FSI Set 04 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in FSI Set 04 Deck (171):
1

宏观调控[宏觀調控] hóngguāndiàokòng

macro-control

2

微观[微觀] wēiguān

micro- ② sub-atomic

3

脫贫[脱貧] tuōpín

to escape poverty

4

脱贫[脫貧] tuōpín

to lift oneself out of poverty

5

变形[變形] biànxíng

deformation ② to become deformed ③ to change shape ④ to morph

6

口气[口氣] kǒuqì

tone of voice ② the way one speaks ③ manner of expression ④ tone

7

偏[偏] piān

one-sided ② to lean ③ to slant ④ prejudiced ⑤ inclined to one side ⑥ the left-hand side of split Chinese character, often the key or radical

8

卤素[鹵素] lǔsù

halogen (chemistry)

9

露宿[露宿] lùsù

to sleep outdoors ② to spend the night in the open

10

介之推[介之推] Jiè Zhītuī

Jie Zhitui (7th century BC), legendary selfless subject of Duke Wen of Jin 晉文公|晋文公, in whose honor the Qingming festival 清明 (Pure brightness or tomb-sweeping festival) is said to have been initiated

11

通货紧缩[通貨緊縮] tōnghuòjǐnsuō

deflation

12

绝望[絕望] juéwàng

desperation ② forlorn ③ hopeless

13

理财[理財] lǐcái

financial management ② finance

14

党八股[黨八股] dǎngbāgǔ

party jargon

15

打官腔[打官腔] dǎguānqiāng

to talk officiously ② to assume the air of a functionary ③ to talk in official jargon

16

志愿[志願] zhìyuàn

aspiration ② wish ③ ideal ④ volunteer

17

人际[人際] rénjì

human relationships ② interpersonal

18

掌舵[掌舵] zhǎngduò

to steer (a ship)

19

铺路[鋪路] pūlù

to pave (with paving stones) ② to lay a road ③ to give a present to sb to ensure success

20

失恋[失戀] shīliàn

to lose one's love ② to break up (in a romantic relationship) ③ to feel jilted

21

丢脸[丟臉] diūliǎn

loss of face ② humiliation

22

亲情[親情] qīnqíng

affection ② family love ③ love, esp. within a married couple or between parents and children

23

幻想[幻想] huànxiǎng

delusion ② fantasy

24

激情[激情] jīqíng

passion ② fervor ③ enthusiasm ④ strong emotion

25

际遇[際遇] jìyù

luck ② fate ③ opportunity ④ the ups and downs of life

26

夫妻店[夫妻店] fūqīdiàn

family-run shop

27

夫权[夫權] fūquán authority

over the household

28

固执[固執] gùzhí

persistent ② stubborn

29

精益求精[精益求精] jīngyìqiújīng

to perfect sth that is already outstanding (idiom); constantly improving

30

恶性循环[惡性循環] èxìngxúnhuán

vicious circle

31

不确定性原理[不確定性原理] bùquèdìngxìngyuánlǐ

Heisenberg's uncertainty principle (1927)

32

情节[情節] qíngjié

plot ② circumstances

33

青芥辣[青芥辣] qīngjièlà

horseradish ② wasabi ③ green mustard

34

蔚[蔚] wèi

Artemisia japonica ② luxuriant

35

严复[嚴復] Yán Fù

Yan Fu (1853-1921), influential Chinese writer and translator of Western books, esp. on social sciences

36

鸦片战争[鴉片戰爭] Yāpiànzhànzhēng

the Opium Wars of 1840-1842 and 1860-1861

37

自强运动[自強運動] Zìqiáng Yùndòng

Self-Strengthening Movement (period of reforms in China c 1861-1894), also named 洋務運動|洋务运动

38

自强[自強] zìqiáng

to strive for self-improvement

39

洋务运动[洋務運動] Yángwù Yùndòng

Self-Strengthening Movement (period of reforms in China c 1861-1894), also named 自強運動|自强运动

40

中学西用[中學西用] zhōngxuéxīyòng

to apply Chinese studies in the West (idiom)

41

平安时代[平安時代] Píng'ānshídài

Heian period (794-1192), period of Japanese history ruled by Kyoto imperial court

