FSI Set 14 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in FSI Set 14 Deck (179):
1

其实不然[其實不然] qíshíbùrán

Actually, that is not the case. (idiom)

2

不干[不干] bùgàn

unwilling to do sth ② incapable of sth ③ to quit

3

撂[撂] liào

to leave (it)

4

甩手掌柜[甩手掌櫃] shuǎishǒuzhǎngguì

lit. arm-flinging shopkeeper ② fig. sb who asks others to work but does nothing himself

5

掌柜[掌櫃] zhǎngguì

shopkeeper

6

甩手[甩手] shuǎishǒu

to fling one's arms (in anger) ② to shake one's fist

7

揍[揍] zòu

to beat up ② to break to pieces

8

挨揍[挨揍] áizòu

to be beaten ② to take a drubbing ③ buffeted ④ knocked about

9

肝炎[肝炎] gānyán

hepatitis

10

连词[連詞] liáncí

conjunction

11

介词[介詞] jiècí

preposition

12

凭票入场[憑票入場] píngpiàorùchǎng

admission by ticket only

13

糖尿病[糖尿病] tángniàobìng

diabetes ② diabetes mellitus

14

胰腺[胰腺] yíxiàn

pancreas

15

勤俭节约[勤儉節約] qínjiǎnjiéyuē

diligent and thrifty (idiom)

16

勤俭建国[勤儉建國] qínjiǎnjiànguó

to build up the country through thrift and hard work (idiom)

17

寅吃卯粮[寅吃卯糧] yínchīmǎoliáng

living hand-to-mouth (idiom)

18

号召[號召] hàozhào

to call ② to appeal

19

期待[期待] qīdài

to look forward to ② to await ③ expectation

20

回音[回音] huíyīn

echo ② reply ③ turn (ornament in music)

21

志愿[志願] zhìyuàn

aspiration ② wish ③ ideal ④ volunteer

22

心愿[心願] xīnyuàn

cherished desire ② dream ③ craving ④ wish ⑤ aspiration

23

驾照[駕照] jiàzhào

driver's license

24

假招子[假招子] jiǎzhāozi

to put on airs ② to adopt a false attitude

25

夹杂[夾雜] jiāzá

to mix together (disparate substances) ② to mingle ③ a mix ④ to be tangled up with

26

花圈[花圈] huāquān

wreath ② garland

27

花拳[花拳] huāquán

showy boxing of no practical use ② see 花拳繡腿|花拳绣腿

28

爱戴[愛戴] àidài

love and respect

29

绝技[絕技] juéjì

stunt

30

绝经[絕經] juéjīng

menopause

31

卑鄙[卑鄙] bēibǐ

base ② mean ③ contemptible ④ despicable

32

卑鄙龌龊[卑鄙齷齪] bēibǐwòchuò

sordid and contemptible (idiom); vile and repulsive (esp. character or action)

33

一品红[一品紅] yīpǐnhóng

poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima)

34

圣诞红[聖誕紅] shèngdànhóng

poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima)

35

结局[結局] jiéjú

conclusion ② ending

36

不偏不倚[不偏不倚] bùpiānbùyǐ

even-handed ② impartial ③ unbiased ④ exact ⑤ just

37

偏听偏信[偏聽偏信] piāntīngpiānxìn

to heed and trust only one side (idiom)

38

偏激[偏激] piānjī

extreme (usu. of thoughts, speech, circumstances)

39

亡羊补牢[亡羊補牢] wángyángbǔláo

lit. to mend the pen after the sheep are lost (idiom); fig. to take action too late ② to lock the stable door after the horse has bolted ③ better late than never

40

附属公司[附屬公司] fùshǔgōngsī

subsidiary company

41

扣题[釦題] kòutí

to stick to the topic

42

八股[八股] bāgǔ

an essay in eight parts ② stereotyped writing

43

少食多餐[少食多餐] shǎoshíduōcān

to have more meals a day but less food at each (idiom)

44

出力[出力] chūlì

to exert oneself

45

讨好[討好] tǎohǎo

to get the desired outcome ② to win favor by fawning on sb ③ to curry favor with ④ a fruitful outcome to reward one's labor

