's best performance

92

林立[林立] línlì

to stand in great numbers

93

规范[規範] guīfàn

norm ② standard ③ specification ④ regulation ⑤ rule ⑥ within the rules ⑦ to fix rules ⑧ to regulate ⑨ to specify

94

运作[運作] yùnzuò

to operate ② operations; workings; activities (usu. of an organization) ③ thread (computing)

95

花天酒地[花天酒地] huātiānjiǔdì

to spend one's time in drinking and pleasure (idiom); to indulge in sensual pleasures ② life of debauchery

96

社会服务[社會服務] shèhuìfúwù

social security (pensions, medical insurance)

97

头号[頭號] tóuhào

first rate ② top rank ③ number one

98

头号字[頭號字] tóuhàozì

largest typeface ② biggest letters

99

洛克菲勒[洛克菲勒] luòkèfēilè

Rockefeller

100

洛[洛] Luò

surname Luo ② old name of several rivers (in Henan, Shaanxi, Sichuan and Anhui)

101

克[克] kè

to be able to ② to subdue ③ to restrain ④ to overcome ⑤ gram

102

菲[菲] fēi

rich ② luxurious ③ phenanthrene (chemistry) ④ abbr. for the Philippines 菲律賓|菲律宾[Fei1 lu:4 bin1]

103

勒[勒] lè

rein in

104

比尔・盖茨[比爾・蓋茨] Bǐ'ěr Gàicí

Bill Gates (1955-), founder and chairman of Microsoft

105

打理[打理] dǎlǐ

to take care of ② to sort out ③ to manage ④ to put in order

106

捐助[捐助] juānzhù

offer ② contribution ③ donation

107

衣食[衣食] yīshí

clothes and food

108

无忧无虑[無憂無慮] wúyōuwúlǜ

carefree and without worries (idiom)

109

人寿保险[人壽保險] rénshòubǎoxiǎn

life insurance

110

隐藏[隱藏] yǐncáng

to hide ② to conceal ③ to mask ④ to lie low ⑤ to nestle ⑥ to shelter ⑦ to harbor (i.e. keep sth hidden) ⑧ hidden ⑨ implicit ⑩ private ⑪ covert ⑫ recessed (lighting) ⑬ a hideout

111

避税[避稅] bìshuì

tax avoidance ② tax evasion

112

博[博] bó

extensive ② ample ③ rich ④ obtain ⑤ aim ⑥ to win ⑦ to get ⑧ plentiful ⑨ to gamble

113

名声[名聲] míngshēng

reputation of a person or thing

114

铺垫[鋪墊] pūdiàn

bedcover ② fig. to foreshadow

115

腾飞[騰飛] téngfēi

lit. to fly upwards swiftly; fig. rapid advance ② rapidly developing (situation)

116

保有[保有] bǎoyǒu

to keep ② to retain

117

投降[投降] tóuxiáng

surrender

118

积累[積累] jīlěi

to accumulate ② accumulation ③ cumulative ④ cumulatively

119

转变[轉變] zhuǎnbiàn

change ② transform ③ CL:個|个[ge4]

120

回报[回報] huíbào

(in) return ② reciprocation ③ payback ④ retaliation ⑤ to report back ⑥ to reciprocate

121

广泛[廣泛] guǎngfàn

extensive ② wide range

122

办学[辦學] bànxué

to run a school

123

事迹[事跡] shìjì

deed ② past achievement ③ important event of the past

124

保留[保留] bǎoliú

to retain ② to continue to have ③ to preserve ④ to maintain ⑤ to reserve ⑥ reservations ⑦ to hold back (approval or acceptance)

125

日晒雨淋[日曬雨淋] rìshàiyǔlín

scorched and drenched by sun and rain (idiom); suffer from exposure to the elements ② weather-beaten

