FSI C1 1-5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in FSI C1 1-5 Deck (190):
1

烟缸[煙缸] yāngāng

ashtray

2

酒席[酒席] jiǔxí

feast ② banquet

3

酒席[酒席] jiǔxí

feast ② banquet

4

特奥会[特奧會] Tè'àohuì

Special Olympics

5

居委会[居委會] jūwěihuì

neighbourhood committee

6

纷纷[紛紛] fēnfēn

one after another ② in succession ③ one by one ④ continuously ⑤ diverse ⑥ in profusion ⑦ numerous and confused ⑧ pell-mell

7

协和[協和] xiéhé

mediate ② harmonize ③ (mus.) consonant ④ cooperation ⑤ Concorde (the Anglo-French aircraft)

8

被动[被動] bèidòng

passive

9

策略[策略] cèlüè

plot ② tactics

10

烟民[煙民] yānmín

smokers

11

稳步[穩步] wěnbù

steadily ② a steady pace

12

公约[公約] gōngyuē

convention (i.e. international agreement)

13

比例[比例] bǐlì

proportion ② scale

14

加以[加以] jiāyǐ

in addition ② moreover ③ (before polysyllabic verb) to handle it ④ to deal with (the subject just mentioned)

15

形势[形勢] xíngshì

circumstances ② situation ③ terrain ④ CL:個|个[ge4]

16

依然[依然] yīrán

still ② as before

17

严峻[嚴峻] yánjùn

grim ② severe ③ rigorous

18

烟草[煙草] yāncǎo

tobacco

19

适当[適當] shìdàng

suitable ② appropriate

20

二手[二手] èrshǒu

indirectly acquired ② second-hand (information, equipment etc) ③ assistant

21

转产[轉產] zhuǎnchǎn

to change production ② to move over to new products

22

出台[出臺] chūtái

to officially launch (a policy, program, etc.) ② to appear on stage ③ to appear publicly ④ prostitution

23

良策[良策] liángcè

good plan ② good idea

24

密集[密集] mìjí

concentrated ② crowded together ③ intensive ④ compressed

25

民意[民意] mínyì

public opinion ② popular will ③ public will

26

羌族[羌族] Qiāngzú

Qiang ethnic group, nowadays esp. in north Sichuan

27

有序[有序] yǒuxù

regular ② orderly ③ successive ④ in order

28

物资[物資] wùzī

goods and materials

29

奋起[奮起] fènqǐ

to rise vigorously ② a spirited start

30

政协[政協] zhèngxié

CPPCC (Chinese People's Political Consultative Committee)

31

抢险救灾[搶險救災] qiǎngxiǎnjiùzāi

to do rescue and relief work (idiom)

32

安置[安置] ānzhì

find a place for ② help settle down ③ arrange for ④ to get into bed ⑤ placement

33

荟萃[薈萃] huìcuì

collecting together (of distinguished people or exquisite objects) ② to gather ③ to assemble

34

决策[決策] juécè

strategic decision ② decision-making ③ policy decision ④ to determine policy

35

收养[收養] shōuyǎng

adopt ② adoption

36

综合[綜合] zōnghé

comprehensive ② composite ③ synthesized ④ to sum up ⑤ to integrate ⑥ to synthesize

37

吃力[吃力] chīlì

entail strenuous effort ② be a strain

38

诧异[詫異] chàyì

flabbergasted ② astonished

39

佩戴[佩戴] pèidài

to wear (as accessories)

40

体面[體面] tǐmiàn

dignity ② face (as in "losing face") ③ honorable ④ creditable ⑤ pretty

41

所作所为[所作所為] suǒzuòsuǒwéi

one's conduct and deeds

42

理应[理應] lǐyīng

should ② ought to

43

澄清[澄清] chéngqīng

clear (of liquid) ② limpid ③ to clarify ④ to make sth clear ⑤ to be clear (about the facts)

44

荣誉[榮譽] róngyù

honor ② emeritus

45

经得起[經得起] jīngdeqǐ

to be able to withstand ② to be able to endure

46

检验[檢驗] jiǎnyàn

to inspect ② to examine ③ to test

47

不一[不一] bùyī

to vary ② to differ

48

徽章[徽章] huīzhāng

badge ② emblem ③ insignia ④ crest ⑤ logo ⑥ coat of arms

49

形象[形象] xíngxiàng

image ② form ③ figure ④ CL:個|个[ge4]

