FSI Set 19 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in FSI Set 19 Deck (355):
1

变色[變色] biànsè

change color ② discolor ③ change countenance ④ become angry

2

变色龙[變色龍] biànsèlóng

chameleon

3

伦理[倫理] lúnlǐ

ethics

4

伦理学[倫理學] lúnlǐxué

ethics

5

远景[遠景] yuǎnjǐng

prospect ② long-range view

6

展望[展望] zhǎnwàng

outlook ② prospect ③ to look ahead ④ to look forward to

7

原住民[原住民] yuánzhùmín

indigenous peoples ② aborigine

8

地利[地利] dìlì

favorable location ② in the right place ③ productivity of land

9

休憩[休憩] xiūqì

to rest ② to sleep

10

憩[憩] qì

to rest

11

憩息处[憩息處] qìxīchù

rest area

12

繁殖[繁殖] fánzhí

to breed ② to reproduce ③ to propagate

13

繁[繁] fán

complicated ② many ③ in great numbers ④ abbr. for 繁體|繁体[fan2 ti3], traditional form of Chinese characters

14

殖[殖] zhí

to grow ② to reproduce

15

得以[得以] déyǐ

able to ② so that sb can ③ enabling ④ in order to ⑤ finally in a position to ⑥ with sth in view

16

休养生息[休養生息] xiūyǎngshēngxī

recuperate

17

顺应[順應] shùnyìng

to comply ② to conform to ③ in tune with ④ adapting to ⑤ to adjust to

18

顺应不良[順應不良] shùnyìngbùliáng

inability to adjust ② unable to adapt

19

顺应天时[順應天時] shùnyìngtiānshí

going with nature and the seasons (traditional Chinese medicine concept)

20

神话故事[神話故事] shénhuàgùshi

mythological story ② myth

21

传说[傳說] chuánshuō

legend ② folklore ③ tradition ④ it is said ⑤ they say that...

22

禁忌[禁忌] jìnjì

taboo

23

忌[忌] jì

avoid as taboo ② jealous

24

深化[深化] shēnhuà

deepen ② intensify

25

山竹[山竹] shānzhú

mangosteen

26

祭[祭] jì

offer sacrifice

27

互动[互動] hùdòng

interactive

28

互动电视[互動電視] hùdòngdiànshì

interactive TV

29

岁月[歲月] suìyuè

the years of a person's life

30

岁月流逝[歲月流逝] suìyuèliúshì

Time fleets past. (idiom)

31

郁[郁] yù

elegant ② surname Yu

32

清澈[清澈] qīngchè

clear ② limpid

33

乃至[乃至] nǎizhì

and even ② to go so far as to

34

演绎[演繹] yǎnyì

deductive (logic)

35

归纳[歸納] guīnà

to sum up ② to summarize ③ to conclude from facts ④ induction (method of deduction in logic)

36

樟树[樟樹] Zhāngshù

camphor tree

37

萃取[萃取] cuìqǔ

liquid-liquid extraction

38

樟脑[樟腦] zhāngnǎo

camphor C10H16O

39

樟脑丸[樟腦丸] zhāngnǎowán

camphor balls ② moth balls

40

补种[補種] bǔzhòng

reseed ② resow ③ replant

41

海拔[海拔] hǎibá

height above sea level ② elevation

42

延续[延續] yánxù

continue ② last longer

43

习气[習氣] xíqì

habit (often unhealthy) ② mannerism

44

所在[所在] suǒzài

place ② location ③ whereabouts ④ domicile ⑤ to be located ⑥ to belong to (organization etc)

45

梅花鹿[梅花鹿] méihuālù

sika deer

46

大举[大舉] dàjǔ

carry out a large-scale (military) operation

47

延伸[延伸] yánshēn

to extend ② to spread

48

质疑[質疑] zhìyí

to call into question ② to question (truth or validity)

49

保育[保育] bǎoyù

child care ② child welfare

50

祖先[祖先] zǔxiān

ancestor ② forebears

51

寻思一计[尋思一計] xúnsiyījì

to cudgel one's brains for a ruse (to) (idiom)

52

怀抱[懷抱] huáibào

to hug ② to cherish ③ within the bosom (of the family) ④ to embrace (also fig. an ideal, aspiration etc)

53

宰制[宰制] zǎizhì

rule ② dominate

54

疏勒[疏勒] Shūlè

Shule ancient name for modern Kashgar

55

混水摸鱼[混水摸魚] húnshuǐmōyú

to fish in troubled water (idiom); to take advantage of a crisis for personal gain ② also written 渾水摸魚|浑水摸鱼