126

佼[佼] jiǎo

handsome

127

不懈[不懈] bùxiè

untiring ② unremitting ③ indefatigable

128

辍学[輟學] chuòxué

to drop out of school ② to leave off studying ③ to interrupt one's studies

129

辍学率[輟學率] chuòxuélǜ

drop-out rate (from schooling)

130

管教[管教] guǎnjiào

to discipline ② to teach

131

万有引力[萬有引力] wànyǒuyǐnlì

gravity

132

万有[萬有] wànyǒu

universal

133

肖像[肖像] xiàoxiàng

portrait

134

举世闻名[舉世聞名] jǔshìwénmíng

(saying) world famous

135

上座部[上座部] shàngzuòbù

Theravada, the primary Buddhism, as spread to Sri Lanka and South-East Asia

136

观世音[觀世音] Guānshìyīn

Guanyin, the Bodhisattva of Compassion or Goddess of Mercy (Sanskrit Avalokiteśvara)

137

闭关[閉關] bìguān

to close the passes ② to seal off the country ③ seclusion (monastic practice, e.g. of Chan Buddhists)

138

缘份[緣份] yuánfèn

also written 緣分|缘分 ② fate or chance that brings people together ③ predestined affinity or relationship ④ (Budd.) destiny

139

缘分[緣分] yuánfèn

fate or chance that brings people together ② predestined affinity or relationship ③ (Budd.) destiny

140

母系[母系] mǔxì

maternal ② matriarchal

141

截然不同[截然不同] jiéránbùtóng

to be completely different ② to be poles apart (idiom)

142

草药[草藥] cǎoyào

herbal medicine

143

糌粑[糌粑] zānbā

zanba, Tibetan barley bread

144

世袭[世襲] shìxí

succession ② inheritance ③ hereditary

145

扶养[扶養] fúyǎng

to foster ② to bring up ③ to raise

146

成文法[成文法] chéngwénfǎ

statute

147

成文[成文] chéngwén

written ② statutory

148

蹭[蹭] cèng

rub against ② walk slowly

149

吃大户[吃大戶] chīdàhù

mass seizure of food from landlords during famines before liberation

150

蹭吃蹭喝[蹭吃蹭喝] cèngchīcènghē

to cadge a meal

151

棺材[棺材] guāncái

coffin ② CL:具[ju4],口[kou3]

152

棺[棺] guān

coffin

153

旱涝保收[旱澇保收] hànlàobǎoshōu

to ensure stable yields despite drought or excessive rain (idiom)

154

事不关己[事不關己] shìbùguānjǐ

The matter does not concern one personally. (idiom)

155

引火焚身[引火焚身] yǐnhuǒfénshēn

to get oneself into trouble (idiom)

156

地保[地保] dìbǎo

magistrate

157

细水长流[細水長流] xìshuǐchángliú

to economize to avoid shortage ② to go about sth. little by little without letup (idiom)

158

琉璃[琉璃] liúlí

glazed tile (used on roof of palaces)

159

素有[素有] sùyǒu

to have ② to have always had

160

提前[提前] tíqián

to shift to an earlier date ② to bring forward ③ to advance

161

郊区[郊區] jiāoqū

suburban district ② outskirts ③ suburbs ④ CL:個|个[ge4]

162

损耗品[損耗品] sǔnhàopǐn

capable of being consumed; that may be destroyed, dissipated, wasted, or spent

163

损耗[損耗] sǔnhào

wear and tear

164

替代能源[替代能源] tìdàinéngyuán

alternative energy

165

擦亮[擦亮] cāliàng

to polish

166

柑橘酱[柑橘醬] gānjújiàng

marmalade

167

金柑[金柑] jīngān

kumquat ② cumquat ③ see also 金橘|金橘[jin1 ju2]

