FSI Set 10 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in FSI Set 10 Deck (500):
1

传媒[傳媒] chuánméi

media

2

窃贼[竊賊] qièzéi

thief

3

窃贼弃脏[竊賊棄髒] qièzéiqìzāng

waif (idiom)

4

办案[辦案] bàn'àn

to handle a case

5

牵[牽] qiān

to pull (an animal on a tether) ② to lead along ③ to hold hands

6

职责[職責] zhízé

duty, responsibility, or obligation

7

引出[引出] yǐnchū

to extract ② to draw out

8

知人善任[知人善任] zhīrénshànrèn

to know with their abilities (idiom) subordinates and assign them jobs commensurate

9

前提[前提] qiántí

premise ② precondition ③ prerequisite

10

恰如[恰如] qiàrú

just as if

11

辩证[辯證] biànzhèng

investigate ② dialectical

12

辩证法[辯證法] biànzhèngfǎ

dialectics ② dialectic or Socratic method of debate

13

贪赃枉法[貪贓枉法] tānzāngwǎngfǎ

corruption and abuse of the law (idiom); to take bribes and bend the law

14

不无[不無] bùwú

not without

15

伪装[偽裝] wěizhuāng

to fake ② to feign ③ to pretend ④ living under a false identity ⑤ dressed up as ⑥ under the guise of

16

冰冻三尺,非一日之寒[冰凍三尺,非一日之寒] bīngdòngsānchǐfēiyīrìzhīhán

three feet of ice does not form in a single day (idiom); Rome wasn't built in a day

17

渐变[漸變] jiànbiàn

gradual change

18

蛛丝马迹[蛛絲馬跡] zhūsīmǎjì

lit. spider's thread and horse track ② tiny hints (of a secret) ③ traces ④ clue

19

了如指掌[了如指掌] liǎorúzhǐzhǎng

to understand sth thoroughly (like the back of one's hand)

20

部属[部屬] bùshǔ

troops under one's command ② subordinate ③ affiliated to a ministry

21

谈心[談心] tánxīn

have a heart-to-heart chat

22

责任心[責任心] zérènxīn

sense of responsibility

23

至于[至於] zhìyú

as for ② as to ③ to go so far as to

24

不至于[不至於] bùzhìyú

cannot go so far ② be unlikely

25

甚至于[甚至於] shènzhìyú

so much (that) ② even (to the extent that)

26

蒙在鼓里[矇在鼓裡] méngzàigǔlǐ

lit. kept hoodwinked inside a drum (idiom); completely in the dark

27

成见[成見] chéngjiàn

preconceived idea ② bias ③ prejudice

28

公正[公正] gōngzhèng

just ② fair ③ equitable

29

偏见[偏見] piānjiàn

prejudice

30

混淆[混淆] hùnxiáo

to obscure ② to confuse ③ to mix up ④ to blur

31

混淆是非[混淆是非] hùnxiáoshìfēi

to confuse right and wrong (idiom)

32

混淆不清[混淆不清] hùnxiáobùqīng

confused (idiom)

33

混淆视听[混淆視聽] hùnxiáoshìtīng

to obscure the facts (idiom); to mislead the public with prevarication and deliberate falsehoods

34

有所[有所] yǒusuǒ

somewhat ② to some extent

35

有所成就[有所成就] yǒusuǒchéngjiù

to get somewhere (idiom)

36

有所不知[有所不知] yǒusuǒbùzhī

There are things which one doesn't know. ② to be unaware of sth. (idiom)

37

有所不为[有所不為] yǒusuǒbùwéi

to have sth. that one does not do (idiom)

38

有所不同[有所不同] yǒusuǒbùtóng

to be somewhat different (idiom)

39

耳聪目明[耳聰目明] ěrcōngmùmíng

to have good ears and eyes ② to be very perceptive ③ to have a clear understanding (of the situation) ④ to be alert (idiom)

40

不干不净[不乾不淨] bùgānbùjìng

unclean ② filthy ③ foul-mouthed

41

不尴不尬[不尷不尬] bùgānbùgà

to be in an awkward position (idiom)

42

装聋作哑[裝聾作啞] zhuānglóngzuòyǎ

to play deaf-mute

43

装聋作傻[裝聾作傻] zhuānglóngzuòshǎ

to feign ignorance (idiom)

44

谈不上[談不上] tánbushàng

to be out of the question

45

深究[深究] shēnjiū

to perform an in-depth investigation

46

爱护[愛護] àihù

to cherish ② to treasure ③ to take care of ④ to love and protect

47

苗条[苗條] miáotiáo

slim, slender, graceful

48

王充[王充] Wáng Chōng

Wang Chong (27-97), rationalist and critical philosopher

49

张学良[張學良] Zhāng Xuéliáng

Zhang Xueliang (1901-2001) son of Fengtian clique warlord, then senior general for the Nationalist and subsequently for PRC People's liberation army

50

路线[路線] lùxiàn

itinerary ② route ③ political line (e.g. right revisionist road) ④ CL:條|条[tiao2]

51

选拔[選拔] xuǎnbá

to select the best

52

任用[任用] rènyòng

to appoint ② to assign

53

考核[考覈] kǎohé

to examine ② to check up on ③ to assess ④ to review ⑤ appraisal ⑥ review ⑦ evaluation

54

德才兼备[德才兼備] décáijiānbèi

having both integrity and talent (idiom)

55

清除[清除] qīngchú

eliminate ② get rid of

56

青春期[青春期] qīngchūnqī

puberty ② adolescence

57

青春痘[青春痘] qīngchūndòu

acne

58

脱换[脫換] tuōhuàn

to molt

59

变质[變質] biànzhì

to degenerate ② to go bad ③ to deteriorate ④ metamorphosis

60

关乎[關乎] guānhū

to relate to ② concerning ③ about

61

凝聚力[凝聚力] níngjùlì

cohesion ② cohesiveness ③ cohesive

62

战斗力[戰鬥力] zhàndòulì

fighting strength

63

但愿[但願] dànyuàn

if only (sth were possible) ② I wish (that)

