FSI B1 10-14 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in FSI B1 10-14 Deck (193):
1

异国[異國] yìguó

exotic ② foreign

2

家园[家園] jiāyuán

home ② homeland

3

元宵节[元宵節] Yuánxiāojié

Lantern festival, the final event of the Spring festival 春節|春节, on 15th of first month of the lunar calendar

4

赶紧[趕緊] gǎnjǐn

hurriedly

5

扣住[扣住] kòuzhù

to detain; to hold back by force ② to buckle; to hook

6

神童[神童] shéntóng

child prodigy

7

嚷嚷[嚷嚷] rāngrang

to argue noisily ② to shout ③ to make widely known ④ to reproach

8

南腔北调[南腔北調] nánqiāngběidiào

a regional accent

9

火锅[火鍋] huǒguō

hotpot

10

尽情[盡情] jìnqíng

as much as one likes

11

搜刮[搜刮] sōuguā

to extort (money) ② to fleece

12

墨鱼[墨魚] mòyú

squid ② ink fish ③ cuttlefish

13

丸子[丸子] wánzi

pills ② balls ③ meatballs

14

琳琅满目[琳瑯滿目] línlángmǎnmù

glittering jewels to delight the eye (idiom) ② fig. a dazzling line-up

15

琳琅[琳瑯] línláng

glittering jewels

16

芝麻酱[芝麻醬] zhīmajiàng

sesame paste

17

嫌[嫌] xián

to dislike ② to suspect

18

花椒[花椒] huājiāo

Sichuan pepper ② Chinese prickly ash

19

劲[勁] jìn

strength ② energy ③ enthusiasm ④ CL:把[ba3]

20

捣[搗] dǎo

pound ② beat ③ hull ④ attack ⑤ disturb ⑥ stir

21

捣蛋鬼[搗蛋鬼] dǎodànguǐ

trouble-maker

22

姜[薑] jiāng

surname Jiang ② ginger

23

蒜[蒜] suàn

garlic ② CL:頭|头[tou2],瓣[ban4]

24

汤圆[湯圓] tāngyuán

dumpling in soup ② wonton

25

豆沙[豆沙] dòushā

sweetened bean paste

26

捎[捎] shāo

to bring sth. to sb. (news, etc.)

27

珍宝[珍寶] zhēnbǎo

a treasure

28

桂花[桂花] guìhuā

osmanthus flowers ② Osmanthus fragrans

29

正宗[正宗] zhèngzōng

orthodox school ② fig. traditional ③ old school ④ authentic ⑤ genuine

30

花样[花樣] huāyàng

pattern ② type ③ trick

31

书圣[書聖] Shūshèng

great calligraphy master ② the Sage of Calligraphy, traditional reference to Wang Xizhi 王羲之 (303-361)

32

精雕细刻[精雕細刻] jīngdiāoxìkè

lit. fine sculpting (idiom); fig. to work with extreme care and precision

33

近道[近道] jìndào

shortcut ② a quicker method

34

论证[論證] lùnzhèng

to prove a point ② proof ③ to expound on ④ demonstrate or prove (through argument)

35

肉末[肉末] ròumò

ground meat

36

熏陶[熏陶] xūntáo

nurturing (i.e. assimilate some branch of culture) ② seeped in

37

渐入佳境[漸入佳境] jiànrùjiājìng

to get better and better (idiom)

38

国粹[國粹] guócuì

national essence ② quintessence of national culture

39

磨蹭[磨蹭] móceng

to gently stroke ② to brush lightly ③ to move slowly ④ to dawdle ⑤ to dillydally ⑥ to pester ⑦ to nag

40

不劳而获[不勞而獲] bùláo'érhuò

to reap without sowing (idiom)

41

畅所欲言[暢所慾言] chàngsuǒyùyán

lit. fluently saying all one wants (idiom); to preach freely on one's favorite topic ② to hold forth to one's heart's content

