GRE02 From0200-0399 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in GRE02 From0200-0399 Deck (200):
1

stint

set limits in amount or number; be thrifty; ADJ. stinting, unstinting; CF. stint:savings

2

grisly

ghastly; horrifying; Ex. grisly remains of the bodies

3

confide

tell in confidence (to a person one trusts); be confident about

4

talisman

charm; object believed to give supernatural powers to or protect its bearer

5

aquiline

curved; hooked; of or like an eagle; Ex. aquiline nose

6

nubile

marriageable; of marriageable age; CF. connubial

7

furor

frenzy; great anger and excitement; CF. fury

8

voluptuous

sensual; of or giving sensual pleasure; indulging in sensual pleasures; Ex. voluptuous lines; Ex. voluptuous life of the Romans; N. voluptuary: voluptuous person

9

nebulous

vague; hazy; cloudy; of a nebula; Ex. nebulous proposal

10

backslide

revert (to bad habits); N. reverter

11

marsupial

one of a family of mammals that nurse their offspring in a pouch(pocket of skin or leather); CF. kangaroo, opossum, wombat

12

pecuniary

pertaining to money

13

forebears(forbears)

ancestors

14

habituate

accustom or familiarize; addict

15

affable

easily approachable; easy to talk to; warmly friendly

16

requiem

mass for the dead; dirge

17

muster

gather; assemble (troops); Ex. muster up one's strength for the ordeal; N.

18

primogeniture

seniority by birth; state of being the first-born child; right of the eldest child (to inherit the entire property of one or both parents)

19

compound

combine; produce by combining; increase; make worse by adding to or increasing; exacerbate; Ex. compound an error; ADJ: consisting of two or more parts; N: combination of two or more parts; area enclosed by a wall containing a group of buildings; Ex. factory compound; CF. complex

20

euthanasia

mercy killing

21

autopsy

examination of a dead body; postmortem; V.

22

jibe

agree; be in harmony with; gibe

23

smug

self-satisfied; complacent

24

regale

entertain

25

studious

given to diligent study

26

secession

withdrawal; V. secede: withdraw formally from membership

27

harry

harass, annoy, torment (by repeated attacks); raid

28

gaudy

flashy; showy

29

shed

small roofed structure for storage and shelter; V: pour forth; lose by natural process; repel without allowing penetration; radiate; cast; Ex. shed tears/light/water/skin/leaves

30

cubicle

small chamber used for sleeping or work

31

toady

servile flatterer; yes man; sycophant; V: be a toady to; fawn

32

obliterate

destroy completely; wipe out; Ex. obliterate the village

33

girth

distance around something; circumference

34

crass

very unrefined; grossly insensible; crude and undiscriminating; Ex. crass behavior

35

indefatigable

tireless; untiring; showing no sign of getting tired

36

execrate

curse; express abhorrence for; detest

37

sheathe

place into a case; insert into or provide with a sheath; Ex. He sheathed his dagger; N. sheath: case for a blade

38

obeisance

bow (to show respect and obedience)

39

invert

turn upside down or inside out; reverse the position or condition of

40

remunerative

(of work) compensating; rewarding; profitable; well-paid; V. remunerate: reward; pay (someone) for work or trouble

41

appellation

name; title

42

virile

manly; having masculine spirit or strength; full of strength

43

potpourri

heterogeneous mixture; medley; mixture of dried flower petals a pot (to give a pleasant smell to a room)

44

shade

slight difference in degree; nuance; degree of color; Ex. shades of meaning/grey

45

taint

contaminate; cause to lose purity; modify with a trace of something bad; Ex. tainted reputation; N: stain; touch of decay or bad influence; CF. touch

46

magnitude

greatness (in size or extent); extent

47

psychosis

mental disorder; ADJ. N. psychotic

48

episodic

(of a story or play) loosely connected; made up of separate and loosely connected parts; N. episode: incident in the course of an experience

49

prop

support placed under or against something; V.