56

晴天霹雳[晴天霹靂] qíngtiānpīlì

thunder from a clear sky (idiom); a bolt from the blue

57

三思而后行[三思而後行] sānsī'érhòuxíng

think again and again before acting (idiom); consider carefully in advance

58

三思而行[三思而行] sānsī'érxíng

think three times then go (idiom); don't act before you've thought it through carefully

59

班门弄斧[班門弄斧] bānménnòngfǔ

display one's slight skill before an expert

60

大智若愚[大智若愚] dàzhìruòyú

the wise may appear stupid (idiom); a genius not appreciated in his own time

61

昙花一现[曇花一現] tánhuāyīxiàn

ephemeral ② short-lived ③ transient ④ flash in the pan

62

昙花一现[昙花一現] tánhuāyīxiàn

lit. the night blooming cactus shows once ② beautiful but short-lived (idiom)

63

格格不入[格格不入] gégébùrù

(idiom) inharmonious ② incompatible

64

小题大做[小題大做] xiǎotídàzuò

to make a big fuss over a minor issue (idiom)

65

眼中钉[眼中釘] yǎnzhōngdīng

a nail in one's eye ② fig. a thorn in one's flesh

66

肉中毒[肉中毒] ròuzhōngdú

botulism

67

聚精会神[聚精會神] jùjīnghuìshén

to concentrate one's attention (idiom)

68

洗耳恭听[洗耳恭聽] xǐ'ěrgōngtīng

to listen with respectful attention ② (a polite request to sb to speak) ③ we are all ears

69

实事求是[實事求是] shíshìqiúshì

to seek truth from facts (idiom) ② to be practical and realistic

70

多此一举[多此一舉] duōcǐyījǔ

to do more than is required (idiom); superfluous ② guilding the lily

71

对牛弹琴[對牛彈琴] duìniútánqín

to play the lute to a cow (idiom); fig. offering a treat to a unappreciative audience ② to cast pearls before swine ③ caviar to the general ④ to preach to deaf ears ⑤ to talk over sb's head

72

投诉[投訴] tóusù

complaint ② to file a complaint ③ to sue

73

表扬[表揚] biǎoyáng

to praise ② to commend

74

暗笑[暗笑] ànxiào

laugh in (up) one's sleeve ② snigger ③ snicker

75

一溜烟[一溜煙] yīliùyān

in a flash, quickly

76

憋着坏[憋著壞] biēzhehuài

to have evil intentions

77

憋着劲儿[憋著勁兒] biēzhejìnr

to endure (anger, etc.)

78

憋[憋] biē

to choke ② to stifle ③ to restrain ④ to hold back ⑤ to hold in (urine) ⑥ to hold (one's breath)

79

镜子[鏡子] jìngzi

mirror ② CL:面[mian4],個|个[ge4]

80

梳[梳] shū

a comb ② to comb

81

梳头[梳頭] shūtóu

to comb

82

手忙脚乱[手忙腳亂] shǒumángjiǎoluàn

to act with confusion ② to be in a flurry ③ to be flustered

83

念叨[念叨] niàndao

to talk about often ② to discuss ③ to reminisce about

84

噘[噘] juē

variant of 撅, to pout ② to stick out one's tongue or lips

85

撅[撧] juē

to break off ② to snap

86

翘嘴撅唇[翹嘴撅唇] qiàozuǐjuēchún

to pout one's lips in displeasure (idiom)

87

噘嘴[噘嘴] juēzuǐ

to pout (to express anger or displeasure)

88

日夜[日夜] rìyè

day and night ② around the clock

89

查问[查問] cháwèn

to inquire about

90

逍遥[逍遙] xiāoyáo

to be free ② loose

91

体现[體現] tǐxiàn

to embody ② to reflect ③ to give expression to ④ to be reflected in ⑤ exemplify

92

雪崩[雪崩] xuěbēng

avalanche

93

敦煌[敦煌] Dūnhuáng

Dunhuang county level city in Jiuquan 酒泉, Gansu

94

搀[攙] chān

to assist by the arm ② to mix ③ to support ④ to sustain

95

寡妇[寡婦] guǎfu

widow

96

固然[固然] gùrán

admittedly (it's true that...)