168

柑橘[柑橘] gānjú

Mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata) ② tangerine

169

蕃薯[蕃薯] fánshǔ

sweet potato

170

红薯[紅薯] hóngshǔ

sweet potato

171

单一[單一] dānyī

single ② only ③ sole

172

齐全[齊全] qíquán

complete

173

石榴[石榴] shíliu

pomegranate

174

烧烤[燒烤] shāokǎo

barbecue ② roast

175

烧烤酱[燒烤醬] shāokǎojiàng

barbecue sauce

176

不偏不倚[不偏不倚] bùpiānbùyǐ

even-handed ② impartial ③ unbiased ④ exact ⑤ just

177

兼听则明[兼聽則明] jiāntīngzémíng

to listen to both sides and you will be enlightened (idiom)

178

偏听偏信[偏聽偏信] piāntīngpiānxìn

to heed and trust only one side (idiom)

179

偏偏[偏偏] piānpiān

(indicates that sth turns out just the opposite of what one would expect or what would be normal) ② unfortunately ③ against expectations

180

不该[不該] bùgāi

should not ② to owe nothing

181

传单[傳單] chuándān

leaflet ② flier ③ pamphlet

182

发芽[發芽] fāyá

germinate

183

旧病复发[舊病復發] jiùbìngfùfā

old illness recurs (idiom); a relapse ② fig. to repeat an old error ③ the same old problem

184

关节炎[關節炎] guānjiéyán

arthritis

185

漏油[漏油] lòuyóu

oil-spill ② oil leak

186

甲肝[甲肝] jiǎgān

hepatitis A

187

涨红[漲紅] zhànghóng

to turn red (in the face) ② to flush (with embarrassment or anger)

188

涨[漲] zhǎng

to rise (of prices, rivers)

189

忧郁[憂鬱] yōuyù

sullen ② depressed ③ melancholy ④ dejected

190

发抖[發抖] fādǒu

shiver ② shudder ③ tremble ④ tremulous

191

发麻[發麻] fāmá

to feel numb

192

发痒[發癢] fāyǎng

to tickle ② to itch

193

朝发夕至[朝發夕至] zhāofāxīzhì

to make a short journey (idiom)

194

鸵鸟[鴕鳥] tuóniǎo

ostrich

195

目录文件[目錄文件] mùlùwénjiàn

directory file

196

孙逸仙[孫逸仙] Sūn Yìxiān

Dr Sun Yat-sen (1866-1925), first president of the Republic of China and co-founder of the Kuomintang ② same as 孫中山|孙中山

197

终止[終止] zhōngzhǐ

to stop ② to terminate (law)

198

戡乱平反[戡亂平反] kānluànpíngfǎn

to put down a rebellion (idiom)

199

曾孝谷[曾孝谷] Zēngxiàogǔ

Zeng Xiaogu (1873-1937), actor and pioneer of Chinese drama in New Culture style

200

掀[掀] xiān

to lift (a lid) ② to rock ③ to convulse

201

无奇不有[無奇不有] wúqíbùyǒu

nothing is too bizarre ② full of extraordinary things

202

大势所趋[大勢所趨] dàshìsuǒqū

as the general trend indicates (idiom)

203

即日[即日] jírì

this or that very day ② in the next few days

204

授权[授權] shòuquán

to authorize

205

江山[江山] jiāngshān

rivers and mountains ② landscape ③ country

206

新兴[新興] xīnxīng

new ② up and coming ③ newly developing ④ rising

207

排挤[排擠] páijǐ

to crowd out ② to push aside ③ to supplant

208

解严[解嚴] jiěyán

to lift restrictions (such as curfew or martial law)

209

戒严[戒嚴] jièyán

to impose martial law ② to impose curfew ③ martial law ④ curfew ⑤ emergency measures

210

时空[時空] shíkōng

space-time (in relativity)

211

时空旅行[時空旅行] shíkōnglǚxíng

time travel

212

密不可分[密不可分] mìbùkěfēn

too close to be separated (idiom)

213

变迁[變遷] biànqiān

changes ② vicissitudes

214

适用[適用] shìyòng

be applicable

215

衰老[衰老] shuāilǎo

to age ② to deteriorate with age ③ old and weak

216

中生代[中生代] Zhōngshēngdài

Mesozoic (geological era 250-65m years ago, covering Triassic 三疊紀|三叠纪, Jurassic 侏羅紀|侏罗纪 and Cretaceous 白堊紀|白垩纪)

