FSI Set 08 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in FSI Set 08 Deck (480):
1

小金库[小金庫] xiǎojīnkù

supplementary cash reserve ② private fund ③ private hoard ④ slush fund

2

刹那[剎那] chànà

an instant (Sanskrit: ksana) ② split second ③ the twinkling of an eye

3

刹住[剎住] shāzhù

to stop ② to come to a halt

4

职务[職務] zhíwù

post ② position ③ job ④ duties

5

滋生[滋生] zīshēng

to breed ② to flourish ③ to cause ④ to provoke ⑤ to create

6

隐形[隱形] yǐnxíng

invisible

7

清查[清查] qīngchá

to investigate thoroughly ② to carefully inspect ③ to verify ④ to ferret out (undesirable elements)

8

臭豆腐[臭豆腐] chòudòufu

stinky tofu ② strong-smelling preserved beancurd ③ fig. rough exterior but lovable person

9

屡见不鲜[屢見不鮮] lǚjiànbùxiān

a common occurrence (idiom)

10

屡禁不止[屢禁不止] lǚjìnbùzhǐ

to continue despite repeated prohibition (idiom)

11

犹如[猶如] yóurú

similar to ② appearing to be

12

吞噬[吞噬] tūnshì

to swallow ② to engulf ③ to gobble up

13

清理[清理] qīnglǐ

clear ② to put in order ③ to check up

14

究其根源[究其根源] jiūqígēnyuán

to trace something to its source (idiom)

15

举报[舉報] jǔbào

to report (malefactors to the police) ② to denounce

16

瞒报[瞞報] mánbào

to conceal or deceive in a report ② to falsify by over- or under-reporting

17

私自[私自] sīzì

private ② personal ③ secretly ④ without explicit approval

18

奖励[獎勵] jiǎnglì

reward (as encouragement)

19

降临节[降臨節] Jiànglínjié

Advent (Christian period of 4 weeks before Christmas)

20

简便[簡便] jiǎnbiàn

simple and convenient ② handy

21

专项[專項] zhuānxiàng

special ② dedicated

22

侵占[侵佔] qīnzhàn

to invade and occupy (territory)

23

处罚[處罰] chǔfá

to penalize ② to punish

24

眼线[眼線] yǎnxiàn

police informer

25

严肃[嚴肅] yánsù

solemn ② solemnity

26

层面[層面] céngmiàn

plane ② level

27

源头[源頭] yuántóu

source

28

资深[資深] zīshēn

senior (in terms of depth of accumulated experience) ② deeply qualified

29

自身[自身] zìshēn

itself ② oneself ③ one's own

30

带头[帶頭] dàitóu

to take the lead ② to be the first ③ to set an example

31

遵纪守法[遵紀守法] zūnjìshǒufǎ

to observe discipline and law (idiom)

32

运作[運作] yùnzuò

to operate ② operations; workings; activities (usu. of an organization) ③ thread (computing)

33

规范[規範] guīfàn

norm ② standard ③ specification ④ regulation ⑤ rule ⑥ within the rules ⑦ to fix rules ⑧ to regulate ⑨ to specify

34

经营[經營] jīngyíng

to engage in (business etc) ② to run ③ to operate

35

健全[健全] jiànquán

robust ② strong

36

铲除[剷除] chǎnchú

to root out ② to eradicate ③ to sweep away ④ to abolish

37

书面语[書面語] shūmiànyǔ

written language

38

口语[口語] kǒuyǔ

colloquial speech ② spoken language ③ vernacular language ④ slander ⑤ gossip ⑥ CL:門|门[men2]

39

各个[各個] gègè

every ② various ③ separately one-by-one

40

祖籍[祖籍] zǔjí

ancestral hometown ② original domicile (and civil registration)

41

再说[再說] zàishuō

let's talk about it later ② what's more ③ besides

42

不但[不但] bùdàn

not only (... but also...)

43

而且[而且] érqiě

not only ... but also ② as well as ③ moreover ④ in addition ⑤ furthermore

44

设备[設備] shèbèi

equipment ② facilities ③ installations ④ CL:個|个[ge4]

45

烘干机[烘乾機] hōnggānjī dryer

clothes

46

不见得[不見得] bùjiànde

not necessarily ② not likely

47

衣柜[衣櫃] yīguì

wardrobe ② armoire ③ CL:個|个[ge4]

48

楼下[樓下] lóuxià

downstairs

49

楼上[樓上] lóushàng

upstairs

50

常客[常客] chángkè

frequent visitor ② fig. sth that crops up frequently

51

拿手[拿手] náshǒu

expert in ② good at

52

拿手菜[拿手菜] náshǒucài (dish)

specialty

53

清蒸[清蒸] qīngzhēng

steamed in broth

54

芥兰牛肉[芥蘭牛肉] jièlánniúròu

beef with broccoli

55

菠菜[菠菜] bōcài

spinach ② CL:棵[ke1]

56

味精[味精] wèijīng

monosodium glutamate (MSG) ② Ajinomoto

57

片面[片面] piànmiàn

unilateral ② one-sided

58

正好[正好] zhènghǎo

just (in time) ② just right ③ just enough ④ to happen to ⑤ to chance to ⑥ by chance ⑦ it just so happens that

59

大放厥辞[大放厥辭] dàfàngjuécí

great release of talk (idiom); to spout nonsense

60

劣势[劣勢] lièshì

inferior ② disadvantaged

61

优劣[優劣] yōuliè

good and bad ② merits and drawbacks

62

即时[即時] jíshí

immediate

63

景色[景色] jǐngsè

scenery ② scene ③ landscape ④ view

64

真情[真情] zhēnqíng

real situation ② the truth

65

腐蚀[腐蝕] fǔshí

corrosion ② to corrode (degrade chemically) ③ to rot ④ corruption

66

隐私[隱私] yǐnsī

privacy

67

打字机[打字機] dǎzìjī

typewriter

68

万能[萬能] wànnéng

omnipotent

69

卫星定位系统[衛星定位系統] wèixīngdìngwèixìtǒng

global positioning system (GPS)