97

固有[固有] gùyǒu

intrinsic to sth ② inherent ③ native

98

世界观[世界觀] shìjièguān

worldview ② world outlook ③ Weltanschauung

99

雄心壮志[雄心壯志] xióngxīnzhuàngzhì

lofty aspirations and high ideals (idiom)

100

僵持[僵持] jiāngchí

to be deadlocked

101

来龙去脉[來龍去脈] láilóngqùmài

lit. mountain has a connecting pulse throughout like a dragon (idiom, from fengshui); sequence of events ② pedigree ③ cause and effects ④ the whys and wherefors ⑤ where sth comes from and where it goes ⑥ ins and outs

102

反问[反問] fǎnwèn

to ask (a question) in reply ② to answer a question with a question ③ rhetorical question

103

反驳[反駁] fǎnbó

to retort ② to refute

104

谈不上[談不上] tánbushàng

to be out of the question

105

天职[天職] tiānzhí

vocation ② duty ③ mission in life

106

私下[私下] sīxià

in private

107

下手[下手] xiàshǒu

start ② put one's hand to ③ set about ④ the seat to the right of the main guest

108

下属[下屬] xiàshǔ

subordinate ② underling

109

手下[手下] shǒuxià

leadership ② under one's control or administration ③ subordinates ④ to take action ⑤ to run out of money

110

表现[表現] biǎoxiàn

to show ② to show off ③ to display ④ to manifest ⑤ expression ⑥ manifestation ⑦ show ⑧ display ⑨ performance (at work etc)

111

形象[形象] xíngxiàng

image ② form ③ figure ④ CL:個|个[ge4]

112

评论家[評論家] pínglùnjiā

critic ② reviewer

113

发表[發表] fābiǎo

to issue (a statement) ② to publish ③ to issue ④ to put out

114

杀一儆百[殺一儆百] shāyījǐngbǎi

lit. kill one to warn a hundred (idiom); to punish an individual as an example to others ② pour encourager les autres

115

无形中[無形中] wúxíngzhōng

imperceptibly ② virtually

116

展望[展望] zhǎnwàng

outlook ② prospect ③ to look ahead ④ to look forward to

117

前景[前景] qiánjǐng

foreground ② vista ③ (future) prospects ④ perspective

118

前沿[前沿] qiányán

front-line ② forward position ③ outpost ④ extending ahead ⑤ frontier (of science)

119

活泼[活潑] huópo

lively ② vivacious ③ brisk ④ active

120

桩[樁] zhuāng

item ② stump ③ stake ④ pile

121

打桩机[打樁機] dǎzhuāngjī

pile driver (machinery)

122

颇堪居止[頗堪居止] pōkānjūzhǐ

It's a nice place to live in. (idiom)

123

玩味[玩味] wánwèi

to ruminate ② to ponder subtleties

124

百般刁难[百般刁難] bǎibāndiāonán

to put up innumerable obstacles ② to create all kinds of difficulties (idiom)

125

百般[百般] bǎibān

in hundred and one ways ② in every possible way ③ by every means

126

刁难[刁難] diāonàn

to be hard on sb ② to deliberately make things difficult

127

震骇[震駭] zhènhài

to astonish ② to horrify

128

赤裸[赤裸] chìluǒ

naked ② bare

129

赤裸裸[赤裸裸] chìluǒluǒ

bare ② naked

130

反向[反向] fǎnxiàng

opposite direction ② reverse

131

租界[租界] zūjiè

settlement ② international settlement in many Chinese cities established under unequal treaties from 1860

132

煽情[煽情] shānqíng

to stir up emotion ② to arouse sympathy ③ moving

133

渲染[渲染] xuànrǎn

rendering (computing) ② to add washes of ink or color to a drawing (Chinese painting) ③ to exaggerate ④ to embellish

134

建构[建構] jiàngòu

to construct (often sth abstract, such as good relations) ② to set up ③ to develop ④ construction (abstract) ⑤ architecture

135

汗马功劳[汗馬功勞] hànmǎgōngláo

lit. to ride a laboring horse to great deeds ② fig. a heroic contribution

136

攫取[攫取] juéqǔ

to plunder ② to loot ③ robbery ④ pillage

137

攫[攫] jué

to seize ② to snatch ③ to grab

138

喷薄[噴薄] pēnbó

to gush ② to squirt ③ to surge ④ to well out ⑤ to overflow

139

喷薄欲出[噴薄欲出] pēnbóyùchū

to emerge in all its splendor (of the sun) (idiom)

140

堪[堪] kān

to endure ② may ③ can

141

严酷[嚴酷] yánkù

bitter ② harsh ③ grim ④ ruthless ⑤ severe ⑥ cut-throat (competition)

142

应验[應驗] yìngyàn

to come true ② to come about as predicted ③ to be fulfilled

143

叹为观止[嘆為觀止] tànwéiguānzhǐ

to gasp in amazement ② to acclaim as the peak of perfection

144

观止[觀止] guānzhǐ

incomparably good

145

孤立[孤立] gūlì

isolate ② isolated

146

反遭毒手[反遭毒手] fǎnzāodúshǒu

to suffer unexpected violent scheme (idiom)

