FSI Set 02 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in FSI Set 02 Deck (218):
1

遗传工程[遺傳工程]

yíchuángōngchéng genetic engineering

2

狂妄[狂妄] kuángwàng

egotistical ② arrogant ③ brassy

3

狂妄自大[狂妄自大] kuángwàngzìdà

arrogant and conceited

4

狂妄无知[狂妄無知] kuángwàngwúzhī

conceited and ignorant (idiom)

5

鼓吹[鼓吹] gǔchuī

to agitate for ② to enthusiastically promote

6

鼓吹者[鼓吹者] gǔchuīzhě

advocate

7

现实[現實] xiànshí

reality ② actuality ③ real ④ actual ⑤ CL:個|个[ge4]

8

认同[認同] rèntóng

identify ② approve ③ acknowledge

9

保卫[保衛] bǎowèi

to defend ② to safeguard

10

公顷[公頃] gōngqǐng

hectare

11

包袱[包袱] bāofu

cloth-wrapper ② a bundle wrapped in cloth ③ load ④ weight ⑤ burden

12

意识形态[意識形態] yìshíxíngtài

ideology

13

对立[對立] duìlì

oppose ② set sth against ③ be antagonistic to ④ antithetical ⑤ relative opposite ⑥ opposing ⑦ diametrical

14

日趋[日趨] rìqū

(increasing) day by day ② (more critical) with every passing day ③ gradually

15

交代[交代] jiāodài

to hand over ② to explain ③ to make clear ④ to brief (sb) ⑤ to account for ⑥ to justify oneself ⑦ to confess ⑧ to finish (colloquial)

16

养母[養母] yǎngmǔ

foster, adopted mother

17

养父[養父] yǎngfù

foster, adopted father

18

义父母[義父母] yìfùmǔ

foster-parents ② adoptive parents

19

标本[標本] biāoběn

specimen ② sample ③ the root cause and symptoms of a disease

20

颐和园[頤和園] yíhéyuán

Summer Palace in Beijing

21

颐[頤] yí

cheek ② lower cheek ③ chin ④ jaw ⑤ to nourish

22

脸盆[臉盆] liǎnpén

washbowl ② basin for washing hands and face ③ CL:個|个[ge4]

23

批斗[批鬥] pīdòu

(during the cultural revolution) to criticize and denounce sb publicly for their errors (often imaginary)

24

处[處] chǔ

to reside ② to live ③ to dwell ④ to be in ⑤ to be situated at ⑥ to stay ⑦ to get along with ⑧ to be in a position of ⑨ to deal with ⑩ to discipline ⑪ to punish

25

处[處] chù

place ② location ③ spot ④ point ⑤ office ⑥ department ⑦ bureau ⑧ respect ⑨ classifier for locations or items of damage: spot, point

26

编辑[編輯] biānjí

to edit ② to compile ③ (assistant) editor ④ compiler

27

收获[收穫] shōuhuò

crop (in agriculture) ② harvest ③ acquisition ④ profit ⑤ gain ⑥ bonus ⑦ success ⑧ reward

28

思维[思維] sīwéi

(line of) thought ② thinking

29

极力[極力] jílì

to make a supreme effort ② at all costs

30

薄弱[薄弱] bóruò

weak ② frail

31

挑剔[挑剔] tiāoti

picky ② fussy

32

时髦[時髦] shímáo

in vogue ② fashionable

33

髦[髦] máo

bang (hair) ② fashionable ③ mane

34

门票[門票] ménpiào

ticket (for theater, cinema etc)

35

焚化[焚化] fénhuà

to cremate

36

殴打[毆打] ōudǎ

to beat up ② to come to blows

37

风靡[風靡] fēngmǐ

fashionable

38

一度[一度] yīdù

for a time ② at one time ③ one time ④ once

39

案例[案例] ànlì

case ② CL:個|个[ge4]

