FSI Set 07 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in FSI Set 07 Deck (221):
1

罗一秀[羅一秀] Luó Yīxiù

Luo Yixiu (1889-1910), Mao Zedong's first wife

2

薯条[薯條] shǔtiáo

French fries ② French fried potatoes

3

八旗[八旗] bāqí

Eight Banners, military organization of Manchu later Jin dynasty 後金|后金[Hou4 Jin1] from c. 1600, subsequently of the Qing dynasty

4

炼丹八卦炉[煉丹八卦爐] liàndānbāguàlú

eight trigrams furnace to cook pills of immortality ② symbol of the alchemist's art ③ Double, double toil and trouble; Fire burn, and cauldron bubble

5

各个[各個] gègè

every ② various ③ separately one-by-one

6

书面语[書面語] shūmiànyǔ

written language

7

口语[口語] kǒuyǔ

colloquial speech ② spoken language ③ vernacular language ④ slander ⑤ gossip ⑥ CL:門|门[men2]

8

祖籍[祖籍] zǔjí

ancestral hometown ② original domicile (and civil registration)

9

再说[再說] zàishuō

let's talk about it later ② what's more ③ besides

10

柯[柯] kē

surname Ke ② handle of ax ③ stem

11

被子[被子] bèizi

quilt ② CL:床[chuang2]

12

毯子[毯子] tǎnzi

a blanket ② CL:條|条[tiao2],張|张[zhang1],床[chuang2],面[mian4]

13

设备[設備] shèbèi

equipment ② facilities ③ installations ④ CL:個|个[ge4]

14

烘干机[烘乾機] hōnggānjī

clothes dryer

15

信口开河[信口開河] xìnkǒukāihé (idiom); idle talk

to talk off the cuff

16

言归正传[言歸正傳] yánguīzhèngzhuàn

to return to the main topic (idiom); back to business ② to finish a digression and get back to the main subject ③ retournons à nos moutons

17

菠菜[菠菜] bōcài

spinach ② CL:棵[ke1]

18

博彩[博彩] bócǎi

lottery

19

出现[出現] chūxiàn

to appear ② to arise ③ to emerge

20

佛蒙特州[佛蒙特州] Fóméngtèzhōu

Vermont, US state

21

争论[爭論] zhēnglùn

to argue ② to debate ③ to contend ④ argument ⑤ contention ⑥ controversy ⑦ debate ⑧ CL:次[ci4],場|场[chang3]

22

争议[爭議] zhēngyì

controversy ② dispute

23

税收[稅收] shuìshōu

taxation

24

有害[有害] yǒuhài

destructive ② harmful ③ damaging

25

去掉[去掉] qùdiào

to get rid of ② to exclude ③ to eliminate ④ to remove ⑤ to delete ⑥ to strip out ⑦ to extract

26

奖励[獎勵] jiǎnglì

reward (as encouragement)

27

货真价实[貨真價實] huòzhēnjiàshí

genuine goods at fair price (idiom)

28

搜狐网[搜狐網] Sōuhúwǎng

Sohu, Chinese web portal and online media company

29

两[兩] liǎng

both ② two ③ ounce ④ some ⑤ a few ⑥ tael ⑦ weight equal to 50 grams

30

大方[大方] dàfang

generous ② magnanimous ③ poise ④ a great moral principle

31

见义勇为[見義勇爲] jiànyìyǒngwéi

to see what is right and act courageously (idiom, from Analects); to stand up bravely for the truth ② acting heroically in a just cause

32

先难后获[先難後獲] xiānnánhòuhuò

to toil first and then enjoy the fruits (idiom)

33

先难后易[先難後易] xiānnánhòuyì

Things are difficult at first and quite easy afterwards. (idiom)

34

火烧眉毛[火燒眉毛] huǒshāoméimao

lit. the fire burns one's eyebrows (idiom); fig. desperate situation ② extreme emergency

35

学术界[學術界] xuéshùjiè

academic circles ② academia

36

面貌[面貌] miànmào

appearance ② face ③ features ④ CL:個|个[ge4]

37

眉睫[眉睫] méijié

eyebrows and eyelashes ② nearby

38

知识库[知識庫] zhīshikù

knowledge base

39

基于[基於] jīyú

because of ② on the basis of ③ in view of ④ on account of

40

使命[使命] shǐmìng

mission (diplomatic or other) ② set task

41

描写[描寫] miáoxiě

to describe ② to depict ③ to portray ④ CL:個|个[ge4]