70

卫星电视[衛星電視] wèixīngdiànshì

satellite TV

71

屡教不改[屢教不改] lǚjiàobùgǎi

impenitent (idiom)

72

以身作则[以身作則] yǐshēnzuòzé

to set an example (idiom); to serve as a model

73

窍[竅] qiào

intelligence ② opening ③ tunnel to the heart (traditional concept)

74

窍门儿[竅門兒] qiàoménr

a trick ② an ingenious method ③ know-how ④ the knack (of doing sth)

75

诀窍[訣竅] juéqiào

secrets of success ② tricks of the trade

76

雪上加霜[雪上加霜] xuěshàngjiāshuāng

to add hail to snow (idiom); one disaster on top of another ② to make things worse in a bad situation

77

落井下石[落井下石] luòjǐngxiàshí

to throw stones at sb who fell down a well (idiom); to hit a person who is down

78

不劳而获[不勞而獲] bùláo'érhuò

to reap without sowing (idiom)

79

猜测[猜測] cāicè

guess ② conjecture ③ surmise

80

尾声[尾聲] wěishēng

coda ② epilogue ③ end

81

病原体[病原體] bìngyuántǐ

(med.) pathogen

82

携手[攜手] xiéshǒu

hand in hand ② to join hands ③ to collaborate

83

力争[力爭] lìzhēng

to work hard for ② to do all one can ③ to contend strongly

84

考证[考證] kǎozhèng

to verify (based on written evidence)

85

论点[論點] lùndiǎn

argument ② line of reasoning ③ thesis ④ point (of discussion)

86

论据[論据] lùnjù

grounds (for an argument) ② a contention ③ a thesis

87

巾帼英雄[巾幗英雄] jīnguóyīngxióng

heroine (idiom)

88

辞令[辭令] cílìng

appropriate language ② manners in talking with sb

89

隔行如隔山[隔行如隔山] géhángrúgéshān

different trades, worlds apart (idiom); to sb outside the profession, it is a closed book

90

运筹帷幄[运筹帷幄] yùnchóuwéiwò

lit. to devise battle plan in a tent (idiom); fig. planning strategies ② cf Liu Bang 劉邦|刘邦 in his tent trusts his general a thousand miles away to make better decisions

91

灵长类[靈長類] língzhǎnglèi

primate (monkey, hominid etc)

92

灵长[靈長] língzhǎng

primate (monkey, hominid etc)

93

灵长类动物[靈長類動物] língzhǎnglèidòngwù

primates

94

啮齿动物[嚙齒動物] nièchǐdòngwù

a rodent (rat, rabbit etc)

95

啮齿目[嚙齒目] nièchǐmù

order of rodents (rats, rabbits etc)

96

兔唇[兔唇] tùchún

hare lip (birth defect)

97

有蹄动物[有蹄動物] yǒutídòngwù

ungulates (animals with hooves)

98

狂犬病[狂犬病] kuángquǎnbìng

rabies

99

结核[結核] jiéhé

tuberculosis ② consumption ③ nodule

100

鼠疫[鼠疫] shǔyì

plague

101

炭疽病[炭疽病] tànjūbìng

anthrax

102

甲肝[甲肝] jiǎgān

hepatitis A

103

脱险[脫險] tuōxiǎn

to escape (danger) ② to rescue ③ to come out alive

104

蝗虫[蝗蟲] huángchóng

locust

105

胆[膽] dǎn

the gall ② the nerve ③ courage ④ guts ⑤ gall bladder

106

肾[腎] shèn

kidney

107

衰竭[衰竭] shuāijié

organ failure ② exhaustion ③ prostration (medicine)

108

素质[素質] sùzhì

inner quality ② basic essence ③ change over time

109

素质差[素質差] sùzhìchà

so uneducated! ② so ignorant!

110

蟒蛇[蟒蛇] mǎngshé

boa constrictor

111

蠢蠢欲动[蠢蠢欲動] chǔnchǔnyùdòng

ready to make trouble (idiom)

112

叫醒服务[叫醒服務] jiàoxǐngfúwù

morning call ② wake-up call (hotel service)

113

昏昏欲睡[昏昏欲睡] hūnhūnyùshuì

drowsy ② sleepy

114

蛋白质[蛋白質] dànbáizhì

protein

115

桂皮[桂皮] guìpí

Chinese cinnamon (Cinnamonum cassia) ② cassia bark

116

增进[增進] zēngjìn

promote ② enhance ③ to further ④ to advance (a cause etc)

117

大张旗鼓[大張旗鼓] dàzhāngqígǔ

fanfare

118

大丈夫能屈能伸[大丈夫能屈能伸] dàzhàngfunéngqūnéngshēn

A leader can submit or can stand tall as required. ② ready to give and take ③ flexible

119

慑于淫威[懾於淫威] shèyúyínwēi

to be awed by authority (idiom)

120

慑[懾] shè

afraid ② be feared ③ to fear ④ to frighten ⑤ to intimidate

121

检疫[檢疫] jiǎnyì

quarantine (inspection)

122

遭殃[遭殃] zāoyāng

to suffer a calamity

123

回心转意[回心轉意] huíxīnzhuǎnyì

to change one's views (idiom)

124

赚钱[賺錢] zhuànqián

to earn money ② money making

125

别无他人[別無他人] biéwútārén

nobody else (idiom)

