GRE01 From0001-0200 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in GRE01 From0001-0200 Deck (200):
1

mock

ridicule; deride; imitate often in derision

2

nonplus

put at a loss; bring to a halt by confusion; perplex; CF. no more

3

spendthrift

someone who wastes money; CF. thrift: accumulated wealth

4

apotheosis

elevation to godhood; an ideal example of something

5

unintimating

unfrightening

6

impassive

without feeling; expressionless; imperturbable; stoical; Ex. impassive face

7

defeatist

resigned to defeat or failure; accepting defeat or failure as a natural outcome; N. CF. defeatism

8

hinterlands

back country; inner part of a country; OP. foreland

9

blanch

bleach; whiten; make white or pale

10

ebullient

showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm; boiling; N. ebullience; N. ebullition: state of boiling

11

cerebral

pertaining to the brain or intellect; intellectual rather than emotional; CF. cerebrum

12

scad

a great quantity; Ex. scads of clothes

13

lewd

lustful

14

encroachment

gradual intrusion; Ex. I resent all these encroachments on my valuable time; V. encroach: take another's possessions or right gradually or stealthily; intrude; Ex. encroach on/upon

15

chaffing

bantering; joking

16

baleful

evil; malignant in intent or effect; deadly; having a malign influence; portending evil; ominous; threatening; Ex. baleful look

17

civil

having to do with citizens; not military or religious; courteous and polite; Ex. married in a civil ceremony; Ex. civil strife/disorder/law; N. civility; CF. civic

18

equanimity

calmness of temperament; composure

19

concatenate

link as in a chain

20

disapprobation

disapproval; condemnation

21

ecologist

person concerned with the interrelationship between living organisms and their environment; person concerned with the detrimental effects of human civilization on the environment; CF. ecology

22

usage

act or manner of using; accepted practice; way in which words are actually used

23

quay

dock; wharf; pier; landing place (for boats)

24

libertine

debauched person; dissolute or licentious person; rou\'e; CF. free

25

crescendo

increase in the volume or intensity as in a musical passage; climax; CF. crescent

26

equinox

period of equal days and nights; the beginning of spring and autumn; Ex. vernal/autumnal equinox; ADJ. equinoctial

27

arch-

chief; first; Ex. archbishop

28

lachrymose

producing tears; tearful

29

veneer

thin surface layer (of good quality wood, glued to a base of inferior material); cover; surface show; fa\c{c}ade; V.

30

besiege

surround with armed forces; harass (with requests); annoy continually

31

infinitesimal

very small

32

rummage

ransack; thoroughly search

33

traumatic

(of an experience) deeply shocking; pertaining to an injury caused by violence; N. trauma: serious wound; emotional shock that causes lasting psychological damage

34

fritter

waste (time or money on unimportant things)

35

inebriate

make drunk; intoxicate; N. intoxicated person

36

constraint

restraint; compulsion; repression of feelings; reticence; V. constrain: hold back; restrain; compel; oblige; confine forcibly; imprison

37

pterodactyl

extinct flying reptile; CF. wing+finger

38

knead

mix; work dough; mix and work into a uniform mass (with the hands); Ex. knead dough

39

wiggle

wriggle; move from side to side with irregular twisting motions

40

miscreant

wretch; wrongdoer; villain; Ex. kindness to the miscreant; CF. believe

41

industrious

diligent; hard-working; N. industry

42

alacrity

cheerful promptness without reluctance

43

residue

remainder; balance

44

exasperate

vex; annoy or make angry (by testing the patience)

45

quiver

tremble; shake; N.

46

yeoman

man or farmer owning small estate; middle-class farmer

47

apprise

inform

48

verdant

green; covered with green plants or grass; lush in vegetation; Ex. verdant meadows

49

interstice

narrow space between things

50

victuals

food; provisions; V. victual: provide with food

51

sententious

pithy; terse; concise; aphoristic

52

soothsayer

one who foretells the future

53

thwart

block or hinder; baffle; frustrate

54

concurrent

happening at the same time; in agreement

55

sleeper

one that achieves unexpected success; something originally of little value or importance that in time becomes very valuable

56

assay

analyze (to discover what materials are present); evaluate (soil or ore)

57

abstinence

restraint from pleasant things, esp. eating or drinking; CF. abstention: act of abstaining from vote

58

peremptory

demanding and leaving no choice; imperative; Ex. peremptory decree/knock

59

cardinal

chief; most important; N: priest; cardinal number: number that shows quantity rather thatn order

60

relish

enjoy; savor; N: enjoyment; zest

61

douse

plunge into water or liquid; dip; immerse; drench; wet throughly; extinguish; throw water over; dowse

62

farce

broad comedy; mockery; humorous play full of silly things happening; ADJ. farcical

63

abjure

renounce upon oath

64

ration

fixed portion; V: distribute as rations

65

puissant

powerful; strong; potent; N. puissance: power

66

phenomena

observable facts; subjects of scientific investigation; SG. phenomenon: observable fact; very unusual person, thing, or event; marvel; wonder; CF. phenomenons; ADJ. phenomenal: very unusual; extraordinary; of a phenomenon; Ex. phenomenal strength

67

exuberance

overflowing abundance; joyful enthusiasm; flamboyance; lavishness; ADJ. exuberant: high-spirited and lively; growing abundantly and strongly

68

encomiastic

praising; eulogistic; N. encomium: very high praise; eulogy

69

disinclination

unwillingness

70

noncommittal

neutral; refusing commitment to a particular opinion; unpledged; undecided

71

piecemeal

one part at a time; gradually; in stages; Ex. read a novel piecemeal

72

atavism

resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents; reversion to an earlier type; throwback; ADJ. atavistic

73

chafe

warm by rubbing; make sore by rubbing; N.