50

venerable

deserving high respect; commanding respect; CF. command: deserve and get

51

germinal

pertaining to a germ; creative; Ex. germinal idea

52

ingrate

ungrateful person (not expressing thanks)

53

foil

contrast; one that by contrast enhances the distinctive characteristics of another

54

dotage

senility; feeblemindedness of old age; Ex. In one's dotage

55

remonstrate

protest; objection; V. remonstrate: say in protest

56

coma

deep prolonged unconsciousness caused by disease, poison, or a severe blow

57

verbiage

pompous array of words; too many unnecessary words; wordiness

58

sagacious

wise; perceptive; shrewd; having insight; N. sagacity

59

intimidate

frighten; N. intimidation

60

awe

solemn wonder; feeling of respect mixed with wonder and fear; V: fill with awe; ADJ. awesome

61

brandish

wave around (a weapon); flourish

62

welt

raised mark from a beating or whipping

63

entice

lure; persuade to do (something wrong); attract; tempt

64

copious

plentiful

65

torpor

lethargy; sluggishness; dormancy; ADJ. torpid: lethargic; lazy; inactive; (of an animal) dormant; hibernating

66

soar

rise or fly high in the air; Ex. The rocket soared into the sky.

67

deterrent

something that discourages or deters

68

arcane

esoteric; secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated; Ex. arcane ritual; Ex. arcane process closed to the uninitiated listener

69

rapport

close relationship; emotional closeness; harmony

70

sour

having a sharp or acid taste; acid; tart; bad-tempered; V.

71

exonerate

acquit; exculpate; free from blame or guilt

72

mischief

behavior (of children) causing trouble with no serious harm; damage; harm; Ex. mischief to the crops; ADJ. mischievous: causing mischief; playfully troublesome

73

milieu

social environment; means of expression; Ex. feel out of one's milieu; Ex. His proper milieu is watercolor.

74

exhort

urge (by strong argument or advice); Ex. The general exhorted his men to fight bravely; N. exhortation

75

exhale

breathe out; OP. inhale

76

mesmerize

hypnotize; N. mesmerism; CF. Franz Mesmer

77

vainglorious

boastful; excessively conceited; N. vainglory: great vanity

78

bifurcated

divided into two branches; forked

79

founder

person who establishes (an organization or business)

80

shift

change position or place; exchange (one thing) for another; change in direction or position; Ex. shift the stolen goods; N. group of workers which takes turns with other groups; working period of such a group

81

mitigate

appease; moderate; make or become less in force or intensity

82

inert

inactive; lacking power to move; unable to move or act; Ex. chemically inert; N. inertia: state of being inert; force which keeps a thing in the position or state

83

defunct

dead; no longer in use or existence

84

lopsided

heavier or larger on one side than the other; Ex. lopsided way of walking

85

unconscionable

unscrupulous; not guided by conscience; excessive; beyond reason; Ex. unconscionable demand

86

distinctive

clearly different from others of the same kind

87

purchase

secure grasp or hold; firm grasp or footing

88

actuarial

calculating; pertaining to insurance statistics

89

foster

rear; bring up (for a certain period only); encourage; promote the development of (feelings or ideas); Ex. help foster friendly relations; ADJ: giving parental care although not related by blood; Ex. foster parents

90

commemorate

honor the memory of; serve as a memorial to; Ex. commemorate the 100th anniversary/those who died in the war

91

enumerate

list; mention one by one

92

analgesic

causing insensitivity to pain; N.

93

diadem

crown

94

psychopathic

pertaining to mental dearrangement; N. psychopath: person with an antisocial personality disorder

95

autonomous

self-governing; N. autonomy

96

gruff

rough-mannered; (of a voice) rough; hoarse

97

warp

twist out of shape; N.