42

具备[具備] jùbèi

to possess ② to have ③ equipped with ④ able to fulfill (conditions or requirements)

43

共享[共享] gòngxiǎng

to share ② to enjoy together

44

节选[節選] jiéxuǎn

excerpt ② selection (from a book) ③ to select ④ to choose an extract

45

顺应[順應] shùnyìng

to comply ② to conform to ③ in tune with ④ adapting to ⑤ to adjust to

46

崛起[崛起] juéqǐ

to rise abruptly (to a towering position) ② to tower over ③ to spring up ④ to emerge suddenly ⑤ the emergence (e.g. of a power)

47

幸运抽奖[幸運抽獎] xìngyùnchōujiǎng

lucky draw ② lottery

48

贪官[貪官] tānguān

corrupt official ② grasping functionary ③ greedy mandarin

49

好望角[好望角] Hǎowàng Jiǎo

Cape of Good Hope

50

肯尼迪角[肯尼迪角] Kěnnídíjiǎo

Cape Kennedy, name 1963-1973 of Cape Canaveral 卡納維拉爾角|卡纳维拉尔角[Ka3 na4 wei2 la1 er3 jiao3], Florida

51

卡纳维尔角[卡納維爾角] Kǎnàwéi'ěrjiǎo

Cape Canaveral, Florida

52

佛得角[佛得角] Fódéjiǎo

Cape Verde

53

开普敦[開普敦] Kāipǔdūn

Cape Town (city in South Africa)

54

酸豆[酸荳] suāndòu

tamarind (Tamarindus indica) tropical tree with bean-like fruit ② pickled caper

55

高盛[高盛] Gāoshèng

Goldman Sachs

56

舞弊[舞弊] wǔbì

fraud

57

重蹈覆辙[重蹈覆轍] chóngdǎofùzhé

to follow the track of an overturned cart ② to repeat a disastrous policy

58

性工作[性工作] xìnggōngzuò

employment as sex worker ② prostitution

59

一窍不通[一竅不通] yīqiàobùtōng

I don't understand a word (idiom); all Greek to me

60

老虎伍兹[老虎伍茲] Lǎohǔ Wǔzī

Eldrick "Tiger" Woods (1975-), American golfer

61

境界[境界] jìngjiè

boundary ② state ③ realm

62

聪明反被聪明误[聰明反被聰明誤] cōngmíngfǎnbèicōngmíngwù

a clever person may become the victim of his own ingenuity (idiom); cleverness may overreach itself ② too smart for one's own good

63

陈独秀[陳獨秀] Chén Dúxiù

Chen Duxiu (1879-1942), Chinese Marxist and leading communist, blamed for the failures of Chinese communism from 1927, posthumously rehabilitated

64

鲁迅[魯迅] Lǔ Xùn

Lu Xun (1881-1936), one of the earliest and best-known modern Chinese writers

65

天下为公[天下為公] tiānxiàwéigōng

The world belongs to everybody. (idiom)

66

仙台[仙台] Xiāntái

Sendai, city in northeast Japan

67

袁世凯[袁世凱] Yuán Shìkǎi

Yuan Shikai (1859-1916), senior general of late Qing, subsequently warlord and self-proclaimed emperor of China

68

秋瑾[秋瑾] qiūjǐn

Qiu Jin (1875-1907), famous female martyr of the anti-Qing revolution, the subject of several books and films

69

瑾瑜匿瑕[瑾瑜匿瑕] jǐnyúnìxiá

flaws hidden in a beautiful gem (idiom)

70

匿[匿] nì

to hide

71

瑕[瑕] xiá

blemish ② flaw in jade

72

上好品质[上好品質] shànghǎopǐnzhì

prime quality

73

开拓[開拓] kāituò

to break new ground (for agriculture) ② to open up (a new seam) ③ to develop (border regions) ④ fig. to open up (new horizons)

74

故步自封[故步自封] gùbùzìfēng

stuck in the old ways (idiom); refusing to acknowledge new ideas ② stagnating and conservative

75

一成不变[一成不變] yīchéngbùbiàn

nothing much changes (idiom); always the same ② stuck in a rut

76

温室[溫室] wēnshì

greenhouse

77

随处[隨處] suíchù

everywhere ② anywhere

78

紫禁城[紫禁城] Zǐjìnchéng

the Forbidden City ② the Imperial palace in Beijing ③ same as 故宮|故宫

79

靛蓝[靛藍] diànlán

indigo (dye)

