FSI Set 17 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in FSI Set 17 Deck (180):
1

昏[昏] hūn

muddle-headed ② twilight ③ to faint ④ to lose consciousness

2

昏暗[昏暗] hūn'àn

dusky

3

黝黑[黝黑] yǒuhēi

dark ② suntanned ③ dark black color

4

串[串] chuàn

to string together ② to mix up ③ to conspire ④ to connect ⑤ a string (computing) ⑥ (classifier for rows or strings)

5

掠[掠] lüè

to take over by force ② to rob ③ to plunder

6

咦[咦]

yí expression of surprise

7

上风[上風] shàngfēng

on the up ② currently winning ③ rising (in popularity etc)

8

语无伦次[語無倫次] yǔwúlúncì

incoherent speech ② to talk without rhyme or reason (idiom)

9

似笑非笑[似笑非笑] sìxiàofēixiào

like a smile yet not a smile (idiom)

10

四小龙[四小龍] Sì Xiǎolóng

Four Asian Tigers ② East Asian Tigers ③ Four Little Dragons (East Asian economic powers: Taiwan, South Korea, Singapore and Hong Kong)

11

细长[細長] xìcháng

slender

12

镇静[鎮靜] zhènjìng

calm ② cool

13

链子[鏈子] liànzi

chain

14

生光[生光] shēngguāng

to emit light

15

号[號] háo

roar ② cry ③ CL:個|个[ge4]

16

恶梦[惡夢] èmèng

nightmare

17

噩梦[噩夢] èmèng

nightmare

18

噩[噩] è

startling

19

恶[惡] ě

nauseated

20

总归[總歸] zǒngguī

eventually ② after all ③ anyhow

21

海归[海歸] hǎiguī

returnee ② student returning after study abroad

22

便道[便道] biàndào

shortcut ② pavement ③ sidewalk ④ makeshift road

23

踌躇[躊躇] chóuchú

to hesitate

24

沮丧[沮喪] jǔsàng

dispirited ② dejected ③ dismayed

25

平房[平房] píngfáng

bungalow ② single-story house

26

临[臨] lín

to face ② to overlook ③ to arrive ④ to be (just) about to ⑤ just before

27

临床[臨床] línchuáng

clinical

28

临时[臨時] línshí

at the instant sth happens ② temporary ③ interim ④ ad hoc

29

临盆[臨盆] línpén

at childbirth ② in labor

30

暂时[暫時] zànshí

temporary ② provisional ③ for the time being

31

过度[過度] guòdù

excessive ② over- ③ excess ④ going too far ⑤ extravagant ⑥ intemperate ⑦ overdue

32

改锥[改錐] gǎizhuī

screwdriver ② CL:把[ba3]

33

锥[錐] zhuī

cone ② awl ③ to bore

34

锥形[錐形] zhuīxíng

conical (cone shaped)

35

非洲锥虫病[非洲錐蟲病] fēizhōuzhuīchóngbìng

sleeping sickness ② African trypanosomiasis

36

愣[愣] lèng

to look distracted ② to stare blankly ③ distracted ④ blank ⑤ (coll.) unexpectedly

37

眨[眨] zhǎ

wink

38

眨眼[眨眼] zhǎyǎn

wink ② twinkle ③ very short time

39

眨眼睛[眨眼睛] zhǎyǎnjīng

wink

40

个体户[個體戶] gètǐhù

self-employed ② a private firm (PRC usage)

41

难为情[難為情] nánwéiqíng

embarrassed

42

随即[隨即] suíjí

immediately ② presently ③ following which

43

油污[油污] yóuwū g

reasy and dirty

44

拉长[拉長] lācháng

to lengthen ② to pull sth out longer

45

转头[轉頭] zhuǎntóu

to turn one's head ② to change direction ③ U-turn ④ volte face ⑤ to repent ⑥ nutation (plants turning to face the sun)

46

多心[多心] duōxīn

oversensitive ② suspicious

47

惰性气体[惰性氣體] duòxìngqìtǐ

inert gas; noble gas (chemistry)