50

喝采[喝采] hècǎi

acclaim ② cheer

51

准则[準則] zhǔnzé

norm ② standard ③ criterion

52

明智[明智] míngzhì

sensible ② wise ③ judicious ④ sagacious

53

受制[受制] shòuzhì

controlled (by sb) ② to suffer under a yoke

54

尊[尊] zūn

to honor ② to respect ③ (classifier for cannons and statues) ④ ancient wine vessel

55

令尊[令尊] lìngzūn

(honorific) your father

56

最高人民法院[最高人民法院] Zuìgāo Rénmín Fǎyuàn

Supreme People's Court (PRC)

57

以下简称[以下簡稱] yǐxiàjiǎnchēng

hereinafter referred to as (idiom)

58

人民法院[人民法院] rénmínfǎyuàn

people's court (of law) ② people's tribunal

59

专利法[專利法] zhuānlìfǎ

patent law

60

商标[商標] shāngbiāo

trademark ② logo

61

配合[配合] pèihé

matching ② fitting in with ③ compatible with ④ to correspond ⑤ to fit ⑥ to conform to ⑦ rapport ⑧ to coordinate with ⑨ to act in concert with ⑩ to cooperate ⑪ to become man and wife ⑫ to combine parts of machine

62

审理[審理] shěnlǐ

to hear (a case)

63

审判[審判] shěnpàn

a trial ② to try sb

64

救济[救濟] jiùjì

emergency relief ② to help the needy with cash or goods

65

效能[效能] xiàonéng

efficacy ② effectiveness

66

妥善[妥善] tuǒshàn

appropriate ② proper

67

执法[執法] zhífǎ

to enforce a law ② law enforcement

68

慎重[慎重] shènzhòng

cautious ② careful ③ prudent

69

尊师重道[尊師重道] zūnshīzhòngdào

to respect teachers and their teachings (idiom)

70

气质[氣質] qìzhì

temperament

71

藏龙卧虎[藏龍臥虎] cánglóngwòhǔ

hidden dragon, crouching tiger (idiom); fig. talented individuals in hiding ② concealed talent

72

猜想[猜想] cāixiǎng

guess ② conjecture ③ suppose ④ suspect

73

级别[級別] jíbié

(military) rank ② level ③ grade

74

毕竟[畢竟] bìjìng

after all ② all in all ③ when all is said and done ④ in the final analysis

75

入手[入手] rùshǒu

to begin ② to set one's hand to

76

探索[探索] tànsuǒ

to explore ② to probe ③ commonly used in names of publications or documentaries

77

上来[上來] shànglái

to come up ② to approach ③ (verb complement indicating success)

78

圆周[圓周] yuánzhōu

circumference

79

直径[直徑] zhíjìng

diameter

80

半径[半徑] bànjìng

radius

81

实践[實踐] shíjiàn

to practice ② to put into practice ③ to fulfill

82

国土安全部[國土安全部] guótǔ'ānquánbù

(US) Department of Homeland Security

83

海岸警卫队[海岸警衛隊] hǎi'ànjǐngwèiduì

Coastguard

84

研判[研判] yánpàn

to study and come to a decision

85

技能[技能] jìnéng

technical ability ② skill

86

急流[急流] jíliú

torrent

87

尹[尹] yǐn

surname Yin ② to rule

88

卓[卓] zhuó

outstanding ② surname Zhuo

89

概括[概括] gàikuò

to summarize ② to generalize ③ briefly ④ CL:個|个[ge4]

90

涉[涉] shè

to wade ② to be involved ③ to concern ④ to experience

91

缘何[緣何] yuánhé

why? ② for what reason?