40

轰动[轟動] hōngdòng

sensation ② stir

41

躲貓貓[躲貓貓] duǒmāomāo

to play hide-and-seek

42

殴打[毆打] ōudǎ

to beat up ② to come to blows

43

整顿[整頓] zhěngdùn

to tidy up ② to reorganize ③ to consolidate ④ to rectify

44

汲取[汲取] jíqǔ

to draw ② to derive ③ to absorb

45

汲水[汲水] jíshuǐ

to draw water

46

法制[法制] fǎzhì

legal system and institutions

47

酷刑[酷刑] kùxíng

cruelty ② torture

48

嫌疑人[嫌疑人] xiányírén

a suspect

49

始终[始終] shǐzhōng

from beginning to end ② all along

50

杜绝[杜絕] dùjué

put an end to

51

堵塞[堵塞] dǔsè

to block ② to stop ③ blockage

52

力行[力行] lìxíng

to practice diligently ② to act energetically

53

掰[掰] bāi

to break with both hands

54

口臭[口臭] kǒuchòu

bad breath ② halitosis

55

口臭[口臭] kǒuchòu

bad breath ② halitosis

56

状况[狀況] zhuàngkuàng

condition ② state ③ situation ④ CL:個|个[ge4]

57

状态[狀態] zhuàngtài

state of affairs ② state ③ mode ④ situation ⑤ CL:個|个[ge4]

58

耶和华[耶和華] Yēhéhuá

Jehovah (biblical name for God, Hebrew: YHWH) ② compare Yahweh 雅威[Ya3 wei1] and God 上帝[Shang4 di4]

59

开朗[開朗] kāilǎng

spacious and well-lit ② open and clear ③ to open out (onto a wider vista) ④ optimistic ⑤ cheerful ⑥ carefree ⑦ easy-going ⑧ open-minded

60

挑剔[挑剔] tiāoti

picky ② fussy

61

进退两难[進退兩難] jìntuìliǎngnán

no room to advance or to retreat (idiom); without any way out of a dilemma ② trapped ③ in an impossible situation

62

鼓掌[鼓掌] gǔzhǎng

to applaud ② to clap

63

不以为然[不以為然] bùyǐwéirán

not to accept as correct (idiom); to object ② to disapprove ③ to take exception to

64

不当[不當] bùdàng

unsuitable ② improper ③ inappropriate

65

不宜[不宜] bùyí

not suitable ② inadvisable ③ inappropriate

66

讽刺[諷刺] fěngcì

to satirize ② to mock ③ irony ④ satire ⑤ sarcasm

67

排放[排放] páifàng

emission ② discharge ③ exhaust (gas etc)

68

衅[釁] xìn

quarrel ② dispute ③ a blood sacrifice (arch.)

69

树袋熊[樹袋熊] shùdàixióng

koala

70

顺时针[順時針] shùnshízhēn

clockwise

71

逆时针[逆時針] nìshízhēn

anticlockwise ② counterclockwise

72

轻度[輕度] qīngdù

mild (eg symptoms)

73

暴动[暴動] bàodòng

insurrection ② rebellion

74

低估[低估] dīgū

underestimate ② underrate

75

变得[變得] biànde

become ② change into

76

不治之症[不治之症] bùzhìzhīzhèng

incurable disease

77

治愈[治癒] zhìyù

to cure

78

苛刻[苛刻] kēkè

harsh ② pitiless

79

色狼[色狼] sèláng

lecher ② sex maniac ③ rapist

80

得天独厚[得天獨厚] détiāndúhòu

richly endowed by nature (idiom); in a particularly favored environment

81

提拔[提拔] tíbá

to promote to a higher job ② to select for promotion

82

大腕[大腕] dàwàn

star; big shot; celebrity; leading actor; authority (slang)

83

也不[也不] yěbù

neither ② nor

84

围魏救赵[圍魏救趙] wéiwèijiùzhào

to besiege 魏|魏[Wei4] and rescue 趙|赵[Zhao4] ② to relieve a besieged ally by attacking the home base of the besiegers (idiom)

85

魏[魏] Wèi

lofty ② surname Wei ③ name of vassal state of Zhou dynasty from 661 BC in Shanxi, one of the Seven Hero Warring States ④ Wei state, founded by Cao Cao 曹操, one of the Three Kingdoms from the fall of the Han ⑤ the Wei dynasty 221-265 ⑥ Wei prefecture and Wei county at different historical periods