48

多行不义必自毙[多行不義必自斃] duōxíngbùyìbìzìbì

persist in evil and you will bring about your own destruction

49

开业[開業] kāiyè

to open a business ② to open a practice ③ open (for business)

50

洁白[潔白] jiébái

spotlessly white ② pure white

51

搓[搓] cuō

to rub or roll between the hands or fingers ② to twist

52

搓揉[搓揉] cuōróu

knead

53

搓作一团[搓作一團] cuōzuòyītuán

to crumble up (a sheet of paper, etc.) into a ball (idiom)

54

弗[弗] fú

not

55

弗克如愿[弗克如願] fúkèrúyuàn

can't have it as one wishes (idiom)

56

佛吉尼亚[佛吉尼亞] Fújíníyà

Virginia, US state

57

拂[拂] fú

to brush away

58

拂晓[拂曉] fúxiǎo

daybreak ② approach of dawn

59

拂煦[拂煦] fúxù

to bring warmth (of a breeze)

60

煦[煦] xù

balmy ② nicely warm ③ cozy

61

煦和[煦和] xùhé

warm ② genial

62

格外[格外] géwài

especially ② particularly

63

耀眼[耀眼] yàoyǎn

to dazzle ② dazzling

64

醇美[醇美] chúnměi

mellow ② rich ③ superb

65

似梦非梦[似夢非夢] sìmèngfēimèng

It is like a dream and yet it is no dream. (idiom)

66

眼光[眼光] yǎnguāng

vision

67

似懂非懂[似懂非懂] sìdǒngfēidǒng

seem to understand, but not understand (idiom)

68

似哭非哭[似哭非哭] sìkūfēikū

seemingly tearful but not actually so (idiom)

69

似醉非醉[似醉非醉] sìzuìfēizuì

to look half-drunk (idiom)

70

神情[神情] shénqíng

look ② expression

71

报酬[報酬] bàochóu

reward ② remuneration

72

月票[月票] yuèpiào

monthly ticket

73

瞎闹[瞎鬧] xiānào

to make a scene ② to fool around ③ to behave foolishly

74

吼[吼] hǒu

roar (of a lion)

75

吼叫[吼叫] hǒujiào

to howl

76

清醒[清醒] qīngxǐng

clear-headed ② sober ③ awake

77

傍晚[傍晚] bàngwǎn

in the evening ② when night falls ③ towards evening ④ at night fall ⑤ at dusk

78

沮丧[沮喪] jǔsàng

dispirited ② dejected ③ dismayed

79

舍得[捨得] shěde

to be willing to part with sth

80

独自[獨自] dúzì

alone

81

单独[單獨] dāndú

alone ② by oneself ③ on one's own

82

主张[主張] zhǔzhāng

to advocate ② to stand for ③ view ④ position ⑤ stand ⑥ proposition ⑦ viewpoint ⑧ assertion ⑨ CL:個|个[ge4]

83

动词重叠[動詞重疊] dòngcíchóngdié

verb reduplication

84

叠[疊] dié

to fold ② to fold over in layers ③ to furl ④ to layer ⑤ to pile up ⑥ to repeat ⑦ to duplicate

85

瞎说[瞎說] xiāshuō

irresponsible talk

86

渡船[渡船] dùchuán

ferry

87

渡[渡] dù

to cross ② to pass through ③ to ferry

88

上市[上市] shàngshì

on the market ② to float (a company on the stock market)

89

上市公司[上市公司] shàngshìgōngsī

a listed company

90

老公[老公] lǎogōng (

informal) husband

91

老公[老公] lǎogong

(coll.) eunuch ② see also 老公 lao3 gong1

92

奔跑[奔跑] bēnpǎo

to run

93

奔[奔] bēn

to hurry or rush ② to run quickly ③ to elope

94

拼命[拼命] pīnmìng

to do one's utmost ② with all one's might ③ at all costs ④ (to work or fight) as if one's life depends on it