64

回心转意[回心轉意] huíxīnzhuǎnyì

to change one's views (idiom)

65

聚[聚] jù

to congregate ② to assemble ③ to mass ④ to gather together ⑤ to amass ⑥ to polymerize

66

夸克[夸克] kuākè

quark (physics)

67

法子[法子] fǎzi

way ② method

68

大名鼎鼎[大名鼎鼎] dàmíngdǐngdǐng

celebrated and famous (idiom)

69

轮流[輪流] lúnliú

to alternate ② to take turns

70

摩[摩] mó

rub

71

茧子[繭子] jiǎnzi

callus (patch or hardened skin) ② corns (on feet) ③ also 趼子

72

趼子[趼子] jiǎnzi

callus (patch or hardened skin) ② corns (on the feet)

73

老爷车[老爺車] lǎoyechē

classic car

74

老太太[老太太] lǎotàitai

elderly lady (respectful) ② esteemed mother ③ CL:位[wei4]

75

冷清[冷清] lěngqīng

cold and cheerless ② fig. lonely ③ unfrequented

76

冷清清[冷清清] lěngqīngqīng

deserted ② desolate ③ unfrequented ④ cold and cheerless ⑤ lonely ⑥ in quiet isolation

77

悄悄[悄悄] qiǎoqiǎo

quietly

78

寂[寂] jì

lonesome

79

寞[寞] mò

lonesome

80

寂寞[寂寞] jìmò

lonely ② lonesome

81

乏味[乏味] fáwèi

tedious

82

转变[轉變] zhuǎnbiàn

change ② transform ③ CL:個|个[ge4]

83

自然而然[自然而然] zìrán'érrán

involuntary ② automatically

84

分娩[分娩] fēnmiǎn

labor ② parturition ③ delivery

85

娩[娩] miǎn

give birth to a child

86

天伦之乐[天倫之樂] tiānlúnzhīlè

pleasure of heavenly agreement (idiom); family love and joy ② domestic bliss

87

繁琐[繁瑣] fánsuǒ

many and complicated ② mired in minor details

88

烦琐[煩瑣] fánsuǒ

tedious ② convoluted ③ fiddly ④ pedantic

89

三民主义[三民主義] sānmínzhǔyì

Dr Sun Yat-sen's 孫中山|孙中山 Three principles of the people (late 1890s)

90

三权分立[三權分立] sānquánfēnlì

separation of powers

91

本初子午线[本初子午線] běnchūzǐwǔxiàn

the first meridian ② the prime meridian

92

经度[經度] jīngdù

longitude

93

纬度[緯度] wěidù

latitude

94

纬线圈[緯線圈] wěixiànquān

line of latitude ② parallel

95

经纬线[經緯線] jīngwěixiàn

lines of latitude and longitude ② warp and woof

96

经纬万端[經緯萬端] jīngwěiwànduān

very complicated (idiom)

97

解严[解嚴] jiěyán

to lift restrictions (such as curfew or martial law)

98

戒严[戒嚴] jièyán

to impose martial law ② to impose curfew ③ martial law ④ curfew ⑤ emergency measures

99

戒严令[戒嚴令] jièyánlìng

martial law

100

叛变[叛變] pànbiàn

renegade ② traitor ③ to betray one's country

101

叛变的省份[叛變的省份] pànbiàndeshěngfèn

renegade province (term PRC uses for Taiwan)

102

五线谱[五線譜] wǔxiànpǔ

(music) staff ② stave

103

置身事外[置身事外] zhìshēnshìwài

to stay aloof from a matter (idiom)

104

商会[商會] shānghuì

chamber of commerce

105

大选[大選] dàxuǎn

general election

106

公投[公投] gōngtóu

a referendum ② abbr. for 公民投票

107

公民[公民] gōngmín

citizen

108

差距[差距] chājù

disparity ② gap

109

任期[任期] rènqī

term of office

110

兼容[兼容] jiānróng

compatible

111

兼容并蓄[兼容併蓄] jiānróngbìngxù

tolerant and open-minded (idiom)

112

包容[包容] bāoróng

tolerant ② forgiving ③ to pardon ④ to forgive ⑤ can contain ⑥ can hold ⑦ to tolerate ⑧ to show tolerance

113

无礼[無禮] wúlǐ

rude ② rudely

114

鹿角[鹿角] lùjiǎo

antler ② deer horn (used in traditional Chinese medicine) ③ abatis (defensive obstruction with sharp points)

115

号角[號角] hàojiǎo

bugle horn

116

角膜[角膜] jiǎomó

cornea

117

浓度[濃度] nóngdù

concentration (percentage of dissolved material in a solution) ② consistency ③ thickness ④ density ⑤ viscosity

118

推算[推算] tuīsuàn

to calculate ② to reckon ③ to extrapolate (in calculation)

119

大气[大氣] dàqì

atmosphere

120

匮乏[匱乏] kuìfá

to be deficient in sth. ② to be short of (supplies, money, etc.)