46

投诉[投訴] tóusù

complaint ② to file a complaint ③ to sue

47

蜗居[蝸居] wōjū

snail's home; fig. humble abode

48

惨淡[慘淡] cǎndàn

dark ② gloomy ③ dismal ④ by painstaking effort

49

扎实[扎實] zhāshi

strong ② solid ③ sturdy ④ firm ⑤ practical

50

摆摊子[擺攤子] bǎitānzi

to set up a stall ② to maintain a large staff and organization

51

摩的[摩的] módī

motorcycle taxi ② abbreviation for 摩托車的士|摩托车的士[mo2 tuo1 che di1 shi4]

52

挺身而出[挺身而出] tǐngshēn'érchū

to step forward bravely

53

屯垦[屯墾] túnkěn

to open up land for cultivation ② to garrison troops to open up land

54

屯垦园区[屯墾園區] túnkěnyuánqū

area of land opened up for cultivation ② kibbutz

55

屯[屯] tún

to station (soldiers) ② to store up

56

三里屯[三裡屯] Sānlǐtún

Sanlitun (Beijing street name)

57

戍边[戍邊] shùbiān

to garrison the border ② to guard the frontier ③ exile to a border garrison post

58

兵团[兵團] bīngtuán

large military unit ② formation ③ corps ④ army

59

渣滓[渣滓] zhāzǐ

residue ② disreputable people

60

苦中作乐[苦中作樂] kǔzhōngzuòlè

to find joy in sorrows (idiom); to enjoy sth in spite of one's suffering

61

苦衷[苦衷] kǔzhōng

painful embarrassment ② predicament ③ difficulties

62

包场[包場] bāochǎng

book a whole theater

63

复制[複製] fùzhì

to duplicate ② to make a copy of ③ to copy ④ to reproduce ⑤ to clone

64

鸡皮疙瘩[雞皮疙瘩] jīpígēda

goose pimples ② goose bumps

65

墨索里尼[墨索里尼] Mòsuǒlǐní

Benito Mussolini (1883-1945), Italian fascist dictator, "Il Duce", president 1922-1943

66

摩梭族[摩梭族] Mósuōzú

Mosuo ethnic group of Yunnan and Sichuan

67

挲[挲] suō

feel ② to fondle

68

摩挲[摩挲] mósuō

to stroke ② to caress

69

拆迁[拆遷] chāiqiān

to demolishing a building and relocate the inhabitants

70

工作狂[工作狂] gōngzuòkuáng

workaholic

71

流失[流失] liúshī

drainage ② to run off ③ to wash away

72

推卸[推卸] tuīxiè

to avoid (esp. responsibility) ② to shift (the blame) ③ to pass the buck

73

说道[說道] shuōdào

discuss

74

破冰[破冰] pòbīng

to break the ice ② groundbreaking (in relations)

75

嫖客[嫖客] piáokè

patron of a brothel

76

说客[說客] shuìkè

persuasive speaker (often derogatory) ② the gift of the gab

77

松鼠[松鼠] sōngshǔ

squirrel

78

阖家[闔家] héjiā

variant of 合家|合家[he2 jia1]

79

合家[合家] héjiā

whole family ② entire household

80

不言而喻[不言而喻] bùyán'éryù

it goes without saying ② it is self-evident

81

忙碌[忙碌] mánglù

busy ② bustling

82

閒暇[閒暇] xiánxiá

leisure

83

炎黄子孙[炎黃子孫] Yánhuángzǐsūn

Descendants of the Fiery Emperor and Yellow Emperor (i.e. Han Chinese people)

84

原子[原子] yuánzǐ

atom ② atomic

85

沦[淪] lún

to sink (into ruin, oblivion) ② to be reduced to

86

硕果[碩果] shuòguǒ

major achievement ② great work ③ triumphant success

87

硕果仅存[碩果僅存] shuòguǒjǐncún

only remaining of the great (saw); one of the few greats extant

88

天人合一[天人合一] tiānrénhéyī

oneness of heaven and humanity ② the theory that man is an integral part of nature