42

骨髓[骨髓] gǔsuǐ (medulla ossea)

bone marrow

43

失落[失落] shīluò

to lose

44

提问[提問] tíwèn

put questions to ② quiz

45

乏味[乏味] fáwèi

tedious

46

日后[日後] rìhòu

sometime ② someday (in the future)

47

没完没了[沒完沒了] méiwánméiliǎo

to be endless (idiom)

48

毕竟[畢竟] bìjìng

after all ② all in all ③ when all is said and done ④ in the final analysis

49

不得不[不得不] bùdébù

have no choice or option but to ② cannot but ③ have to ④ can't help it ⑤ can't avoid

50

夹带[夾帶] jiādài

to smuggle ② to carry secretly ③ notes smuggled into an exam

51

单词[單詞] dāncí

word ② CL:個|个[ge4]

52

脑袋[腦袋] nǎodài

head ② skull ③ brains ④ mental capability ⑤ CL:顆|颗[ke1],個|个[ge4]

53

情形[情形] qíngxing

circumstances ② situation ③ CL:個|个[ge4]

54

菜肴[菜殽] càiyáo

vegetable and meat dishes

55

一旦[一旦] yīdàn

in case (sth happens) ② if ③ once (sth happens, then...) ④ when ⑤ in a short time ⑥ in one day

56

接着[接著] jiēzhe

to catch and hold on ② to continue ③ to go on to do sth ④ to follow ⑤ to carry on ⑥ then ⑦ after that ⑧ subsequently ⑨ to proceed ⑩ to ensue ⑪ in turn ⑫ in one's turn

57

恐慌[恐慌] kǒnghuāng

panic ② panicky ③ panic-stricken

58

元宵[元宵] yuánxiāo

Lantern Festival ② night of the 15th of the first lunar month ③ see also 元夜|元夜[yuan2 ye4] ④ sticky rice dumplings

59

赶紧[趕緊] gǎnjǐn

hurriedly

60

扣住[扣住] kòuzhù

to detain; to hold back by force ② to buckle; to hook

61

学艺[學藝] xuéyì

to learn a skill or art

62

沙龙[沙龍] shālóng

salon

63

欣然接受[欣然接受] xīnránjiēshòu

to accept with pleasure (idiom)

64

夷[夷] yí

non-Han people, esp. to the East of China ② barbarians ③ to wipe out ④ to exterminate ⑤ to tear down ⑥ to raze

65

中原[中原] zhōngyuán

the central plains of China ② the middle and lower regions of the Yellow river, including Henan, western Shandong, southern Shanxi and Hebei ③ a plain

66

联欢会[聯歡會] liánhuānhuì

social get-together ② evening party

67

戎[戎] róng

weapon ② army (matters) ③ military affairs ④ surname Rong

68

西戎[西戎] Xīróng

Xionites (Central Asian nomads)

69

狄[狄] Dí

surname Di ② non-Han people, esp. to the North of China ③ barbarians

70

蛮[蠻] mán

barbarian ② bullying ③ very ④ quite ⑤ rough ⑥ reckless

71

利害[利害] lìhài

pros and cons ② advantages and disadvantages ③ gains and losses

72

延边朝鲜族自治州[延邊朝鮮族自治州] Yánbiān Cháoxiānzúzìzhìzhōu

Yanbian Korean autonomous prefecture in Jilin province 吉林省 in northeast China, capital Yanji city 延吉市

73

演变[演變] yǎnbiàn

to develop ② to evolve

74

以此类推[以此類推] yǐcǐlèituī

on the analogy of this (idiom)

75

中叶[中葉] zhōngyè

mid- (e.g. mid-century) ② middle period

76

洋人[洋人] yángrén

a foreigner ② a westerner

77

顺理成章[順理成章] shùnlǐchéngzhāng

rational and clearly structured (of text) ② written to follow a line of argument

78

流传[流傳] liúchuán

to spread ② to circulate ③ to hand down

79

荣辱与共[榮辱與共] róngrǔyǔgòng

to share both honor and disgrace (of friends) (idiom)