80

飓风[颶風] jùfēng

hurricane

81

棕榈树[棕櫚樹] zōnglǘshù

palm tree

82

棕[棕] zōng

palm ② palm fiber ③ coir (coconut fiber)

83

榈[櫚] lǘ

palm tree

84

娱乐场[娛樂場] yúlèchǎng

place of entertainment ② casino ③ resort

85

捕鱼[捕魚] bǔyú

catch fish ② fish

86

水母[水母] shuǐmǔ

jellyfish ② medusa

87

迈阿密滩[邁阿密灘] mài'āmìtān

Miami Beach

88

名称[名稱] míngchēng

name (of a thing) ② name (of an organization)

89

崮[崮] gù

steep-sided flat-topped mountain ② mesa ③ (element in mountain names)

90

台地[台地] táidì

tableland ② mesa

91

独特[獨特] dútè

unique ② distinct ③ having special characteristics

92

风格[風格] fēnggé

style

93

腌泡[醃泡] yānpào

to marinade

94

腌黄瓜[醃黃瓜] yānhuángguā

pickle

95

鲁班[魯班] Lǔ Bān

Lu Ban, legendary master craftsman, called the father of Chinese carpentry

96

圆白菜[圓白菜] yuánbáicài

round white cabbage (i.e. western cabbage)

97

洋白菜[洋白菜] yángbáicài

cabbage (round cabbage most commonly found in Western countries)

98

白菜[白菜] báicài

Chinese cabbage ② pak choi ③ CL:棵[ke1], 個|个[ge4]

99

油菜[油菜] yóucài

oilseed rape (Brassica campestris)

100

凋谢[凋謝] diāoxiè

languish

101

凋谢[凋謝] diāoxiè

languish

102

调养[調養] tiáoyǎng

to take care of (sb's health) ② to nurse

103

调养摄生[調養攝生] tiáoyǎngshèshēng

to nurse and restore oneself (idiom)

104

记忆[記憶] jìyì

memories ② remember ③ memory ④ CL:個|个[ge4]

105

代沟[代溝] dàigōu

generation gap

106

画饼充饥[畫餅充飢] huàbǐngchōngjī

to feed on illusions (idiom)

107

白皮书[白皮書] báipíshū

white paper (e.g. containing proposals for new legislation) ② white book

108

真理[真理] zhēnlǐ

truth ② CL:個|个[ge4]

109

章程[章程] zhāngchéng

rules ② regulations ③ constitution ④ statute ⑤ articles of association (of company) ⑥ articles of incorporation ⑦ charter (of a corporation) ⑧ by-laws

110

案卷[案卷] ànjuàn

records ② files ③ archives

111

唾面自干[唾面自乾] tuòmiànzìgān

to be spat on in the face and let it dry by itself, not wiping it off (idiom); to turn the other cheek ② to drain the cup of humiliation

112

盲从[盲從] mángcóng

to follow blindly ② to conform slavishly ③ unthinking obedience

113

前卫[前衛] qiánwèi

advanced guard ② vanguard ③ avant-garde ④ forward (soccer position)

114

沉寂[沉寂] chénjì

silence ② stillness

115

智囊流失[智囊流失] zhìnángliúshī

brain drain (idiom)

116

智囊机构[智囊機構] zhìnángjīgòu

think tank ② brain trust

117

智囊团[智囊團] zhìnángtuán

think tank ② brain trust

118

良知[良知] liángzhī

intuitive knowledge

119

良知良能[良知良能] liángzhīliángnéng

instinctive understanding, esp. of ethical issues (idiom); untrained, but with an inborn sense of right and wrong ② innate moral sense

120

平行[平行] píngxíng

parallel ② of equal rank ③ simultaneous

121

活佛[活佛] huófó

Living Buddha ② title of Mongolian Lamas from 17th century

122

程序[程序] chéngxù

procedures ② sequence ③ order ④ computer program

123

清洁[清潔] qīngjié

clean ② purity

124

取得[取得] qǔdé

to acquire ② to get ③ to obtain

125

获得[獲得] huòdé

to obtain ② to receive ③ to get

126

槭木[槭木] qīmù

Maple

127

枫树[楓樹] fēngshù

maple

128

妄称[妄稱] wàngchēng

to make a false and unwarranted declaration

129

挂钩[掛鉤] guàgōu

couple ② link together

130

出尔反尔[出爾反爾] chū'ěrfǎn'ěr

old: to reap the consequences of one's words (idiom, from Mencius); modern: to go back on one's word ② to fail to keep a promise ③ to contradict oneself ④ inconsistent