95

拼[拼] pīn

to piece together ② to join together ③ to stake all ④ adventurous ⑤ at the risk of one's life ⑥ to spell

96

足疗[足療] zúliáo

pedicure ② foot massage

97

身历其境[身歷其境] shēnlìqíjìng

to experience personally (idiom)

98

脉管[脈管] màiguǎn

vascular (made up of vessels)

99

卖关子[賣關子] màiguānzi

do something reluctantly ② keep listeners in suspense (in storytelling) ③ keep people on tenterhooks

100

脉管组织[脈管組織] màiguǎnzǔzhī

vascular tissue

101

买官[買官] mǎiguān

to buy a title ② to use wealth to acquire office

102

吸管[吸管] xīguǎn

(drinking) straw ② pipette ③ eyedropper ④ CL:支[zhi1]

103

暑天[暑天] shǔtiān

hot (summer) day

104

想通[想通] xiǎngtōng

to figure out ② to realize ③ to become convinced ④ to come round (to an idea)

105

想开[想開] xiǎngkāi

to get over (a shock, bereavement etc) ② to avoid dwelling on unpleasant things ③ to accept the situation and move on

106

摔倒[摔倒] shuāidǎo

to fall down ② to slip and fall ③ a throw (in wrestling)

107

惋惜[惋惜] wǎnxī

to feel sorry for a person over sth that should have happened

108

毛驴[毛驢] máolǘ

donkey ② CL:頭|头[tou2]

109

翻跟头[翻跟頭] fāngēntou

to tumble ② to turn a cartwheel ③ a somersault

110

两口子[兩口子] liǎngkǒuzi

husband and wife

111

老两口儿[老兩口兒] lǎoliǎngkǒur

an old married couple

112

小两口儿[小兩口兒] xiǎoliǎngkǒur

young married couple

113

方针[方針] fāngzhēn

policy ② guidelines ③ CL:個|个[ge4]

114

泗水[泗水] Sìshuǐ

Sishui county in Ji'ning 濟寧|济宁, Shandong; Surabaya, Indonesia

115

枢密院[樞密院] shūmìyuàn

privy council (the principal council of the sovereign, composed of the cabinet ministers and other persons chosen by the king or queen)

116

解读[解讀] jiědú

to decipher ② to decode

117

矛头[矛頭] máotóu

spearhead ② barb ③ an attack or criticism

118

通缉[通緝] tōngjī

to order the arrest of sb as criminal ② to list as wanted

119

黑帮[黑幫] hēibāng

bunch of gangsters ② criminal gang ③ organized crime syndicate

120

合拢[合攏] hélǒng

to fold ② to close

121

轮值[輪值] lúnzhí

to take turns on duty

122

敦促[敦促] dūncù

to press ② to urge ③ to hasten

123

曝光[曝光] bàoguāng

exposure (e.g. of photosensitive material) ② to expose (a scandal to the public)

124

抵御[抵禦] dǐyù

to resist ② to withstand

125

融资[融资] róngzī

financing

126

奋力[奮力] fènlì

to do everything one can ② to spare no effort ③ one's best

127

外务省[外務省] wàiwùshěng

foreign ministry (e.g. of Japan or Korea)

128

势在必行[勢在必行] shìzàibìxíng

circumstances require action (idiom); absolutely necessary ② imperative

129

藏身[藏身] cángshēn

to hide ② to go into hiding ③ to take refuge

130

黄蜂[黃蜂] huángfēng

wasp

131

抑制[抑制] yìzhì

to inhibit ② to keep down ③ to suppress

132

朋党[朋黨] péngdǎng

clique

133

惆怅[惆悵] chóuchàng

melancholy ② depression

134

美妙[美妙] měimiào

beautiful ② wonderful ③ splendid

135

滩涂[灘塗] tāntú

mudflat

136

头目[頭目] tóumù

ringleader ② gang leader ③ chieftain

137

高分辨率[高分辨率] gāofēnbiànlǜ

high resolution

138

窃取[竊取] qièqǔ

to steal ② to seize

139

乘虚[乘虛] chéngxū

to take advantage of weakness

140

乘虚而入[乘虛而入] chéngxū'érrù

to enter by exploiting a weak spot (idiom); to take advantage of a lapse

141

泄密[洩密] xièmì

to leak secrets

142

寻常[尋常] xúncháng

usual ② common ③ ordinary

143

丈[丈] zhàng

ten feet

144

末端[末端] mòduān

extremity

145

无双国士[無雙國士] wúshuāngguóshì

man of superior talent (idiom)