80

兴衰[興衰] xīngshuāi

prosperity and decline (of a kingdom) ② rise and fall

81

心态[心態] xīntài

attitude (of the heart) ② state of one's psyche ③ way of thinking ④ mentality

82

华夏[華夏] Huáxià

old name for China ② Cathay

83

蔑视[蔑視] mièshì

to loathe ② to despise ③ contempt

84

诸[諸] zhū

surname Zhu ② all ③ many ④ various

85

居高临下[居高臨下] jūgāolínxià

to live high and look down (idiom); occupying the high ground ② fig. arrogance based on one's social position

86

态势[態勢] tàishì

posture ② situation

87

满招损,谦受益[滿招損,謙受益] mǎnzhāosǔnqiānshòuyì

(idiom) complacency leads to loss, modesty brings profit ② pride comes before a fall

88

故步自封[故步自封] gùbùzìfēng

stuck in the old ways (idiom); refusing to acknowledge new ideas ② stagnating and conservative

89

强盛[強盛] qiángshèng

rich and powerful

90

台阶[臺階] táijiē

flight of steps (leading up to a house) ② step (over obstacle) ③ bench ④ fig. way out of an embarrassing situation

91

走向[走向] zǒuxiàng

trend ② to move towards ③ to head for ④ strike (geology)

92

丧权辱国[喪權辱國] sàngquánrǔguó

to forfeit sovereignty and humiliate the country (idiom) ② to surrender territory under humiliating terms

93

不平等条约[不平等條約] bùpíngděngtiáoyuē

unequal treaty

94

二者[二者] èrzhě

both ② both of them ③ neither

95

洋货[洋貨] yánghuò

western goods ② imported goods (in former times)

96

截[截] jié

a section ② to cut off (a length)

97

烧杀抢掠[燒殺搶掠] shāoshāqiǎnglüè

burning, killing, and pillaging (idiom)

98

无恶不作[無惡不作] wú'èbùzuò

not to shrink from any crime (idiom); to commit any imaginable misdeed

99

愤恨[憤恨] fènhèn

to hate ② hatred ③ to resent ④ embittered

100

愤[憤] fèn

indignant ② anger ③ resentment

101

理所当然[理所當然] lǐsuǒdāngrán

as it should be by rights (idiom); proper and to be expected as a matter of course ② inevitable and right

102

欺负[欺負] qīfu

to bully

103

废掉[廢掉] fèidiào

to depose (a king)

104

心平气和[心平氣和] xīnpíngqìhé

tranquil and even-tempered (idiom); calmly and without stress

105

直白[直白] zhíbái

frank ② open ③ blunt

106

实事求是[實事求是] shíshìqiúshì

to seek truth from facts (idiom) ② to be practical and realistic

107

不亢不卑[不亢不卑] bùkàngbùbēi

neither haughty nor humble ② neither overbearing nor servile ③ neither supercilious nor obsequious

108

历来[歷來] lìlái

always ② throughout (a period of time) ③ (of) all-time

109

友善[友善] yǒushàn

friendly

110

其次[其次] qícì

next ② secondly

111

共处[共處] gòngchǔ

coexist ② get along (with others)

112

容纳[容納] róngnà

to hold ② to contain ③ to accommodate ④ to tolerate (different opinions)

113

泱泱大国[泱泱大國] yāngyāngdàguó

great and impressive country (idiom)

114

胸怀[胸懷] xiōnghuái

one's bosom (the seat of emotions) ② breast ③ broad-minded and open ④ to think about ⑤ to cherish

