FSI Set 18 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in FSI Set 18 Deck (224):
1

淡化[淡化] dànhuà

to water down ② to play down ③ to trivialize ④ to weaken ⑤ to become dull with time ⑥ to desalinate ⑦ desalination

2

色彩[色彩] sècǎi

tint ② coloring ③ coloration ④ character

3

扭转[扭轉] niǔzhuǎn

to reverse ② to turn around (an undesirable situation)

4

乾坤[乾坤] qiánkūn

Heaven and earth ② Yin and Yang ③ The Universe

5

刻意[刻意] kèyì

meticulous ② painstaking ③ scrupulous (effort)

6

情有可原[情有可原] qíngyǒukěyuán

pardonable (of interruption, misunderstanding etc)

7

犹[猶] yóu

also ② as if ③ still ④ to scheme ⑤ a Jew

8

卓著[卓著] zhuózhù

outstanding ② eminent ③ brilliant

9

仿效[仿傚] fǎngxiào

to copy ② to imitate

10

遵循[遵循] zūnxún

to follow ② to abide by ③ to comply with ④ compliance

11

臣服[臣服] chénfú

to acknowledge allegiance to (some regime) ② to serve

12

魅力[魅力] mèilì

charm ② fascination ③ glamor ④ charisma

13

臻[臻] zhēn

to reach ② utmost

14

臻于完善[臻於完善] zhēnyúwánshàn

to attain perfection (idiom)

15

缩影[縮影] suōyǐng

miniature ② a big picture in a nutshell ③ the epitome (of sth)

16

臣属[臣屬] chénshǔ

official in feudal court ② subject

17

翻版[翻版] fānbǎn

to reprint ② a duplicate ③ a clone

18

招募[招募] zhāomù

to recruit ② to enlist

19

侍卫官[侍衛官] shìwèiguān

guard

20

拔擢[拔擢] bázhuó promotion

select the best people for

21

筹款[籌款] chóukuǎn

fundraising

22

写真[寫真] xiězhēn

portrait ② to describe sth accurately

23

草根[草根] cǎogēn

grassroots democracy

24

异曲同工[異曲同工] yìqǔtónggōng

different approaches, same result (idiom)

25

不言而喻[不言而喻] bùyán'éryù

it goes without saying ② it is self-evident

26

威望[威望] wēiwàng

prestige

27

塑造[塑造] sùzào

to model ② to mould ③ plastic (arts) ④ flexible ⑤ to portray (in sculpture or in words)

28

塑造成[塑造成] sùzàochéng

to shape into ② to mould (into some form) ③ to fashion into

29

戒严[戒嚴] jièyán

to impose martial law ② to impose curfew ③ martial law ④ curfew ⑤ emergency measures

30

号称[號稱] hàochēng

to have a reputation as ② known as ③ de facto ④ to claim to be (often exaggeratedly or falsely)

31

自不待言[自不待言] zìbùdàiyán

It goes without saying... ② to be self-evident. (idiom)

32

人治[人治] rénzhì

rule of man

33

褪色[褪色] tuìsè

to fade (of colors)

34

光环[光環] guānghuán

halo ② ring of light

35

未尝[未嘗] wèicháng

not yet, not necessarily not

36

未尝不可[未嘗不可] wèichángbùkě

It is not necessarily impermissible ② impossible. (idiom)

37

岌岌可危[岌岌可危] jíjíkěwēi

imminent danger (idiom); approaching a crisis

38

官场[官場] guānchǎng

officialdom ② bureaucracy

39

把持[把持] bǎchí

control ② dominate ③ monopolize

40

推崇[推崇] tuīchóng

value ② accord great importance to

41

妥协[妥協] tuǒxié

to compromise ② to reach terms ③ a compromise

42

人马[人馬] rénmǎ

Sagittarius (star sign) ② men and horses (e.g. on parade) ③ centaur

43

人马齐备[人馬齊備] rénmǎqíbèi

All vehicles and personnel are ready. (idiom)

44

宗师[宗師] zōngshī

great scholar respected for learning and integrity

45

卸任[卸任] xièrèn

to leave office

46

风骚[風騷] fēngsāo

literary excellence ② flirtatious behavior

47

叱咤[叱咤] chìzhà

to rebuke angrily

48

叱咤风云[叱咤風雲] chìzhàfēngyún

lit. to rebuke Heaven and Earth (idiom); fig. shaking the whole world ② all-powerful

49

谦卑[謙卑] qiānbēi

humble

50

殷[殷] Yīn

surname Yin ② flourishing ③ dynasty name at the end the Shang dynasty, after their move to Yinxu 殷墟 in modern Henan province