126

别无他物[別無他物] biéwútāwù

nothing else

127

别无他用[別無他用] biéwútāyòng

no other use for (idiom)

128

别无他法[別無他法] biéwútāfǎ

there is no alternative

129

总经理[總經理] zǒngjīnglǐ

general manager

130

董事长[董事長] dǒngshìzhǎng

chairman of the board ② chairman

131

名列前茅[名列前茅] mínglièqiánmáo

to rank among the best

132

桃园[桃園] Táoyuán

Taoyuan (city in Taiwan) ② the Garden of the Peaches of Immortality

133

使得[使得] shǐde

usable ② workable ③ feasible ④ doable ⑤ to make ⑥ to cause

134

过剩[過剩] guòshèng

surplus ② excess

135

总裁[總裁] zǒngcái

chairman ② director-general (of a company etc)

136

毫无疑问[毫無疑問] háowúyíwèn

certainty ② without a doubt

137

毫无[毫無] háowú

not in the least ② none whatsoever ③ completely without

138

逆流[逆流] nìliú

against the stream ② adverse current ③ a counter-current ④ fig. reactionary tendency ⑤ to go against the trend

139

翱翔[翱翔] áoxiáng

hover ② soar

140

塑造[塑造] sùzào

to model ② to mould ③ plastic (arts) ④ flexible ⑤ to portray (in sculpture or in words)

141

领养[領養] lǐngyǎng

adoption ② to adopt a child

142

羚羊[羚羊] língyáng

antelope ② CL:隻|只[zhi1]

143

收养[收養] shōuyǎng

adopt ② adoption

144

礼宾[禮賓] lǐbīn

protocol ② official etiquette

145

供应商[供應商] gōngyìngshāng

supply trade, supplier

146

赞助[贊助] zànzhù

to support ② to assist ③ sponsor

147

赞助商[贊助商] zànzhùshāng

sponsor

148

共聚一堂[共聚一堂] gòngjùyītáng

to gather in the same hall ② to gather together (idiom)

149

耳目一新[耳目一新] ěrmùyīxīn

pleasant change of atmosphere ② to have a completely new impression ③ to find everything fresh and new

150

嘉[嘉] jiā

excellent

151

嘉宾[嘉賓] jiābīn

esteemed guest ② honored guest

152

得了[得了] déle

to be finished ② to be ready ③ all right! ④ that's enough!

153

关子[關子] guānzi

climax (in a story)

154

卖关子[賣關子] màiguānzi

do something reluctantly ② keep listeners in suspense (in storytelling) ③ keep people on tenterhooks

155

显得[顯得] xiǎnde

to seem ② to look ③ to appear

156

显出[顯出] xiǎnchū

to express ② to exhibit

157

出现[出現] chūxiàn

to appear ② to arise ③ to emerge

158

表现[表現] biǎoxiàn

to show ② to show off ③ to display ④ to manifest ⑤ expression ⑥ manifestation ⑦ show ⑧ display ⑨ performance (at work etc)

159

太祖[太祖] tàizǔ

Great Ancestor (posthumous title, e.g. for the founder of a dynasty)

160

网虫[網蟲] wǎngchóng

internet addict

161

主动[主動] zhǔdòng

taking the initiative ② of one's own accord ③ active (not passive)

162

刻苦学习[刻苦學習] kèkǔxuéxí

to study hard ② assiduous

163

违反[違反] wéifǎn

to violate (a law)

164

违犯[違犯] wéifàn

to violate ② to infringe

165

违反宪法[違反憲法] wéifǎnxiànfǎ

to violate the constitution

166

熟练[熟練] shúliàn

practiced ② proficient ③ skilled ④ skillful

167

唱段[唱段] chàngduàn

aria (in opera)

168

不了了之[不了了之] bùliǎoliǎozhī

settle a matter by leaving it unsettled ② end up with nothing definite

169

泡[泡] pāo

puffed ② swollen ③ spongy ④ small lake (esp. in place names) ⑤ classifier for urine or feces

170

泡[泡] pào

bubble ② foam ③ blister (i.e. skin bubble) ④ to soak ⑤ to steep ⑥ to infuse ⑦ to dawdle ⑧ to shilly-shally ⑨ to hang about ⑩ to pick up (a girl) ⑪ to get off with (a sexual partner)

171

泡汤[泡湯] pàotāng

to dawdle ② to go slow deliberately ③ to fizzle out ④ to have all one's hopes dashed

172

泡子[泡子] pāozi

small lake ② pond

173

百团大战[百團大戰] Bǎituán Dàzhàn

Hundred Regiments offensive of August-December 1940, a large scale offensive against the Japanese by the communists

174

局限[局限] júxiàn

to limit ② to confine ③ to restrict sth within set boundaries

175

槐树[槐樹] huáishù

locust tree (Sophora japonica)

176

慌张[慌張] huāngzhāng

confused ② flustered

177

坦率[坦率] tǎnshuài

frank (discussion) ② blunt ③ open

178

孤独[孤獨] gūdú

lonely ② solitary

179

喜糖[喜糖] xǐtáng

sweet given on a happy occasion (esp. wedding)

180

大吃一惊[大吃一驚] dàchīyìjīng

to have a surprise (idiom); shocked or startled ② gobsmacked

181

让座[讓座] ràngzuò

to give up one's seat for sb

182

倡议[倡議] chàngyì

to suggest ② to initiate ③ proposal ④ initiative

183

辛勤[辛勤] xīnqín

hardworking ② industrious

184

用功[用功] yònggōng

diligent ② industrious (in one's studies) ③ to study hard ④ to make great effort

185

努力[努力] nǔlì

great effort ② to strive ③ to try hard

186

不足挂齿[不足掛齒] bùzúguàchǐ

nothing to speak of (idiom)