217

新生代[新生代] Xīnshēngdài Cenozoic

(geological era covering the last 65m years)

218

列举[列舉] lièjǔ

a list ② to list ③ to enumerate

219

朝野[朝野] cháoyě

all levels of society ② the imperial court and the ordinary people

220

废止[廢止] fèizhǐ

to repeal (a law) ② to put an end to ③ abolition ④ annulled

221

回归[回歸] huíguī

to return (to previous condition) ② Hong Kong's return to Chinese sovereignty ③ to regress

222

光复[光復] guāngfù

to recover (territory or power) ② the liberation of Taiwan from Japanese rule in 1945

223

光伏[光伏] guāngfú

photovoltaic (e.g. cell)

224

光复会[光復會] guāngfùhuì

anti-Qing revolutionary party set up in 1904 under Cai Yuanpei 蔡元培 ② same as 復古會|复古会

225

压倒[壓倒] yādǎo

overwhelming ② overpower

226

挖掘[挖掘] wājué

to excavate ② to dig ③ to unearth

227

挖苦[挖苦] wāku

speak sarcastically ② make ironical remarks

228

张飞[張飛] Zhāng Fēi

Zhang Fei (168-221), general of Shu and blood-brother of Liu Bei in Romance of the Three Kingdoms, famous as fearsome fighter and lover of wine

229

僵尸[僵屍] jiāngshī

corpse ② zombie

230

无孔不入[無孔不入] wúkǒngbùrù

to penetrate everywhere (idiom)

231

木乃伊[木乃伊] mùnǎiyī

mummy (preserved corpse)

232

僵[僵] jiāng

rigid ② deadlock ③ stiff (corpse)

233

首席执行官[首席執行官] shǒuxízhíxíngguān

CEO, Chief Executive Officer

234

黑客[黑客] hēikè

hacker (computer) ② The Matrix (movie)

235

黑客帝国[黑客帝國] Hēikèdìguó

The Matrix (movie)

236

眼光[眼光] yǎnguāng

vision

237

狡猾[狡猾] jiǎohuá

crafty ② cunning ③ sly

238

联手[聯手] liánshǒu

lit. to join hands ② to act together

239

每隔[每隔] měigé

at intervals of ② every (so often)

240

知名[知名] zhīmíng

well known ② famous

241

资讯[資訊] zīxùn

information

242

咨询[咨詢] zīxún

to consult ② to seek counsel or advice ③ to inquire ④ counsel ⑤ counseling

243

资讯科技[資訊科技] zīxùnkējì

information technology ② science of communications

244

信息[信息] xìnxī

information ② news ③ message

245

应对[應對] yìngduì

response ② to answer ③ to reply

246

集成[集成] jíchéng

integrated (as in integrated circuit)

247

占便宜[佔便宜] zhànpiányi

advantageous ② favorable ③ to benefit at others' expense ④ to take unfair advantage

248

司徒[司徒] Sītú

minister of education (history) ② two-character surname Situ

249

发胖[發胖] fāpàng

to put on weight ② to get fat

250

后悔[後悔] hòuhuǐ

to regret ② to repent

251

遗憾[遺憾] yíhàn

regret ② pity ③ sorry

252

筹码[籌碼] chóumǎ

bargaining chip

253

再生[再生] zàishēng

to be reborn ② to regenerate

254

再生能源[再生能源] zàishēngnéngyuán

renewable energy source

255

熟练[熟練] shúliàn

practiced ② proficient ③ skilled ④ skillful

256

公使[公使] gōngshǐ

minister ② diplomat performing ambassadorial role in Qing times, before regular diplomatic relations

