FSI B4 21-24 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in FSI B4 21-24 Deck (246):
1

购销两旺[購銷兩旺] gòuxiāoliǎngwàng

brisk buying and selling (idiom)

2

忙活[忙活] mánghuo

to be really busy

3

惊喜[驚喜] jīngxǐ

be pleasantly surprised

4

身影[身影] shēnyǐng

silhouette ② figure

5

高档[高檔] gāodàng

superior quality ② high grade

6

高超绝伦[高超絕倫] gāochāojuélún

superb ② unequalled ③ peerless ④ matchless (idiom)

7

摆设[擺設] bǎishè

furnish and decorate (a room)

8

舍得[捨得] shěde

to be willing to part with sth

9

厚礼[厚禮] hòulǐ

generous gifts

10

酒柜[酒櫃] jiǔguì

liquor cabinet

11

体面[體面] tǐmiàn

dignity ② face (as in "losing face") ③ honorable ④ creditable ⑤ pretty

12

接轨[接軌] jiēguǐ

railtrack connection ② to integrate into sth ③ to dock ④ to connect ⑤ to be in step with ⑥ to bring into line with ⑦ to align

13

方方面面[方方面面] fāngfāngmiànmiàn

all sides ② all aspects ③ multi-faceted

14

走俏[走俏] zǒuqiào

(a product) sells well ② to be in demand

15

装潢[裝潢] zhuānghuáng

to mount (a picture) ② to dress ③ to adorn ④ decoration ⑤ packaging

16

滴滴涕[滴滴涕] dīdītì

DDT ② dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane

17

玩意[玩意] wányì

toy ② plaything ③ thing ④ act ⑤ trick (in a performance, stage show, acrobatics etc)

18

乔迁之喜[喬遷之喜] qiáoqiānzhīxǐ

congratulations on house-moving or promotion (idiom); Best wishes for your new home!

19

访友求贤[訪友求賢] fǎngyǒuqiúxián

to call on friends and seek out worthies (idiom)

20

层出不穷[層出不窮] céngchūbùqióng

more and more emerge ② innumerable succession ③ breeding like flies (idiom)

21

时尚[時尚] shíshàng

fashion

22

销售[銷售] xiāoshòu

to sell ② market ③ sales

23

旺季[旺季] wàngjì

busy season ② peak period ③ (see also 淡季)

24

科教兴国[科教興國] kējiàoxīngguó

to invigorate the country through science and education

25

利国利民[利國利民] lìguólìmín

to benefit the nation and the people (idiom)

26

气势[氣勢] qìshì

momentum ② manner ③ energy ④ look of great force or imposing manner ⑤ powerful

27

恢宏[恢宏] huīhóng

vast ② broad ③ to develop

28

华美[華美] huáměi

magnificent ② gorgeous ③ ornate

29

百科全书[百科全書] bǎikēquánshū

encyclopedia ② CL:本[ben3],集[ji2]

30

大全[大全] dàquán

all-inclusive ② complete ③ comprehensive collection

31

体积[體積] tǐjī

volume ② bulk ③ CL:個|个[ge4]

32

巨著[巨著] jùzhù (literary) work

monumental

33

单[單] dān

bill ② list ③ form ④ single ⑤ only ⑥ sole ⑦ odd number ⑧ CL:個|个[ge4]

34

铁甲舰[鐵甲艦] tiějiǎjiàn

ironclad ② an armor-plated battleship

35

铁匠[鐵匠] tiějiang

blacksmith

36

份量[份量] fènliàng

quantity

37

分量[分量] fènliàng

weight

38

厚度[厚度] hòudù

thickness

39

作罢[作罷] zuòbà

to drop (subject etc)

40

溜达[溜達] liūda

to stroll ② to go for a walk

41

脱节[脫節] tuōjié

to come apart

42

帧[幀] zhèng

frame ② one of a pair (scrolls) ③ picture

43

释手[釋手] shìshǒu

to let go ② to loosen one's grip ③ to put sth down

44

平平[平平] píngpíng

average ② mediocre

45

于是[於是] yúshì

thereupon ② as a result ③ consequently ④ thus ⑤ hence

46

开卷有益[開卷有益] kāijuànyǒuyì

lit. opening a book is profitable (idiom); the benefits of education

47

挂在嘴上[掛在嘴上] guàzaizuǐshang

to pay lip service to ② to keep mentioning (without doing anything) ③ to blather on about sth