42

异化[異化] yìhuà

alienation

43

一鸣惊人[一鳴驚人] yīmíngjīngrén

to amaze the world with a single brilliant feat (idiom); an overnight celebrity

44

偷偷摸摸[偷偷摸摸] tōutōumōmō

surreptitious ② sneaky

45

阳光[陽光] yángguāng

sunshine ② CL:線|线[xian4]

46

贬义[貶義] biǎnyì

derogatory sense ② negative connotation

47

褒义[褒義] bāoyì

commendatory ② commendatory term ③ positive connotation

48

泡妞[泡妞] pàoniū

to pick up girls (esp. Beijing slang) ② to play around (with ladies) ③ to chase after (sexual partners)

49

毛手毛脚[毛手毛腳] máoshǒumáojiǎo

ham-handed ② restless and uneasy ③ too familiar or offhanded (esp. toward women) (idiom)

50

大众[大眾] dàzhòng

the masses ② the great bulk of the population

51

喇叭裤[喇叭褲] lǎbakù

flared trousers ② bell-bottomed pants

52

尖细[尖細] jiānxì

taper

53

冰冻三尺,非一日之寒[冰凍三尺,非一日之寒] bīngdòngsānchǐfēiyīrìzhīhán

three feet of ice does not form in a single day (idiom); Rome wasn't built in a day

54

胡耀邦[胡耀邦] Hú Yàobāng

Hu Yaobang (1915-1989), Chinese politician

55

坚定[堅定] jiāndìng

firm ② steady ③ staunch ④ resolute

56

肯尼迪[肯尼迪] Kěnnídí

Kennedy (name) ② J.F. Kennedy (1917-1963), US Democrat politician, president 1961-1963

57

白雪公主[白雪公主] Báixuěgōngzhǔ

Snow White

58

请愿书[請願書] qǐngyuànshū

petition

59

清华大学[清華大學] Qīnghuádàxué

Tsing Hua or Qinghua University, Beijing ② National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan

60

幽闭恐惧症[幽閉恐懼症] yōubìkǒngjùzhèng

claustrophobia

61

猫头鹰[貓頭鷹] māotóuyīng

owl

62

夜猫子[夜貓子] yèmāozi

owl ② (fig.) night owl

63

矫揉造作[矯揉造作] jiǎoróuzàozuò

pretension ② affectation ③ putting on artificial airs

64

菊花[菊花] júhuā

chrysanthemum

65

相当[相當] xiāngdāng

equivalent to ② appropriate ③ considerably ④ to a certain extent ⑤ fairly

66

商量[商量] shāngliang

to consult ② to talk over ③ to discuss

67

布料[布料] bùliào

cloth ② material

68

花布[花布] huābù

printed cloth ② calico

69

排水沟[排水溝] páishuǐgōu

gutter

70

高人一等[高人一等] gāorényīděng

a cut above others ② elite (idiom)

71

忍让[忍讓] rěnràng

to exercise forbearance ② patient and accommodating

72

伤害[傷害] shānghài

injure ② harm

73

损害[損害] sǔnhài

harm ② to damage ③ to injure ④ to infringe

74

娃娃[娃娃] wáwa

baby ② small child ③ doll

75

儒家[儒家] Rújiā

Confucian school, founded by Confucius 孔子 (551-479 BC) and Mencius 孟子 (c. 372-c. 289 BC)

76

法家[法家] Fǎjiā

Legalist school of philosophy in pre-Han times, including Shang Yang 商鞅 and Han Feizi 韓非子|韩非子

77

恶有恶报[惡有惡報] èyǒu'èbào

evil has its retribution (idiom); to suffer the consequences of one's bad deeds ② sow the wind and reap the whirlwind (Hosea 8:7)

78

善有善报,恶有恶报[善有善報,惡有惡報] shànyǒushànbào'èyǒu'èbào

Virtue has its reward, evil its retribution

79

善有善报,恶有恶报,若然不报时晨未到[善有善報,惡有惡報,若然不報時晨未到] shànyǒushànbào'èyǒu'èbàoruòránbùbàoshíchénwèidào

Good has its reward and evil has its recompense. The payback is just a matter of time

80

不可知论[不可知論] bùkězhīlùn

agnosticism, the philosophical doctrine that some questions about the universe are in principle unanswerable