257

总领事[總領事] zǒnglǐngshì

consul general

258

领事馆[領事館] lǐngshìguǎn

consulate

259

转正[轉正] zhuǎnzhèng

to transfer to full membership ② to obtain tenure

260

苏格兰[蘇格蘭] Sūgélán

Scotland

261

甲骨文字[甲骨文字] jiǎgǔwénzì

oracle script ② oracle bone character (an early form of Chinese script)

262

情愿[情願] qíngyuàn

willingness ② would rather (agree to X than Y)

263

两厢情愿[兩廂情願] liǎngxiāngqíngyuàn

both sides are willing ② by mutual consent

264

拉扯[拉扯] lāche

to drag ② to pull ③ to raise a child (through difficulties) ④ to help ⑤ to support ⑥ to drag in ⑦ to chat

265

断绝[斷絕] duànjué

to sever ② to break off

266

冒名[冒名] màomíng

an impostor ② to impersonate

267

时事[時事] shíshì

current trends ② the present situation ③ how things are going

268

高干[高幹] gāogàn

high cadre ② top party member

269

作恶[作惡] zuò'è

to do evil

270

感叹[感嘆] gǎntàn

to sigh (with feeling)

271

逍遥法外[逍遙法外] xiāoyáofǎwài

remaining outside the reach of the law (idiom); still at large ② fig. to remain unpunished ③ scot-free ④ getting away with murder

272

望子成龙[望子成龍] wàngzǐchénglóng

lit. to hope one's son becomes a dragon (idiom); fig. to long for one' s child to succeed in life ② to have great hopes for one's offspring ③ to give one's child the best education as a career investment

273

望子成牛[望子成牛] wàngzǐchéngniú

to hope one's son works hard (PRC) (idiom)

274

青出于蓝[青出於藍] qīngchūyúlán

lit. green is born of blue, but beats blue (idiom); fig. the student becomes superior to the master ② same as couplet 青出於藍,而勝於藍|青出于蓝,而胜于蓝

275

青出于蓝,而胜于蓝[青出於藍,而勝於藍] qīngchūyúlán'érshèngyúlán

lit. green is born of blue, but beats blue (idiom); fig. the student becomes superior to the master

276

继承[繼承] jìchéng

to inherit ② to carry on ③ to succeed

277

苦口[苦口] kǔkǒu

lit. bitter taste (cf good medicine tastes bitter 良藥苦口|良药苦口) ② fig. earnestly (of warning, advice)

278

良药苦口[良藥苦口] liángyàokǔkǒu

good medicine tastes bitter (idiom); fig. frank criticism is hard to swallow

279

风花雪月[風花雪月] fēnghuāxuěyuè

wind, flower, snow and moon, trite poetry subject (idiom); effete language without substance ② love affair ③ romance is in the air

280

何况[何況] hékuàng

much less ② let alone

281

代沟[代溝] dàigōu

generation gap

282

日日[日日] rìrì

every day

283

言归正传[言歸正傳] yánguīzhèngzhuàn

to return to the main topic (idiom); back to business ② to finish a digression and get back to the main subject ③ retournons à nos moutons

284

样样[樣樣] yàngyàng

all kinds

285

不甘后人[不甘後人] bùgānhòurén

to be not content to lag behind (idiom)

286

特质[特質] tèzhì

characteristic ② special property

287

光宗耀祖[光宗耀祖] guāngzōngyàozǔ

to bring honor to one's ancestors

288

哈佛大学[哈佛大學] Hāfódàxué

Harvard University

289

招牌[招牌] zhāopai

signboard ② shop sign ③ reputation of a business

290

脾脏[脾臟] pízàng

spleen

291

不知不觉[不知不覺] bùzhībùjué

unconsciously ② unwittingly

292

名正言顺[名正言順] míngzhèngyánshùn

right and proper ② authoritative and fair ③ (modified from Confucian Analects) with the right title (or reputation), the words carry weight

293

知己知彼,百战不殆[知己知彼,百戰不殆] zhījǐzhībǐbǎizhànbùdài

Know yourself and know your enemy, and you will never be defeated (idiom, from Sunzi's Art of War 孫子兵法|孙子兵法[Sun1 zi3 Bing1 fa3]).

