FSI Set 05 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in FSI Set 05 Deck (145):
1

湄公河三角洲[湄公河三角洲] Méigōnghésānjiǎozhōu

Mekong River delta

2

书籍[書籍] shūjí

books ② works

3

托福[托福] tuōfú

TOEFL ② Test of English as a Foreign Language

4

爵士乐[爵士樂] juéshìyuè

jazz

5

爵士音乐[爵士音樂] juéshìyīnyuè

jazz

6

爵士[爵士] juéshì

knight ② Sir ③ Jazz

7

美德[美德] měidé

virtue

8

开房间[開房間] kāifángjiān

to take a hotel room ② to rent a room

9

世俗[世俗] shìsú

profane ② secular ③ worldly

10

戴有色眼镜[戴有色眼鏡] dàiyǒusèyǎnjìng

to wear colored glasses ② to have a prejudiced viewpoint

11

启蒙[啟蒙] qǐméng

to instruct the young ② to initiate ③ to awake sb from ignorance ④ to free sb from prejudice or superstition ⑤ primer ⑥ enlightened ⑦ the Enlightenment ⑧ Western learning from the late Qing dynasty

12

毁坏[毀壞] huǐhuài

damage ② destruction ③ to devastate ④ to vandalize

13

激活[激活] jīhuó

to activate

14

分离[分離] fēnlí

to separate

15

容忍[容忍] róngrěn

to put up with ② to tolerate

16

误解[誤解] wùjiě

misunderstanding

17

价值[價值] jiàzhí

value ② worth ③ fig. values (ethical, cultural etc) ④ CL:個|个[ge4]

18

焦糖[焦糖] jiāotáng

caramel

19

拾金不昧[拾金不昧] shíjīnbùmèi

to pick up money and not hide it (idiom); to return property to its owner

20

昧[昧] mèi

conceal ② dark

21

告状[告狀] gàozhuàng

to complain ② to sue ③ to bring a lawsuit ④ to lodge a complaint against sb with a manager

22

吃紧[吃緊] chījǐn

in short supply ② dire ③ tense ④ critical ⑤ hard-pressed ⑥ important

23

吃不来[吃不來] chībulái

not be fond of certain food

24

吃软饭[吃軟飯] chīruǎnfàn

to live off a woman

25

吃坏[吃壞] chīhuài

to get sick because of bad food

26

吃布[吃布] chībù

to catch on cloth (e.g. of a zip fastener)

27

受累[受累] shòulèi

put to a lot of trouble (on sb else's behalf) ② affected

28

受穷[受窮] shòuqióng

poor

29

受气[受氣] shòuqì

(to suffer) maltreatment ② a bullied (person)

30

眼福[眼福] yǎnfú

a treat for the eyes ② the rare chance of seeing sth beautiful

31

口福[口福] kǒufú

fortuitous knack for getting to eat excellent food ② luck and good timing when tasty food is involved

32

取悦[取悅] qǔyuè

to try to please

33

自尊心[自尊心] zìzūnxīn

self-respect ② self-esteem ③ ego

34

自尊自贵[自尊自貴] zìzūnzìguì

to feel oneself to be above ordinary tasks (idiom)

35

甲方[甲方] jiǎfāng

first party (law) ② see also 乙方|乙方 [yi3 fang1]

36

乙方[乙方] yǐfāng

second party (law) ② see also 甲方|甲方[jia3 fang1])

37

丙[丙] bǐng

third of 10 heavenly stems 十天干 ② third in order ③ letter "C" or roman "III" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc ④ propyl

38

粗暴[粗暴] cūbào

rough ② cruel

39

辨[辨] biàn

to distinguish ② to recognize

40

早就[早就] zǎojiù

already at an earlier time

41

水货[水貨] shuǐhuò

smuggled goods

42

空肠[空腸] kōngcháng

jejunum (empty gut, middle segment of small intestine between duodenum 十二指腸|十二指肠 and ileum 回腸|回肠

43

十二支[十二支] shí'èrzhī

the 12 earthly branches 子, 丑, 寅, 卯, 辰, 巳, 午, 未, 申, 酉, 戌, 亥 (used cyclically in the calendar and as ordinal number)

44

十二指肠[十二指腸] shí'èrzhǐcháng

duodenum

45

回肠[回腸] huícháng (segment of small intestine between the jejunum 空腸|空肠 and appendix 盲腸|盲肠

ileum

46

亲情[親情] qīnqíng

affection ② family love ③ love, esp. within a married couple or between parents and children