121

匮[匱] guì

variant of 櫃|柜[gui4]

122

导致[導致] dǎozhì

to lead to ② to create ③ to cause ④ to bring about

123

征兆[徵兆] zhēngzhào

omen ② sign (that sth is about to happen) ③ warning sign

124

任凭[任憑] rènpíng

no matter what ② despite ③ to allow (sb to act arbitrarily)

125

指甲[指甲] zhǐjia

fingernail

126

几内亚[幾內亞] Jīnèiyà

Guinea

127

布基纳法索[布基納法索] Bùjīnàfǎsuǒ

Burkina Faso, West Africa

128

瓦加杜古[瓦加杜古] wǎjiādùgǔ

Ouagadougou, capital of Burkina Faso

129

尼日尔[尼日爾] Nírì'ěr

Niger (African state) ② Niger River, West Africa

130

象牙海岸[象牙海岸] Xiàngyáhǎi'àn

Ivory Coast, West Africa

131

拘牵[拘牽] jūqiān

restrained ② confined

132

服役[服役] fúyì

to serve in the army ② in active service

133

谭富英[譚富英] Tán Fùyīng

Tan Fuying (1906-1977), Beijing opera star, one of the Four great beards 四大鬚生|四大须生

134

四大须生[四大鬚生] sìdàxūshēng

Four great beards of Beijing opera, namely: Ma Lianliang 馬連良|马连良, Tan Fuying 譚富英|谭富英, Yang Baosen 楊寶森|杨宝森, Xi Xiaobo 奚嘯伯|奚啸伯

135

四大盆地[四大盆地] sìdàpéndì

four great basin depressions of China, namely: Tarim 塔里木盆地 in south Xinjiang, Jungar 準葛爾盆地|准葛尔盆地 and Tsaidam or Qaidam 柴達木盆地|柴达木盆地 in north Xinjiang Sichuan 四川盆地

136

免黜[免黜] chùmiǎn

to dismiss ② to fire ③ to degrade

137

出面[出面] chūmiàn capacity

act in a (official or personal)

138

家伙[家伙] jiāhuo

household dish, implement or furniture ② domestic animal ③ guy (slang) ④ chap

139

异国他乡[異國他鄉] yìguótāxiāng

foreign lands and places (idiom); living as expatriate

140

考拉熊[考拉熊] kǎolāxióng

koala

141

桉树[桉樹] ānshù

eucalyptus

142

竹子[竹子] zhúzi

bamboo ② CL:棵[ke1],支[zhi1],根[gen1]

143

橘子[橘子] júzi

tangerine ② CL:個|个[ge4],瓣[ban4]

144

鸭嘴兽[鴨嘴獸] yāzuǐshòu

platypus

145

鸭嘴龙[鴨嘴龍] yāzuǐlóng

hadrosaur (duck-billed dinosaur)

146

阿布哈兹[阿布哈茲] Ābùhāzī

Abkhazia, region in Georgia

147

第比利斯[第比利斯] Dìbìlìsī

T'bilisi, capital of Georgia or Gruzia 格魯吉亞|格鲁吉亚[Ge2 lu3 ji2 ya4]

148

乔治亚[喬治亞] Qiáozhìyà

Georgia (country)

149

佐治亚州[佐治亞州] Zuǒzhìyàzhōu

Georgia, US state

150

画饼充饥[畫餅充飢] huàbǐngchōngjī

to feed on illusions (idiom)

151

岂[豈] qǐ

how can it be that? ② (rhetorical adverb)

152

重蹈覆辙[重蹈覆轍] chóngdǎofùzhé

to follow the track of an overturned cart ② to repeat a disastrous policy

153

事必躬亲[事必躬親] shìbìgōngqīn

to attend to everything personally

154

功亏一篑[功虧一簣] gōngkuīyīkuì

lacking the final bucket of earth (idiom); to fail for lack of a final effort ② to fall at the last hurdle

155

浑水摸鱼[渾水摸魚] húnshuǐmōyú

to fish in troubled water (idiom); to take advantage of a crisis for personal gain

156

阿拉伯联合酋长国[阿拉伯聯合酋長國] Ālābó Liánhé Qiúchángguó

United Arab Emirates (UAE)

157

阿联酋[阿聯酋] Āliánqiú

United Arab Emirates ② abbr. for 阿拉伯联合酋长国

158

阿联酋长国[阿聯酋長國] āliánqiúzhǎngguó

United Arab Emirates ② abbr. for 阿拉伯联合酋长国

159

特洛伊木马[特洛伊木馬] Tèluòyī Mùmǎ

Trojan horse

160

演变[演變] yǎnbiàn

to develop ② to evolve

161

勾画[勾畫] gōuhuà

blueprinted

162

勾划[勾劃] gōuhuà

to sketch ② to delineate

163

狗獾[狗獾] gǒuhuān

badger ② CL:隻|只[zhi1]

164

版图[版圖] bǎntú

domain ② territory

165

描绘[描繪] miáohuì

to describe ② to portray

166

蓝图[藍圖] lántú

blueprint

167

霸权[霸權] bàquán

hegemony ② supremacy

168

抛开[拋開] pāokāi

to throw out ② to get rid of

169

实惠[實惠] shíhuì

tangible benefit ② material advantages ③ advantageous (deal) ④ substantial (discount)

170

约旦[約旦] Yuēdàn

Jordan

171

着眼[著眼] zhuóyǎn

to have one's eyes on (a goal) ② having sth in mind ③ to concentrate

172

着眼点[著眼點] zhuóyǎndiǎn

place of interest ② a place one has one's eye on

173

施惠[施惠] shīhuì

to give charity to sb ② to oblige

174

愤懑[憤懣] fènmèn

depressed ② resentful ③ discontented ④ indignant ⑤ perturbed

175

懑[懣] mèn

melancholy

176

独霸[獨霸] dúbà

lit. sole hegemony ② to monopolize ③ domination (of the market) ④ personal empire

177

重塑[重塑] chóngsù

to reconstruct (an art object) ② to remodel

178

重孙[重孫] chóngsūn

great-grandson

179

重孙女[重孫女] chóngsūnnǚ

great-granddaughter

180

格局[格局] géjú

structure ② pattern ③ layout

181

颐指气使[頤指氣使] yízhǐqìshǐ

lit. to order people by pointing the chin (idiom); to signal orders by facial gesture ② arrogant and bossy