294

利玛窦[利瑪竇] Lì Mǎdòu

Matteo Ricci (1552-1610), Jesuit missionary and translator in Ming China

295

利马窦[利馬竇] Lì Mǎdòu

Matteo Ricci (1552-1610), Jesuit missionary and translator in Ming China ② erroneous spelling of 利瑪竇|利玛窦

296

汉语水平考试[漢語水平考試] hànyǔshuǐpíngkǎoshì

HSK (Chinese Proficiency Test)

297

国语罗马字[國語羅馬字] guóyǔluómǎzì

Gwoyeu romatzyh romanization system for Chinese devised by Zhao Yuanren in 1926

298

华语[華語] huáyǔ

Chinese language

299

国有化[國有化] guóyǒuhuà

nationalization

300

复杂化[複雜化] fùzáhuà

complicate ② complicating

301

学者[學者] xuézhě

scholar

302

仓颉[倉頡] Cāng Jié

Cang Jie, legendary scribe of the Yellow Emperor and creator of Chinese writing ② Cangjie input method (computing)

303

半坡[半坡] Bànpō

Banpo neolithic Yangshao culture archaeological site east of Xi'an 西安

304

说文解字[說文解字] Shuōwénjiězì

Shuowen, the original Han dynasty dictionary by Xu Shen 許慎|许慎

305

许慎[許慎] Xǔ Shèn

Xu Shen (-147) the compiler of the original Han dynasty dictionary Shuowen Jiezi 說文解字|说文解字

306

戈[戈] gē

spear ② surname Ge

307

会意[會意] huìyì

combined ideogram (one of the Six Methods 六書|六书 of forming Chinese characters) ② Chinese character that combines the meanings of existing elements ③ also known as joint ideogram or associative compounds

308

形声[形聲] xíngshēng

radical plus phonetic (one of the Six Methods 六書|六书 of forming Chinese characters) ② also known as phonogram, phonetic compound or picto-phonetic character

309

假借[假借] jiǎjiè

loan character (one of the Six Methods 六書|六书 of forming Chinese characters) ② character acquiring meanings by phonetic association ③ also called phonetic loan

310

刃[刃] rèn

edge of blade

311

磊[磊] lěi

lumpy ② rock pile ③ uneven ④ fig. sincere ⑤ open and honest

312

甲骨文字[甲骨文字] jiǎgǔwénzì

oracle script ② oracle bone character (an early form of Chinese script)

313

卒[卒] zú

die ② soldier

314

卒[卒] cù

abruptly ② hurriedly

315

赠[贈] zèng

give present

316

芍[芍] sháo

Chinese peony ② Paeonia albiflora or lactiflora

317

蕊[蕊] ruǐ

stamen ② pistil

318

葵花[葵花] kuíhuā

sunflower

319

葵花子[葵花子] kuíhuāzi

sunflower seeds

320

蜈蚣[蜈蚣] wúgōng

centipede

321

蛊[蠱] gǔ

arch. legendary venomous insect ② to poison ③ to bewitch ④ to drive to insanity ⑤ to harm by witchcraft ⑥ intestinal parasite

322

蛊惑[蠱惑] gǔhuò

to poison ② to bewitch ③ to put a spell on sb ④ to harm by witchcraft

323

蛊惑[蠱惑] gǔhuò

to poison ② to bewitch ③ to put a spell on sb ④ to harm by witchcraft

324

刎[刎] wěn

cut across (throat)