86

赵[趙] Zhào

surname Zhao ② the Former Zhao 前趙 (304-329) and Later Zhao 後趙 (319-350) of the Sixteen Kingdoms

87

孙武[孫武] Sūn Wǔ

Sun Wu, famous general, strategist and Legalist philosopher, contemporary with Confucius 孔子 (551-479 BC), author of the Art of War 孫子兵法|孙武兵法 ② also known as Sun Tzu 孫子|孙武

88

渊源[淵源] yuānyuán

origin ② source ③ relationship

89

剧变[劇變] jùbiàn

fast change of scene

90

文雅[文雅] wényǎ

elegant ② refined

91

Tian'anmen incident of 4th Jun 1989

六四事件[六四事件] liùsìshìjiàn

92

美学[美學] měixué

aesthetics

93

中性[中性] zhōngxìng

neutral

94

总督[總督] zǒngdū

governor-general ② person in charge of a foreign possession or territory

95

转嫁[轉嫁] zhuǎnjià

to remarry (of widow) ② to pass on (blame, cost, obligation, unpleasant consequence etc) ③ to transfer (blame, guilt) ④ to pass the buck

96

绥靖[綏靖] suíjìng

to pacify ② to appease ③ appeasement

97

红地毯[紅地毯] hóngdìtǎn

red carpet

98

死板[死板] sǐbǎn

rigid ② inflexible

99

请客[請客] qǐngkè

give a dinner party ② entertain guests ③ invite to dinner

100

定居者[定居者] dìngjūzhě

settler

101

保留[保留] bǎoliú

to retain ② to continue to have ③ to preserve ④ to maintain ⑤ to reserve ⑥ reservations ⑦ to hold back (approval or acceptance)

102

喉舌[喉舌] hóushé

mouthpiece ② spokesperson

103

赶紧[趕緊] gǎnjǐn

hurriedly

104

斜视[斜視] xiéshì

a squint ② sideways glance ③ to look askance

105

协调[協調] xiétiáo

to coordinate ② to harmonize ③ negotiation

106

退化[退化] tuìhuà

to degenerate ② atrophy

107

童话[童話] tónghuà

children's fairy tales

108

流失[流失] liúshī

drainage ② to run off ③ to wash away

109

沙尘暴[沙塵暴] shāchénbào

sandstorm

110

日新月异[日新月異] rìxīnyuèyì

change with each passing day ② make rapid progress

111

伐[伐] fá

to cut down ② to fell ③ to dispatch an expedition against ④ to attack ⑤ to boast

112

乱砍滥伐[亂砍濫伐] luànkǎnlànfá

to fell trees indiscriminately ② excessive deforestation (idiom)

113

开垦[開墾] kāikěn

to clear a wild area for cultivation ② to put under the plow

114

绝迹[絕跡] juéjì

to be eradicated ② to vanish ③ extinct ④ to break off relations

115

袖章[袖章] xiùzhāng

armband (e.g. as part of uniform or to show status)

116

山寨机[山寨機] shānzhàijī

black market product ② fake ③ imitation or counterfeit of branded product

117

惦记[惦記] diànjì

remember with concern ② worry about

118

模仿[模仿] mófǎng

to imitate ② to copy ③ to emulate ④ to mimic ⑤ model

119

化肥[化肥] huàféi

fertilizer

120

肥胖症[肥胖症] féipàngzhèng

obesity

121

臭氧层[臭氧層] chòuyǎngcéng

ozone layer

122

可持续发展[可持續發展] kěchíxùfāzhǎn

sustainable development

123

代价[代價] dàijià

price ② cost ③ consideration (in share dealing)

124

绝情[絕情] juéqíng

heartless ② without regard for others' feelings

125

惹是生非[惹是生非] rěshìshēngfēi

to stir up trouble

126

抄送[抄送] chāosòng

to make a copy (and send it to someone) ② Cc (for email) ③ Carbon Copy (for email)