131

倒打一耙[倒打一耙] dàodǎyīpá

lit. to strike with a muck-rake (idiom), cf Pigsy 豬八戒|猪八戒 in Journey to the West 西遊記|西游记; fig. to counter-attack ② to make bogus accusations (against one's victim)

132

挤入[擠入] jǐrù

to intrude

133

得逞[得逞] déchěng

to have one's way ② to prevail ③ to succeed

134

扬言[揚言] yángyán

to put about (a story, plan, threat etc) ② to let it be known (esp. of threat or malicious story) ③ to threaten

135

大雅[大雅] dàyǎ

one of the three main divisions of the Book of Song 詩經|诗经

136

人所共知[人所共知] rénsuǒgòngzhī

it is evident to anyone (idiom)

137

醉翁之意不在酒[醉翁之意不在酒] zuìwēngzhīyìbùzàijiǔ

wine-lover's heart is not in the cup (idiom); a drinker not really interested in alcohol ② having an ulterior motive ③ to have other things in mind ④ with an ax to grind ⑤ accomplishing something besides what one set out to do

138

醉翁[醉翁] zuìwēng

wine-lover ② drinker ③ toper ④ drunkard

139

进而[進而] jìn'ér

and then (what follows next)

140

白色恐怖[白色恐怖] Báisèkǒngbù

White Terror

141

选情[選情] xuǎnqíng

situation of election

142

跳房子[跳房子] tiàofángzi

hopscotch ② to play hopscotch

143

欺凌[欺凌] qīlíng

to bully and humiliate

144

奴役[奴役] núyì

to enslave ② slavery

145

便是[便是] biànshì

(emphasizes that sth is precisely or exactly as stated) ② precisely ③ exactly ④ even ⑤ if ⑥ just like ⑦ in the same way as

146

本质[本質] běnzhì

essence ② nature ③ innate character ④ intrinsic quality

147

实质[實質] shízhì

substance ② essence

148

延续[延續] yánxù

continue ② last longer

149

别有用心[別有用心] biéyǒuyòngxīn

to have an ulterior motive (idiom); a hidden agenda

150

熊熊[熊熊] xióngxióng

raging ② flaming

151

烈火[烈火] lièhuǒ

raging inferno ② blaze

152

无声[無聲] wúshēng

noiseless ② noiselessly ③ silent

153

惊雷[驚雷] jīngléi

sudden clap of thunder ② fig. surprising turn of events

154

同日而语[同日而語] tóngrì'éryǔ

lit. to speak of two things on the same day (idiom); to mention things on equal terms (often with negatives: you can't mention X at the same time as Y)

155

以往[以往] yǐwǎng

in the past ② formerly

156

但愿[但願] dànyuàn

if only (sth were possible) ② I wish (that)

157

大局[大局] dàjú

general situation ② present conditions

158

听信[聽信] tīngxìn

to listen to information ② to get the news ③ to believe what one hears

159

浓郁[濃郁] nóngyù

strong ② heavy (odour)

160

芬芳[芬芳] fēnfāng

perfume ② fragrant

161

案头[案頭] àntóu

on one's desk

162

茎干[莖干] jīnggān

stem ② stalk

163

精干[精干] jīnggàn

crack (troops) ② special (forces) ③ highly capable

164

谢世[謝世] xièshì

to die ② same as 去世 or 逝世 ③ used of old people

165

金边[金邊] Jīnbiān

Phnom Penh, capital of Cambodia

166

割礼[割禮] gēlǐ

circumcision

167

润肤乳[潤膚乳] rùnfūrǔ

body lotion ② body shampoo

168

徒然[徒然] túrán

in vain

169

徒手[徒手] túshǒu

with bare hands ② unarmed ③ fighting hand-to-hand ④ freehand (drawing)

170

徒步[徒步] túbù

to travel on foot

171

赋予[賦予] fùyǔ

to assign ② to entrust (a task) ③ to give ④ to bestow

172

农作物[農作物] nóngzuòwù

(farm) crops

173

作物[作物] zuòwù

crop

174

更有甚者[更有甚者] gèngyǒushènzhě

furthermore ② what is more ③ even worse

175

催眠[催眠] cuīmián

hypnosis

176

催化[催化] cuīhuà

catalysis ② to catalyze (a reaction)