51

殷鉴不远[殷鑒不遠] yīnjiànbùyuǎn

no need to look far for a lesson ② the lessons of history are close at hand (idiom)

52

拆除[拆除] chāichú

to tear down ② to demolish ③ to dismantle ④ to remove

53

践踏[踐踏] jiàntà

trample

54

定律[定律] dìnglǜ

established law

55

不知凡几[不知凡幾] bùzhīfánjǐ

one can't tell how many ② numerous similar cases

56

过江之鲫[過江之鯽] guòjiāngzhījì

excessive number (idiom)

57

鲫[鯽] jì

bastard carp ② sand perch

58

永垂不朽[永垂不朽] yǒngchuíbùxiǔ

eternal glory ② will never be forgotten

59

不绝如缕[不絕如縷] bùjuérúlǚ

hanging by a thread ② very precarious ③ almost extinct ④ (of sound) linger on faintly

60

不朽[不朽] bùxiǔ

immortal ② immortality

61

传承[傳承] chuánchéng

to pass on (to future generations) ② passed on (from former times) ③ a continued tradition ④ an inheritance

62

丛书[叢書] cóngshū

a series of books ② a collection of books

63

落空[落空] luòkōng

to fail ② to fall through ③ to come to nothing

64

垂名竹帛[垂名竹帛] chuímíngzhúbó

to leave a name handed down in history forever (idiom)

65

垂名不朽[垂名不朽] chuímíngbùxiǔ

to leave a name never to be forgotten (idiom)

66

斤斤计较[斤斤計較] jīnjīnjìjiào

to haggle over every ounce ② fig. to worry unduly over minor matters

67

脱钩[脫鉤] tuōgōu

to cut ties ② to disconnect ③ out of touch

68

沉迷[沉迷] chénmí

to indulge ② to wallow

69

凯达格兰族[凱達格蘭族] Kǎidágélánzú

Ketagalan, one of the indigenous peoples of Taiwan, esp. northeast corner

70

无处[無處] wúchù

nowhere

71

造型[造型] zàoxíng

modeling ② to mold

72

造型[造型] zàoxíng

modeling ② to mold

73

雕像[雕像] diāoxiàng

statue ② CL:尊[zun1]

74

场景[場景] chǎngjǐng

scene ② scenario ③ setting

75

实例[實例] shílì

an actual example ② UNIX shell

76

相持不下[相持不下] xiāngchíbùxià

at a stalemate ② deadlocked ③ in unrelenting mutual opposition

77

鹬[鷸] yù

common snipe ② sandpiper

78

鹬蚌相争渔翁得利[鷸蚌相爭漁翁得利] yùbàngxiāngzhēngyúwēngdélì

lit. sandpiper and clam war together (and the fisherman catches both, idiom); fig. neighbors who can't agree lose out to a third party

79

鹬蚌相争[鷸蚌相爭] yùbàngxiāngzhēng

lit. sandpiper and clam war together (and the fisherman catches both, idiom); fig. neighbors who can't agree lose out to a third party

80

甸[甸] diàn

imperial domain ② suburb

81

饶[饒] ráo

rich ② abundant ③ exuberant ④ to add for free ⑤ to throw in as bonus ⑥ to spare ⑦ to forgive ⑧ despite ⑨ although ⑩ surname Rao

82

力不从心[力不從心] lìbùcóngxīn

less capable than desirable (idiom); not as strong as one would wish ② the spirit is willing but the flesh is weak

83

憋[憋] biē

to choke ② to stifle ③ to restrain ④ to hold back ⑤ to hold in (urine) ⑥ to hold (one's breath)

84

憋不住[憋不住] biēbuzhù

to be unable to repress (colloquial)

85

憋气[憋氣] biēqì

to feel suffocated or oppressed ② to choke with resentment ③ to feel injured or resentful

86

憋不住气[憋不住氣] biēbuzhùqì

to be unable to repress one's anger any longer ② to be unable to hold one's breath any longer

87

憋住气[憋住氣] biēzhùqì

to hold one's breath ② to smolder with resentment

88

磨蹭[磨蹭] móceng

to gently stroke ② to brush lightly ③ to move slowly ④ to dawdle ⑤ to dillydally ⑥ to pester ⑦ to nag