81

流产[流產] liúchǎn

a miscarriage ② an abortion ③ to abort (an action)

82

堕胎[墮胎] duòtāi

to induce an abortion ② induced abortion

83

多肽连[多肽連] duōtàilián

polypeptide chain

84

肽[肽] tài

peptide (two or more amino acids linked by peptide bonds CO-NH)

85

结肠[結腸] jiécháng

colon (large intestine)

86

智商[智商] zhìshāng

IQ (intelligence quotient)

87

情商[情商] qíngshāng

emotional quotient (EQ) ② emotional IQ ③ abbr. for 情緒商數|情绪商数[qing2 xu4 shang1 shu4]

88

商数[商數] shāngshù

quotient (math.)

89

脱氧核糖核酸[脫氧核糖核酸] tuōyǎnghétánghésuān

DNA

90

质地[質地] zhìdì

texture ② background (texture) ③ grain ④ quality ⑤ character ⑥ disposition

91

口感[口感] kǒugǎn

taste ② texture (of food) ③ how food feels in the mouth

92

李瑞环[李瑞環] Lǐ Ruìhuán

Li Ruihuan

93

彭德怀[彭德懷] Péng Déhuái

Peng Dehuai (1898-1974), top communist general, subsequently politician and politburo member, disgraced after attacking Mao's failed policies in 1959, and died after extensive persecution during the Cultural Revolution

94

反动[反動] fǎndòng

reaction ② reactionary

95

肩负[肩負] jiānfù

to shoulder (a burden) ② to bear ③ to suffer (a disadvantage)

96

否定[否定] fǒudìng

to negate ② negative (answer) ③ CL:個|个[ge4]

97

林彪[林彪] Lín Biāo

Lin Biao (1908-1971), Chinese army leader at time of the Cultural Revolution

98

雷锋[雷鋒] Léi Fēng

Lei Feng (1940-1962), young communist killed in an accident in 1962, used as a model in one of Mao's campaigns from 1963

99

四旧[四舊] sìjiù

the Four Olds (target of the Cultural Revolution)

100

破四旧[破四舊] pòsìjiù

Destroy the Four Olds (campaign of the Cultural Revolution)

101

红卫兵[紅衛兵] hóngwèibīng

Red Guards (during the Cultural Revolution, 1966-1976)

102

高举[高舉] gāojǔ

to lift up ② to hold high

103

长征[長征] chángzhēng

the Long March

104

韶山[韶山] Sháoshān

(N) Shaoshan (city in Hunan)

105

尊意[尊意] zūnyì

(honorific) your respected opinion ② What do you think, your majesty?

106

魁[魁] kuí

chief ② head

107

走资派[走資派] zǒuzīpài

capitalist-roader ② person in power taking the capitalist road, a political label often pinned on cadres by the Red Guards during the Cultural Revolution

108

造反[造反] zàofǎn

rebel ② revolt

109

党派[黨派] dǎngpài

partisan ② political party related

110

党派集会[黨派集會] dǎngpàijíhuì

party meeting

111

中南海[中南海] Zhōngnánhǎi

Zhongnanhai, to the West of the Forbidden City, now the Communist Party headquarters

112

修正主义[修正主義] xiūzhèngzhǔyì

revisionism

113

反修防修[反修防修] fǎnxiūfángxiū

to combat and prevent revisionism (PRC) (idiom)

114

批修整风[批修整風] pīxiūzhěngfēng

to criticize revisionism and rectify trends (PRC) (idiom)

115

彬[彬] bīn

ornamental ② refined

116

渔[漁] yú

fisherman ② to fish

117

幻灭[幻滅] huànmiè

to disillusion ② disillusionment ③ vanishing (illusions, hopes, aspirations etc)

118

无限[無限] wúxiàn

unlimited ② unbounded

119

旁遮普邦[旁遮普邦] Pángzhēpǔbāng

Punjab state in northwest India bordering Pakistan

120

养老院[養老院] yǎnglǎoyuàn

nursing home

121

孝顺[孝順] xiàoshùn

filial piety

122

养儿防老[養兒防老] yǎng'érfánglǎo

(of parents) to bring up children for the purpose of being looked after in old age

123

养而不教[養而不教] yǎng'érbùjiāo

to raise children without educating them (idiom)

