FSI Set 03 Flashcards Preview

► Mandarin Vocab 3 > FSI Set 03 > Flashcards

Flashcards in FSI Set 03 Deck (104):
1

除草剂[除草劑] chúcǎojì

weed killer ② herbicide

2

腐烂[腐爛] fǔlàn

to rot ② to become gangrenous

3

理由[理由] lǐyóu

reason ② grounds ③ justification ④ CL:個|个[ge4]

4

分配[分配] fēnpèi

to distribute ② to assign ③ to allocate

5

表象[表象] biǎoxiàng

idea

6

豆腐[豆腐] dòufu

tofu ② bean curd

7

乳酪[乳酪] rǔlào

cheese

8

火腿[火腿] huǒtuǐ

ham ② CL:個|个[ge4]

9

奶酪[奶酪] nǎilào

cheese ② CL:塊|块[kuai4],盒[he2],片[pian4]

10

碰巧[碰巧] pèngqiǎo

by chance ② by coincidence ③ to happen to

11

朽[朽] xiǔ

rotten

12

腐朽[腐朽] fǔxiǔ

rotten ② decayed ③ decadent ④ degenerate

13

治标不治本[治標不治本] zhìbiāobùzhìběn

to treat the symptoms but not the root cause

14

治本[治本] zhìběn

to take radical measures ② to get to the root (of a problem etc)

15

急诊[急診] jízhěn

emergency call ② emergency (medical) treatment

16

超音波[超音波] chāoyīnbō

ultrasound ② ultrasonic wave

17

化疗[化療] huàliáo

chemotherapy

18

胃口[胃口] wèikǒu

appetite

19

肿瘤[腫瘤] zhǒngliú

tumor

20

蚯蚓[蚯蚓] qiūyǐn

earthworm

21

营养[營養] yíngyǎng

nutrition ② nourishment ③ CL:種|种[zhong3]

22

美妙[美妙] měimiào

beautiful ② wonderful ③ splendid

23

绑票[綁票] bǎngpiào

kidnap (for ransom)

24

理财[理財] lǐcái

financial management ② finance

25

棒棒糖[棒棒糖] bàngbàngtáng

lollipop ② sucker ③ CL:根[gen1]

26

冯玉祥[馮玉祥] Féng Yùxiáng

Feng Yuxiang (1882-1948), warlord during Republic of China, strongly critical of Chiang Kai-shek

27

素质[素質] sùzhì

inner quality ② basic essence ③ change over time

28

转化[轉化] zhuǎnhuà

change ② transform

29

有色[有色] yǒusè

colored ② non-white ③ non-ferrous (metals)

30

戴有色眼镜[戴有色眼鏡] dàiyǒusèyǎnjìng

to wear colored glasses ② to have a prejudiced viewpoint

31

逆差[逆差] nìchā

adverse trade balance ② trade deficit

32

顺差[順差] shùnchā

(trade or budget) surplus

33

减弱[減弱] jiǎnruò

to weaken ② to fall off

34

充值卡[充值卡] chōngzhíkǎ

recharge card (phone)

35

兆字节[兆字節] zhàozìjié

megabyte (10^20 or approximately a million bytes)

36

字节[字節] zìjié

byte

37

着迷[著迷] zháomí

to be fascinated ② to be captivated

38

教材[教材] jiàocái

teaching material ② CL:本[ben3]

39

笔记本电脑[筆記本電腦] bǐjìběndiànnǎo

laptop ② notebook (computer) ③ CL:臺|台[tai2],部[bu4]

40

数字化[數字化] shùzìhuà

to digitalize ② digital

41

电子化营业[電子化營業] diànzǐhuàyíngyè

e-commerce (computing)

42

笔试[筆試] bǐshì

written examination

43

担保[擔保] dānbǎo

to guarantee ② to vouch for

44

批准[批准] pīzhǔn

to approve ② to ratify

45

假设[假設] jiǎshè

suppose that... ② hypothesis ③ conjecture

46

备忘录[備忘錄] bèiwànglù

memorandum ② aide-memoire ③ memorandum book

47

录取[錄取] lùqǔ

to recruit ② to enroll

48

绕口令[繞口令] ràokǒulìng

tongue-twister

49

橄榄枝[橄欖枝] gǎnlǎnzhī

olive branch ② symbol of peace

50

劈腿[劈腿] pītuǐ

two-timing (in romantic relationships)

51

草食动物[草食動物] cǎoshídòngwù

herbivore ② herbivorous animal

52

坏包儿[壞包兒] huàibāor

rascal ② rogue ③ little devil (term of endearment)