89

时光[時光] shíguāng

time ② era ③ period of time

90

一去不回[一去不回] yīqùbùhuí

gone forever

91

让座[讓座] ràngzuò

to give up one's seat for sb

92

消磨[消磨] xiāomó

to wear down ② to sap ③ to whittle away ④ to while away ⑤ to idle away

93

打的[打的] dǎdī

(slang) to take a taxi ② to go by taxi

94

各行各业[各行各業] gèhánggèyè

every trade ② all professions ③ all walks of life

95

和气[和氣] héqi

friendly ② polite ③ amiable

96

钻[鑽] zuān

to drill ② to bore ③ to get into ④ to make one's way into ⑤ to enter (a hole) ⑥ to thread one's way through ⑦ to study intensively ⑧ to dig into ⑨ to curry favor for personal gain

97

窜[竄] cuàn

flee ② escape ③ run away ④ leap

98

恍然[恍然] huǎngrán

suddenly (understand sth) ② in a flash

99

过头[過頭] guòtóu

to overdo it ② to exaggerate

100

过头话[過頭話] guòtóuhuà

exaggeration

101

搀[攙] chān

to assist by the arm ② to mix ③ to support ④ to sustain

102

搀扶[攙扶] chānfú

to lend an arm to support sb

103

搀和[攙和] chānhuo

to mix ② to mingle ③ to interfere ④ to meddle ⑤ also written 摻和|掺和

104

树立[樹立] shùlì

to set up ② to establish

105

年月[年月] niányuè

months and year ② time ③ days of one's life

106

沙哑[沙啞] shāyǎ

hoarse ② rough

107

收取[收取] shōuqǔ

to receive ② to collect

108

败北[敗北] bàiběi

to suffer defeat ② to lose (a battle, an election) ③ the loser

109

随后[隨後] suíhòu

soon after

110

义工[義工] yìgōng

volunteer worker

111

体会[體會] tǐhuì

know (through learning or by experience) ② CL:個|个[ge4]

112

泥水匠[泥水匠] níshuǐjiàng

mason

113

偷渡[偷渡] tōudù

to stowaway (on a ship) ② to steal across the international border ③ to run a blockade

114

移民局[移民局] yímínjú

immigration office

115

入籍[入籍] rùjí

become naturalized ② become a citizen

116

永久居民[永久居民] yǒngjiǔjūmín

permanent resident ② person with the right to live in a country or territory

117

争先恐后[爭先恐後] zhēngxiānkǒnghòu

striving to be first and fearing to be last (idiom); outdoing one another

118

审理[審理] shěnlǐ t

o hear (a case), to process (a case)

119

担保[擔保] dānbǎo

to guarantee ② to vouch for

120

驱逐出境[驅逐出境] qūzhúchūjìng

to deport ② to expel

121

引诱[引誘] yǐnyòu

to coerce (sb into doing sth bad) ② to lure (into a trap) ③ to seduce

122

梦寐以求[夢寐以求] mèngmèiyǐqiú

desire of one's dreams

123

一心二用[一心二用] yīxīn'èryòng

to divide one's attention (idiom)

124

路过[路過] lùguò

pass by or through

125

鲁国人[魯國人] Lǔguórén

person from Shandong ② often refers to Confucius

126

苦工[苦工] kǔgōng

hard labor (in penal code) ② coolie

127

劳动改造[勞動改造] láodònggǎizào

reeducation through labor ② laogai (prison camp)

128

童工[童工] tónggōng

child labor

129

毒打[毒打] dúdǎ

beat up ② CL:頓|顿[dun4]

130

自愿[自願] zìyuàn

voluntary

131

资源[資源] zīyuán

natural resource (such as water or minerals) ② resource (such as manpower or tourism)

132

时势造英雄[時勢造英雄] shíshìzàoyīngxióng

Time makes the man (idiom). The trend of events brings forth the hero.

133

夏[夏] Xià

the Xia or Hsia dynasty c. 2000 BC ② Xia of the Sixteen Kingdoms (407-432) ③ surname Xia

134

症结[癥结] zhēngjié

hard lump in the abdomen (in Chinese medicine) ② the crux ③ the main point in an argument ④ sticking point ⑤ deadlock in negotiations

135

揗[揗] shǔn

strike, hit with hand ② tap

136

熔炉[熔爐] rónglú

smelting furnace ② forge

137

融入[融入] róngrù

to blend into ② to integrate ③ to assimilate ④ to merge

138

投奔[投奔] tóubēn

to seek shelter ② to seek asylum

139

宣誓[宣誓] xuānshì

swear an oath (of office) ② make a vow

140

宣示[宣示] xuānshì

to vow ② to pledge

141

沮丧[沮喪] jǔsàng

dispirited ② dejected ③ dismayed

142

越剧[越劇] Yuèjù

Shaoxing opera

143

绍兴[紹興] Shàoxīng

Shaoxing prefecture level city in Zhejiang

144

天台[天台] Tiāntái

Mt Tiantai near Shaoxing 紹興|绍兴 in Zhejiang, the center of Tiantai Buddhism 天台宗 ② Tiantai County in Zhejiang

145

张爱玲[張愛玲] Zhāng Àilíng

Eileen Chang (1920-1995), famous Chinese-American novelist. Her most famous works include "Lust," "Caution" and "Love in a Fallen City." She is noted for writings that deal with the tensions between men and women in love, and are considered by some scholars to be among the best Chinese literature of the period. Chang's portrayal of life in 1940s Shanghai and occupied Hong Kong is remarkable in its focus on everyday life and the absence of the political subtext which characterised many other writers of the period.