147

排挤[排擠] páijǐ

to crowd out ② to push aside ③ to supplant

148

遍布[遍布] biànbù

to cover the whole (area) ② spread everywhere

149

窥豹[窺豹] kuībào

lit. see one spot on a leopard; fig. a restricted view

150

窥豹一斑[窺豹一斑] kuībàoyībān

lit. see one spot on a leopard (idiom); fig. a restricted view

151

斑[斑] bān

spot ② colored patch ③ stripe ④ spotted ⑤ striped ⑥ variegated

152

豹[豹] bào

leopard ② panther

153

窥[窺] kuī

to peep ② to pry into

154

染指[染指] rǎnzhǐ

to dip a finger (idiom); fig. to get one's finger in the pie ② to get a share of the action ③ abbr. for 染指於鼎|染指于鼎

155

染指于鼎[染指於鼎] rǎnzhǐyúdǐng

lit. dip one's finger in the tripod (idiom); fig. to get one's finger in the pie ② to get a share of the action

156

情势[情勢] qíngshì

situation ② circumstance

157

对照[對照] duìzhào

to contrast ② to compare ③ to place side by side for comparison (as parallel texts) ④ to check

158

毋庸[毋庸] wúyōng

no need for

159

争辩[爭辯] zhēngbiàn

a dispute ② to wrangle

160

呈现[呈現] chéngxiàn

to appear ② to emerge ③ present (a certain appearance) ④ demonstrate

161

诩[詡] xǔ

brag ② harmony ③ make known

162

煽动[煽動] shāndòng

to incite ② to instigate

163

响亮[響亮] xiǎngliàng

loud and clear ② resounding

164

满清[滿清] Mǎn Qīng

Manchurian Qing (refers to the Qing dynasty, esp. at its decline, or as an anti-Qing slogan)

165

一以贯之[一以貫之] yīyǐguànzhī

one unity pervades all things (idiom)

166

变迁[變遷] biànqiān

changes ② vicissitudes

167

破除[破除] pòchú

to eliminate ② to do away with ③ to get rid of

168

同步[同步] tóngbù

synchronous

169

通布图[通佈圖] Tōngbùtú (town and historical cultural center in Mali, a World Heritage site)

Timbuctoo

170

越飞[越飛] Yuèfēi

Adolph Abramovich Joffe (1883-1927), Soviet and Comintern diplomat and spy in 1922-23 in Republican China

171

岳飞[岳飛] Yuè Fēi

Yue Fei (1103-1142), Song general famous for fighting the Jin 金 Mongols

172

三教[三教] sānjiào

the Three Religions (Daoism, Confucianism, Buddhism)

173

管子[管子] Guǎnzǐ

Guanzi or Guan Zhong 管仲 (-645 BC), famous politician of Qi 齊國|齐国 of Spring and Autumn period ② Guanzi, classical book containing writings of Guan Zhong and his school

174

商鞅[商鞅] Shāng Yāng

Shang Yang (c. 390-338 BC), legalist philosopher and important statesman of Qin state 秦國|秦国 whose militaristic reforms in 356 and 350 BC played a key role in establishing Qin power

175

申不害[申不害] Shēn Bùhài

Shen Buhai (385-337 BC), legalist political thinker

176

韩非子[韓非子] Hánfēizǐ

Han Feizi (c. 280-233 BC) pre-Han dynasty Legalist philosopher

177

荀子[荀子] Xúnzǐ and author of On learning 勸學|劝学

Xun Zi or Hsun Tzu (c.310-237 BC), Confucian philosopher

178

李斯[李斯] Lǐ Sī

Li Si (c. 280-208 BC), Legalist philosopher, calligrapher and Prime minister of Qin kingdom and Qin dynasty from 246 to 208 BC

179

焚书坑儒[焚書坑儒] fénshūkēngrú

to burn the books and bury alive the Confucian scholars (one of the crimes of the first Emperor in 212 BC)

180

富国强兵[富國強兵] fùguóqiángbīng

lit. rich country, strong army (idiom); slogan of legalist philosophers in pre-Han times ② Make the country wealthy and the military powerful, slogan of modernizers in Qing China and Meiji Japan (Japanese pronunciation: Fukoku kyōhei)