325

剐[剮] guǎ

cut off the flesh as punishment

326

煎[煎] jiān

to pan fry ② to sauté

327

帛[帛] bó

silk

328

钏[釧] chuàn

an armlet ② bracelet

329

锈[銹] xiù

to corrode ② to rust

330

生锈[生銹] shēngxiù

to rust ② to grow rusty ③ to corrode ④ oxidization

331

不锈钢[不鏽鋼] bùxiùgāng

stainless steel

332

桑树[桑樹] sāngshù

mulberry tree, with leaves used to feed silkworms

333

枫树[楓樹] fēngshù

maple

334

橡树[橡樹] xiàngshù

oak

335

葡萄柚[葡萄柚] pútáoyòu

grapefruit

336

柚子[柚子] yòuzi

pomelo ② shaddock

337

鹌鹑[鵪鶉] ānchun

quail

338

鸳鸯[鴛鴦] yuānyang

mandarin ducks ② affectionate couple

339

佞[佞] nìng

eloquent ② talent

340

婷[婷] tíng

graceful

341

脐带[臍帶] qídài

umbilical cord

342

肚脐[肚臍] dùqí

navel

343

朔望[朔望] shuòwàng

the new moon ② the first day of the lunar month

344

捉[捉] zhuō

to clutch ② to grab ③ to capture

345

泣[泣] qì

to sob

346

也门[也門] yěmén

Yemen

347

科摩洛[科摩洛] Kēmóluò

Comoros

348

挣扎[掙扎] zhēngzhá

to struggle ② struggling

349

获救[獲救] huòjiù

to rescue ② to be rescued

350

浓缩铀[濃縮鈾] nóngsuōyóu

enriched uranium

351

提纯[提純] tíchún

to purify

352

钚[鈈] bù

plutonium (chemistry)

353

麻生・太郎[麻生・太郎] Máshēng Tàiláng

ASŌ Tarō (1940-), Japanese entrepreneur and LDP politician, prime minister from 2008

354

搁置[擱置] gēzhì

to shelve ② to set aside

355

改口[改口] gǎikǒu

to correct oneself ② to withdraw or modify one's previous remark

356

撇清[撇清] piěqīng

to say a matter has no relationship with the individual referred to, to emphasise one is innocent or in the clear

357

物流[物流] wùliú

distribution (business) ② logistics

358

拂晓[拂曉] fúxiǎo

daybreak ② approach of dawn

359

经受[經受] jīngshòu

to undergo (hardship) ② to endure ③ to withstand

360

扎根[扎根] zhāgēn

take root

361

一如既往[一如既往] yīrújìwǎng

just as in the past (idiom); as before ② continuing as always

362

当务之急[當務之急] dāngwùzhījí

urgent priority

363

源远流长[源遠流長] yuányuǎnliúcháng

lit. source is distant and the flow is long (idiom); fig. sth goes back to the dim and distant past ② a lot of water has flowed under the bridge since then

364

赞赏[讚賞] zànshǎng

to admire ② to praise ③ to appreciate

365

重申[重申] chóngshēn

reaffirm ② reiterate

366

随即[隨即] suíjí

immediately ② presently ③ following which

367

专属经济区[專屬經濟區] zhuānshǔjīngjìqū

exclusive economic zone

368

维权[維權] wéiquán

to defend (legal) rights

369

淡化[淡化] dànhuà

to water down ② to play down ③ to trivialize ④ to weaken ⑤ to become dull with time ⑥ to desalinate ⑦ desalination

370

填鸭式[填鴨式] tiányāshì

force feeding (as a teaching method)

371

虔诚[虔誠] qiánchéng

pious ② devout ③ sincere

372

麻俐[麻俐] máli

swift; agile; efficient; quick-witted (colloquial) ② also written 麻利|麻利[ma2 li5]

373

自谦[自謙] zìqiān

modest ② self-deprecating

374

定睛[定睛] dìngjīng

to stare at

375

好使[好使] hǎoshǐ

so that ② in order to ③ easy to use

376

堪称[堪稱] kānchēng

can be rated as ② can be said to be

377

青睐[青睞] qīnglài

to favor ② to think highly of ③ one's good graces

378

斋月[齋月] Zhāiyuè

Ramadan (Islam)

