FSI D1 1-5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in FSI D1 1-5 Deck (80):
1

鼓舞[鼓舞] gǔwǔ

heartening (news) ② boost (morale) ③ CL:個|个[ge4]

2

老实[老實] lǎoshí

honest ② sincere ③ open and guileless ④ naive

3

接班[接班] jiēbān

to work one's shift ② to succeed to a position ③ to take over a job (on the next shift) ④ to relieve sb as successor

4

司法部[司法部] Sīfǎbù

Justice Department (of the US government)

5

日内瓦[日內瓦] Rìnèiwǎ

Geneva, Switzerland

6

笼统[籠統] lǒngtǒng

general ② broad ③ in general terms ④ broadly speaking

7

排名[排名] páimíng

ranking ② ordered list ③ to rank nth out of 100 ④ to be placed ⑤ roll of honor

8

百分点[百分點] bǎifēndiǎn

percentage point

9

援引[援引] yuányǐn

quote ② cite

10

首选[首選] shǒuxuǎn

first choice ② premium ③ to come first in the imperial examinations

11

嫌犯[嫌犯] xiánfàn

a suspect

12

举动[舉動] jǔdòng

act ② action ③ activity ④ move ⑤ movement

13

彩票[彩票] cǎipiào

the lottery ② lottery ticket

14

蒙受[蒙受] méngshòu

to suffer ② to sustain (loss)

15

警戒[警戒] jǐngjiè

to warn ② to be alert for

16

先前[先前] xiānqián

before ② previously

17

补贴[補貼] bǔtiē

subsidy ② allowance

18

美食[美食] měishí

culinary delicacy ② fine food ③ gourmet food

19

佳肴[佳餚] jiāyáo

fine food ② delicacies ③ delicious food

20

无微不至[無微不至] wúwēibùzhì

in every possible way (idiom); meticulous

21

关怀[關懷] guānhuái

care ② solicitude ③ to show care for ④ concerned about ⑤ attentive to

22

抗生素[抗生素] kàngshēngsù

antibiotic

23

滥用[濫用] lànyòng

to abuse

24

滥用职权[濫用職權] lànyòngzhíquán

abuse of power

25

过量[過量] guòliàng

excess ② overdose

26

赚取[賺取] zhuànqǔ

to make a profit ② to earn a packet

27

抗药性[抗藥性] kàngyàoxìng

resistance to action of a drug

28

封冻[封凍] fēngdòng

to freeze over (of water or land)

29

复苏[復甦] fùsū

to recovery (health, economic) ② to resuscitate ③ anabiosis

30

共存[共存] gòngcún

to coexist

31

甜食[甜食] tiánshí

dessert ② sweet

32

捍卫[捍衛] hànwèi

defend ② uphold ③ safeguard

33

资深[資深] zīshēn

senior (in terms of depth of accumulated experience) ② deeply qualified

34

颠覆[顛覆] diānfù

to topple (i.e. knock over) ② to capsize ③ fig. to overturn (a regime, by plotting or subversion) ④ to undermine ⑤ to subvert

35

消毒[消毒] xiāodú

disinfect ② sterilize

36

捍[捍] hàn

ward off (a blow)

37

致命[致命] zhìmìng

fatal ② mortal ③ deadly ④ to sacrifice one's life

38

丧生[喪生] sàngshēng

to die ② lose one's life

39

化验[化驗] huàyàn

laboratory test ② chemical experiment ③ assay

40

痕迹[痕跡] hénjì

vestige ② mark ③ trace

41

喷洒[噴灑] pēnsǎ

spray ② sprinkle

42

消毒剂[消毒劑] xiāodújì

disinfectant

43

开启[開啟] kāiqǐ

to open

44

断交[斷交] duànjiāo

break off diplomatic relations

45

建交[建交] jiànjiāo

to establish diplomatic relations

46

隔阂[隔閡] géhé

estrangement

47

阂[閡] hé

obstruct

48

致力[致力] zhìlì

work for ② devote one's efforts to

49

信任[信任] xìnrèn

trust ② have confidence in

50

搭建[搭建] dājiàn

to build (esp. with simple materials) ② to knock together (a temporary shed) ③ to rig up

51

显示[顯示] xiǎnshì

to show ② to illustrate ③ to display ④ to demonstrate

52

坦诚[坦誠] tǎnchéng

candid ② frank ③ plain dealing

53

罕见[罕見] hǎnjiàn

rare ② rarely seen

54

严密[嚴密] yánmì

strict ② tight (organization, surveillance etc)

55

梁[梁] liáng

beam of roof ② bridge

56

坦率[坦率] tǎnshuài

frank (discussion) ② blunt ③ open

57

急剧[急劇] jíjù

rapid ② sudden

58

异乎寻常[異乎尋常] yìhūxúncháng

unusual ② extraordinary

59

触发[觸發] chùfā

trigger ② spark

60

愤怒[憤怒] fènnù

angry ② indignant

61

螳蜋[螳螂] tángláng

mantis ② praying mantis

62

动乱[動亂] dòngluàn

turmoil ② upheaval ③ unrest

63

骚乱[騷亂] sāoluàn

disturbance ② riot ③ to create a disturbance

64

微臣[微臣] wēichén

this small official ② humble servant

65

搜捕[搜捕] sōubǔ

to hunt and arrest (fugitives) ② to track down and arrest ③ a manhunt

66

捉拿[捉拿] zhuōná

to arrest ② to catch a criminal

67

观赏[觀賞] guānshǎng

to see and enjoy ② to admire the view

68

赏[賞] shǎng

to bestow (a reward) ② to give (to an inferior) ③ to hand down ④ a reward (bestowed by a superior) ⑤ to appreciate (beauty)

69

整治[整治] zhěngzhì

to renovate ② to restore ③ to repair ④ to restore a waterway by dredging ⑤ corrective punishment ⑥ to get sth ready

70

列举[列舉] lièjǔ

a list ② to list ③ to enumerate

71

告诫[告誡] gàojiè

to warn ② to admonish

72

切实[切實] qièshí

feasible ② earnestly ③ conscientiously ④ realistic ⑤ practical

73

中风[中風] zhòngfēng

to suffer a paralyzing stroke

74

就绪[就緒] jiùxù

to be ready ② to be in order

75

耗资[耗資] hàozī

to spend ② expenditure ③ to cost

76

理解[理解] lǐjiě

to comprehend ② understanding ③ comprehension ④ to understand

77

辩解[辯解] biànjiě

to explain ② to justify ③ to defend (a point of view etc) ④ to provide an explanation ⑤ to try to defend oneself

78

辩护[辯護] biànhù

to speak in defense of ② to argue in favor of ③ to defend ④ to plead

79

誓言[誓言] shìyán

oath ② promise ③ pledge

80

时机[時機] shíjī

fortunate timing ② occasion ③ opportunity