182

欠佳[欠佳] qiànjiā

suboptimal ② subpar ③ not good enough

183

苛刻[苛刻] kēkè

harsh ② pitiless

184

渗透[滲透] shèntòu

to permeate ② to infiltrate ③ to pervade ④ osmosis

185

杠杆[槓桿] gànggǎn

lever ② pry bar ③ crowbar ④ financial leverage

186

撬[撬] qiào

to lift ② to pry open ③ to lever open

187

撬开[撬開] qiàokāi

to pry open ② to lever open

188

意识形态[意識形態] yìshíxíngtài

ideology

189

变革[變革] biàngé

transform ② change

190

变格[變格] biàngé

case change (in grammar)

191

终究[終究] zhōngjiū

in the end; after all is said and done

192

一厢情愿[一廂情願] yīxiāngqíngyuàn

one's own wishful thinking

193

开列[開列] kāiliè

(make a) list

194

抵制[抵制] dǐzhì

to resit ② to boycott ③ to refuse (to cooperate) ④ to reject ⑤ resistance ⑥ refusal

195

资格[資格] zīgé

qualifications

196

有资格[有資格] yǒuzīgé

entitle

197

褪下[褪下] tùnxià

to take off (trousers) ② to drop one's pants

198

诱饵[誘餌] yòu'ěr

bait

199

互补[互補] hùbǔ

to help each other ② to complement ③ complementary

200

酝酿[醞釀] yùnniàng

to mull over (an issue) ② to hold exploratory discussions

201

遥不可及[遙不可及] yáobùkějí

unattainable ② far-fetched ③ out of reach ④ exceedingly remote or distant

202

促使[促使] cùshǐ

to induce ② to promote ③ to urge ④ to impel ⑤ to bring about ⑥ to provoke ⑦ to drive (sb to do sth) ⑧ to catalyze ⑨ to actuate ⑩ to contribute to (some development)

203

框架[框架] kuàngjià

frame ② framework ③ fig. pattern ④ outline ⑤ organizing plan

204

舆论[輿論] yúlùn

public opinion

205

各异[各異] gèyì

all different ② each unto his own

206

收益[收益] shōuyì

earnings ② profit

207

吞食[吞食] tūnshí

to devour

208

如梦初醒[如夢初醒] rúmèngchūxǐng

like waking from a dream (idiom)

209

锋利[鋒利] fēnglì

sharp (e.g. knife blade) ② incisive ③ to the point

210

柄[柄] bǐng

authority ② handle ③ hilt

211

匕首[匕首] bǐshǒu

dagger

212

刺[刺] cì

thorn ② sting ③ thrust ④ to prick ⑤ to pierce ⑥ to stab ⑦ to assassinate ⑧ to murder

213

咽喉[咽喉] yānhóu

throat

214

地缘[地緣] dìyuán

regional

215

外长[外長] wàizhǎng

foreign minister ② secretary of state ③ minister of foreign affairs

216

筹划[籌劃] chóuhuà

to plan and prepare

217

大计[大計] dàjì

large scale program of lasting importance ② project of paramount importance ③ to think big ④ annual national audit

218

出笼[出籠] chūlóng

just out of the steamer basket 蒸籠|蒸笼 ② to appear (of products, publications, sometimes derog., "lots of shoddy material is appearing nowadays")

219

构想[構想] gòuxiǎng

conceive

220

显然[顯然] xiǎnrán

clear ② evident ③ obvious(ly)

221

阻截[阻截] zǔjié

to stop ② to obstruct ③ to bar the way

222

划归[劃歸] huàguī

to incorporate ② to put under (external administration)

223

意图[意圖] yìtú

intent ② intention ③ intend ④ schematic diagram

224

壁垒[壁壘] bìlěi

rampart ② barrier

225

不了了之[不了了之] bùliǎoliǎozhī

settle a matter by leaving it unsettled ② end up with nothing definite

226

放眼[放眼] fàngyǎn

to survey ② to view broadly

227

瞬息万变[瞬息萬變] shùnxīwànbiàn

in an instant a myriad changes (idiom); rapid substantial change

228

无妨[無妨] wúfáng

no harm (in doing it) ② One might as well. ③ It won't hurt. ④ no matter ⑤ it's no bother

229

安抚[安撫] ānfǔ

to placate ② to pacify ③ to appease

230

货真价实[貨真價實] huòzhēnjiàshí

genuine goods at fair price (idiom)

231

靶子[靶子] bǎzi

target

232

欿然[欿然] kǎnrán

dissatisfied ② discontented ③ lacking happiness

233

金门[金門] Jīnmén

Kinmen or Quemoy islands off the Fujian coast, administered by Taiwan ② Jinmen county in Quanzhou 泉州[Quan2 zhou1], Fujian, PRC

234

宪政[憲政] xiànzhèng

constitutional government

235

大刀阔斧[大刀闊斧] dàdāokuòfǔ

bold and decisive

236

戡乱平反[戡亂平反] kānluànpíngfǎn

to put down a rebellion (idiom)

237

打耳光[打耳光] dǎ'ěrguāng

to slap on the face ② to box sb's ears

238

捷克共和国[捷克共和國] Jiékègònghéguó

Czech Republic

239

无奇不有[無奇不有] wúqíbùyǒu

nothing is too bizarre ② full of extraordinary things

240

阵痛[陣痛] zhèntòng

labor pains

241

镇痛药[鎮痛藥] zhèntòngyào

analgesic

242

在野[在野] zàiyě

be out of (political) office ② out of power

243

在野党[在野黨] zàiyědǎng

opposition party

244

大势所趋[大勢所趨] dàshìsuǒqū

as the general trend indicates (idiom)

245

吕[呂] lǚ

pitchpipe, pitch standard, one of the twelve semitones in the traditional tone system