181

儒[儒] rú

scholar ② Confucian

182

正名[正名] zhèngmíng

official name ② proper title ③ to attain a formal title

183

五常[五常] wǔcháng

five constant virtues of Confucianism, namely: benevolence 仁, righteousness 義|义, propriety 禮|礼, wisdom 智 and fidelity 信 ② five cardinal relationships of Confucianism (between ruler and subject, father and son, husband and wife, brothers, friends) ③ five phases of Chinese philosophy: water 水, fire 火, wood 木, metal 金, earth 土

184

恕[恕] shù

forgive

185

敬鬼神而远之[敬鬼神而遠之] jìngguǐshén'éryuǎnzhī

to respect Gods and demons from a distance (idiom); to remain at a respectful distance

186

四书[四書] sìshū

Four Books, namely: the Great Learning 大學|大学, the Doctrine of the Mean 中庸, the Analects of Confucius 論語|论语, and Mencius 孟子

187

论语[論語] Lúnyǔ

the Analects of Confucius

188

中庸[中庸] zhōngyōng

doctrine of the mean

189

孟子[孟子] Mèngzǐ

Mencius (c. 372-c. 289 BC), Confucian philosopher second only to Confucius ② book of the same name, one of the classics of Confucianism

190

五经[五經] Wǔ Jīng

the Five Classics of Confucianism, namely: the Book of Songs 詩經|诗经, the Book of History 書經|书经, the Classic of Rites 禮記|礼记, the Book of Changes 易經|易经, and the Spring and Autumn annals 春秋

191

诗经[詩經] shījīng

Shi Jing (Book of Songs, early collection of Chinese poems)

192

易经[易經] yìjīng

The Book of Changes ("I Ching")

193

礼记[禮記] Lǐjì

Classic of Rites

194

书经[書經] shūjīng

Book of History ② a compendium of documents in various styles, making up the oldest extant texts of Chinese history, from legendary times down to the times of Confucius ③ also called 尚書經|尚书经 or 尚書|尚书 or 書|书

195

春秋[春秋] chūnqiū

spring and autumn ② four seasons ③ the year ④ a person's age ⑤ Spring and Autumn period (770-476 BCE) ⑥ Spring and Autumn Annals, chronicle of Lu State (722-481 BCE) ⑦ used in book titles

196

人皆有过[人皆有過] rénjiēyǒuguò

To err is human. (idiom)

197

王道[王道] wángdào

the Way of the King ② statecraft ③ benevolent rule ④ virtuous as opposed to the Way of Hegemon 霸道

198

仁政[仁政] rénzhèng

benevolent policy ② humane government

199

民生[民生] mínshēng

people's livelihood ② people's welfare

200

三纲五常[三綱五常] sāngāngwǔcháng

three principles and five virtues (idiom) ② the three rules (ruler guides subject, father guides son and husband guides wife) and five constant virtues of Confucianism (benevolence 仁, righteousness 義|义, propriety 禮|礼, wisdom 智 and fidelity 信)

201

儒林外史[儒林外史] Rúlín Wàishǐ

The Scholars, Qing dynasty novel by Wu Jingzi 吴敬梓, an extended satire on the Imperial Examination system

202

德川[德川] Déchuān

Tokugawa, the ruling clan of Japan from 1550-1850

203

万物[萬物] wànwù

all living things

204

伪[偽] wěi

false ② fake ③ forged ④ bogus ⑤ Taiwan pr. wei4

205

老子[老子] Lǎo Zǐ

Laozi or Lao-tze (c. 500 BC), Chinese philosopher, the founder of Taoism ② the sacred book of Daoism, 道德經|道德经 by Laozi

206

庄子[莊子] Zhuāngzǐ

Zhuangzi (369-286 BC), Daoist author

207

庄周梦蝶[莊周夢蝶] zhuāngzhōumèngdié

Zhuangzi 莊子|庄子 dreams of a butterfly (or is it the butterfly dreaming of Zhuangzi?)

208

相生相克[相生相克] xiāngshēngxiāngkè

mutual promotion and restraint (idiom)

209

董仲舒[董仲舒] Dǒng Zhòngshū

Dong Zhongshu (179-104 BC), philosopher influential in establishing Confucianism as the established system of values of former Han dynasty

210

国子监[國子監] Guózǐjiàn

Imperial College (or Academy), the highest educational body in Imperial China

211

清谈误国[清談誤國] qīngtánwùguó

Empty talk and no action will ruin the country. (idiom)

212

理学[理學] lǐxué

School of Principle ② Neo-Confucian Rationalistic School (from Song to mid-Qing times, c. 1000-1750, typified by the teachings of Cheng Hao 程顥|程颢[Cheng2 Hao4], Cheng Yi 程頤|程颐[Cheng2 Yi2] and Zhu Xi 朱熹|朱熹[Zhu1 xi1])