89

根基[根基] gēnjī

foundation

90

印记[印記] yìnjì

imprint ② trace

91

社火[社火] shèhuǒ

festival entertainment (lion dance, dragon lantern etc)

92

农耕[農耕] nónggēng

plowing ② agriculture

93

萎缩[萎縮] wěisuō

to wither ② to dry up (of a plant) ③ to atrophy (of muscle, social custom etc)

94

价值观[價值觀] jiàzhíguān

system of values

95

动摇[動搖] dòngyáo

waver ② be indecisive

96

踏青[踏青] tàqīng

lit. tread the green; go for a walk in the spring (when the grass has turned green) ② spring hike season around Qingming festival 清明, 4th-6th April

97

七夕[七夕] qīxī

double seven festival, evening of seventh of lunar seventh month ② girls' festival ③ Chinese Valentine's day, when Cowherd and Weaving maid 牛郎織女|牛郎织女 are allowed their annual meeting

98

牛郎织女[牛郎織女] niúlángzhīnǚ

Cowherd and Weaving maid (characters in folk story) ② separated lovers ③ Altair and Vega (stars)

99

牛郎[牛郎] Niúláng

Cowherd of the folk tale Cowherd and Weaving maid 牛郎織女|牛郎织女 ② Altair (star)

100

女红[女紅] nǚhóng

needlework

101

外延[外延] wàiyán

extension (semantics)

102

伸展[伸展] shēnzhǎn

extension

103

进食[進食] jìnshí

to take a meal ② to eat

104

灾变[災變] zāibiàn

catastrophe ② cataclysmic change

105

天然气[天然氣] tiānránqì

natural gas

106

滚瓜烂熟[滾瓜爛熟] gǔnguālànshú

lit. ripe as a melon that rolls from its vine (idiom); fig. to know fluently ② to know sth inside-out ③ to know sth by heart

107

长辈[長輩] zhǎngbèi

elder generation

108

截然不同[截然不同] jiéránbùtóng

to be completely different ② to be poles apart (idiom)

109

以求一逞[以求一逞] yǐqiúyīchěng

in a bid for success (idiom)

110

貉子[貉子] háozi

raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides) ② raccoon of North China, Korea and Japan (Japanese: tanuki) ③ also called 狸

111

良心[良心] liángxīn

conscience

112

瓦斯[瓦斯] wǎsī

gas

113

源源不绝[源源不絕] yuányuánbùjué

in an endless stream (idiom)

114

废气[廢氣] fèiqì

exhaust gas ② industrial waste gas ③ steam

115

废寝忘餐[廢寢忘餐] fèiqǐnwàngcān

to neglect sleep and food (idiom); to skip one's sleep and meals ② to be completely wrapped up in one's work

116

电动[電動] diàndòng

electric powered

117

电磁场[電磁場] diàncíchǎng

electromagnetic fields

118

电磁[電磁] diàncí

electromagnetic

119

清理[清理] qīnglǐ

clear ② to put in order ③ to check up

120

扩音器[擴音器] kuòyīnqì

megaphone ② loudspeaker ③ amplifier ④ microphone

121

冷却[冷卻] lěngquè

to cool off ② cooling

122

冷却剂[冷卻劑] lěngquèjì

coolant

123

电器[電器] diànqì

(electrical) appliance ② device

124

点球[點球] diǎnqiú

penalty kick

125

自相矛盾[自相矛盾] zìxiāngmáodùn

to contradict oneself ② self-contradictory ③ inconsistent

126

潮汐[潮汐] cháoxī

tide

127

地热[地熱] dìrè

geothermal

128

可观[可觀] kěguān

considerable

129

简朴[簡樸] jiǎnpǔ

simple and unadorned ② plain

130

上游[上遊] shàngyóu

upper reaches ② advanced position

131

废物[廢物] fèiwù

rubbish ② waste material ③ useless person

132

清早[清早] qīngzǎo

first thing in the morning ② at daybreak

133

心情[心情] xīnqíng

mood ② frame of mind ③ CL:個|个[ge4]

134

司空见惯[司空見慣] sīkōngjiànguàn

a common occurrence

135

车轱辘话[車軲轆話] chēgūluhuà

rambling speech (idiom)