379

业绩[業績] yèjì

performance ② track record ③ outstanding achievement ④ great feat ⑤ yield (of investment) ⑥ growth ⑦ performance (i.e. company profits) ⑧ sales

380

一氧化二氮[一氧化二氮] yīyǎnghuà'èrdàn

nitrous oxide N2O ② laughing gas

381

直觉[直覺] zhíjué

intuition

382

知觉[知覺] zhījué

perception ② consciousness

383

剂量[劑量] jìliàng

dosage ② prescribed dose of medicine

384

针灸[針灸] zhēnjiǔ

acupuncture and moxibustion ② to give or have acupuncture and moxibustion

385

穴位[穴位] xuéwèi

acupuncture point

386

艾[艾] ài

Chinese mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris) ② phonetic ai or i ③ abbr. for Aids 艾滋病[]

387

取其精华,去其糟粕[取其精華,去其糟粕] qǔqíjīnghuáqùqízāopò

take the cream, discard the dross (political and educational slogan) ② keep what is good, discard the rest ③ You need to be selective when studying. ④ In modernizing the country, don't accept uncritically all foreign ideas.

388

软骨[軟骨] ruǎngǔ

cartilage

389

炖[炖] dùn

stew slowly

390

炖肉[燉肉] dùnròu

stewed meat ② beef stew

391

箭鱼[箭魚] jiànyú

swordfish

392

鱼鳍[魚鰭] yúqí

fin

393

鲁莽[魯莽] lǔmǎng

hot-headed ② impulsive ③ reckless

394

诊断[診斷] zhěnduàn

diagnosis ② to diagnose

395

无精打采[無精打採] wújīngdǎcǎi

dispirited and downcast (idiom); listless ② in low spirits ③ washed out

396

无精打彩[無精打彩] wújīngdǎcǎi

dull and colorless (idiom); lacking vitality ② not lively

397

啰嗦[囉嗦] luōsuo

long-winded ② wordy ③ troublesome

398

不肖[不肖] bùxiào

unworthy

399

止疼片[止疼片] zhǐténgpiān

a pain killer ② an analgesic

400

治标不治本[治標不治本] zhìbiāobùzhìběn

to treat the symptoms but not the root cause

401

惊呆[驚呆] jīngdāi

stupefied ② startled

402

生病[生病] shēngbìng

to fall ill ② to sicken

403

公愤[公憤] gōngfèn

public anger ② popular indignation

404

说明书[說明書] shuōmíngshū

(technical) manual ② (book of) directions ③ synopsis (of a play or film) ④ CL:本[ben3]

405

穗饰[穗飾] suìshì

tassel

406

鄂温克族[鄂溫克族] Èwēnkèzú

Ewenke ethnic group of inner Mongolia

407

琉球[琉球] Liúqiú

Ryūkyū ② refers to the Ryūkyū Islands 琉球群島|琉球群岛[Liu2 qiu2 qun2 dao3] stretching from Japan to Taiwan

408

成分[成分] chéngfèn

composition ② make-up ③ ingredient ④ element ⑤ component ⑥ one's social status ⑦ CL:個|个[ge4]

409

入不敷出[入不敷出] rùbùfūchū

income does not cover expenditure ② unable to make ends meet

410

寅吃卯粮[寅吃卯糧] yínchīmǎoliáng

living hand-to-mouth (idiom)

411

开采[開採] kāicǎi

to extract ore or other resource from a mine

412

弥补[彌補] míbǔ

to complement ② to make up for a deficiency

413

起始[起始] qǐshǐ

originate

414

带有[帶有] dàiyǒu

to have ② to involve

415

色彩[色彩] sècǎi

tint ② coloring ③ coloration ④ character

416

不辞而别[不辭而別] bùcí'érbié

leave without saying good-bye

417

劁[劁] qiāo

to neuter livestock

418

周岁[周歲] zhōusuì

one full year (e.g. on child's first birthday)