246

三叉戟[三叉戟] sānchājǐ

trident

247

戟[戟] jǐ

halberd ② long handled weapon with pointed tip and crescent blade ③ combined spear and battle-ax

248

逆戟鲸[逆戟鯨] nìjǐjīng

(zoo.) orca ② killer whale

249

神经病[神經病] shénjīngbìng

mental disorder ② neuropathy ③ mental case (derogatory)

250

约束[約束] yuēshù

to restrict ② to limit to ③ to constrain ④ restriction ⑤ constraint

251

相扑[相撲] xiàngpū

Sumo wrestling

252

改选[改選] gǎixuǎn

reelection ② to reelect

253

说不准[說不準] shuōbùzhǔn

unable to say ② can't say precisely

254

会场[會場] huìchǎng

meeting place ② place where people gather ③ CL:個|个[ge4]

255

连台好戏[連臺好戲] liántáihǎoxì

many successive brilliant theatrical performances (idiom)

256

动不动[動不動] dòngbudòng

apt to happen (usually of sth undesirable) ② frequently ③ happening easily (e.g. accident or illness)

257

当务之急[當務之急] dāngwùzhījí

urgent priority

258

吻合[吻合] wěnhé

to be a good fit ② to be identical with ③ to adjust oneself to ④ to fit in

259

再次[再次] zàicì

one more time ② again ③ one more ④ once again

260

一再[一再] yīzài

repeatedly

261

反覆[反覆] fǎnfù

to turn sth over

262

再度[再度] zàidù

once more ② once again ③ one more time

263

多次[多次] duōcì

many times ② repeatedly

264

屏障[屏障] píngzhàng

protective screen

265

斜对[斜對] xiéduì

catty-corner ② to be diagonally opposite to

266

当初[當初] dāngchū

at that time ② originally

267

游行[遊行] yóuxíng

march ② parade ③ demonstration

268

而且[而且] érqiě

not only ... but also ② as well as ③ moreover ④ in addition ⑤ furthermore

269

阶段[階段] jiēduàn

stage ② section ③ phase ④ period ⑤ CL:個|个[ge4]

270

极端[極端] jíduān

extreme

271

魏京生[魏京生] Wèi Jīngshēng

Wei Jingsheng (1950-), Beijing-based Chinese dissident, imprisoned 1978-1993 and 1995-1997, released to the US in 1997

272

赵紫阳[趙紫陽] Zhào Zǐyáng

Zhao Ziyang (1919-2005), PRC reforming politician, General Secretary of Chinese Communist Party 1987-1989, held under house arrest from 1989 to his death, and non-person since then

273

胡耀邦[胡耀邦] Hú Yàobāng

Hu Yaobang (1915-1989), Chinese politician

274

宣泄[宣洩] xuānxiè

to drain (by leading off water) ② to unburden oneself ③ to divulge ④ to leak a secret

275

周恩来[周恩來] Zhōu Ēnlái

Zhou Enlai (1898-1976), Chinese communist leader, Prime Minister 1949-1976

276

募捐[募捐] mùjuān

to solicit contributions ② to collect donations

277

吾尔开希[吾爾開希] Wú'ěrkāixī

Örkesh Dölet (1968-), one of the main leaders of the Beijing student democracy movement of 1989

278

李鹏[李鵬] Lǐ Péng

Li Peng (1928-), leading PRC politician, prime minister 1987-1998, reportedly leader of the conservative faction advocating the June 1989 Tian'anmen clampdown

279

刘晓波[劉曉波] Liú Xiǎobō

Liu Xiaobo (name of dissident writer)

280

拙作[拙作] zhuōzuò

my unworthy manuscript (humble expr.) ② my humble writing

281

评语[評語] píngyǔ

comment ② evaluation

282

洛[洛] Luò

surname Luo ② old name of several rivers (in Henan, Shaanxi, Sichuan and Anhui)

283

杉[杉] shā

fir

284

矶[磯] jī

breakwater ② jetty

285

奢侈[奢侈] shēchǐ

luxury ② sumptuous

286

奢侈繁华[奢侈繁華] shēchǐfánhuá

extravagant and ostentatious (idiom)

287

奢侈品[奢侈品] shēchǐpǐn

luxury good

288

奢[奢] shē

extravagant

289

侈[侈] chǐ

extravagant ② wasteful ③ exaggerating

290

复制[複製] fùzhì

to duplicate ② to make a copy of ③ to copy ④ to reproduce ⑤ to clone

291

星际旅行[星際旅行] xīngjìlǚxíng

Star Trek (US TV and film series)

292

魔戒[魔戒] mójiè

Lord of the Rings by J.R.R. Tolkien 托爾金|托尔金

293

摩羯[摩羯] Mójié

Capricorn (star sign) ② northern people in classical times, a branch of the Huns or Xiongnu 匈奴

294

魔羯座[魔羯座] Mójiézuò

Capricorn (constellation and sign of the zodiac)

295

纳尼亚传奇[納尼亞傳奇] Nàníyàchuánqí

The Chronicles of Narnia, Children's stories by C.S. Lewis

296

仙童[仙童] xiāntóng

elf ② leprechaun

297

芬兰[芬蘭] Fēnlán

Finland ② Suomi

298

沼泽[沼澤] zhǎozé

marsh ② swamp ③ wetlands ④ glade

299

吉祥物[吉祥物] jíxiángwù

mascot

300

部落[部落] bùluò

tribe

301

校徽[校徽] xiàohuī

school badge ② college insignia ③ university crest

302

水牛[水牛] shuǐniú

water buffalo

303

应[應] yìng

surname Ying ② to answer ③ to respond

304

应[應] yīng

ought

305

首富[首富] shǒufù

richest individual ② top millionaire

306

破相[破相] pòxiàng

lit. appearance ruined by a scar ② fig. to lose face ③ disgraced

307

初步[初步] chūbù

initial ② preliminary ③ tentative

308

传来[傳來] chuánlái

to arrive (news)