115

气度[氣度] qìdù

bearing ② manner ③ presence

116

排外[排外] páiwài

xenophobic ② anti-foreigner

117

小家子气[小家子氣] xiǎojiāziqì

petty ② small-minded

118

再次[再次] zàicì

one more time ② again ③ one more ④ once again

119

博大精深[博大精深] bódàjīngshēn

wide-ranging and profound ② broad and deep

120

细致[細緻] xìzhì

delicate ② fine ③ careful ④ meticulous ⑤ painstaking

121

入微[入微] rùwēi

down to the smallest detail ② thorough-going ③ fine and detailed

122

双关[雙關] shuāngguān

pun ② play on words

123

人称[人稱] rénchēng

a person's name ② person (first person, second person etc in grammar)

124

共识[共識] gòngshí

consensus

125

指手画脚[指手畫腳] zhǐshǒuhuàjiǎo

to gesticulate while talking (idiom) ② to explain by waving one's hands ③ to criticize or give orders summarily

126

说三道四[說三道四] shuōsāndàosì

to gossip or carp (idiom)

127

服气[服氣] fúqì

to convince

128

动手[動手] dòngshǒu

to hit with hands or fists ② to start work ③ to touch

129

冻胶[凍膠] dòngjiāo

gel

130

钟馗[鐘馗] Zhōng Kuí

Zhong Kui (mythological figure, supposed to drive away evil spirits) ② (figuratively) a person with the courage to fight against evil

131

宝剑[寶劍] bǎojiàn

a double-edged sword ② CL:方[fang1]

132

恭候[恭候] gōnghòu

to look forward to sth ② to wait respectfully

133

大驾光临[大駕光臨] dàjiàguānglín

your gracious presence (honorary) (idiom)

134

洋气[洋氣] yángqì

trendy ② fashionable ③ foreign styles and trends

135

洋妞[洋妞] yángniū

young foreign girl

136

卸任[卸任] xièrèn

to leave office

137

届时[屆時] jièshí

when the time comes ② at the scheduled time

138

选手[選手] xuǎnshǒu

athlete ② contestant

139

庸俗[庸俗] yōngsú

filthy ② vulgar ③ debased

140

搭配[搭配] dāpèi

to pair up ② to match ③ to arrange in pairs ④ to add sth into a group

141

组合[組合] zǔhé

to assemble ② combination ③ combinatorial

142

句型[句型] jùxíng

sentence pattern (in grammar)

143

可谓[可謂] kěwèi

it could even be said

144

翻阅[翻閱] fānyuè

to browse ② to flit through (a book)

145

补习[補習] bǔxí

take lessons after school or work ② extra tuition ③ to cram (for exams)

146

戊戌[戊戌] wùxū

thirty fifth year E11 of the 60 year cycle, e.g. 1958 or 2018 ② cf 戊戌政變|戊戌政变, failed attempt to reform the Qing dynasty in 1898

147

戊[戊] wù

fifth of 10 heavenly stems 十天干 ② fifth in order ③ letter "E" or roman "V" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc ④ penta

148

戌[戌] xū

11th earthly branch: 7-9 p.m., 9th solar month (8th October-6th November), year of the Dog

149

光绪[光緒] Guāngxù

reign name of penultimate Qing emperor Guangxu or Guang-hsu (1875-1908)

150

召见[召見] zhàojiàn

call in (one's subordinates) ② summon (an envoy of a foreign country) to an interview

151

湘[湘] Xiāng

abbr. for Hunan 湖南 province in south central China ② abbr. for Xiangjiang river in Hunan province

152

转译[轉譯] zhuǎnyì

to translate (to another language)

153

不料[不料] bùliào

unexpectedly ② to one's surprise

154

有碍市容[有礙市容] yǒu'àishìróng

to be an eyesore (idiom)

155

欺侮[欺侮] qīwǔ

to bully

156

遍[遍] biàn

a time ② everywhere ③ turn ④ all over ⑤ one time

157

打的[打的] dǎdī

(slang) to take a taxi ② to go by taxi

158

操[操] cāo

to grasp ② to hold ③ to operate ④ to manage ⑤ to control ⑥ to steer ⑦ to exercise ⑧ to drill (practice) ⑨ to play ⑩ to speak (a language)