48

尘封[塵封] chénfēng

covered in dust ② dusty ③ lying unused for a long time

49

好在[好在] hǎozài

luckily ② fortunately

50

书籍[書籍] shūjí

books ② works

51

保质期[保質期] bǎozhìqī

date of use (on foodstuffs) ② best before date

52

束之高阁[束之高閣] shùzhīgāogé

tied up in a bundle on a high shelf ② to put sth on the back burner ③ no longer a high priority

53

气派[氣派] qìpài

imposing manner or style

54

非凡[非凡] fēifán

out of the ordinary ② unusually (good, talented etc)

55

收藏[收藏] shōucáng

to keep ② to collect

56

得体[得體] détǐ

appropriate to the occasion ② fitting

57

品味[品味] pǐnwèi

to sample ② to taste ③ to appreciate ④ one's taste (i.e. in music, literature, fashion, food and drink etc) ⑤ good taste

58

抵触[抵觸] dǐchù

to conflict ② to contradict

59

良苦用心[良苦用心] liángkǔyòngxīn

to ponder earnestly ② to give a lot of thought to sth

60

重蹈覆辙[重蹈覆轍] chóngdǎofùzhé

to follow the track of an overturned cart ② to repeat a disastrous policy

61

小品[小品] xiǎopǐn

short, simple literary or artistic creation ② essay ③ skit

62

乔[喬] qiáo

tall

63

乔迁[喬遷] qiáoqiān

to move (to a superior place) ② promotion

64

兴[興] xìng

interest

65

兴[興] xīng

flourish ② it is the fashion to ③ to become popular

66

非凡[非凡] fēifán

out of the ordinary ② unusually (good, talented etc)

67

凡[凡] fán

ordinary ② commonplace ③ mundane ④ temporal ⑤ of the material world (as opposed to supernatural or immortal levels) ⑥ every ⑦ all ⑧ whatever ⑨ altogether ⑩ gist ⑪ outline ⑫ note of Chinese musical scale

68

蹈[蹈] dǎo

tread on ② trample ③ stamp ④ fulfill

69

覆[覆] fù

to cover ② to overflow ③ to reply to a letter ④ to overturn ⑤ to capsize

70

辙[轍] chè

to remove ② to withdraw

71

覆辙[覆轍] fùzhé

disastrous policy

72

及其[及其] jíqí

and ② as well as

73

极其[極其] jíqí

extremely

74

品质[品質] pǐnzhì

quality

75

祝贺[祝賀] zhùhè

to congratulate ② congratulations ③ CL:個|个[ge4]

76

酒量[酒量] jiǔliàng

capacity for liquor ② how much one can drink

77

酒龄[酒齡] jiǔlíng

age of wine (i.e. how long it has been matured)

78

酒令[酒令] jiǔlìng

wine-drinking game

79

呷[呷] xiā

suck, swallow, drink

80

白菜[白菜] báicài

Chinese cabbage ② pak choi ③ CL:棵[ke1], 個|个[ge4]

81

解闷[解悶] jiěmèn

to relieve boredom or melancholy ② a diversion

82

玲珑[玲瓏] línglóng

onomat. clink of jewels ② exquisite ③ detailed and fine ④ clever ⑤ nimble

83

间断[間斷] jiànduàn

disconnected ② interrupted ③ suspended

84

光棍[光棍] guānggùn

gangster ② hoodlum ③ a single person ④ bachelor

85

凑[湊] còu

assemble ② put together ③ press near ④ come together

86

非凡[非凡] fēifán

out of the ordinary ② unusually (good, talented etc)

87

划拳[划拳] huáquán

finger-guessing game

88

旺盛[旺盛] wàngshèng

vigorous ② exuberant

89

不甘[不甘] bùgān

unreconciled to ② not resigned to ③ unwilling

90

寂寞[寂寞] jìmò

lonely ② lonesome

91

文思泉涌[文思泉涌] wénsīquányǒng

prolific (of ideas in writing) (idiom)

92

财能壮胆[財能壯膽] cáinéngzhuàngdǎn

Wealth may strengthen one's courage. (idiom)

93

亦[亦] yì

also

94

管教[管教] guǎnjiào

to discipline ② to teach

95

叮嘱[叮囑] dīngzhǔ

to warn repeatedly ② to urge ③ to exhort again and again

96

沾[沾] zhān

infected by ② moisten ③ receive favors

97

滴酒不沾[滴酒不沾] dījiǔbùzhān

never to touch a drop of alcohol

98

酩酊大醉[酩酊大醉] mǐngdǐngdàzuì

dead drunk (idiom)