124

甲状腺[甲狀腺] jiǎzhuàngxiàn

thyroid gland

125

炒股票[炒股票] chǎogǔpiào

to speculate in stocks

126

忠诚[忠誠] zhōngchéng

devoted ② fidelity ③ loyal ④ loyalty

127

记录片[記錄片] jìlùpiàn

documentary movie or TV program

128

灵活[靈活] línghuó

flexible ② nimble ③ agile

129

费力[費力] fèilì

great effort ② to strain (oneself)

130

总务[總務] zǒngwù

general matters ② division of general affairs ③ person in overall charge

131

雅皮士[雅皮士] yǎpíshì

yuppie (transl.) ② young urban professional, 1980s slang

132

反弹[反彈] fǎndàn

to bounce ② to bounce back ③ to boomerang ④ to ricochet ⑤ rebound (of stock market etc) ⑥ bounce ⑦ backlash ⑧ negative repercussions ⑨ see also 反彈|反弹[fan3 tan2]

133

外号[外號] wàihào

nickname

134

惜福[惜福] xīfú

to appreciate one's good fortune

135

韧带[韌帶] rèndài

ligament

136

祝福[祝福] zhùfú

blessings ② wish well

137

好运[好運] hǎoyùn

good luck

138

照顾[照顧] zhàogu

to take care of ② to show consideration ③ to attend to ④ to look after

139

儿女[兒女] érnǚ

children ② sons and daughters

140

呗[唄] bei

modal particle indicating indicating grudging or reluctant agreement ② modal particle indicating that things should only or can only be done a certain way

141

二奶[二奶] èrnǎi

mistress ② second wife ③ lover

142

帖子[帖子] tiězi

card

143

保险杠[保險槓] bǎoxiǎngàng

car bumper ② spoiler ③ fender

144

贴纸[貼紙] tiēzhǐ

sticker

145

阉割[閹割] yāngē

castration

146

独联体[獨聯體] Dúliántǐ

Commonwealth of Independent States (former Soviet Union) ② abbr. for 獨立國家聯合體|独立国家联合体

147

外表[外表] wàibiǎo

external ② outside ③ outward appearance

148

嫁妆[嫁妝] jiàzhuāng

dowry (money given by the bride's family to the groom)

149

求婚[求婚] qiúhūn

propose marriage

150

勤能补拙[勤能補拙] qínnéngbǔzhuō

ineptitude can be remedied by diligence (idiom)

151

笨鸟先飞[笨鳥先飛] bènniǎoxiānfēi

lit. the clumsy bird flies early (idiom); fig. to work hard to compensate for one's limited abilities

152

人工呼吸[人工呼吸] réngōnghūxī

artificial respiration (medicine)

153

透析[透析] tòuxī

dialysis (separation of crystalloids by osmosis)

154

吗啡[嗎啡] mǎfēi

morphine

155

变相[變相] biànxiàng

in disguised form ② covert

156

脏器[臟器] zàngqì

internal organs

157

失败者[失敗者] shībàizhě

loser

158

馋嘴[饞嘴] chánzuǐ

gluttonous ② glutton

159

馋痨[饞癆] chánláo

gluttony

160

骚[騷] sāo

trouble ② disturbance ③ rumpus ④ flirty ⑤ coquettish ⑥ abbr. for 離騷|离骚[Li2 Sao1] ⑦ literary writings ⑧ smell of urine ⑨ foul smell ⑩ male (animal) (topolect)

161

骚人墨客[騷人墨客] sāorénmòkè

literati (idiom)

162

骚货[騷貨] sāohuò

a loose woman ② a ****

163

见证[見證] jiànzhèng

witness ② testimony

164

深刻[深刻] shēnkè

profound ② deep ③ deep-going

165

嘉宾[嘉賓] jiābīn

esteemed guest ② honored guest

166

岫[岫] xiù

cave ② mountain peak

167

惆怅[惆悵] chóuchàng

melancholy ② depression

168

抒情[抒情] shūqíng

to express emotion

169

品德[品德] pǐndé

moral character

170

原始[原始] yuánshǐ

first ② original ③ primitive ④ original (document etc)

171

赞同[贊同] zàntóng

to approve of ② to endorse ③ (vote) in favor