92

频繁[頻繁] pínfán

frequently ② often

93

聚焦[聚焦] jùjiāo

to focus

94

相继[相繼] xiāngjì

in succession ② following closely

95

聚光灯[聚光燈] jùguāngdēng

spotlight

96

故乡[故鄉] gùxiāng

home ② homeland ③ native place ④ CL:個|个[ge4]

97

冰川期[冰川期] bīngchuānqī

ice age

98

空前[空前] kōngqián

unprecedented

99

沸腾[沸騰] fèiténg

boiling ② ebullition

100

克拉[克拉] kèlā

carat (mass)

101

白金[白金] báijīn

platinum

102

钴[鈷] gǔ

cobalt (chemistry)

103

拥护[擁護] yōnghù

to endorse ② to support

104

探明[探明] tànmíng

to ascertain ② to verify

105

非盟[非盟] Fēi Méng

African Union (AU), abbr. for 非洲聯盟|非洲联盟

106

正视[正視] zhèngshì

to face squarely ② to meet head on ③ to face up to

107

依旧[依舊] yījiù

as before ② still

108

番[番] fān

deeds ② foreign ③ classifier for repeated actions: time

109

减免[減免] jiǎnmiǎn

to lower tax ② to reduce duties

110

加紧[加緊] jiājǐn

to intensify ② to speed up ③ to step up

111

免除[免除] miǎnchú

to prevent ② to avoid ③ to exempt sb (from duty) ④ exempt from ⑤ exemption ⑥ immunity (from prosecution) ⑦ to release sb (from obligation) ⑧ to relieve sb (of a position) ⑨ to remove (from office) ⑩ to depose ⑪ to sack

112

抵御[抵禦] dǐyù

to resist ② to withstand

113

夯实[夯實] hāngshí

to tamp ② to ram (earth, etc.)

114

债务[債務] zhàiwù

debt ② liability ③ amount due ④ indebtedness

115

兑现[兌現] duìxiàn

to honor a check (by paying in cash) ② to conclude a deal in cash

116

雪上加霜[雪上加霜] xuěshàngjiāshuāng

to add hail to snow (idiom); one disaster on top of another ② to make things worse in a bad situation

117

俗气[俗氣] súqì

tacky ② inelegant ③ in poor taste ④ vulgar ⑤ banal

118

取决[取決] qǔjué

depend upon ② hinge upon

119

延伸[延伸] yánshēn

to extend ② to spread

120

弹药[彈藥] dànyào

ammunition

121

政论[政論] zhènglùn

political commentary

122

精英[精英] jīngyīng

cream ② elite ③ essence ④ quintessence

123

散播[散播] sànbō

to spread ② to disperse ③ to disseminate

124

性质[性質] xìngzhì

nature ② characteristic ③ CL:個|个[ge4]

125

势必[勢必] shìbì

is bound to (happen)

126

向来[向來] xiànglái

always ② all along

127

妖魔鬼怪[妖魔鬼怪] yāomóguǐguài

demons and ghosts ② ghouls and bogies

128

妖怪[妖怪] yāoguài

monster ② devil

129

人妖[人妖] rényāo

freak ② demon ③ transvestite ④ transsexual ⑤ ladyboy ⑥ written r.y. in current slang

130

妖[妖] yāo

goblin ② witch ③ devil ④ bewitching ⑤ enchanting ⑥ monster ⑦ phantom ⑧ demon

131

化解[化解] huàjiě

to dissolve ② to resolve (contradictions) ③ to dispel (doubts) ④ to iron out (difficulties) ⑤ to defuse (conflicts) ⑥ to neutralize (fears)

132

误会[誤會] wùhuì

to misunderstand ② to mistake ③ misunderstanding ④ CL:個|个[ge4]

133

良方[良方] liángfāng

good medicine ② effective prescription ③ fig. good plan ④ effective strategy

134

回暖[回暖] huínuǎn

warming up again

135

个体户[個體戶] gètǐhù

self-employed ② a private firm (PRC usage)

136

果农[果農] guǒnóng

fruit farmer

137

获悉[獲悉] huòxī

to learn of sth ② to find out ③ to get news

138

集散[集散] jísàn

to collect for distribution

139

私营企业[私營企業] sīyíngqǐyè

private business ② opposite: state-owned enterprise 國有企業|国有企业[guo2 you3 qi3 ye4]