187

侥幸[僥倖] jiǎoxìng

luckily ② by a fluke

188

贩运[販運] fànyùn

to transport (for sale) ② to traffic (in sth)

189

压根[壓根] yàgēn

from the start ② absolutely ③ entirely ④ simply

190

一时[一時] yīshí

a period of time ② a while ③ for a short while ④ temporary ⑤ momentary ⑥ at the same time

191

脱手[脫手] tuōshǒu

(not of regular commerce) to sell or dispose of (goods etc)

192

不堪[不堪] bùkān

cannot bear ② cannot stand ③ utterly ④ extremely

193

在所难免[在所難免] zàisuǒnánmiǎn

to be unavoidable (idiom)

194

亲眼目睹[親眼目睹] qīnyǎnmùdǔ

to see for oneself ② to see with one's own eyes

195

发言权[發言權] fāyánquán

the right of speech

196

刀耕火种[刀耕火種] dāogēnghuǒzhòng

slash-and-burn cultivation (idiom)

197

茹毛饮血[茹毛飲血] rúmáoyǐnxuè

devour raw meat and fowl (of savages)

198

反复[反復] fǎnfù

repeatedly ② over and over

199

冤案[冤案] yuān'àn

miscarriage of justice

200

筛选[篩選] shāixuǎn

to filter

201

宝贵[寶貴] bǎoguì

valuable ② precious ③ value ④ treasure ⑤ set store by

202

食谱[食譜] shípǔ

cookbook ② recipe ③ diet ④ CL: 份[fen4], 個|个

203

沉迷[沉迷] chénmí

to indulge ② to wallow

204

世隔绝[世隔絕] shìgéjué

isolated from the world ② disconnected

205

隔绝[隔絕] géjué

isolated (from the world) ② disconnected

206

孤立[孤立] gūlì

isolate ② isolated

207

吃閒饭[吃閒飯] chīxiánfàn

to live as a parasite ② doing nothing to earn one's keep

208

寄生虫[寄生蟲] jìshēngchóng

parasite ② drone

209

寄主[寄主] jìzhǔ

host (of a parasite)

210

放下屠刀,立地成佛[放下屠刀,立地成佛] fàngxiàtúdāolìdìchéngfó

lay down butcher's knife, become a Buddha on the spot (idiom); instant rehabilitation ② to repent and be absolved of one's crimes

211

三自教会[三自教會] sānzìjiàohuì

Three-Self Patriotic Movement, PRC government-sanctioned Protestant church from 1949

212

三自爱国教会[三自愛國教會] sānzì'àiguójiàohuì

Three-Self Patriotic Movement, PRC government-sanctioned Protestant church from 1949

213

三自[三自] sānzì

abbr. for 三自愛國教會|三自爱国教会[san1 zi4 ai4 guo2 jiao4 hui4], Three-Self Patriotic Movement

214

网吧[網吧] wǎngba

internet cafe

215

演变[演變] yǎnbiàn

to develop ② to evolve

216

声应气求[聲應氣求] shēngyìngqìqiú

Like attracts like. (idiom)

217

撒谎[撒謊] sāhuǎng

to tell lies

218

做作[做作] zuòzuo

affected ② artificial

219

自投罗网[自投羅網] zìtóuluówǎng

to bite the hook ② to fall into trap (idiom)

220

搂抱[摟抱] lǒubào

to hug ② to embrace

221

大庭广众[大庭廣眾] dàtíngguǎngzhòng

public place with numerous people

222

羞辱[羞辱] xiūrǔ

to baffle ② to humiliate ③ shame ④ dishonor ⑤ humiliation

223

忽然[忽然] hūrán

suddenly ② all of a sudden

224

突然[突然] tūrán

sudden ② abrupt ③ unexpected

225

聊天室[聊天室] liáotiānshì

chat room

226

起泡沫[起泡沫] qǐpàomò

to emit bubbles ② to bubble ③ to foam (with rage) ④ to seethe

227

泡饭[泡飯] pàofàn

to soak cooked rice in soup or water ② cooked rice reheated in boiling water

228

泡沫经济[泡沫經濟] pàomòjīngjì

bubble economy

229

泡澡[泡澡] pàozǎo

to bathe ② to immerse oneself in a warm bath

230

灯泡[燈泡] dēngpào

light bulb ② see also 電燈泡|电灯泡[dian4 deng1 pao4] ③ third-wheel or unwanted third party spoiling a couple's date (slang) ④ CL:個|个[ge4]

231

韩国泡菜[韓國泡菜] Hánguópàocài

kimchi ② Korean pickled cabbage

232

闲着无事[閑著無事] xiánzhewúshì

at loose ends (idiom)

233

毛茸茸[毛茸茸] máorōngrōng

hairy ② shaggy

234

一口[一口] yīkǒu

readily ② flatly (deny, admit and so on)

235

复原[復原] fùyuán

to return to former state ② to restitute ③ to recover (from illness) ④ to heal ⑤ recovery

236

退役[退役] tuìyì

to retire from the military ② to demobilize ③ to decommission ④ retired from use

237

待遇[待遇] dàiyù

treatment ② pay ③ wages ④ status ⑤ salary

238

代孕[代孕] dàiyùn pregnancy

surrogate

239

林黛玉[林黛玉] Lín Dàiyù

Lin Daiyu, female character in The Dream of Red Mansions, cousin and thwarted lover of Jia Baoyu 賈寶玉|贾宝玉

240

贾宝玉[賈寶玉] Jiǎ Bǎoyù

Jia Baoyu, male character in The Dream of Red Mansions, in love with his cousin Lin Daiyu 林黛玉|林黛玉 but obliged to marry Xue Baochai 薛寶釵|薛宝钗