127

走形式[走形式] zǒuxíngshì

to go through the formalities

128

假装[假裝] jiǎzhuāng

to feign ② to pretend

129

缩短[縮短] suōduǎn

to curtail ② to cut down

130

白炽灯[白熾燈] báichìdēng

incandescent light

131

日光灯[日光燈] rìguāngdēng

fluorescent light

132

自力更生[自力更生] zìlìgēngshēng

regeneration through one's own effort (idiom) ② self-reliance

133

免责声明[免責聲明] miǎnzéshēngmíng

disclaimer ② statement denying or limiting responsibility

134

君子[君子] jūnzi

nobleman ② person of noble character

135

刻板印象[刻板印象] kèbǎnyìnxiàng

stereotype

136

调侃[調侃] tiáokǎn

to ridicule ② to tease ③ to mock ④ idle talk ⑤ chitchat

137

天性[天性] tiānxìng

inborn

138

嗓子[嗓子] sǎngzi

throat ② voice ③ CL:把[ba3]

139

嗓门[嗓門] sǎngmén

voice ② windpipe

140

偶像剧[偶像劇] ǒuxiàngjù

idol drama ② a television series in which the actors are famous superstars

141

偶像[偶像] ǒuxiàng

idol

142

双关语[雙關語] shuāngguānyǔ

pun ② play on words ③ a phrase with a double meaning

143

一贯[一貫] yīguàn

consistent ② constant ③ from start to finish ④ all along ⑤ persistent

144

炸弹[炸彈] zhàdàn

bomb ② CL:枚[mei2],顆|颗[ke1]

145

同情[同情] tóngqíng

compassion ② relent ③ sympathize ④ sympathy

146

干涉[干涉] gānshè

to interfere ② to meddle ③ interference

147

叉车[叉車] chāchē

forklift truck ② CL:臺|台[tai2]

148

铲车[鏟車] chǎnchē

front loader (vehicle) ② CL:臺|台[tai2]

149

连锁店[連鎖店] liánsuǒdiàn

chain store

150

兼职[兼職] jiānzhí

to hold concurrent posts ② part-time ③ concurrent job ④ moonlighting

151

打官司[打官司] dǎguānsi

to file a lawsuit ② to sue ③ to dispute

152

陪酒[陪酒] péijiǔ

to drink along (with sb)

153

婶[嬸] shěn

wife of father's younger brother

154

出丑[出醜] chūchǒu

shameful ② scandalous ③ to be humiliated ④ to make a fool of sb. or oneself ⑤ to make sb. lose face

155

眼神[眼神] yǎnshén

expression or emotion showing in one's eyes ② meaningful glance ③ wink ④ eyesight (topolect)

156

吃豆腐[吃豆腐] chīdòufu

to eat tofu ② to flirt ③ to tease

157

充耳不闻[充耳不聞] chōng'ěrbùwén

to block one's ears and not listen (idiom); to turn a deaf ear

158

充实[充實] chōngshí

rich ② substantial ③ enrich ④ substantiate

159

面谈[面談] miàntán

face-to-face meeting ② an interview

160

耳麦[耳麥] ěrmài

headphones ② earphones

161

朝拜[朝拜] cháobài

to worship ② to make customary deferences to ③ a pilgrimage

162

朝圣[朝聖] cháoshèng

to make a pilgrimage ② a pilgrimage to a holy mountain

163

蓝牙[藍牙] lányá

Bluetooth

164

猥琐[猥瑣] wěisuǒ

wretched (esp. appearance) ② vulgar

165

土[土] tǔ

earth ② dust ③ clay ④ local ⑤ indigenous ⑥ crude opium ⑦ unsophisticated ⑧ Tuzu ethnic group ⑨ surname Tu

166

咒[咒] zhòu

incantation ② magic spell ③ curse ④ malediction ⑤ to revile ⑥ to put a curse on sb

167

走相[走相] zǒuxiàng

to lose one's good looks

168

其父其子[其父其子] qífùqízǐ

a chip of the old block (idiom)