47

空空荡荡[空空盪盪] kōngkōngdàngdàng

deserted

48

人情味儿[人情味兒] rénqíngwèir

real human interest

49

地盘[地盤] dìpán

domain ② territory under one's control ③ foundation of a building ④ base of operations ⑤ crust of earth

50

轮椅[輪椅] lúnyǐ

wheelchair

51

魔术师[魔術師] móshùshī

magician

52

徒弟[徒弟] túdì

apprentice ② disciple

53

九零后[九零後] jiǔlínghòu

90s generation

54

管教[管教] guǎnjiào

to discipline ② to teach

55

一个劲[一個勁] yīgèjìn

continuously ② persistently ③ incessantly

56

钻劲[鑽勁] zuānjìn

to study enthusiastically

57

钻[鑽] zuān

to drill ② to bore ③ to get into ④ to make one's way into ⑤ to enter (a hole) ⑥ to thread one's way through ⑦ to study intensively ⑧ to dig into ⑨ to curry favor for personal gain

58

种族清洗[種族清洗] zhǒngzúqīngxǐ

ethnic cleansing ② genocide

59

卢旺达[盧旺達] Lúwàngdá

Rwanda

60

只欠东风[只欠東風] zhǐqiàndōngfēng a

ll we need is an east wind (idiom); lacking only one tiny crucial item

61

万事俱备,只欠东风[萬事俱備,只欠東風] wànshìjùbèizhǐqiàndōngfēng

everything is ready, all we need is an east wind (idiom); lacking only one tiny crucial item

62

切身[切身] qièshēn

direct ② concerning oneself ③ personal

63

制裁[制裁] zhìcái

to punish ② punishment ③ sanctions (incl. economic)

64

封锁[封鎖] fēngsuǒ

to blockade ② to seal off

65

亲北京[親北京] qīn Běijīng

pro-Beijing (stance, party etc)

66

态度[態度] tàidu

manner ② bearing ③ attitude ④ approach ⑤ CL:個|个[ge4]

67

气管炎[氣管炎] qìguǎnyán

bacterial tracheitis (inflammation of the windpipe, often caused by Staphylococcus aureus) ② henpecked (a pun on 妻子管得严 used in comic theater)

68

妻管严[妻管嚴] qīguǎnyán

hen-pecked male (esp. one obliged to forsake male friends)

69

混日子[混日子] hùnrìzi

to idle ② to waste time

70

混饭[混飯] hùnfàn

to work for a living

71

老龄化[老齡化] lǎolínghuà

ageing (population)

72

养活[養活] yǎnghuo

to provide for ② to keep (animals, a family etc) ③ to raise animals ④ to feed and clothe ⑤ support ⑥ the necessities of life ⑦ to give birth

73

托儿所[托兒所] tuō'érsuǒ

nursery

74

生育率[生育率] shēngyùlǜ

birth rate

75

曲线[曲線] qūxiàn

curve ② curved line ③ indirect ④ in a roundabout way

76

法西斯[法西斯] fǎxīsī (loanword)

fascist

77

性情[性情] xìngqíng

nature ② temperament

78

掌上电脑[掌上電腦] zhǎngshàngdiànnǎo

handheld computer ② PDA (personal digital assistant) ③ Pocket PC

79

扼要[扼要] èyào

to the point ② concise

80

请帖[請帖] qǐngtiě

invitation card ② written invitation

81

毫升[毫升] háoshēng

milliliter

82

公升[公升] gōngshēng

liter

83

敬请指教[敬請指教] jìngqǐngzhǐjiào

Please give me your advice. (honorary) (idiom)

84

光临[光臨] guānglín

(honorific) Welcome! ② You honor us with your presence. ③ It is an honor to have you.

85

欢迎光临[歡迎光臨] huānyíngguānglín

welcome

86

难为情[難為情] nánwéiqíng

embarrassed

87

惭愧[慚愧] cánkuì

ashamed

88

孟禄主义[孟祿主義] Mènglùzhǔyì M

onroe Doctrine

89

政客[政客] zhèngkè

politician

90

悬殊[懸殊] xuánshū

a wide gap ② big contrast ③ large disparity ④ a mismatch

91

贫富悬殊[貧富懸殊] pínfùxuánshū

wide gap between the rich and the poor (idiom)

92

奥妙[奧妙] àomiào

subtle

93

摇摆[搖擺] yáobǎi

to waver ② swaying (of building in an earthquake)

94

显摆[顯擺] xiǎnbǎi

to show off

95

目中无人[目中無人] mùzhōngwúrén

to consider everyone else beneath one (idiom); so arrogant that no-one else matters ② condescending ③ to go about with one's nose in the air