241

薛宝钗[薛寶釵] Xuē Bǎochāi

Xue Baochai, female character in Dream of Red Mansions, married to Jia Baoyu 賈寶玉|贾宝玉

242

感染力[感染力] gǎnrǎnlì

inspiration ② infectious (enthusiasm)

243

奸臣[奸臣] jiānchén

a treacherous court official ② a minister who conspires against the state

244

忠臣烈士[忠臣烈士] zhōngchénlièshì

righteous governors and those who died for their country (idiom)

245

烈士[烈士] lièshì

martyr

246

烈士陵[烈士陵] lièshìlíng

memorial mound ② heroes' memorial

247

烈士殉名[烈士殉名] lièshìxùnmíng

An upright man dies in defense of his name. (idiom)

248

五颜六色[五顏六色] wǔyánliùsè

multi-colored ② every color under the sun

249

车水马龙[車水馬龍] chēshuǐmǎlóng

endless stream of horse and carriages (idiom) ② heavy traffic

250

同病相怜[同病相憐] tóngbìngxiānglián

fellow sufferers empathize with each other (idiom); misery loves company

251

人满为患[人滿為患] rénmǎnwéihuàn

overcrowded ② overstaffed (idiom)

252

出发点[出發點] chūfādiǎn

starting point ② the outset

253

处境[處境] chǔjìng

plight ② unfavorable situation

254

储精囊[儲精囊] chǔjīngnáng

seminal vesicle

255

出镜[出鏡] chūjìng

appear on camera ② play a role in a film

256

请帖[請帖] qǐngtiě

invitation card ② written invitation

257

吃饱喝足[吃飽喝足] chībǎohēzú

to eat and drink to one's heart's content (idiom)

258

序言[序言] xùyán

preface ② introductory remarks ③ preamble ④ prelude

259

大家[大家] dàjiā

authority ② everyone

260

润笔[潤筆] rùnbǐ

remuneration for literary or artistic work

261

潜心[潛心] qiánxīn

to concentrate fully on sth ② single-minded

262

窍门[竅門] qiàomén

a trick ② an ingenious method ③ know-how ④ the knack (of doing sth)

263

文体[文體] wéntǐ

genre of writing ② literary form ③ style ④ literary recreation and sporting activities

264

宜[宜] yí

proper ② should ③ suitable ④ appropriate

265

天花[天花] tiānhuā

smallpox ② ceiling

266

天皇[天皇] Tiānhuáng

Emperor of Japan ② Tennō ③ Mikado

267

锦上添花[錦上添花] jǐnshàngtiānhuā

to make perfection still more perfect (idiom)

268

挑刺[挑刺] tiāocì

to carp ② nitpicking ③ petty criticism

269

章节[章節] zhāngjié

chapter ② section

270

显微镜[顯微鏡] xiǎnwēijìng

microscope ② CL:臺|台[tai2]

271

显微镜载片[顯微鏡載片] xiǎnwēijìngzàipiàn

microscopic slide

272

像样[像樣] xiàngyàng

presentable ② decent ③ up to par

273

技巧[技巧] jìqiǎo

skill ② technique

274

讥诮[譏誚] jīqiào

cynical

275

良心[良心] liángxīn

conscience

276

渲染[渲染] xuànrǎn

rendering (computing) ② to add washes of ink or color to a drawing (Chinese painting) ③ to exaggerate ④ to embellish

277

克服[克服] kèfú

(try to) overcome (hardships etc) ② to conquer ③ to put up with ④ to endure

278

嘉[嘉] jiā

excellent

279

掉书袋[掉書袋] diàoshūdài

lit. to drop a bag of books (idiom); fig. to drop quotations to appear learned ② to quote classical texts as a parade of erudition

280

底蕴[底蘊] dǐyùn

inside information ② concrete details

281

造就[造就] zàojiù

to bring up ② to train ③ to contribute to ④ achievements (usually of young people)

282

秀美[秀美] xiùměi

elegant ② graceful

283

秀丽[秀麗] xiùlì

pretty ② beautiful

284

风光[風光] fēngguāng

scene ② view ③ sight ④ landscape ⑤ to be well-regarded ⑥ to be well-off ⑦ grand (topolect) ⑧ impressive (topolect)

285

孕育[孕育] yùnyù

to be pregnant ② to produce offspring ③ to nurture (a development, school of thought, artwork etc) ④ fig. replete with (culture etc)

286

熏陶[熏陶] xūntáo

nurturing (i.e. assimilate some branch of culture) ② seeped in

287

熏陶成性[熏陶成性] xūntáochéngxìng

(idiom) nurture makes second nature ② good habits come by long assimilation

288

繁冗[繁冗] fánrǒng

variant of 煩冗|烦冗[fan2 rong3]

289

烦冗[煩冗] fánrǒng

diverse and complicated (of one's affairs) ② prolix (of speech, writing, etc.)

290

繁荣[繁榮] fánróng

prosperous ② booming (economy)

291

熟人[熟人] shúrén

acquaintance ② friend

292

抚今追昔[撫今追昔] fǔjīnzhuīxī

to reflect on the past in the light of the present (idiom)

293

美眉[美眉] měiméi

(coll.) pretty girl

294

晕[暈] yūn

confused ② dizzy ③ giddy ④ faint ⑤ swoon ⑥ lose consciousness ⑦ pass out

295

煌[煌] huáng

brilliant

296

辉煌[輝煌] huīhuáng

splendid ② glorious

297

辉[輝] huī

bright ② glorious

298

歌颂[歌頌] gēsòng

sing the praises of ② extol ③ eulogize

299

联产承包[聯產承包] liánchǎnchéngbāo

a contract with remuneration linked to output (idiom)