213

朱熹[朱熹] Zhūxī

Zhu Xi or Chu Hsi (1130-1200), also known as Master Zhu 朱子, Song dynasty Confucian writer and propagandist, founder of neo-Confucianism

214

气[氣] qì

gas ② air ③ smell ④ weather ⑤ vital breath ⑥ to anger ⑦ to get angry ⑧ to be enraged

215

格物[格物] géwù

to study the underlying principles, esp. in neo-Confucian rational learning 理學|理学[li3 xue2] ② word for Western natural sciences during late Qing

216

心学[心學] xīnxué

School of Mind ② Neo-Confucian Idealistic School (from Song to mid-Qing times, c. 1000-1750, typified by the teachings of Wang Yangming 王陽明 ③ 王阳明[Wang2 Yang2 ming2])

217

良知[良知] liángzhī

intuitive knowledge

218

良知良能[良知良能] liángzhīliángnéng

instinctive understanding, esp. of ethical issues (idiom); untrained, but with an inborn sense of right and wrong ② innate moral sense

219

教师节[教師節] Jiàoshījié

Teachers' Day

220

知行合一[知行合一] zhīxínghéyī

the unity of knowledge and practice (idiom)

221

理智[理智] lǐzhì

reason ② intellect ③ rationality

222

大同[大同] Dàtóng

Dàtóng prefecture level city in Shānxī 山西 ② Datong or Great community in neo-Confucian philosophy, sim. New Jerusalem

223

推崇[推崇] tuīchóng

value ② accord great importance to

224

崇拜[崇拜] chóngbài

to worship ② adoration

225

场面[場面] chǎngmiàn

scene ② occasion

226

场合[場合] chǎnghé

situation ② occasion

227

眼光[眼光] yǎnguāng

vision, an eye for, perspective, taste (vs. 视野 perspective, field of view)

228

分手[分手] fēnshǒu

to split up ② to break up

229

番[番] fān

deeds ② foreign ③ classifier for repeated actions: time

230

亲自[親自] qīnzì

personally

231

骗子[騙子] piànzi

swindler ② a cheat

232

收藏[收藏] shōucáng

to keep ② to collect

233

收藏家[收藏家] shōucángjiā

a collector (e.g. of artworks)

234

收藏夹[收藏夾] shōucángjiā

favorites folder (web browser)

235

坚决[堅決] jiānjué

firm ② resolute ③ determined

236

纷纷[紛紛] fēnfēn

one after another ② in succession ③ one by one ④ continuously ⑤ diverse ⑥ in profusion ⑦ numerous and confused ⑧ pell-mell

237

接连[接連] jiēlián

on end ② in a row ③ in succession

238

评论[評論] pínglùn

to comment on ② to discuss ③ comment ④ commentary ⑤ CL: 篇[pian1]

239

评论家[評論家] pínglùnjiā

critic ② reviewer

240

评价[評價] píngjià

to evaluate ② to assess

241

平假名[平假名] píngjiǎmíng

hiragana (Japanese script ひらがな)

242

片假名[片假名] piànjiǎmíng

katakana (Japanese script カタカナ)

243

眼角膜[眼角膜] yǎnjiǎomó

cornea

244

移植[移植] yízhí

to transplant

245

晕[暈] yūn

confused ② dizzy ③ giddy ④ faint ⑤ swoon ⑥ lose consciousness ⑦ pass out

246

清醒[清醒] qīngxǐng

clear-headed ② sober ③ awake

247

吃力[吃力] chīlì

entail strenuous effort ② be a strain

248

当初[當初] dāngchū

at that time ② originally

249

当时[當時] dāngshí

then ② at that time ③ while

250

贵宾[貴賓] guìbīn

honored guest ② distinguished guest ③ VIP

251

贵宾室[貴賓室] guìbīnshì

VIP lounge

252

多言[多言] duōyán

wordy

253

相遇[相遇] xiāngyù

to meet ② to encounter ③ to come across

254

扑[撲] pū

to assault ② to pounce ③ to rush at sth ④ to throw oneself on

255

扑克牌[撲克牌] pūkèpái

playing card ② CL:副[fu4]

256

扑鼻[撲鼻] pūbí

to assail the nostrils (of fragrance and odours)