177

催泪大片[催淚大片] cuīlèidàpiàn

a tear-jerker movie

178

毁掉[毀掉] huǐdiào

destroy

179

急功近利[急功近利] jígōngjìnlì

seeking instant benefit (idiom); shortsighted vision, looking only for fast return

180

财路[財路] cáilù

livelihood

181

蔡伦[蔡伦] Cài Lún

Cai Lun (-121), the inventor of paper making

182

云谲波诡[雲譎波詭] yúnjuébōguǐ

bewilderingly changeable ② ever-changing nature of things (idiom)

183

公斤[公斤] gōngjīn

kilogram (kg)

184

宫颈[宮頸] gōngjǐng

cervix ② neck of the uterus

185

对接[對接] duìjiē

to join up ② to dock ③ a joint (between components)

186

保鲜纸[保鮮紙] bǎoxiānzhǐ

plastic wrap ② cling wrap ③ cling film

187

过关[過關] guòguān

to cross a barrier ② to get through (an ordeal) ③ to pass (a test) ④ to reach (a standard)

188

将死[將死] jiāngsǐ

to checkmate (in chess) ② to be about to die

189

外观[外觀] wàiguān

exterior appearance ② to view sth from the outside ③ exterior condition

190

刊载[刊載] kānzǎi

to publish

191

枣子[棗子] zǎozi

dates ② jujube

192

果肉[果肉] guǒròu

pulp

193

细腻[細膩] xìnì

exquisite ② meticulous

194

酥脆[酥脆] sūcuì

crisp (of food)

195

爽口[爽口] shuǎngkǒu

fresh and tasty

196

设法[設法] shèfǎ

to try ② to make and attempt ③ to think of a way (to accomplish sth)

197

开拓[開拓] kāituò

to break new ground (for agriculture) ② to open up (a new seam) ③ to develop (border regions) ④ fig. to open up (new horizons)

198

脱贫致富[脫貧致富] tuōpínzhìfù

to shake off poverty and build up a fortune (idiom)

199

当家[當家] dāngjiā

manage household affairs

200

亩[畝] mǔ

classifier for fields ② unit of area equal to one fifteenth of a hectare

201

英亩[英畝] yīngmǔ

acre

202

流通[流通] liútōng

to circulate

203

循环系统[循環系統] xúnhuánxìtǒng

circulatory system

204

故步自封[故步自封] gùbùzìfēng

stuck in the old ways (idiom); refusing to acknowledge new ideas ② stagnating and conservative

205

一成不变[一成不變] yīchéngbùbiàn

nothing much changes (idiom); always the same ② stuck in a rut

206

壁垒[壁壘] bìlěi

rampart ② barrier

207

弱化[弱化] ruòhuà

weaken ② make weaker

208

奢望[奢望] shēwàng

an extravagant hope ② to have excessive expectations

209

奢侈[奢侈] shēchǐ

luxury ② sumptuous

210

奢香[奢香] Shē Xiāng

She Xiang (c. 1361-1396), lady who served as Yi ethnic group leader in Yunnan in early Ming times

211

腹地[腹地] fùdì

hinterland ② interior ③ outback

212

白菜[白菜] báicài

Chinese cabbage ② pak choi ③ CL:棵[ke1], 個|个[ge4]

213

茄子[茄子] qiézi

eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) ② aubergine ③ brinjal ④ Guinea squash ⑤ phonetic "cheese" (when being photographed) ⑥ equivalent of "say cheese"

214

辣子[辣子] làzǐ

cayenne pepper ② chili

215

随处[隨處] suíchù

everywhere ② anywhere

216

西芹[西芹] xīqín

parsley

217

棚[棚] péng

shed ② canopy ③ shack

218

棚子[棚子] péngzi

shack ② shed ③ CL:間|间[jian1]

219

棚架[棚架] péngjià

trellis ② scaffolding

220

蒿[蒿] hāo

wormwood ② to worry ③ to pull out (hair etc)

221

纵横[縱橫] zònghéng

lit. warp and woof in weaving; vertically and horizontal ② length and breadth ③ criss-crossed ④ able to move unhindered ⑤ Political Strategists (pre-Han school of thought)