300

顺口溜[順口溜] shùnkǒuliū

popular piece of doggerel ② common phrase repeated as a jingle

301

下海[下海] xiàhǎi

to go to sea ② fig. to leave secure job (iron rice-bowl 鐵飯碗|铁饭碗) for sth better but more risky

302

经商[經商] jīngshāng

to trade ② to carry out commercial activities ③ in business

303

保健[保健] bǎojiàn

health protection ② health care

304

养生[養生] yǎngshēng

to look after one's health ② to keep fit ③ maintaining good health ④ health preservation

305

应有尽有[應有盡有] yīngyǒujìnyǒu

everything that should be here is here (idiom); all one can think of is on hand ② to have all one needs

306

为难[為難] wéinán

feel embarrassed or awkward ② to make things difficult (for someone) ③ to find things difficult (to do or manage)

307

载[載] zǎi

year ② to record in writing

308

载[載] zài

to carry ② to convey ③ to load ④ to hold ⑤ to fill up ⑥ and ⑦ also ⑧ as well as ⑨ simultaneously

309

追求[追求] zhuīqiú

to pursue (a goal etc) stubbornly ② to seek after ③ to woo

310

功利[功利] gōnglì

utility

311

默默[默默] mòmò

in silence ② not speaking

312

耕耘[耕耘] gēngyún

plowing and weeding ② farm work ③ fig. to work or study diligently

313

耕[耕] gēng

to plow ② to till

314

耘[耘] yún

to weed

315

云云[云云] yúnyún

and so on ② so and so ③ many and confused

316

芸芸[芸芸] yúnyún

all ② every

317

芸芸众生[蕓蕓眾生] yúnyúnzhòngshēng

every living being (Buddhism) ② the mass of common people

318

鱼子酱[魚子醬] yúzǐjiàng

caviar

319

千恩万谢[千恩萬謝] qiān'ēnwànxiè

to express a thousand thanks ② to thank effusively (idiom)

320

夸赞[誇贊] kuāzàn

to praise ② to speak highly of ③ to commend

321

光彩[光彩] guāngcǎi

luster ② splendor ③ radiance ④ brilliance

322

秘而不宣[祕而不宣] mì'érbùxuān

to withhold information ② to keep sth secret

323

出书[出書] chūshū

to publish books

324

嘿咻[嘿咻] hēixiū

(colloquial) to make love

325

嘿[嘿] hēi

hey

326

鸡鸣犬吠[雞鳴犬吠] jīmíngquǎnfèi

country sounds (idiom)

327

吠[吠] fèi

to bark

328

道义[道義] dàoyì

morality ② righteousness and justice

329

过失[過失] guòshī

defect ② fault

330

相抵[相抵] xiāngdǐ

to balance up ② to offset ③ to counterbalance

331

相规以善[相規以善] xiāngguīyǐshàn

to persuade sb. to take the good path (idiom)

332

畏友严师[畏友嚴師] wèiyǒuyánshī

a friend of high moral character and a teacher of stern integrity (idiom)

333

甘言蜜语[甘言蜜語] gānyánmìyǔ

sweet speech and honeyed words ② hypocritical flattery (idiom) ③ see also 甜言蜜語|甜言蜜语[tian2 yan2 mi4 yu3]

334

甘之如饴[甘之如飴] gānzhīrúyí

lit. as sweet as syrup (idiom, from Book of Songs); to endure hardship gladly ② a glutton for punishment

335

饴[飴] yí

syrup

336

腻友[膩友] nìyǒu

intimate friend

337

昵[昵] nì

familiar ② to get close to sb ③ intimate

338

砥节砺行[砥節礪行] dǐjiélìxíng

to temper one's spirit and correct one's behavior (idiom)

339

规劝[規勸] guīquàn

to advise

340

落井下石[落井下石] luòjǐngxiàshí

to throw stones at sb who fell down a well (idiom); to hit a person who is down

341

吹捧[吹捧] chuīpěng

to flatter ② to laud sb's accomplishments ③ adulation

342

反思[反思] fǎnsī

to think back over sth that happened ② to recollect ③ to turn over in one's mind

343

陋习[陋習] lòuxí

corrupt practice ② bad habits ③ malpractice

344

丑陋[醜陋] chǒulòu

ugly

345

丑陋不堪[醜陋不堪] chǒulòubùkān

to be a perfect fright (idiom)

346

评说[評說] píngshuō

comment ② evaluate

347

评论[評論] pínglùn

to comment on ② to discuss ③ comment ④ commentary ⑤ CL: 篇[pian1]

348

评议会[評議會] píngyìhuì

council

349

铺张[鋪張] pūzhāng

ostentation ② extravagance

350

铺张浪费[鋪張浪費] pūzhānglàngfèi

extravagance and waste (idiom)

351

中肯[中肯] zhòngkěn

pertinent ② apropos

352

扪心自问[捫心自問] ménxīnzìwèn

to examine one's conscience (idiom)

353

身边[身邊] shēnbiān

at one's side

354

纳入[納入] nàrù

to bring sth into line ② to channel sth ③ to foist (onto sb)

355

审视[審視] shěnshì

to look closely at ② to examine

356

天鹅[天鵝] tiān'é

swan

357

交警[交警] jiāojǐng

traffic police ② acronym for 交通警察

358

境界[境界] jìngjiè

boundary ② state ③ realm

359

干道[幹道] gàndào

arterial road ② main road ③ main watercourse

360

焦急[焦急] jiāojí

anxiety ② anxious

361

万分[萬分] wànfēn

very much ② extremely ③ one ten thousandth part

362

危急[危急] wēijí

critical ② desperate (situation)

363

穿行[穿行] chuānxíng

to go through ② to bore through ③ to push one's way through

364

追查[追查] zhuīchá

to investigate ② to track down (information)