98

polarity

state of having two opposite qualities

99

importune

beg persistently; make repeated requests (in an annoying way)

100

oscillate

vibrate pendulumlike; waver

101

laggard

slow; sluggish; N: one who lags; straggler

102

exchequer

treasury; Ex. Chancellor of the exchequer

103

chisel

swindle or cheat; N: wedgelike tool for cutting

104

reprove

censure; rebuke; N. reproof

105

fallow

(of land) plowed but not sowed (to improve the quality); uncultivated

106

terminology

terms used in a science or art; study of nomenclature

107

physiological

pertaining to the science of the function of living organisms; N. physiology

108

litotes

understatement for emphasis; Ex. ``not bad(=pretty good)''

109

ford

place where a river can be crossed on foot; V.

110

sentinel

sentry; lookout

111

desiccate

dry up

112

gangrene

decay of body tissue caused by insufficient blood supply (usually following injury); ADJ. gangrenous

113

embargo

ban on commerce or other activity

114

hamper

obstruct; prevent the free movement of; N: ½Ä·áÇ°À̳ª ÀǺ¹ µîÀ» ´ã´Â ¹Ù±¸´Ï

115

trappings

outward decorations; ornaments (as an outward sign of rank)

116

ferocious

fierce; violent; N. ferocity

117

commensurate

equal in extent; of the same size

118

lackadaisical

lacking interest or effort; lacking purpose or zest; lazy; halfhearted; languid

119

nihilist

one who considers traditional beliefs to be groundless and existence meaningless; absolute skeptic; revolutionary terrorist; CF. nihilism: belief that nothing has meaning or value; belief that destruction of existing political or social institutions is necessary for future improvement

120

nourish

provide with food necessary for life and growth

121

psyche

soul; mind

122

toxic

poisonous; N. toxicity

123

exult

rejoice

124

resound

(of a place) be filled with sound; (of a sound) sound loudly; sound back; echo; Ex. hall resounded with laughter

125

hypocritical

pretending to be virtuous; deceiving; N. hypocrisy: profession of beliefs one does not possess; CF. hypocrite

126

rabble

mob; noisy crowd

127

efficacy

power to produce desired effect; ADJ. efficacious: effectual

128

strut

supporting bar; CF. airplane wingÀ̳ª building µîÀ» support

129

bastard

illegitimate child

130

conviction

judgment that someone is guilty of a crime; strongly held belief

131

inconsistency

state of being self-contradictory; lack of uniformity or steadiness; ADJ. inconsistent: displaying a lack of consistency; erratic; contradictory; incompatible

132

inquisitive

eager for knowledge; unduly curious

133

chaperon

older person who accompanies and supervises a young unmarried woman

134

oculist

physician who specializes in treatment of the eyes

135

mishap

unfortunate accident

136

predispose

give an inclination toward (in advance); make susceptible to; Ex. predispose people to certain cancer; N. predisposition

137

comatose

in a coma; extremely sleepy

138

crossbreed

hybridize; N: hybrid; CF. interbreed; CF. inbreed

139

roil

make liquids murky by stirring up sediment; disturb

140

flowery

full of flowers; full of ornate expressions

141

subsequent

following in time or order; later

142

contrivance

something contrived; machine or apparatus; clever deceitful plan; scheme

143

coda

concluding section of a musical or literary composition

144

contiguous

adjacent to; touching upon

145

connivance

pretense of ignorance of something wrong; assistance; permission to offend; V. connive: feign ignorance (of a wrong); cooperate secretly in an illegal action; conspire

146

proxy

authorized agent; authority to act for another

147

unwonted

unaccustomed; unusual; Ex. He arrived with unwonted punctuality.

