GRE22 From4180-4379 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in GRE22 From4180-4379 Deck (200):
1

immure

imprison; shut up in confinement; CF. wall

2

internecine

mutually destructive

3

formality

ceremonious quality; ceremonious adherence to rules; something done just for form's sake; Ex. mere formality

4

infirmity

weakness

5

flighty

(esp. of a woman's behavior) capricious; often changing, esp. from one lover to another; impulsive

6

swear-word

word considered offensive; Ex. ``bloody''

7

virus

disease communicator

8

apothecary

druggist; pharmacist

9

irreproachable

beyond reproach; blameless; impeccable; Ex. irreproachable conduct

10

placebo

harmless substance prescribed as a dummy pill

11

clemency

disposition to be lenient in deciding punishments; mildness as of the weather; ADJ. clement

12

foliage

masses of leaves; CF. defoliate

13

myopic

nearsighted; lacking foresight; N. myopia

14

isotope

varying from of an element

15

constituent

supporter; voter; member of a constituency; component

16

glutton

someone who eats too much; ADJ. gluttonous: given to gluttony; greedy; CF. gluttony: habit of eating too much

17

semblance

outward appearance; guise; Ex. We called in the troops to bring a/some semblance of order to the city.

18

reckon

count; calculate; regard as; think; suppose

19

puerile

childish; immature; CF. puer: boy

20

converge

approach; tend to meet; come together

21

prerogative

privilege; unquestionable right; CF. ask before

22

colossus

gigantic statue; person or thing of great size or importance

23

categorical

without exceptions; made without any doubt in mind; unqualified; absolute

24

sensuous

giving pleasure to the senses; pertaining to the physical senses; operating through the senses; sensuous feeling of soft velvet on the skin

25

buttress

support; prop up; N. stationary structure to support wall; Ex. flying buttress

26

d\'eb\^acle

sudden disastrous downfall or defeat; complete disaster

27

stupefy

stun; make numb (as with a drug); amaze

28

irascible

irritable; easily angered

29

implicate

incriminate; involve incriminatingly; show to be involved (in a crime); Ex. implicate someone in the crime

30

burnish

make shiny by rubbing; polish

31

pastoral

rural; of rural life; idyllic; of a pastor

32

hindsight

understanding the nature of an event after it has actually happened

33

spry

(esp. of older people) vigorously active; nimble

34

flip

send (something) spinning, often into the air, by striking with a light quick blow; turn over; Ex. flip over

35

precipitate

hurl downward; throw headlong; hasten; cause to happen sooner; condense and fall as rain or snow; cause (a solid substance) to be separated from a solution; ADJ. hasty; rash; premature; sudden

36

wallow

roll in mud; indulge in; (of a ship) roll in a rough sea; become helpless; Ex. wallow in the mud/luxury

37

voluminous

having great volume (as of a garment or container); bulky; large

38

convoluted

coiled around; twisted; involved; complicated; intricate; complex; N. convolution: twist; one of the convex folds of the surface of the brain

39

modulate

tone down in intensity; change the intensity or tone of; regulate; change from one musical key to another; Ex. modulate from E to G

40

masochist

person who enjoys his own pain; CF. masochism

41

pedant

scholar who overemphasizes book learning, trivial details of learning, or technicalities

42

foppish

vain about dress and appearance; N. fop: man who takes too much interest in his clothes and appearance

43

run-down

(of a place) dilapidated; in a bad condition; (of a person) weak or exhausted

44

agape

openmouthed

45

bountiful

generous; graciously generous; showing bounty

46

aureole

sun's corona; halo; bright circle of light

47

fetter

shackle; restrict the freedom of; N. chain or shackle for the foot of a prisoner; CF. foot

48

dynamo

generator for producing electricity; energetic person

49

gourmet

connoisseur of food and drink; epicure

50

rehabilitate

restore to proper condition (health or useful life); restore the former rank of

51

cathartic

purgative; medicine that causes the bowels to empty; ADJ.

52

petulant

touchy; peevish; ill-tempered

53

cross

bad-tempered; showing ill-humor; angry

54

canter

slow gallop; V. CF. trot

55

epigram

witty thought or saying, usually short

56

smattering

slight knowledge; small scattered number or amount; Ex. smattering of German

57

fauna

animals of a period or region; CF. flora

58

incompatible

inharmonious; N. incompatibility

59

overt

open to view; public; not secret; CF. covert

60

mongrel

plant or animal (esp. a dog) of mixed breed; ADJ.