365

合伙人[合伙人] héhuǒrén

partner ② associate

366

征税[徵稅] zhēngshuì

to levy taxes

367

资产[資產] zīchǎn

property ② assets

368

巴金[巴金] Bā Jīn

Ba Jin (1904-2005), novelist, author of the trilogy 家, 春, 秋

369

茅盾[茅盾] Máo Dùn

Maodun (1896-1981), Chinese novelist

370

丁玲[丁玲] Dīng Líng

Ding Ling (1904-1986), female novelist, author of novel The Sun Shines over the Sanggan River 太陽照在桑乾河上|太阳照在桑干河上, attacked during the 1950s as anti-Party

371

曹禺[曹禺] Cáo Yú

Cao Yu (1910-1997), PRC dramatist

372

艾青[艾青] àiqīng

Ai Qing (1910-1996), Chinese poet

373

喜闻乐见[喜聞樂見] xǐwénlèjiàn

a delight to see (idiom); an attractive spectacle

374

示范[示範] shìfàn

to demonstrate ② to show how to do sth ③ demonstration ④ a model example

375

敞开[敞開] chǎngkāi

wide open ② to open up

376

分文不取[分文不取] fēnwénbùqǔ

to give for free

377

分文不值[分文不值] fēnwénbùzhí

worthless (idiom)

378

传承[傳承] chuánchéng

to pass on (to future generations) ② passed on (from former times) ③ a continued tradition ④ an inheritance

379

徘徊[徘徊] páihuái

to dither ② to hesitate ③ to pace back and forth ④ by ext. to hover around ⑤ to linger

380

登堂入室[登堂入室] dēngtángrùshì

to reach a higher level of proficiency ② to reach a higher level in one's studies or profession (idiom)

381

不禁[不禁] bùjīn

can't help (doing sth) ② can't refrain from

382

联想[聯想] liánxiǎng

to associate (cognitively) ② to make an associative connection ③ mental association ④ word prediction and auto-complete functions of input method editing programs

383

收缩[收縮] shōusuō

pull back ② shrink ③ contract

384

收缩压[收縮壓] shōusuōyā

systolic blood pressure

385

舒张压[舒張壓] shūzhāngyā

diastolic blood pressure

386

展望[展望] zhǎnwàng

outlook ② prospect ③ to look ahead ④ to look forward to

387

减缓[減緩] jiǎnhuǎn

to slow down ② to retard

388

缓期[緩期] huǎnqī

to defer ② to put off (until later) ③ to postpone

389

监禁[監禁] jiānjìn

to imprison ② to jail ③ to take into custody

390

禁运[禁運] jìnyùn

embargo ② export ban (e.g. on weapons)

391

制裁[制裁] zhìcái

to punish ② punishment ③ sanctions (incl. economic)

392

克制[克制] kèzhì

to restrain ② to control ③ restraint ④ self-control

393

克服[克服] kèfú

(try to) overcome (hardships etc) ② to conquer ③ to put up with ④ to endure

394

冷静[冷靜] lěngjìng

calm ② cool-headed

395

磋商[磋商] cuōshāng

to consult ② to discuss seriously ③ to negotiate ④ to confer ⑤ negotiations ⑥ consultations

396

猖獗[猖獗] chāngjué

rampant ② wild ③ unchecked

397

营救[營救] yíngjiù

rescue

398

劫持[劫持] jiéchí

to kidnap ② to hijack ③ to abduct ④ to hold under duress

399

全力以赴[全力以赴] quánlìyǐfù

do at all costs ② make an all-out effort

400

瓮[瓮] wèng

earthen jar ② urn

401

透水[透水] tòushuǐ

permeable ② percolation ③ water leak

402

告知[告知] gàozhī

to inform

403

小道[小道] xiǎodào

bypath ② trail ③ bribery as a means of achieving a goal ④ minor arts (Confucian reference to agriculture, medicine, divination, and other professions unworthy of a gentleman)

404

公布[公佈] gōngbù

to announce ② to make public ③ to publish

405

在所难免[在所難免] zàisuǒnánmiǎn

to be unavoidable (idiom)

406

例证[例證] lìzhèng

example ② case in point

407

众志成城[眾志成城] zhòngzhìchéngchéng

unity of will is an impregnable stronghold (idiom)

408

百折不挠[百折不撓] bǎizhébùnáo

keep on fighting in spite of all setbacks ② be undaunted by repeated setbacks ③ be indomitable

409

挠[撓] náo

to scratch

410

折[折] shé

to break (e.g. stick or bone) ② a loss

411

以人为本[以人為本] yǐrénwéiběn

taking people as fundamental ② people-based

412

来临[來臨] láilín

to approach ② to come closer

413

抢占[搶佔] qiǎngzhàn

to seize (the strategic high ground)

414

话语[話語] huàyǔ

words ② speech ③ utterance ④ discourse

415

新近[新近] xīnjìn

newly

416

之际[之際] zhījì

during ② at the time of

417

表扬[表揚] biǎoyáng

to praise ② to commend

418

周瑜[周瑜] Zhōu Yú

Zhou Yu or Chou Yü (175-210), famous general of the southern Wu kingdom and victor of the battle of Redcliff ② in Romance of the Three Kingdoms, absolutely no match for Zhuge Liang

419

周瑜打黄盖[周瑜打黃蓋] Zhōu Yúdǎ Huáng Gài

fig. with the connivance of both sides ② fig. by mutual consent ③ cf Wu patriot Huang Gai submits to mock beating at the hands of General Zhou Yu to deceive Cao Cao 曹操 before the 208 battle of Redcliff 赤壁之戰|赤壁之战[Chi4 bi4 zhi1 zhan4]

420

嗔着[嗔著] chēnzhe

to blame sb. for sth. (colloquial)