309

排行榜[排行榜] páihángbǎng

the charts (of best-sellers) ② table of ranking

310

扣查[扣查] kòuchá

to detain and question

311

牵连[牽連] qiānlián

to implicate ② implicated

312

不可估量[不可估量] bùkěgūliàng

inestimable ② incalculable ③ beyond measure

313

诚信[誠信] chéngxìn

genuine ② honest ③ in good faith ④ honesty ⑤ integrity

314

辛劳[辛勞] xīnláo

laborious

315

致富[致富] zhìfù

to become rich

316

享誉[享譽] xiǎngyù

to enjoy a reputation

317

水稻[水稻] shuǐdào

rice ② paddy ③ CL:株[zhu1]

318

轴承[軸承] zhóuchéng

bearing (mechanical)

319

显贵[顯貴] xiǎnguì

dignitary ② distinguished person ③ royalty ④ nobleman ⑤ big shot

320

套取[套取] tàoqǔ

to acquire fraudulently ② an illegal exchange

321

黄粱梦[黃粱夢] huángliángmèng

dream of golden millet ② fig. illusions of wealth and glory ③ pipe dream

322

黄粱美梦[黃粱美夢] huángliángměimèng

dream of golden millet ② fig. illusions of wealth and power ③ pipe dream

323

黄粱一梦[黃粱一夢] huángliángyīmèng

pipe dream (idiom)

324

牟[牟] móu

barley ② to moo ③ usurp

325

牟利[牟利] móulì

to gain profit (by underhand means) ② to exploit ③ exploitation

326

牟取[牟取] móuqǔ

to gain profit (by underhand means) ② to exploit ③ see also 謀取|谋取[mou2 qu3]

327

戏言[戲言] xìyán

joking matter; go back on one's words

328

为富不仁[為富不仁] wéifùbùrén

the benevolent man cannot be rich (idiom, from Mencius). It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of heaven (Matthew 19:24).

329

为富不仁,为仁不富[為富不仁,為仁不富] wéifùbùrénwéirénbùfù

the benevolent man cannot be rich and vice versa (idiom, from Mencius). It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of heaven (Matthew 19:24).

330

暂且[暫且] zànqiě

for now ② for the time being ③ temporarily

331

伴随[伴隨] bànsuí

to accompany ② to follow ③ to occur together with ④ attendant

332

究竟[究竟] jiūjìng

after all (when all is said and done) ② actually ③ outcome ④ result

333

钻空子[鑽空子] zuānkòngzi

lit. to drill a hole ② to take advantage of a loophole (e.g. legal) ③ to exploit an advantage ④ to seize the opportunity (esp. to do sth. bad)

334

效应[效應] xiàoyìng

effect (e.g. greenhouse effect)

335

骨牌效应[骨牌效應] gǔpáixiàoyìng

domino effect ② ripple effect

336

蝴蝶效应[蝴蝶效應] húdiéxiàoyìng

the butterfly effect (leading to chaotic dynamics)

337

首当其冲[首當其衝] shǒudāngqíchōng

to bear the brunt (idiom)

338

嫌贫爱富[嫌貧愛富] xiánpín'àifù

snobbish (materialistically) (idiom)

339

通俗[通俗] tōngsú

common ② everyday ③ average

340

理念[理念] lǐniàn

idea ② concept ③ philosophy ④ theory

341

借贷[借貸] jièdài

to borrow ② a loan ③ debit and credit items on a balance sheet

342

偿债[償債] chángzhài

to repay a debt

343

手眼通天[手眼通天] shǒuyǎntōngtiān

especially adept at trickery (idiom)

344

抵押[抵押] dǐyā

mortgage

345

抵押贷款[抵押貸款] dǐyādàikuǎn

mortgage loan

346

抵押贷款危机[抵押貸款危機] dǐyādàikuǎnwēijī

mortgage crisis

347

次级抵押贷款[次級抵押貸款] cìjídǐyādàikuǎn

subprime mortgage

348

抵押品[抵押品] dǐyāpǐn

security (property held against a loan) ② mortgaged property

349

殊不知[殊不知] shūbùzhī

little imagined ② scarcely realized

350

呆账[呆賬] dāizhàng

bad debt

351

坏账[壞賬] huàizhàng

bad debt

352

荒谬[荒謬] huāngmiù

ridiculous

353

羊群[羊群] yángqún

flock of sheep

354

资产负债表[資產負債表] zīchǎnfùzhàibiǎo

balance sheet

355

追逐[追逐] zhuīzhú

to chase ② to pursue vigorously

356

一损俱损[一損俱損] yīsǔnjùsǔn

Injure one and you injure all. (idiom)

357

一荣俱荣[一榮俱榮] yīróngjùróng

Honor one and you honor all. (idiom)

358

苦果[苦果] kǔguǒ

lit. bitter fruit ② fig. painful consequence

359

前因后果[前因後果] qiányīnhòuguǒ

cause and effects (idiom); entire process of development

360

里应外合[裡應外合] lǐyìngwàihé

to collaborate from within with forces from without (idiom)

361

固然[固然] gùrán

admittedly (it's true that...)

362

职能[職能] zhínéng

function ② role

363

处于[處於] chǔyú

be (in some state, position, or condition)

364

处于死地[處於死地] chǔyúsǐdì

to send sb. to his doom (idiom)

365

铸成[鑄成] zhùchéng

mold in metal

366

大错铸成[大錯鑄成] dàcuòzhùchéng

to err hopelessly (idiom)

367

后悔莫及[後悔莫及] hòuhuǐmòjí

too late for regrets (idiom); It is useless to repent after the event.