146

吊死鬼[吊死鬼] diàosǐguǐ

hangman (word game)

147

回邮信封[回郵信封] huíyóuxìnfēng

self-addressed stamped envelope (SASE)

148

复原[復原] fùyuán

to return to former state ② to restitute ③ to recover (from illness) ④ to heal ⑤ recovery

149

复员[復員] fùyuán

to demobilize ② demobilization

150

动员[動員] dòngyuán

mobilize ② arouse ③ CL:次[ci4],個|个[ge4]

151

细腻[細膩] xìnì

exquisite ② meticulous

152

茉莉花[茉莉花] mòlihuā

jasmine

153

纳指[納指] nàzhǐ

NASDAQ ② National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations, a computerized data system to provide brokers with price quotations for securities traded over the counter

154

烟熏[煙燻] yānxūn

smoke ② to fumigate

155

承受[承受] chéngshòu

to bear ② to support ③ to inherit

156

巴掌[巴掌] bāzhǎng

palm ② hand

157

海阔天空[海闊天空] hǎikuòtiānkōng

wide sea and sky (idiom); boundless open vistas ② the whole wide world ③ chatting about everything under the sun

158

转机[轉機] zhuǎnjī

(to take) a turn for the better ② to change planes

159

善待[善待] shàndài

to treat well

160

美容[美容] měiróng

to improve one's appearance (using cosmetics or cosmetic surgery) ② to make oneself more attractive ③ to beautify

161

契机[契機] qìjī

an opportunity ② a turning point

162

传递[傳遞] chuándì

to transmit ② to pass on to sb else

163

焦点[焦點] jiāodiǎn

focus ② focal point

164

玄机[玄機] xuánjī

profound theory (in Daoism and Buddhism) ② mysterious principles

165

社科院[社科院] Shèkēyuàn

(Chinese) Academy of Social Sciences (CASS)

166

雷人[雷人] léirén

(internet slang) shocking ② appalling ③ terrifying ④ terrific

167

来龙去脉[來龍去脈] láilóngqùmài

lit. mountain has a connecting pulse throughout like a dragon (idiom, from fengshui); sequence of events ② pedigree ③ cause and effects ④ the whys and wherefors ⑤ where sth comes from and where it goes ⑥ ins and outs

168

推测[推測] tuīcè

speculation ② to conjecture ③ to surmise ④ to speculate

169

筹码[籌碼] chóumǎ

bargaining chip

170

不知天高地厚[不知天高地厚] bùzhītiāngāodìhòu

not to know the immensity of heaven and earth ② an exaggerated opinion of one's own abilities

171

夜郎自大[夜郎自大] yèlángzìdà

ignorant or parochial arrogance (idiom)

172

井底之蛙[井底之蛙] jǐngdǐzhīwā

a frog at the bottom of a well (idiom); fig. an ignorant person

173

坐井观天[坐井觀天] zuòjǐngguāntiān

lit. to view the sky from the bottom of a well (idiom); ignorant and narrow-minded

174

风云人物[風雲人物] fēngyúnrénwù

the man of the moment (idiom); a prominent personality

175

叱咤[叱咤] chìzhà

to rebuke angrily

176

风骚[風騷] fēngsāo

literary excellence ② flirtatious behavior

177

独领风骚[獨領風騷] dúlǐngfēngsāo

most outstanding ② par excellence

178

一代宗匠[一代宗匠] yīdàizōngjiàng

a greatly respected master (idiom)

179

作弊[作弊] zuòbì

fraud ② to cheat ③ to plagiarize

180

抢[搶] qiǎng

fight over ② to rush ③ to scramble ④ to grab ⑤ to rob ⑥ to snatch

181

装作[裝作] zhuāngzuò

to pretend ② to feign ③ to act a part

182

离家出走[離家出走] líjiāchūzǒu

to leave home ② to abandon one's family

183

游说团体[游說團體] yóushuìtuántǐ

lobby group

184

以理服人[以理服人] yǐlǐfúrén

to convince people by reasoning

185

以力服人[以力服人] yǐlìfúrén

to force people to submit ② to dominate others by force (idiom)