421

色彩[色彩] sècǎi

tint ② coloring ③ coloration ④ character

422

悲惨世界[悲慘世界] Bēicǎnshìjiè

Les Misérables (1862) by Victor Hugo 維克多•雨果|维克多•雨果

423

悲惨[悲慘] bēicǎn

miserable ② tragic

424

虚幻[虛幻] xūhuàn

imaginary ② illusory

425

假想[假想] jiǎxiǎng

imaginary ② virtual

426

职工[職工] zhígōng

workers ② staff ③ CL:個|个[ge4]

427

政工[政工] zhènggōng

political work ② ideological work

428

勇于[勇於] yǒngyú

to dare to ② to be brave enough to

429

善于[善於] shànyú

be good at ② be adept in

430

确切[確切] quèqiè

definite ② exact ③ precise

431

支部[支部] zhībù

branch, esp. grass root branches of a political party

432

实职[實職] shízhí

active participation

433

不亦乐乎[不亦樂乎] bùyìlèhū

extremely ② awfully

434

不务正业[不務正業] bùwùzhèngyè

not engage in honest work ② ignore one's proper occupation ③ not attend to one's proper duties

435

荒芜[荒蕪] huāngwú

barren ② uncultivated ③ waste(land)

436

套路[套路] tàolù

a sequence of movements in martial arts

437

生疏[生疏] shēngshū

unfamiliar ② strange ③ out of practice ④ not accustomed

438

人地生疏[人地生疏] réndìshēngshū

unfamiliar people and surroundings (idiom)

439

歧义[歧義] qíyì

ambiguity ② several possible meanings

440

消歧义[消歧義] xiāoqíyì

to remove ambiguity ② disambiguation (in Wikipedia)

441

口袋[口袋] kǒudài

a bag ② a pocket ③ CL:個|个[ge4]

442

俊[俊] jùn

smart ② eminent ③ handsome ④ talented

443

遮[遮] zhē

to cover up (a shortcoming) ② to screen off ③ to hide ④ to conceal

444

凝聚力[凝聚力] níngjùlì

cohesion ② cohesiveness ③ cohesive

445

决胜负[決勝負] juéshèngfù

a tie-break ② to determine the winner

446

长远[長遠] chángyuǎn

long-term ② long-range

447

长远之计[長遠之計] chángyuǎnzhījì

long-range plan (idiom)

448

目光短浅[目光短淺] mùguāngduǎnqiǎn

to be shortsighted

449

套话[套話] tàohuà

polite talk ② conventional greetings

450

发扬[發揚] fāyáng

to develop ② to make full use of

451

发扬光大[發揚光大] fāyángguāngdà

to advocate ② to promote ③ to advertise ④ to carry out propaganda on behalf of ⑤ to carry forward ⑥ to bring to great height of development ⑦ to develop and promote

452

密切[密切] mìqiè

close ② familiar ③ intimate ④ closely (related) ⑤ to foster close ties ⑥ to pay close attention

453

收视率[收視率] shōushìlǜ

ratings

454

礼仪[禮儀] lǐyí

etiquette ② ceremony

455

健身馆[健身館] jiànshēnguǎn

a gym (health center)

456

秘密警察[秘密警察] mìmìjǐngchá

secret police

457

特工[特工] tègōng

secret service ② special service

458

不啻[不啻] bùchì

just as ② no less than ③ like (sth momentous) ④ as good as ⑤ tantamount to

459

崛起[崛起] juéqǐ

to rise abruptly (to a towering position) ② to tower over ③ to spring up ④ to emerge suddenly ⑤ the emergence (e.g. of a power)

460

迄今[迄今] qìjīn

so far ② to date ③ until now

461

彰显[彰顯] zhāngxiǎn

to manifest

462

曙光[曙光] shǔguāng

dawn ② fig. the dawn of a new era

463

共聚一堂[共聚一堂] gòngjùyītáng

to gather in the same hall ② to gather together (idiom)

464

耳目一新[耳目一新] ěrmùyīxīn

pleasant change of atmosphere ② to have a completely new impression ③ to find everything fresh and new

465

嘉义[嘉義] Jiāyì

(N) Chiayi (city in Taiwan)

466

赞助[贊助] zànzhù

to support ② to assist ③ sponsor

467

赞助商[贊助商] zànzhùshāng

sponsor

468

礼宾[禮賓] lǐbīn

protocol ② official etiquette

469

塑造[塑造] sùzào

to model ② to mould ③ plastic (arts) ④ flexible ⑤ to portray (in sculpture or in words)

470

塑造成[塑造成] sùzàochéng

to shape into ② to mould (into some form) ③ to fashion into

471

翱翔[翱翔] áoxiáng

hover ② soar

472

毫无疑问[毫無疑問] háowúyíwèn

certainty ② without a doubt

473

总裁[總裁] zǒngcái

chairman ② director-general (of a company etc)

474

栋[棟] dòng

ridge-beam of a roof ② classifier for houses or buildings

475

使得[使得] shǐde

usable ② workable ③ feasible ④ doable ⑤ to make ⑥ to cause

476

过剩[過剩] guòshèng

surplus ② excess

477

桃园[桃園] Táoyuán

Taoyuan (city in Taiwan) ② the Garden of the Peaches of Immortality

478

桃园三结义[桃園三結義] Táoyuánsānjiéyì

the oath of brotherhood in the Peach Garden, sworn by Liu Bei 劉備|刘备, Zhang Fei 張飛|张飞 and Guan Yu 關於|关于 at the start of the Romance of Three Kingdoms 三國演義|三国演义

479

总经理[總經理] zǒngjīnglǐ

general manager

480

董事长[董事長] dǒngshìzhǎng

chairman of the board ② chairman