99

狼狈不堪[狼狽不堪] lángbèibùkān

battered and exhausted ② stuck in a dilemma

100

劲[勁] jìn

strength ② energy ③ enthusiasm ④ CL:把[ba3]

101

尤物[尤物] yóuwù

rarity ② rare object ③ rare person ④ extraordinarily beautiful woman

102

喉头[喉頭] hóutóu

throat ② larynx

103

痒痒[痒痒] yǎngyang

to itch ② to tickle

104

数落[數落] shǔluò

to enumerate sb's shortcomings ② to criticize ③ to scold ④ to talk on and on

105

含笑[含笑] hánxiào

to have a smile on one's face

106

乞怜[乞憐] qǐlián

to beg for pity

107

五花八门[五花八門] wǔhuābāmén

myriad ② all kinds of ③ all sorts of

108

喜酒[喜酒] xǐjiǔ

wedding feast ② liquor drunk at a wedding feast

109

隆[隆] lóng

grand ② intense ③ prosperous ④ start (a fire)

110

隆起[隆起] lóngqǐ

to swell ② to bulge

111

免不了[免不了] miǎnbùliǎo

unavoidable ② can't be avoided

112

脂肪不染[脂肪不染] zhīfángbùrǎn

to wear no make-up (idiom)

113

脂肪[脂肪] zhīfáng

body fat

114

哈欠[哈欠] hāqiàn

yawn

115

昏昏沉沉[昏昏沉沉] hūnhūnchénchén

dizzy

116

珍馐美味[珍饈美味] zhēnxiūměiwèi

delicacy and fine taste (idiom); a wonderful treat

117

馋涎欲滴[饞涎欲滴] chánxiányùdī

mouth drooling with greed (idiom)

118

适可而止[適可而止] shìkě'érzhǐ

to stop before going too far (idiom); to stop while one can ② don't overdo it ③ stop while you're ahead

119

熊包[熊包] xióngbāo

worthless person ② good-for-nothing

120

逞强好胜[逞強好勝] chěngqiánghàoshèng

to parade one's superiority and strive to outshine others (idiom)

121

来往[來往] láiwǎng

to come and go ② to have dealings with ③ to be in relation with

122

活血祛瘀[活血祛瘀] huóxuèqūyū

to activate blood circulation and remove blood stasis (Chinese medicine) (idiom)

123

祛[祛] qū

to exorcise ② to dispel ③ to drive out (evil spirits)

124

淤[瘀] yū

hematoma (internal blood clot) ② extravasated blood (spilt into surrounding tissue) ③ contusion

125

黄酒[黃酒] huángjiǔ

yellow wine (mulled rice wine, usually served warm)

126

私房[私房] sīfáng

private house

127

凡人[凡人] fánrén

ordinary person ② mortal ③ earthling

128

不免[不免] bùmiǎn

unavoidable

129

赋予[賦予] fùyǔ

to assign ② to entrust (a task) ③ to give ④ to bestow

130

排斥[排斥] páichì

to reject ② to exclude ③ to eliminate ④ to remove ⑤ to repel

131

白痴[白痴] báichī

idiocy ② idiot

132

适度[適度] shìdù

moderately ② appropriate

133

欲望[慾望] yùwàng

desire ② longing ③ appetite ④ craving

134

陷阱[陷阱] xiànjǐng

lit. a pit for trapping animals ② a trap ③ a snare ④ a booby-trap

135

不济[不濟] bùjì

not good ② of no use

136

遗憾[遺憾] yíhàn

regret ② pity ③ sorry

137

早已[早已] zǎoyǐ

long ago ② for a long time

138

永无止境[永無止境] yǒngwúzhǐjìng

without end ② never-ending

139

肉体[肉體] ròutǐ

physical body

140

精致[精緻] jīngzhì

delicate ② fine ③ exquisite ④ refined

141

无以复加[無以復加] wúyǐfùjiā

in the extreme (idiom)

142

焦虑不安[焦慮不安] jiāolǜbù'ān

worried too much

143

自得其乐[自得其樂] zìdéqílè

to be content with one's lot ② to find enjoyment in sth. (idiom)

144

虚构[虛構] xūgòu

imaginary

145

贫乏[貧乏] pínfá

lack ② incomplete

146

困顿[困頓] kùndùn

fatigued ② exhausted ③ poverty-stricken ④ in straitened circumstances

147

怯[怯] qiè

afraid ② rustic

148

怯子[怯子] qièzi

person with country accent ② rustic ③ country bumpkin

149

勇武[勇武] yǒngwǔ

brave

150

情场失意[情場失意] qíngchǎngshīyì

to be frustrated in love (idiom)