257

响亮[響亮] xiǎngliàng

loud and clear ② resounding

258

装配[裝配] zhuāngpèi

to assemble ② to fit together

259

制订[制訂] zhìdìng

to work out ② to formulate

260

制定[制定] zhìdìng

to draw up ② to formulate

261

指定[指定] zhǐdìng

to appoint ② to assign ③ to indicate clearly and with certainty ④ designated

262

任用[任用] rènyòng

to appoint ② to assign

263

学术[學術] xuéshù

learning ② science ③ academic ④ CL:個|个[ge4]

264

祖先[祖先] zǔxiān

ancestor ② forebears

265

祖宗[祖宗] zǔzōng

ancestor ② forebear

266

艰巨[艱巨] jiānjù

arduous ② terrible (task) ③ very difficult ④ formidable

267

种族[種族] zhǒngzú

race ② ethnicity

268

部署[部署] bùshǔ

to dispose ② to deploy ③ deployment

269

派遣[派遣] pàiqiǎn

send (on a mission) ② dispatch

270

布局[佈局] bùjú

arrangement ② composition ③ layout ④ opening (chess jargon)

271

拖延[拖延] tuōyán

to adjourn ② to delay ③ to defer ④ adjournment ⑤ procrastination

272

防不胜防[防不勝防] fángbùshèngfáng

you can't guard against it (idiom) ② impossible to defend effectively ③ not much one can do about it ④ It can't be prevented.

273

虚情假意[虛情假意] xūqíngjiǎyì

false friendship ② hypocritical show of affection

274

真情实意[真情實意] zhēnqíngshíyì

out of genuine friendship (idiom) ② sincere feelings

275

爱晚亭[愛晚亭] Àiwǎntíng

Aiwan Pavilion, one Mt Yuelu 岳麓山 in Hubei, famous beauty spot

276

健忘[健忘] jiànwàng

absent-minded

277

健忘症[健忘症] jiànwàngzhèng

amnesia

278

记忆犹新[記憶猶新] jìyìyóuxīn

to remain fresh in one's memory (idiom)

279

载人轨道空间站[載人軌道空間站] zàirénguǐdàokōngjiānzhàn

manned orbiting space station

280

载人[載人] zǎirén

manned

281

多难兴邦[多難興邦] duōnànxīngbāng

much hardships may awaken a nation (idiom); calamity that prompts renewal

282

险象环生[險象環生] xiǎnxiànghuánshēng

dangers spring up all around (idiom); surrounded by perils

283

好歹[好歹] hǎodǎi

good and bad ② most unfortunate occurrence ③ in any case ④ whatever

284

奇异[奇異] qíyì

fantastic ② bizarre ③ odd ④ astonished

285

宇航[宇航] yǔháng

space flight

286

飞船[飛船] fēichuán

airship ② spaceship

287

不明飞行物[不明飛行物] bùmíngfēixíngwù

unidentified flying object (UFO) ② flying saucer

288

视野[視野] shìyě

field of view ② horizon

289

智能[智能] zhìnéng

intelligent ② able ③ smart (phone, system, bomb etc)

290

职能[職能] zhínéng

function ② role

291

废墟[廢墟] fèixū

ruins

292

遗址[遺址] yízhǐ

ruins ② historic relics

293

穹顶[穹頂] qióngdǐng

a dome ② a vault ③ a domed roof

294

发配充军[發配充軍] fāpèichōngjūn

to send to distant exile (idiom)

295

出处[出處] chūchù

source (esp. of quotation or literary allusion) ② origin ③ where sth comes from

296

阿波罗[阿波羅] Ābōluó

Apollo (loanword)

297

不止[不止] bùzhǐ

incessantly ② without end ③ more than ④ not limited to

298

花样[花樣] huāyàng

pattern ② type ③ trick

299

消磨[消磨] xiāomó

to wear down ② to sap ③ to whittle away ④ to while away ⑤ to idle away

300

殆尽[殆盡] dàijìn

nearly exhausted ② practically nothing left

301

殆[殆] dài

dangerous ② perilous ③ endanger ④ almost ⑤ probably ⑥ only

302

救命稻草[救命稻草] jiùmìngdàocǎo

a straw to clutch at (idiom)

303

措辞[措辭] cuòcí

wording ② way of expressing something ③ turn of phrase ④ diction

304

厚望[厚望] hòuwàng

great hopes ② great expectations

305

纵观[縱觀] zòngguān

to survey comprehensively ② an overall survey

306

起伏[起伏] qǐfú

to move up and down ② to undulate ③ ups and downs

307

消长[消長] xiāozhǎng

to ebb and rise ② to decrease and then grow

308

七嘴八舌[七嘴八舌] qīzuǐbāshé

(saying) a discussion with everybody talking at once

309

叽叽喳喳[嘰嘰喳喳] jījīzhāzhā

onomat. chirp ② twitter ③ buzzing ④ to chatter continuously

310

震中[震中] zhènzhōng

earthquake epicenter

311

余震[餘震] yúzhèn

(earthquake) aftershocks

312

地震仪[地震儀] dìzhènyí

seismometer

313

震波图[震波圖] zhènbōtú

seismogram

314

地动仪[地動儀] dìdòngyí

the world's first seismograph invented by Zhang Heng 张衡 in 132 ② abbr. for 候風地動儀|候风地动仪