169

负反馈[負反饋] fùfǎnkuì

negative feedback

170

大裂谷[大裂谷] dàliègǔ

great rift valley

171

宝刀不老[寶刀不老] bǎodāobùlǎo

old but still vigorous in mind and body (idiom)

172

细节[細節] xìjié

details ② particulars

173

补助[補助] bǔzhù

(financial) subsidy ② allowance

174

旬[旬] xún

ten days ② ten years ③ full period

175

上旬[上旬] shàngxún

first third of a month

176

中旬[中旬] zhōngxún

middle third of a month

177

下旬[下旬] xiàxún

last third of the month

178

致死[致死] zhìsǐ

deadly

179

门诊[門診] ménzhěn

outpatient service

180

住院[住院] zhùyuàn

to be in hospital ② to be hospitalized

181

激进[激進] jījìn

radical ② extreme ③ extremist

182

恭候[恭候] gōnghòu

to look forward to sth ② to wait respectfully

183

蜡笔[蠟筆] làbǐ

crayon

184

水坝[水壩] shuǐbà

dam ② dike

185

京杭大运河[京杭大運河] Jīng Háng Dàyùnhé

the Grand canal, 1800 km from Beijing to Hangzhou, built starting from 486 BC

186

沾沾自喜[沾沾自喜] zhānzhānzìxǐ

immeasurably self-satisfied

187

卷入[捲入] juǎnrù

to be drawn into ② to be involved in

188

个人崇拜[個人崇拜] gèrénchóngbài

personality cult

189

没劲[沒勁] méijìn

to have no strength ② to feel weak ③ exhausted ④ feeling listless ⑤ boring ⑥ of no interest

190

憋劲[憋勁] biējìn

to repress one's desires (colloquial)

191

憋[憋] biē

to choke ② to stifle ③ to restrain ④ to hold back ⑤ to hold in (urine) ⑥ to hold (one's breath)

192

视频[視頻] shìpín

video

193

闷[悶] mēn

stuffy ② shut indoors ③ to smother ④ to cover tightly

194

人身攻击[人身攻擊] rénshēngōngjī

personal attack

195

傀儡政权[傀儡政權] kuǐlěizhèngquán

puppet state ② puppet regime

196

傀儡[傀儡] kuǐlěi

puppet

197

炼金术[煉金術] liànjīnshù

alchemy

198

炼[煉] liàn

refine ② smelt

199

丱[丱] guàn

two tufts of hair ② young ③ underage

200

自谦[自謙] zìqiān

modest ② self-deprecating

201

弦外之音[弦外之音] xiánwàizhīyīn

overtone (idiom); meaning beyond the words ② implied meaning ③ reading between the lines

202

狗屁[狗屁] gǒupì

bullshit ② nonsense

203

稻草人[稻草人] dàocǎorén

scarecrow

204

纸老虎[紙老虎] zhǐlǎohǔ

paper tiger

205

稻[稻] dào

paddy ② rice (Oraza sativa)

206

一马当先[一馬當先] yīmǎdāngxiān

to take the lead (idiom)

207

气氛[氣氛] qìfēn

atmosphere ② mood

208

外包[外包] wàibāo

outsourcing

209

了结[了結] liǎojié

to settle ② to finish ③ to conclude ④ to wind up

210

大智如愚[大智如愚] dàzhìrúyú

the wise may appear stupid (idiom); a genius not appreciated in his own time

211

前缀[前綴] qiánzhuì

prefix (linguistics)

212

不朽[不朽] bùxiǔ

immortal ② immortality

213

代垫款项[代墊款項] dàidiànkuǎnxiàng

to advance money for (idiom)

214

迷途知返[迷途知返] mítúzhīfǎn

to realize one's errors and mend one's ways (idiom)

215

半导体[半導體] bàndǎotǐ

semiconductor

216

料[料] liào

material ② stuff ③ grain ④ feed ⑤ to expect ⑥ to anticipate ⑦ to guess

217

石库门[石庫門] shíkùmén

shikumen style architecture: traditional (ca. 19th century) residences with courtyards, once common in Shanghai

218

纯属[純屬] chúnshǔ

pure and simple ② sheer ③ outright