96

介词[介詞] jiècí

preposition

97

搾[搾] zhà

oppress ② to extract

98

吴邦国[吳邦國] Wú Bāngguó

Wú Bāngguó

99

公使馆[公使館] gōngshǐguǎn

embassy (old term) ② foreign mission

100

旗鼓相当[旗鼓相當] qígǔxiāngdāng

lit. two armies have equivalent banners and drums (idiom); fig. evenly matched ② roughly comparable (opponents)

101

羊水[羊水] yángshuǐ fluid

amniotic

102

工商[工商] gōngshāng and commerce

industry

103

蒸发[蒸發] zhēngfā

to evaporate ② evaporation

104

政变[政變] zhèngbiàn d'état

coup

105

希尔顿[希爾頓] Xī'ěrdùn

Hilton (hotel chain)

106

侧耳倾听[側耳傾聽] cè'ěrqīngtīng

to listen attentively (idiom)

107

日久生厌[日久生厭] rìjiǔshēngyàn

Familiarity breeds contempt. (idiom)

108

大山[大山] dàshān

Dashan, stage name of Canadian Mark Henry Rowswell (1965-), actor and well-known TV personality in PRC

109

氛围[氛圍] fēnwéi

ambience ② atmosphere

110

服务生[服務生] fúwùshēng

server (at a restaurant)

111

欢快[歡快] huānkuài

cheerful and light-hearted ② lively

112

大妈[大媽] dàmā

father's elder brother's wife ② aunt (affectionate term for an elderly woman)

113

瞧[瞧] qiáo

look at

114

讨人喜欢[討人喜歡] tǎorénxǐhuan

seeking to please ② lovable ③ charming ④ favored ⑤ delightful ⑥ attention seeking

115

老伴儿[老伴兒] lǎobànr

erhua variant of 老伴, spouse (husband or wife) ② better half

116

受罪[受罪] shòuzuì

to endure ② to suffer ③ hardships ④ torments ⑤ a hard time ⑥ a nuisance

117

夫妻[夫妻] fūqī

man and wife

118

对方[對方] duìfāng

counterpart ② other person involved ③ opposite side ④ other side ⑤ receiving party

119

围住[圍住] wéizhù

to surround ② to gird

120

签字[簽字] qiānzì

to sign (a signature)

121

复婚[復婚] fùhūn

to remarry (the same person)

122

遗产[遺產] yíchǎn

heritage ② legacy ③ inheritance ④ bequest ⑤ CL:筆|笔[bi3]

123

再婚[再婚] zàihūn

to remarry

124

财产[財產] cáichǎn

property ② CL:筆|笔[bi3]

125

幸福[幸福] xìngfú

blessed ② happiness ③ happy

126

伤心[傷心] shāngxīn

to grieve ② broken-hearted

127

只好[只好] zhǐhǎo

without any better option ② to have to ③ to be forced to

128

惆怅[惆悵] chóuchàng

melancholy ② depression

129

得很[得很] dehěn

very (much, good etc)

130

说情[說情] shuōqíng

to intercede ② to plead for sb else

131

得罪[得罪] dézui

to offend somebody ② to make a faux pas ③ a faux pas ④ see also 得罪|得罪[de2 zui4]

132

得罪[得罪] dézuì

to commit an offense ② to violate the law ③ excuse me! (formal) ④ see also 得罪|得罪[de2 zui5]

133

布置[佈置] bùzhì

to put in order ② to arrange ③ to decorate ④ to fix up ⑤ to deploy

134

碎片[碎片] suìpiàn

chip ② fragment ③ splinter ④ tatter

135

出难题[出難題] chūnántí

to raise a tough question

136

破碎[破碎] pòsuì

to smash to pieces ② to shatter

137

惊讶[驚訝] jīngyà

amazed ② astonished ③ to surprise ④ amazing ⑤ astonishment ⑥ awe

138

理[理] lǐ

texture ② grain (of wood) ③ inner essence ④ intrinsic order ⑤ reason ⑥ logic ⑦ truth ⑧ science ⑨ natural science (esp. physics) ⑩ to manage ⑪ to pay attention to ⑫ to run (affairs) ⑬ to handle ⑭ to put in order ⑮ to tidy up

139

幼[幼] yòu

young

140

同桌[同桌] tóngzhuō

desk-mate ② seat-mate

141

同窗[同窗] tóngchuāng

schoolmate ② fellow student

142

同乡[同鄉] tóngxiāng

person from the same village, town, or province

143

摘录[摘錄] zhāilù

to extract ② to excerpt

144

无形中[無形中] wúxíngzhōng

imperceptibly ② virtually

145

寂寞[寂寞] jìmò

lonely ② lonesome