140

注册[註冊] zhùcè

to register

141

直销[直銷] zhíxiāo

to sell directly ② direct sale (by a factory) ③ direct marketing

142

营业支出[營業支出] yíngyèzhīchū

operating expenses

143

工商[工商] gōngshāng

industry and commerce

144

申办[申辦] shēnbàn

to apply for ② to bid for

145

牵头[牽頭] qiāntóu

to lead (an animal by the head) ② to take the lead ③ to coordinate (a combined operation) ④ to mediate ⑤ a go-between (e.g. marriage broker)

146

推介[推介] tuījiè

promotion ② to promote ③ to introduce and recommend

147

商机[商機] shāngjī

business opportunity ② commercial opportunity

148

兑现[兌現] duìxiàn

to honor a check (by paying in cash) ② to conclude a deal in cash

149

机制[機制] jīzhì

mechanism

150

标签[標籤] biāoqiān

label ② tag

151

字样[字樣] zìyàng

model or template character ② words written in large letters (e.g. slogan 標語|标语 on banner, stamp "air mail" 航空 or header "first draft" 初稿 etc)

152

权益[權益] quányì

rights and benefits

153

保鲜纸[保鮮紙] bǎoxiānzhǐ

plastic wrap ② cling wrap ③ cling film

154

贮存[貯存] zhùcún

to store ② to deposit

155

暨[暨] jì

and ② reach to ③ the end

156

炕[炕] kàng

kang (a heatable brick bed)

157

麦子[麥子] màizi

wheat ② CL:株[zhu1]

158

华尔街日报[華爾街日報] Huá'ěrjiē Rìbào

Wall Street Journal

159

生物燃料[生物燃料] shēngwùránliào

biofuel

160

援引[援引] yuányǐn

quote ② cite

161

裁定[裁定] cáidìng

ruling

162

大宗[大宗] dàzōng

large amount ② staple ③ influential family of long standing

163

强有力[強有力] qiángyǒulì

strong ② forceful

164

蓄养[蓄養] xùyǎng

to raise (animals)

165

畜牧业[畜牧業] xùmùyè

animal husbandry ② stock raising ③ livestock raising

166

畜牧[畜牧] xùmù

to raise animals

167

家禽[家禽] jiāqín

poultry ② domestic fowl

168

粮食[糧食] liángshi

foodstuff ② cereals ③ CL:種|种[zhong3]

169

下届[下屆] xiàjiè

next office holder ② next to serve

170

非议[非議] fēiyì

criticize

171

农作物[農作物] nóngzuòwù

(farm) crops

172

游说团[游說團] yóushuìtuán

lobby group

173

游说[遊說] yóushuì

to canvass ② to drum up support ③ to peddle the idea of

174

祭拜[祭拜] jìbài

to offer sacrifice (to one's ancestors)

175

祭祖[祭祖] jìzǔ

to sacrifice to one's ancestors

176

故里[故里] gùlǐ

hometown ② native place

177

四大发明[四大發明] sìdàfāmíng

the four great Chinese inventions: paper, printing, magnetic compass and gunpowder

178

超前[超前] chāoqián

to be ahead of one's time ② to surpass or outdo one's predecessors ③ to be ahead of the pack ④ to take the lead ⑤ advanced

179

断言[斷言] duànyán

affirm ② assertion

180

争先[爭先] zhēngxiān

to compete to be first ② to contest first place

181

精髓[精髓] jīngsuǐ

marrow ② pith ③ quintessence ④ essence

182

变革[變革] biàngé

transform ② change

183

大同[大同] Dàtóng

Dàtóng prefecture level city in Shānxī 山西 ② Datong or Great community in neo-Confucian philosophy, sim. New Jerusalem

184

和谐[和諧] héxié

harmonious

185

大树特树[大樹特樹] dàshùtèshù

vigorously foster (an ideal, concept, style, etc.) (idiom)

186

大书特书[大書特書] dàshūtèshū

to write elaborately (idiom)

187

典故[典故] diǎngù

allusion (to classic story or saying) ② classical quotation ③ parable

188

芭蕾舞[芭蕾舞] bālěiwǔ

ballet

189

福利[福利] fúlì

(material) welfare ② well-being

190

废品[廢品] fèipǐn

production rejects ② seconds ③ scrap ④ discarded material