159

优越[優越] yōuyuè

superior ② superiority

160

大兴安岭[大興安嶺] Dàxīng'ānlǐng

Daxing'anling mountain range in northwest Heilongjiang province 黑龍江|黑龙江[Hei1 long2 jiang1] in northeast China ② Daxing'anling prefecture

161

知青[知青] zhīqīng

educated youth (sent to work in farms during cultural revolution)

162

不时[不時] bùshí

frequently ② often ③ at any time

163

掼[摜] guàn

fling ② smash

164

阿拉[阿拉] ālā

I ② we ③ me ④ us

165

嫡[嫡] dí

first wife ② son of first wife

166

依据[依據] yījù

according to ② basis ③ foundation

167

附和[附和] fùhè

to parrot ② to crib ③ to copy sb's action or words ④ to trail sb's footsteps ⑤ copy-cat

168

惋惜[惋惜] wǎnxī

to feel sorry for a person over sth that should have happened

169

隐含[隱含] yǐnhán

to contain in a concealed form ② to keep covered up ③ implicit

170

得天独厚[得天獨厚] détiāndúhòu

richly endowed by nature (idiom); in a particularly favored environment

171

带动[帶動] dàidòng

to spur ② to provide impetus ③ to drive

172

终究[終究] zhōngjiū

in the end; after all is said and done

173

口岸[口岸] kǒu'àn

a port for external trade ② a trading or transit post on border between countries

174

形形色色[形形色色] xíngxíngsèsè

all kinds of ② all sorts of ③ every (different) kind of

175

局面[局面] júmiàn

aspect ② phase ③ situation

176

热中[熱中] rèzhōng

to be fond of ② also written 熱衷|热衷

177

以备不虞[以備不虞] yǐbèibùyú

to be prepared for any contingency (idiom)

178

以备不测[以備不測] yǐbèibùcè

to be prepared for accidents

179

无可奈何[無可奈何] wúkěnàihé

have no way out ② have no alternative ③ abbr. to 無奈|无奈 [wu2 nai4]

180

吃香[吃香] chīxiāng

very popular

181

竺[竺] Zhú surname

Zhu

182

桢[楨] zhēn

evergreen shrub

183

成[成] chéng

finish ② complete ③ accomplish ④ become ⑤ turn into ⑥ win ⑦ succeed ⑧ one tenth ⑨ surname Cheng

184

沈从文[沈從文] Shěn Cóngwén

Shen Congwen (1902-1988), novelist

185

百日维新[百日維新] bǎirìwéixīn

failed attempt to reform the Qing dynasty in 1898 ② also called 戊戌維新|戊戌维新

186

戊戌六君子[戊戌六君子] wùxūliùjūnzǐ

the six gentlemen martyrs of the failed reform movement of 1898, executed in its aftermath, namely: Tan Sitong 譚嗣同|谭嗣同, Lin Xu 林旭, Yang Shenxiu 楊深秀|杨深秀, Liu Guangdi 劉光第|刘光第, Kang Guangren 康廣仁|康广仁 and Yang Rui 楊銳|杨锐

187

戊戌变法[戊戌變法] wùxūbiànfǎ

failed attempt to reform the Qing dynasty in 1898 ② also known as the hundred days reform 百日維新|百日维新

188

侬[儂] nóng

you (Shanghai dial.)

189

洒洒万言[灑灑萬言] sǎsǎwànyán

lengthy book, speech, etc. (idiom)

190

地步[地步] dìbù

condition ② plight ③ extent

191

前所未有的[前所未有的] qiánsuǒwèiyǒude

unprecedented

192

潇洒[瀟灑] xiāosǎ

natural and unrestrained (of a person's appearance, demeanor, carriage) ② elegant and unconventional

193

气质[氣質] qìzhì

temperament