136

立竿见影[立竿見影] lìgānjiànyǐng

lit. set up a pole and see the shadow (idiom); fig. instant effect ② quick results

137

不明不白[不明不白] bùmíngbùbái

with no clear reason whatever (idiom)

138

相貌[相貌] xiàngmào

appearance

139

香茅[香茅] xiāngmáo

lemon grass (Cymbopogon flexuosus)

140

食欲[食慾] shíyù

appetite

141

气味[氣味] qìwèi

odor ② scent

142

分明[分明] fēnmíng

clearly demarcated ② sharply contoured

143

精细[精細] jīngxì

fine ② meticulous ③ careful

144

嘻嘻[嘻嘻] xīxī

hee hee ② happy

145

未免[未免] wèimiǎn

unavoidable ② a bit too much ③ over the top (you exaggerate)

146

法号[法號] fǎhào

name in religion (of Buddhist or Daoist within monastery)

147

圆通[圓通] yuántōng

flexible ② accommodating

148

无数[無數] wúshù

countless ② numberless ③ innumerable

149

榜样[榜樣] bǎngyàng

example ② model ③ CL:個|个[ge4]

150

死不悔改[死不悔改] sǐbùhuǐgǎi

absolutely unrepentant and incorrigible (idiom)

151

德行[德行] déxíng

morality and conduct ② Taiwan pr. de2 xing4

152

举止[舉止] jǔzhǐ

bearing ② manner ③ mien

153

精益求精[精益求精] jīngyìqiújīng

to perfect sth that is already outstanding (idiom); constantly improving

154

粗制滥造[粗製濫造] cūzhìlànzào

to churn out large quantities without regard for quality (idiom); rough and slipshod work

155

虚实[虛實] xūshí

what is true and what is false ② (to get to know) the real situation

156

虚词[虛詞] xūcí

word having grammatical function but no meaning

157

唯心论[唯心論] wéixīnlùn

philosophy of idealism, the doctrine that external reality is a product of consciousness

158

唯物论[唯物論] wéiwùlùn

the philosophy of materialism, doctrine that physical matter is the whole of reality

159

物业管理[物業管理] wùyèguǎnlǐ

property management

160

格格不入[格格不入] gégébùrù

(idiom) inharmonious ② incompatible

161

退避三舍[退避三捨] tuìbìsānshè

lit. to retreat three day's march (idiom); fig. to give way in the face of superior strength ② a strategic withdrawal

162

孜然[孜然] zīrán

cumin

163

紫外线[紫外線] zǐwàixiàn

ultraviolet ray

164

双氧水[雙氧水] shuāngyǎngshuǐ

hydrogen peroxide solution

165

酒精[酒精] jiǔjīng

alcohol ② ethanol CH3CH2OH ③ ethyl alcohol ④ also written 乙醇 ⑤ grain alcohol

166

创可贴[創可貼] chuāngkětiē

band-aid ② sticking plaster

167

绑带[綁帶] bǎngdài

bandage ② puttee

168

进项[進項] jìnxiang

income ② receipts ③ earnings ④ revenue

169

烟熏火燎[煙燻火燎] yānxūnhuǒliǎo

smoke and baking fire (idiom); surrounded by flames and smoke

170

排档[排檔] páidǎng

gear (of car, etc.) ② stall (of market, etc.)

171

业主[業主] yèzhǔ

owner ② proprietor

172

达标[達標] dábiāo

to reach a set standard

173

一味[一味] yīwèi

blindly ② invariably

174

权衡[權衡] quánhéng

to weigh ② to consider ③ to assess ④ to balance ⑤ to trade-off

175

利弊[利弊] lìbì

pros and cons ② merits and drawbacks ③ advantages and disadvantages

176

听从[聽從] tīngcóng

to listen and obey ② to comply with ③ to heed ④ to hearken

177

劝导[勸導] quàndǎo

to advise ② to attempt to convince

178

巧合[巧合] qiǎohé

coincidence

179

光明磊落[光明磊落] guāngmínglěiluò

open and candid (idiom); straightforward and upright