186

河殇[河殤] héshāng

River Elegy, influential 1988 CCTV documentary series, said to have stimulated the Beijing Spring democracy movement of 1980s. It was a six-part documentary shown on China Central Television in 1988 that announced the death of traditional Chinese civilization. The film asserted that the Ming Dynasty's ban on maritime activities alluded to the building of the Great Wall by China's first emperor Ying Zheng. China's land-based civilization was defeated by maritime civilizations backed by modern sciences, and was further challenged with the problem of life and death ever since the latter half of the 19th century, landmarked by the Opium War. Using the analogy of the Yellow River, China was portrayed as once at the forefront of civilization, but subsequently dried up due to isolation and conservatism. Rather, the revival of China must come from the flowing blue seas which represent the explorative, open cultures of the West and Japan.

187

和尚打伞[和尚打傘] héshangdǎsǎn

lit. monk holding an umbrella: no hair, no sky ② fig. no protection from law (punning on 髮|发[fa4] vs 法[fa3]) or from heaven

188

龟壳[龜殼] guīké

tortoise shell

189

龟甲[龜甲] guījiǎ

armor ② armor plating

190

战壕[戰壕] zhànháo

trench warfare

191

壕[壕] háo

air-raid shelter ② trench

192

壕沟[壕溝] háogōu

trench ② moat

193

钻空子[鑽空子] zuānkòngzi

lit. to drill a hole ② to take advantage of a loophole (e.g. legal) ③ to exploit an advantage ④ to seize the opportunity (esp. to do sth. bad)

194

十全十美[十全十美] shíquánshíměi

complete and beautiful (idiom) to be perfect

195

偷税漏税[偷稅漏稅] tōushuìlòushuì

to evade taxes (idiom)

196

同流合污[同流合污] tóngliúhéwū

to wallow in the mire with sb (idiom); to follow the bad example of others

197

洗耳恭听[洗耳恭聽] xǐ'ěrgōngtīng

to listen with respectful attention ② (a polite request to sb to speak) ③ we are all ears

198

高谈阔论[高談闊論] gāotánkuòlùn

to harangue ② loud arrogant talk ③ to spout

199

难以[難以] nányǐ

hard to (predict, imagine etc)

200

互利[互利] hùlì

mutually beneficial

201

互惠[互惠] hùhuì

reciprocal

202

相辅相成[相輔相成] xiāngfǔxiāngchéng

to complement one another (idiom)

203

昭然若揭[昭然若揭] zhāoránruòjiē

abundantly clear

204

典故[典故] diǎngù

allusion (to classic story or saying) ② classical quotation ③ parable

205

欢乐[歡樂] huānlè

gaiety ② gladness ③ glee ④ merriment ⑤ pleasure ⑥ happy ⑦ joyous ⑧ gay

206

引人注目[引人注目] yǐnrénzhùmù

to attract attention ② eye-catching ③ conspicuous

207

引人注意[引人注意] yǐnrénzhùyì

to attract attention ② eye-catching ③ conspicuous

208

生活方式[生活方式] shēnghuófāngshì

way of life ② lifestyle

209

财能通神[財能通神] cáinéngtōngshén

Money makes everything possible. (idiom)

210

有钱能使鬼推磨[有錢能使鬼推磨] yǒuqiánnéngshǐguǐtuīmó

lit. money will make the Devil turn millstones (idiom); with money, you can do anything you like.

211

私有化[私有化] sīyǒuhuà

privatization

212

坑[坑] kēng

pit ② to defraud

213

坑洼[坑窪] kēngwā

pothole ② dip in the road

214

息息相关[息息相關] xīxīxiāngguān

closely bound up (idiom); intimately related

215

坑坑洼洼[坑坑窪窪] kēngkēngwāwā

bumpy ② full of pot-holes

216

纤维[纖維] xiānwéi

fiber ② CL:種|种[zhong3]

217

纤维囊泡症[纖維囊泡症] xiānwéinángpàozhèng

cystic fibrosis

218

纤维素[纖維素] xiānwéisù

cellulose

219

杏仁[杏仁] xìngrén

almond ② apricot

220

氰化物[氰化物] qínghuàwù

cyanide

221

樱桃[櫻桃] yīngtáo

cherry

222

修身养性[修身養性] xiūshēnyǎngxìng

to behave properly to improve one's character (idiom)

223

修身[修身] xiūshēn

to cultivate one's moral character

224

劳逸结合[勞逸結合] láoyìjiéhé

to strike a balance between work and rest (idiom)