74

comeuppance

deserts; well-deserved punishment or misfortune; rebuke

75

crinkle

wrinkle

76

aghast

filled with great surprise or fear; horrified

77

methodical

systematic; N. method: systematic method of procedure

78

carnivorous

meat-eating; N. carnivore; CF. herbivore

79

antiseptic

substance that prevents infection in a wound; ADJ.

80

misconstrue

interpret incorrectly; misinterpret; misjudge

81

exacerbate

worsen; aggravate; embitter

82

hypercritical

excessively exacting; too critical (without noticing good qualities)

83

posthumous

after death (as of child born after father's death or book published after author's death); coming or occurring after one's death; Ex. posthumous fame/novel

84

genre

particular variety of art or literature

85

malediction

curse

86

circuitous

roundabout

87

feasible

practical; able to be carried out; practicable

88

devout

pious; deeply religious; sincere; earnest; Ex. my devout hope

89

pell-mell

in confusion; disorderly; Ex. dash pell-mell

90

brochure

pamphlet

91

bog

soft wet land; V: hinder or be hindered; Ex. bogged down in the mud

92

quisling

traitor who aids invaders; CF. Vidkun Quisling

93

persist

continue in existence; last; continue in a course of action in spite of opposition; Ex. persist in/with something; ADJ. persistent

94

unfledged

immature; not having the feathers necessary to fly; CF. fledgling

95

lumen

unit of light energy (one candle's worth)

96

tithe

tax of one-tenth (contributed to a church); V: pay a tithe

97

pittance

small amount (of money); small allowance or wage

98

slight

insult to one's dignity; snub; V: treat as if of small importance; insult; snub; ADJ. small in size; of small importance

99

simulate

feign; imitate

100

contortions

twistings; distortions; V. contort: twist violently out of shape; CF. contortionist

101

infest

inhabit in numbers large enough to be harmful; Ex. Mice infested the house; Ex. shark-infested waters

102

delta

flat plain of mud or sand between branches of a river

103

thrash

beat with a whip or flail; defeat utterly; talk about thoroughly in order to find the answer; move wildly or violently; Ex. The fishes thrashed about in the net.

104

aplomb

poise; composure in difficult situations; assurance; self-confidence

105

obdurate

stubborn; refusing to change one's belief

106

musty

stale (in odor or taste); spoiled by age; CF. moist

107

dichotomy

division into two opposite parts; split; branching into two parts (especially contradictory ones)

108

figurative

not literal but metaphorical; using a figure(impression) of speech

109

shimmer

shine with a flickering light; glimmer intermittently; Ex. The moonlight shimmered on the water; N.

110

quadruped

four-footed animal; ADJ. CF. biped

111

sonic

of sound or its speed in air; CF. subsonic, supersonic

112

impede

hide; retard or obstruct the progress of; block

113

self-righteous

sure of one's own righteousness; moralistic

114

throng

crowd (of people or things); V.

115

dutiful(duteous)

(of people or their behavior) respectful; obedient (filled with a sense of duty)

116

mote

small speck (esp. of dust)

117

curtail

shorten; reduce

118

jaundice

medical condition in which the skin, the white part of the eyes, etc. turn yellow; V: affect with jaundice; affect with prejudice, envy, or hostility; bias

119

irreverence

lack of proper respect or reverence; ADJ. irreverent

120

acrophobia

fear of heights

121

alimony

payments made regularly to an ex-spouse after divorce

122

revile

attack with abusive language; vilify(slander)

123

loathe

detest; ADJ. loathsome: arousing loathing; offensive; Ex. loathsome smell

124

discrete

separate; unconnected

125

browse

graze; feed on growing grass; skim or glance at casually

126

mischance

ill luck

127

obstreperous

boisterous; noisy and uncontrollable

128

animus

hostile feeling or intent; animosity; hostility; disposition

129

sate

satisfy to the full; satisfy to excess; cloy

130

glaring

(of something bad) highly conspicuous; harshly bright; shining intensely and blindingly

131

betray

be unfaithful; reveal (unconsciously or unwillingly); Ex. Her trembling hands betray her anxiety.