315

候风地动仪[候風地動儀] hòufēngdìdòngyí

the world's first seismograph invented by Zhang Heng 张衡 in 132

316

地震学[地震學] dìzhènxué

seismology ② science of earthquakes

317

天文台[天文台] tiānwéntái

observatory

318

天文馆[天文館] tiānwénguǎn

planetarium

319

天文单位[天文單位] tiānwéndānwèi

Astronomical Unit ② AU ③ 149,567,892 km

320

沾光[沾光] zhānguāng

to bask in the light ② fig. to benefit from association with sb or sth ③ reflected glory

321

沾[沾] zhān

infected by ② moisten ③ receive favors

322

洽商[洽商] qiàshāng

to make arrangements with ② to talk over with

323

千方百计[千方百計] qiānfāngbǎijì

lit. thousand ways, a hundred plans (idiom); by every possible means

324

冒犯[冒犯] màofàn

to offend

325

拦住[攔住] lánzhù

to stop ② to bar the way

326

拦截[攔截] lánjié

to intercept

327

再三[再三] zàisān

over and over again ② again and again

328

再三再四[再三再四] zàisānzàisì

again and again (idiom)

329

念叨[念叨] niàndao

to talk about often ② to discuss ③ to reminisce about

330

教养[教養] jiàoyǎng

to train ② to educate ③ to bring up ④ to nurture ⑤ education ⑥ culture ⑦ upbringing ⑧ early conditioning

331

玄奘[玄奘] Xuánzàng

Xuanzang (602-664) Tang dynasty Buddhist monk and translator, who traveled to India 629-645

332

唐玄宗[唐玄宗] Táng Xuánzōng

Emperor Xuanzong of Tang (712-756)

333

大黄[大黃] dàihuáng

rhubarb

334

老练[老練] lǎoliàn

seasoned ② experienced

335

真情实意[真情實意] zhēnqíngshíyì

out of genuine friendship (idiom) ② sincere feelings

336

虚情假意[虛情假意] xūqíngjiǎyì

false friendship ② hypocritical show of affection

337

等同[等同] děngtóng

to equate ② equal to

338

接物待人[接物待人] jiēwùdàirén

to attend to things and receive people (idiom)

339

忠言逆耳[忠言逆耳] zhōngyánnì'ěr

loyal advice jars on the ears (idiom)

340

良药苦口[良藥苦口] liángyàokǔkǒu

good medicine tastes bitter (idiom); fig. frank criticism is hard to swallow

341

处世之道[處世之道] chǔshìzhīdào

way of life ② attitude ③ modus operandi

342

有感而发[有感而發] yǒugǎn'érfā

to make a comment out of personal feelings (idiom)

343

相处[相處] xiāngchǔ

get along with each other

344

君子之交淡如水[君子之交淡如水] jūnzizhījiāodànrúshuǐ

A gentleman's friendship, insipid as water (idiom, from Zhuangzi 莊子|庄子[Zhuang1 zi3]).

345

君子之交[君子之交] jūnzizhījiāo

Friendship between gentlemen, insipid as water (idiom, from Zhuangzi 莊子|庄子[Zhuang1 zi3]).

346

泛泛之交[泛泛之交] fànfànzhījiāo

an acquaintance

347

交情[交情] jiāoqing

friendship ② emotional relations between people

348

矫情[矯情] jiǎoqíng

maverick ② deliberately unconventional ③ to conceal the whole story

349

拥护[擁護] yōnghù

to endorse ② to support

350

选举[選舉] xuǎnjǔ

to elect ② election ③ CL:次[ci4],個|个[ge4]

351

哲理[哲理] zhélǐ

philosophic theory ② philosophy

352

同床异梦[同床異夢] tóngchuángyìmèng

lit. to share the same bed with different dreams (idiom); ostensible partners with different agendas ② strange bedfellows ③ marital dissension

353

装点[裝點] zhuāngdiǎn

to decorate ② to dress up ③ to deck

354

蒙面[蒙面] méngmiàn

masked ② covered face

355

惯例[慣例] guànlì

conventional