151

人见人爱[人見人愛] rénjiànrén'ài

to be everybody's darling (idiom)

152

白马王子[白馬王子] báimǎwángzǐ

prince charming ② knight in shining armor

153

激活[激活] jīhuó

to activate

154

磨练[磨練] móliàn

to temper oneself ② to steel oneself ③ self-discipline ④ endurance

155

潜能[潛能] qiánnéng

potential ② hidden capability

156

宣泄[宣洩] xuānxiè

to drain (by leading off water) ② to unburden oneself ③ to divulge ④ to leak a secret

157

妨碍[妨礙] fáng'ài

to hinder ② to obstruct

158

合乎[合乎] héhū

to accord with ② conforming to

159

时宜[時宜] shíyí

timely ② at the right moment ③ appropriate to the occasion ④ opportune ⑤ to fit current fashion

160

机智[機智] jīzhì

quick-witted ② tact ③ witty ④ resourceful

161

解颐[解頤] jiěyí

to smile ② to laugh

162

嘉奖[嘉獎] jiājiǎng

to award an honor

163

迷人[迷人] mírén

fascinating ② enchanting ③ charming ④ tempting

164

着迷[著迷] zháomí

to be fascinated ② to be captivated

165

过廕[過癮] guòyǐn

to satisfy a craving ② to enjoy oneself to the full ③ to do sth to one's heart's content

166

过瘾[過癮] guòyǐn

to satisfy a craving ② to get a kick out of sth ③ gratifying ④ immensely enjoyable ⑤ satisfying ⑥ fulfilling

167

牛皮大王[牛皮大王] niúpídàwáng

braggart (idiom)

168

黄牛[黃牛] huángniú

ox ② cattle ③ scalper of tickets etc ④ to fail to show up ⑤ to break a promise

169

黄牛票[黃牛票] huángniúpiào

scalped tickets

170

物极必反[物極必反] wùjíbìfǎn

extremes breed reversals ② fortunes change ③ Things will develop in the opposite direction when they become extreme. (idiom)

171

吹嘘[吹噓] chuīxū

to brag

172

烧饼[燒餅] shāobing

baked sesame seed coated cake

173

腿脚[腿腳] tuǐjiǎo

legs and feet ② ability to walk ③ strides

174

瘸子[瘸子] quézi

lame person (colloquial)

175

过头[過頭] guòtóu

to overdo it ② to exaggerate

176

生厌[生厭] shēngyàn

to disgust ② to pall ③ fed up ④ tedious ⑤ cloying ⑥ boring ⑦ irritating

177

怪癖[怪癖] guàipǐ

eccentricity ② peculiarity ③ strange hobby

178

合影[合影] héyǐng

joint photo ② group photo

179

不分[不分] bùfēn

not divided ② irrespective ③ not distinguishing between

180

顶尖[頂尖] dǐngjiān

peak ② apex ③ world best ④ number one ⑤ finest (competitors) ⑥ top (figures in a certain field)

181

石涛[石濤] Shítāo

Shitao (Chinese painter)

182

徐渭[徐渭] Xú Wèi

Xu Wei, Chinese painter

183

渭[渭] wèi

the Wei river in Shaanxi through the Guanzhong 關中|关中 plain

184

涛[濤] tāo

big wave

185

此时[此時] cǐshí

now ② this moment

186

界线[界線] jièxiàn

limits ② bounds ③ dividing line

187

高明[高明] gāomíng

smart ② clever ③ wise ④ brilliant

188

细分[細分] xìfēn

subdivision ② segmentation

189

著称[著稱] zhùchēng

to be widely known as

190

引出[引出] yǐnchū

to extract ② to draw out

191

口味[口味] kǒuwèi

a person's preferences ② tastes (in food) ③ flavor

192

嗜好[嗜好] shìhào

fondness ② hobby ③ indulgence

193

规范[規範] guīfàn

norm ② standard ③ specification ④ regulation ⑤ rule ⑥ within the rules ⑦ to fix rules ⑧ to regulate ⑨ to specify

194

跟进[跟進] gēnjìn

follow ② follow up

195

架构[架構] jiàgòu

to construct ② to build ③ infrastructure ④ architecture ⑤ framework

196

物质[物質] wùzhì

matter ② substance ③ material ④ materialistic ⑤ CL:個|个[ge4]