146

元气[元氣] yuánqì

strength ② vigor ③ vitality ④ original vital breath (Chinese medicine)

147

节哀顺变[節哀順變] jié'āishùnbiàn

to restrain one's grief and accept the change (said in advice to bereaved) (idiom)

148

折腾[折騰] zhēteng

to toss from side to side (e.g. sleeplessly) ② to repeat sth over and over again ③ to torment sb ④ to play crazy

149

猖狂[猖狂] chāngkuáng

savage ② furious

150

抵赖[抵賴] dǐlài

to deny

151

狡辩[狡辯] jiǎobiàn

to quibble

152

赔罪[賠罪] péizuì

to apologize

153

吕布[呂布] Lǚ Bù

Lü Bu, general and warlord

154

迫于无奈[迫於無奈] pòyúwúnài

to be compelled against one's will (idiom)

155

后顾之忧[後顧之憂] hòugùzhīyōu

fears of trouble in the rear (idiom); family worries (obstructing freedom of action) ② worries about the future consequences ③ often in negative expressions, meaning "no worries about anything"

156

勾当[勾當] gòudàng

shady business

157

士气[士氣] shìqì

morale

158

诛杀[誅殺] zhūshā

to kill ② to murder

159

献祭[獻祭] xiànjì

to offer sacrifice

160

怠慢[怠慢] dàimàn

to slight ② to neglect

161

出租车[出租車] chūzūchē

taxi

162

两厢情愿[兩廂情願] liǎngxiāngqíngyuàn

both sides are willing ② by mutual consent

163

雌雄同体人[雌雄同體人] cíxióngtóngtǐrén

a bisexual person

164

雌雄同体[雌雄同體] cíxióngtóngtǐ

hermaphroditism

165

述语[述語] shùyǔ

predicate

166

枢[樞] shū

hinge ② pivot

167

流水不腐,户枢不蠹[流水不腐,戶樞不蠹] liúshuǐbùfǔhùshūbùdù

Flowing water does not rot, nor a door-hinge rust (idiom) ② constant activity prevents decay

168

蠹[蠹] dù

bookworm ② Lepisma saccharina

169

心眼[心眼] xīnyǎn

consideration ② ability to be considerate ③ thoughtfulness ④ social grace ⑤ ability to see how to treat others ⑥ heart ⑦ intention ⑧ conscience ⑨ mind (esp. narrow-minded etc) ⑩ cleverness ⑪ wits ⑫ N.B. not mind's eye

170

轻快[輕快] qīngkuài

light and quick ② brisk ③ spry ④ lively ⑤ effortless ⑥ relaxed ⑦ agile ⑧ blithe

171

清醒[清醒] qīngxǐng

clear-headed ② sober ③ awake

172

主任[主任] zhǔrèn

director ② head ③ CL:個|个[ge4]

173

主席[主席] zhǔxí

chairperson ② premier ③ chairman ④ CL:個|个[ge4],位[wei4]

174

铺垫[鋪墊] pūdiàn

bedcover ② fig. to foreshadow

175

弃权[棄權] qìquán

to abstain from voting ② to forfeit ③ to waive one's right to vote ④ to abdicate

176

妾[妾] qiè

concubine ② I, your servant (deprecatory self-reference for women)

177

妻妾[妻妾] qīqiè

wife or concubine

178

即位[即位] jíwèi

to succeed to the throne ② accession

179

逊位[遜位] xùnwèi

to abdicate ② to resign a position

180

义工[義工] yìgōng

volunteer worker