132

limp

walk lamely; ADJ: lacking firmness; weak

133

undulating

moving with a wavelike motion; V. undulate; CF. und: wave

134

healthy

possessing good health; healthful

135

hydrophobia

fear of water; rabies

136

chivalrous

courteous; faithful; brave; N. chivalry

137

welter

confusion; turmoil; confused mass; bewildering jumble;

138

climactic

relating to the highest point; N. climax; CF. climatic

139

queasy

experiencing nausea; nauseated; easily nauseated; squeamish; Ex. feel a little queasy

140

raucous

(of voice) harsh and unpleasant; (of people) disorderly and boisterous; Ex. raucous shouts

141

unwieldy

awkward (to carry or move); cumbersome; unmanageable

142

propound

put forth for consideration or analysis; set forth; Ex. propound a problem/theory

143

reputable

respectable; having a good reputation

144

vouchsafe

grant condescendingly; guarantee; Ex. vouchsafe your fair return on your investment

145

jubilation

rejoicing; great joy

146

discursive

(of a person or writing) digressing; rambling (without any clear plan)

147

vendor

seller

148

caucus

private meeting of a group of people in a political party to select officers or determine policy; CF. the Caucus club of Boston

149

bedizen

dress with vulgar finery

150

impinge

infringe; encroach; influence; touch; collide with; Ex. The effects are impinging on every aspect of our lives.

151

bohemian

unconventional (in an artistic way)

152

repress

hold back (the natural expression of); restrain; crush; oppress; Ex. repressed child; Ex. repress a laugh/rebellion

153

dote

be excessively fond of; show signs of mental decline

154

errant

wandering (esp. in search of adventure); straying from proper moral standards; Ex. knight-errant

155

manumit

emancipate; free from slavery or bondage

156

habitat

natural home of a plant or animal; CF. habitation

157

postulate

self-evident truth; something assumed without proof; V: assume the truth of (as a basis of an argument)

158

title

name (of a book, film, etc.); mark of rank; formal appellation as of rank or office (such as Lord or General); right or claim to possession; championship; Ex. title as head of the family; Ex. title to the estate

159

hothead

person who does things too quickly without thinking; ADJ. hotheaded

160

intuition

immediate insight; power of knowing without reasoning; ADJ. intuitive; V. intuit: know by intuition

161

slur

slander; insult to one's character or reputation; V.

162

deserts

what someone deserves

163

memorial

something, such as a monument or holiday, intended to honor the memory of a person or event; ADJ: commemorative

164

invalidate

weaken; destroy; make invalid; nullify

165

sibylline

prophetic; oracular; N. sibyl: woman prophet (in the ancient world)

166

flashy

showy; gaudy; giving a momentary brilliance

167

indigenous

native; Ex. plant indigenous to the New World

168

padre

chaplain (in the armed forces)

169

cordon

extended line of men or fortifications to prevent access or egress; (¾î±ú¿¡¼­ °Üµå¶û ¹ØÀ¸·Î °ÉÄ¡´Â) Àå½Ä ¸®º»; V.

170

subaltern

subordinate

171

icon(ikon)

religious image; idol; image or representation

172

equity

fairness; justice; OP. inequity

173

ludicrous

laughable; ridiculous; trifling

174

resurrect

revive

175

inhibit

restrain; prohibit; retard or prevent; N. inhibition

176

random

without definite purpose, plan, or aim; haphazard; Ex. random shots; Ex. chosen at random

177

misnomer

wrong or improper name; incorrect designation

178

dirge

funeral song; slow mournful piece of music (sung over a dead person)

179

premeditate

plan in advance; Ex. premeditated murder

180

knotty

intricate; difficult; tangled; CF. knot

181

galaxy

large isolated system of stars, such as the Milky Way; collection of brilliant personalities

182

delineate

portray; depict; sketch; describe; N. delineation

183

epic

long heroic poem, novel, or similar work of art (celebrating the feats of a hero); ADJ: (of stories or events) resembling an epic; grand

184

cognizance

knowledge; ADJ. cognizant; having knowledge; aware

185

serrated

having a sawtoothed edge; Ex. serrated leaf

186

tendentious

promoting a particular point of view; biased; having an aim; designed to further a cause; Ex. tendentious rather than truth-seeking; CF. tend: move in a certain direction

187

retain

keep; maintain possession of; employ (esp. a lawyer or advisor); N. retainer: servant; fee paid to retain an advisor

188

skulk

move furtively and secretly; Ex. He skulked through the less fashionable sections of the city.

189

nurture

nourish; feed; educate; rear; care for while it is growing or developing; foster; cultivate; N: something that nourishes; rearing

190

assumption

something taken for granted; the taking over or taking possession of; Ex. her assumption of power; V. assume

191

anachronism

an error involving time in a story; something or someone misplaced in time; ADJ. anachronistic

192

ambrosia

food of the gods

193

vacuous

empty; lacking in ideas; inane; stupid; Ex. vacuous expression; N. vacuity

194

natation

swimming

195

disparage

belittle

196

disjunction

act or state of separation; disunity; CF. disjunctive: expressing a choice between two ideas; CF. conjunction; CF. conjunctive

197

cryptic

mysterious; hidden; secret

198

rebate

return of part of a payment; discount; V.

199

virulent

(of a disease or poison) extremely harmful or poisonous; (of a feeling) hostile; bitter; N. virulence; CF. virus; CF. venom

200

stint

set limits in amount or number; be thrifty; ADJ. stinting, unstinting; CF. stint:savings