197

余地[餘地] yúdì

margin ② leeway

198

风味[風味] fēngwèi

local flavor ② local style

199

特色[特色] tèsè

characteristic ② distinguishing feature or quality

200

独有[獨有] dúyǒu

to personally own ② to possess solely ③ only ④ solely

201

个性[個性] gèxìng

individuality ② personality

202

各行各业[各行各業] gèhánggèyè

every trade ② all professions ③ all walks of life

203

日臻完善[日臻完善] rìzhēnwánshàn

to become better and more perfect day by day (idiom)

204

臻[臻] zhēn

to reach ② utmost

205

维系[維繫] wéixì

to maintain ② to keep up ③ hold together

206

运作[運作] yùnzuò

to operate ② operations; workings; activities (usu. of an organization) ③ thread (computing)

207

模具[模具] mójù

molding (process)

208

统统[統統] tǒngtǒng

totally

209

生机[生機] shēngjī

opportunity to live ② to reprieve from death ③ life force ④ vitality

210

特征[特徵] tèzhēng

characteristic ② diagnostic property ③ distinctive feature ④ trait

211

囿于一时[囿於一時] yòuyúyīshí

to be limited by the situation at a certain time (idiom)

212

瞬息万变[瞬息萬變] shùnxīwànbiàn

in an instant a myriad changes (idiom); rapid substantial change

213

结合[結合] jiéhé

to combine ② to link ③ to integrate ④ binding ⑤ CL:次[ci4]

214

就餐[就餐] jiùcān

to dine

215

旗袍[旗袍] qípáo

Chinese-style dress ② cheongsam

216

花色[花色] huāsè

variety ② design and color

217

举止[舉止] jǔzhǐ

bearing ② manner ③ mien

218

文静[文靜] wénjìng

quiet ② silent

219

挨近[挨近] āijìn

to approach ② to get close to ③ to sneak up on ④ near to

220

恬静[恬靜] tiánjìng

still ② peaceful ③ quiet

221

安祥[安祥] ānxiáng

serene ② composed ③ unruffled

222

氛围[氛圍] fēnwéi

ambience ② atmosphere

223

炸酱面[炸醬麵] zhàjiàngmiàn

zhajiang mian

224

服务生[服務生] fúwùshēng

server (at a restaurant)

225

吆喝[吆喝] yāohe

to shout ② to bawl ③ to yell (to urge on an animal) ④ to hawk (one's wares) ⑤ to denounce loudly ⑥ to shout slogans

226

落座[落座] luòzuò

to sit down ② to take a seat

227

点菜[點菜] diǎncài

to order dishes (in a restaurant)

228

报单[報單] bàodān

a tax declaration form ② a tax return

229

一派谎言[一派謊言] yīpàihuǎngyán

a pack of lies

230

欢快[歡快] huānkuài

cheerful and light-hearted ② lively

231

喜庆[喜慶] xǐqìng

jubilation ② festive

232

气氛[氣氛] qìfēn

atmosphere ② mood

233

气氛[氣氛] qìfēn

atmosphere ② mood

234

各得其所[各得其所] gèdéqísuǒ

each in the correct place ② each is provided for

235

千姿百态[千姿百態] qiānzībǎitài

in different poses and with different expressions ② in thousands of postures (idiom)

236

癖好[癖好] pǐhào

an urge ② a craving ③ an addiction

237

派生[派生] pàishēng

to produce (from sth else) ② to derive (from raw material) ③ derivative

238

繁衍[繁衍] fányǎn

to multiply ② to reproduce ③ to increase gradually in number or quantity

239

繁[繁] fán

complicated ② many ③ in great numbers ④ abbr. for 繁體|繁体[fan2 ti3], traditional form of Chinese characters

240

衍[衍] yǎn

to spread out ② to develop ③ to overflow ④ to amplify

241

衍圣公[衍聖公] Yǎnshènggōng

hereditary title bestowed on Confucius' descendants

242

夏衍[夏衍] Xià Yǎn

Xia Yan (1900-1995), Chinese writer, playwright, socialist critic and movie pioneer

243

不尽[不盡] bùjìn

not completely ② endlessly

244

遵循[遵循] zūnxún

to follow ② to abide by ③ to comply with ④ compliance

245

灿烂[燦爛] cànlàn

to glitter ② brilliant ③ splendid

246

一花独放[一花獨放] yīhuādúfàng

Only one flower is allowed to bloom. (idiom)