368

敲响[敲響] qiāoxiǎng

to sound a bell ② to raise the alarm

369

警钟[警鐘] jǐngzhōng

alarm bell

370

硝烟[硝煙] xiāoyān

smoke (from guns)

371

弦[弦] xián

bow string ② string of musical instrument ③ watchspring ④ chord (segment of curve) ⑤ hypotenuse ⑥ CL:根[gen1]

372

弦乐器[弦樂器] xiányuèqì

string instrument

373

约束[約束] yuēshù

to restrict ② to limit to ③ to constrain ④ restriction ⑤ constraint

374

端正[端正] duānzhèng

upright ② regular ③ proper ④ correct

375

品貌端正[品貌端正] pǐnmàoduānzhèng

well-shaped figure and decorous appearance (idiom)

376

奶油[奶油] nǎiyóu

cream

377

拓展[拓展] tuòzhǎn

expand

378

拓[拓] tà make

rubbing

379

展[展] zhǎn

to use ② to spread out ③ to postpone ④ to unfold

380

已故[已故] yǐgù

the late ② deceased

381

遗骨[遺骨] yígǔ

(dead) human remains

382

失事[失事] shīshì

to be involved in a crash ② accident

383

撇清[撇清] piěqīng

to say a matter has no relationship with the individual referred to, to emphasise one is innocent or in the clear

384

撇[撇] piē

cast away

385

撇号[撇號] piěhào

apostrophe ' (punct.) ② accent mark ③ prime symbol (math.)

386

八字还没一撇[八字還沒一撇] bāzìháiméiyīpiě

lit. there is not even the first stroke of the character 八 ② things have not even begun to take shape ③ no sign of success yet

387

搁置[擱置] gēzhì

to shelve ② to set aside

388

胳肢[胳肢] gézhi

tickle

389

没规没矩[沒規沒矩] méiguīméiju

to be ill-bred (idiom)

390

强加[強加] qiángjiā

impose by force

391

旺盛[旺盛] wàngshèng

vigorous ② exuberant

392

防患未然[防患未然] fánghuànwèirán

to prevent troubles before the event (idiom); to forestall ② to nip sth in the bud ③ prevention (is better than cure)

393

引进[引進] yǐnjìn

to recommend ② to introduce (from outside)

394

引人瞩目[引人矚目] yǐnrénzhǔmù

noticeable ② conspicuous ③ spectacular (idiom)

395

同样[同樣] tóngyàng

same ② equal ③ equivalent

396

产业[產業] chǎnyè

industry ② estate ③ property ④ industrial

397

制约[制約] zhìyuē

to restrict ② condition

398

模式[模式] móshì

mode ② method

399

模仿[模仿] mófǎng

to imitate ② to copy ③ to emulate ④ to mimic ⑤ model

400

侧重[側重] cèzhòng

place extra emphasis on

401

迎接[迎接] yíngjiē

to meet ② to welcome ③ to greet

402

艰巨[艱巨] jiānjù

arduous ② terrible (task) ③ very difficult ④ formidable

403

配套[配套] pèitào

to form a complete set ② coherent

404

防范[防範] fángfàn

to guard

405

发觉[發覺] fājué

to find ② to detect ③ to discover

406

狠[狠] hěn

fierce ② very

407

恶狠狠[惡狠狠] èhěnhěn

very fierce

408

狠心[狠心] hěnxīn

callous ② heartless

409

狠狠[狠狠] hěnhěn

resolutely ② firmly ③ ferociously ④ ruthlessly

410

犯法[犯法] fànfǎ

to break the law

411

犯规[犯規] fànguī

to break the rules ② an illegality ③ a foul

412

犯病[犯病] fànbìng

to fall ill

413

德行[德行] déxíng

morality and conduct ② Taiwan pr. de2 xing4

414

出气[出氣] chūqì

to give vent to anger

415

简直[簡直] jiǎnzhí

simply ② at all ③ practically

416

似的[似的] sìde

seems as if ② rather like ③ also pr. (shi4 de5) or (shi5 de5)

417

着迷[著迷] zháomí

to be fascinated ② to be captivated

418

偏偏[偏偏] piānpiān

(indicates that sth turns out just the opposite of what one would expect or what would be normal) ② unfortunately ③ against expectations

419

武侠[武俠] wǔxiá

martial arts chivalry (Chinese literary, theatrical and cinema genre) ② knight-errant

420

没日没夜[沒日沒夜] méirìméiyè

day and night ② regardless of the time of day or night

421

勤奋[勤奮] qínfèn

hardworking ② diligent

422

抱有[抱有] bàoyǒu

have ② possess

423

因此[因此] yīncǐ

thus ② consequently ③ as a result

424

发呆[發呆] fādāi

to daydream ② lost in thought

425

破旧[破舊] pòjiù

shabby

426

解释[解釋] jiěshì

explanation ② to explain ③ to interpret ④ to resolve ⑤ CL:個|个[ge4]

427

释[釋] shì

explain ② to release

428

成绩单[成績單] chéngjìdān

school report or transcript

429

身影[身影] shēnyǐng

silhouette ② figure

430

正当[正當] zhèngdāng

honest ② reasonable ③ fair ④ sensible ⑤ timely ⑥ just (when needed)

431

有其父必有其子[有其父必有其子] yǒuqífùbìyǒuqízǐ

like father, like son (idiom)

432

结尾[結尾] jiéwěi

ending ② wind up ③ coda

433

且慢[且慢] qiěmàn

to wait a moment; not to do or go too soon

434

大错特错[大錯特錯] dàcuòtècuò

very serious mistake (idiom)

435

刊载[刊載] kānzǎi

to publish

436

反哺[反哺] fǎnbǔ

to support one's parents in their old age; to show filial piety ② to to repay ③ to return a favor

437

哺[哺] bǔ

to feed

438

庞大[龐大] pángdà

huge ② enormous ③ tremendous

439

棘手[棘手] jíshǒu

thorny (problem) ② intractable

440

反复[反復] fǎnfù

repeatedly ② over and over

441

牵强[牽強] qiānqiǎng

far-fetched ② implausible (chain of reasoning)