53

流氓[流氓] liúmáng

rogue ② hoodlum ③ gangster ④ immoral behavior

54

贬义[貶義] biǎnyì

derogatory sense ② negative connotation

55

发牢骚[發牢騷] fāláosāo

whine

56

数独[數獨] shùdú

sudoku (Japanese: sū doku)

57

宫商角徵羽[宮商角徵羽] gōngshāngjuézhǐyǔ

pre-Tang names of the five notes of the pentatonic scale, corresponding roughly to do, re, mi, sol, la

58

千疮百孔[千瘡百孔] qiānchuāngbǎikǒng

affected with all ills ② in a disastrous state ③ scarred and battered (idiom)

59

埃塞俄比亚[埃塞俄比亞] Āisài'ébǐyà

Ethiopia, East Africa

60

肤色[膚色] fūsè

skin color (race)

61

婉辞[婉辭] wǎncí

euphemism (tactful expression for sth unpleasant such as death)

62

委婉语[委婉語] wěiwǎnyǔ

euphemism

63

换句话说[換句話說] huànjùhuàshuō

in other words

64

下岗[下崗] xiàgǎng

laid-off

65

失业补偿[失業補償] shīyèbǔcháng

unemployment compensation (idiom)

66

开夜车[開夜車] kāiyèchē

burn the midnight oil ② work late into the night

67

睡懒觉[睡懶覺] shuìlǎnjiào

sleep in

68

耳熟能详[耳熟能詳] ěrshúnéngxiáng

what's frequently heard can be repeated in detail (idiom)

69

理工[理工] lǐgōng

science and engineering as academic subjects (abbr. for 理科, 工科)

70

三八[三八] sānbā

International Women's Day (婦女節 | 妇女节 [fu4 nü3 jie2]) on 8th March ② foolish ③ stupid

71

氏族[氏族] shìzú

clan

72

吉兆[吉兆] jízhào

lucky omen

73

胡适[胡適] Hú Shì

Hu Shi (1891-1962), original proponent of writing in colloquial Chinese 白話文|白话文

74

帕台农神庙[帕台農神廟] Pàtáinóngshénmiào

Parthenon Temple on the Acropolis, Athens

75

接力[接力] jiēlì

relay

76

韩素音[韓素音] Hán Sùyīn

Han Suyin

77

不孝有三[不孝有三] bùxiàoyǒusān

There are three major offenses against filial piety. (idiom)

78

不孝有三,无后为大[不孝有三,無後為大] bùxiàoyǒusānwúhòuwéidà

there are three ways to be unfilial, having no sons is the worst (citation from Mencius 孟子|孟子 [Meng4 zi3])

79

飙升[飆升] biāoshēng

to rise rapidly

80

圣职[聖職] shèngzhí

priesthood

81

般[般] bān

sort ② kind ③ class ④ way ⑤ manner

82

了望台[瞭望臺] liàowàngtái

observation platform

83

暸[暸] liǎo

bright, clear

84

陛下[陛下] bìxià

Your Majesty ② His or Her Majesty

85

微臣[微臣] wēichén

this small official ② humble servant

86

鄙人[鄙人] bǐrén

your humble servant ② I

87

引号[引號] yǐnhào q

uotation mark (punct.)

88

治病救人[治病救人] zhìbìngjiùrén

cure the sickness to save the patient ② criticize a person in order to help him

89

救死扶伤[救死扶傷] jiùsǐfúshāng

to rescue the dying and heal the wounded (idiom)

90

以德报德[以德報德] yǐdébàodé

One good turn deserves another. (idiom)

91

以德感人[以德感人] yǐdégǎnrén

to influence others by goodness (idiom)

92

维珍[維珍] wéizhēn

Virgin (company)

93

未折现[未折現] wèizhéxiàn

undiscounted ② full price

94

随后[隨後] suíhòu

soon after

95

只要[只要] zhǐyào

if only ② so long as

96

里氏震级[里氏震級] Lǐshìzhènjí

Richter magnitude scale

97

红包[紅包] hóngbāo

lit. money wrapped in red as a gift ② a bonus payment ③ a kickback ④ a bribe

98

本草纲目[本草綱目] běncǎogāngmù

Compendium of medical herbs 1596, compiled by Lǐ Shízhēn 李時珍|李时珍

99

号脉[號脈] hàomài

to feel sb's pulse

100

要犯[要犯] yàofàn

major criminal

101

门户网站[門戶網站] ménhùwǎngzhàn

web portal

102

小时工[小時工] xiǎoshígōng

hourly worker ② hourly job

103

普查[普查] pǔchá

census ② general survey ③ general investigation ④ reconnaissance survey

104

丰满[豐滿] fēngmǎn

ample ② well developed ③ fully rounded