148

sovereignty

complete independence and self-government (of a country); supremacy of authority; power to govern

149

apprehend

arrest (a criminal); dread; perceive; N. apprehension

150

reticent

inclined to silence; uncommunicative; reserved; Ex. He was reticent about the reasons; N. reticence

151

understate

state with less truth than seems warranted by the facts; Ex. He understated the seriousness of the crime; N. understatement; OP. overstate

152

lucrative

profitable; producing wealth

153

touchy

oversensitive; easily offended; irasible; delicate; needing delicate handling; Ex. touchy situation

154

maxim

proverb; truth pithily stated

155

caricature

distortion; burlesque

156

unwitting

not knowing; unaware; unintentional; Ex. She was their unwitting accomplice; Ex. unwitting insult; CF. wit: know

157

healthful

conducive to good health; Ex. healthful mountain air

158

duress

forcible restraint, especially unlawfully; coercion by threat; illegal coercion; Ex. a promise made under duress

159

accelerate

move faster

160

sentient

capable of sensation and conscious; aware; sensitive; Ex. sentient creature; N. sentience

161

centripetal

tending toward the center

162

expenditure

payment or expense; expending; something expended; output; Ex. receipt for the expenditure; Ex. expenditure of all the energy

163

composure

mental calmness

164

plight

difficult condition; condition or state (esp. a bad state or condition); predicament

165

niggardly

meanly stingy; parsimonious; N. niggard: stingy person

166

beatific

giving or showing bliss; blissful

167

obituary

death notice (esp. in a newspaper); ADJ.

168

squat

short and thick; stocky; Ex. ugly squat tower; V. N.

169

mammoth

gigantic; enormous

170

pundit

authority on a subject; expert; learned person

171

ingenuous

naive and trusting; young; unsophisticated; candid

172

incubus

burden; very worriying problem; mental care; nightmare; male devil; CF. succubus

173

turpitude

depravity; baseness; Ex. moral turpitude

174

mawkish

mushy(sentimental) and gushy; icky-sticky sentimental; excessively and objectionably sentimental

175

figure

written symbols; number; amount represented in numbers; outline or silhouette of a thing or human body; person (well-known); impression; diagram; pattern; group in a dance; Ex. figure of speech; V. calculate with numbers; adorn with figures; appear; consider; Ex. My name did not figure in the list.

176

hiatus

gap; pause; gap or interruption in space or time; break

177

relegate

put into a lower or worse place; banish to an inferior position; delegate; assign; Ex. relegate the old furniture to the children's room; Ex. relegated to the second division

178

debauch

corrupt morally; seduce from virtue; N. debauchery: wild behavior (with sex and alcohol)

179

pretentious

ostentatious; showy; pompous; making unjustified claims; overambitious; Ex. pretentious films that claim to be art

180

horde

crowd; swarm

181

chastise

punish as by beating; criticize severely

182

beget

father; become the father of; produce; give rise to

183

lode

metal-bearing vein(long deposit of an ore)

184

abeyance

suspended action

185

circumspect

prudent; cautious; acting after careful thought

186

peccadillo

slight offense or fault; CF. sin

187

tantalize

tease; excite by exposing something desirable while keeping it out of reach; torture with disappointment; CF. Tantalus: Greek mythological figure

188

demur

object (because of doubts, scruples); raise an objection (showing qualms); hesitate; Ex. demur at the idea of working on Sunday

189

explicit

totally clear; definite; outspoken

190

incipient

beginning; in an early stage

191

appraise

estimate value of; N. appraisal

192

heyday

time of greatest success or power; prime

193

optician

maker and seller of eyeglasses

194

rabies

disease passed on by the bite of an infected animal (causing madness and death)

195

collate

examine and compare in order to verify authenticity; arrange in order (the sheets of a book before they are bound)

196

canard

unfounded false rumor; exaggerated false report

197

flirt

behave in a way that attracts (sexual) attention; deal triflingly with; N: one (or woman) given to flirting; ADJ. flirtatious

198

obtuse

blunt; not sharp; stupid; slow in understanding

199

coup

highly successful action or sudden attack; coup(s) d'\'etat; CF. coup de gr\^ace: deathblow or shot which kills

200

hummock

small hill; hillock