442

牵强附会[牽強附會] qiānqiǎngfùhuì

far-fetched and hard to believe

443

即便[即便] jíbiàn

even if ② even though ③ right away ④ immediately

444

谈不上[談不上] tánbushàng

to be out of the question

445

不足为奇[不足為奇] bùzúwéiqí

not at all surprising (idiom)

446

然而[然而] rán'ér

however ② yet ③ but

447

商榷[商榷] shāngquè

to discuss ② to bring up various ideas for discussion

448

忏悔[懺悔] chànhuǐ

to confess ② to repent ③ remorse ④ repentance ⑤ penitent ⑥ confession (Buddhism)

449

忏悔自新[懺悔自新] chànhuǐzìxīn

to repent and make a new start (idiom)

450

忏悔赎罪[懺悔贖罪] chànhuǐshúzuì

to show repentance and atone for one's crime (idiom)

451

赎[贖] shú

redeem ② to ransom

452

势必[勢必] shìbì

is bound to (happen)

453

摇旗呐喊[搖旗呐喊] yáoqínàhǎn

to wave flags and shout battle cries (idiom); to egg sb on ② to give support to

454

剪刀差[剪刀差] jiǎndāochā

prices scissor (caught between low income and high prices)

455

大声疾呼[大聲疾呼] dàshēngjíhū

to call loudly (idiom); to get people's attention ② to make one's views known

456

奇观[奇觀] qíguān

spectacle

457

奉献[奉獻] fèngxiàn

to consecrate ② to dedicate ③ to devote

458

纯粹[純粹] chúncuì

purely

459

人情味儿[人情味兒] rénqíngwèir

real human interest

460

不当[不當] bùdàng

unsuitable ② improper ③ inappropriate

461

压根儿[壓根兒] yàgēn'ér

erhua variant of 壓根|压根[ya4 gen1] ② from the start ③ absolutely ④ entirely ⑤ simply

462

视而不见[視而不見] shì'érbùjiàn

to turn a blind eye to ② to ignore

463

推理[推理] tuīlǐ

reasoning ② speculative ③ inference

464

谰调[讕調] lándiào

slander ② calumny ③ to accuse unjustly

465

谰[讕] lán

make a false charge

466

扯[扯] chě

pull ② tear ③ to talk casually

467

庸人自扰[庸人自擾] yōngrénzìrǎo

to feel hopelessly worried or get in trouble for imaginary fears

468

归结[歸結] guījié

to sum up ② to conclude ③ in a nutshell ④ the end (of a story)

469

明摆着[明擺著] míngbǎizhe

evident ② clear ③ undoubted

470

雹灾[雹災] báozāi

disaster caused by hail

471

雹子[雹子] báozi

hail ② hailstone

472

雹暴[雹暴] báobào

hailstorm

473

恰恰[恰恰] qiàqià

exactly ② just ③ precisely

474

面目全非[面目全非] miànmùquánfēi

nothing remains the same (idiom); change beyond recognition

475

面目全新[面目全新] miànmùquánxīn

to change beyond recognition (idiom)

476

讳疾忌医[諱疾忌醫] huìjíjìyī

hiding a sickness for fear of treatment (idiom); fig. concealing a fault to avoid criticism ② to keep one's shortcomings secret ③ to refuse to listen to advice

477

播种[播種] bōzhǒng

to sow seeds ② sowing ③ seed

478

抢劫[搶劫] qiāngjié

to rob ② looting

479

防范[防範] fángfàn

to guard

480

仅仅[僅僅] jǐnjǐn

barely ② only ③ merely ④ only (this and nothing more)

481

舒适[舒適] shūshì

cozy ② snug

482

冷眼[冷眼] lěngyǎn

cool eye; fig. detached ② (treating sb) with indifference

483

斜视[斜視] xiéshì

a squint ② sideways glance ③ to look askance

484

恰好[恰好] qiàhǎo

as it turns out ② by lucky coincidence

485

梵文[梵文] Fànwén

Sanskrit

486

梵[梵] Fàn

abbr. for 梵教 Brahmanism ② abbr. for abbr. for 梵語|梵语 or 梵文, Sanskrit ③ abbr. for 梵蒂岡|梵蒂冈, Vatican

487

梵教[梵教] Fànjiào

Brahmanism

488

反问[反問] fǎnwèn

to ask (a question) in reply ② to answer a question with a question ③ rhetorical question

489

入籍[入籍] rùjí

become naturalized ② become a citizen

490

国籍[國籍] guójí

nationality

491

纠缠[糾纏] jiūchán

to be in a tangle ② to nag

492

纠[糾] jiū

gather together ② to investigate ③ to entangle ④ correct

493

缠[纏] chán

to wind around ② to wrap round ③ to coil ④ tangle ⑤ to involve ⑥ to bother ⑦ to annoy

494

定额[定額] dìng'é

fixed amount ② quota

495

陈香梅[陳香梅] Chén Xiāngméi

Chen Xiangmei

496

保留区[保留區] bǎoliúqū

a reservation (for an ethnic minority)

497

状元[狀元] zhuàngyuán

candidate who came first in the Han-lin examination (highest rank of the examination system; see 榜眼|榜眼[bang3 yan3] and 探花|探花[tan4 hua1]) ② (modern) the highest-scoring student in the country, province, school, etc. on the college entrance examination (高考[gao1 kao3]

498

榜眼[榜眼] bǎngyǎn

candidate who came second in the Han-lin examination (see 狀元|狀元[zhuang4 yuan2])

499

探花[探花] tànhuā

candidate who came third in the Han-lin examination (see 狀元|狀元[zhuang4 yuan2])

500

洁食[潔食] jiéshí

kosher