61

satellite

small body revolving around a larger one

62

fatalism

belief that events are determined by forces or fates beyond one's control; ADJ. fatalistic; CF. fatal: causing death

63

olfactory

concerning the sense of smell

64

expropriate

take possession of (often for public use and without payment)

65

apposite

appropriate; fitting

66

posterity

descendants; future generations; Ex. go down to posterity; CF. posterior, anterior

67

invulnerable

incapable of injury; impossible to damage or injure

68

lucid

easily understood; clear; intelligible; N. lucidity

69

annex

attach; add to a large thing; take possession of; incorporate (territory) into a larger existing political unit (by force); N: building added to a large one

70

synthetic

not natural; artificial; resulting from synthesis; Ex. synthetic fiber; N.

71

recondite

abstruse; not easily understood; profound; secret

72

dissertation

formal essay; treatise

73

hirsute

hairy; having a lot of hair

74

epilogue

short speech at conclusion of dramatic work

75

cloister

monastery or convent

76

peerless

having no equal; incomparable

77

debunk

expose as false, exaggerated, worthless, etc.; ridicule

78

iota

very small quantity

79

wrest

obtain by pulling violently; pull away; take by violence; Ex. wrest victory from their grasp

80

effectuate

effect; produce; achieve; Ex. effectuate a reconciliation

81

coalition

partnership; league; union of separate political parties

82

raspy

making a harsh noise; grating; harsh

83

sluggish

lazy; slow; inactive; lethargic; CF. slug: nail with no shell

84

raiment

clothing; garments; Ex. I have no raiment fit to wear.

85

depose

dethrone; remove from office; give a deposition; testify

86

gross

total; fragrant; clearly wrong; (of people's behavior) coarse; corpulent; Ex. gross insolence/behavior; V: earn as a total amount; N: 12 dozens

87

economy

efficiency or conciseness in using something; thrifty management of resources

88

pudding

hot sweet dish

89

yoke

join together; unite; N: crossbar used to joining two draft animals

90

nugatory

worthless; futile

91

summation

act of finding the total; summing-up; summary (esp. one given by the judge at the end of a trial)

92

chase

ornament a metal surface by indenting; follow rapidly to catch

93

intimate

hint; suggest; imply; ADJ: marked by close relationship; familiar; private; personal; Ex. intimate knowledge/thoughts in the diary; N: close friend or confidant; CF. intimacy

94

indict

charge; N. indictment

95

causal

implying a cause-and-effect relationship; N. causality

96

zeal

eager enthusiasm (to a cause or ideal); ADJ. zealous

97

vestige

trace; remains; Ex. vestiges of some ancient religion

98

anathema

solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse; V. anathematize

99

sonorous

resonant; producing a full deep sound; producing sound

100

posture

assume an affected pose; act artificially; N: pose; attitude

101

doggerel

poor verse

102

magnate

person of prominence or influence; powerful or influential person (in business or industry); Ex. oil magnate

103

eventual

happening at last as a result; Ex. eventual victory

104

fanaticism

excessive zeal; extreme devotion to a belief or cause; N. fanatic; ADJ. fanatic

105

transmute

transform; change; convert to something different

106

forthcoming

happening in the near future; ready; willing to help; Ex. No answer was forthcoming.

107

wake

trail of ship or other object through water; path of something that has gone before; Ex. hunger followed in the wake of the war

108

orgy

wild drunken revelry; unrestrained indulgence in an activity; Ex. orgy of shopping

109

volley

simultaneous discharge of a number of shots; V.

110

urchin

mischievous child (usually a boy); CF. urchin: hedgehog; CF. porcupine: pig with spikes ?; CF. sea urchin

111

ambience

environment; atmosphere; Ex. restraurant with a pleasant ambience; ADJ. ambient: completely surrounding; Ex. ambient temperature

112

quintessence

purest and highest embodiment; perfect example; apotheosis; most essential element; Ex. quintessence of wit; ADJ. quintessential; CF. fifth essence

113

auxiliary

offering or providing help; additional or subsidiary; N: helper; assistant

114

legislature

legislating branch of government; CF. legislate: make laws

115

optional

not compulsory; left to one's choice; N. option: act of choosing; choice; freedom or power to choose; something available as a choice; Ex. have no option; Ex. two options

116

veracious

(of a person) truthful

117

pernicious

very harmful; deadly; very destructive; Ex. pernicious effect/anemia

118

ineluctable

irresistible; not to be escaped; unavoidable

119

reputed

supposed; Ex. reputed father of the child; V. repute: consider; N. repute: reputation; esteem

120

assuage

mak less severe; ease or lessen (pain); satisfy (hunger); soothe (anger)

121

edict

decree (especially one issued by a sovereign); official command

122

carat(karat)

unit of weight for precious stones; measure of the purity of gold

123

machinations

evil schemes or plots; schemes or plots to achieve an evil end; V. machinate

124

brooch

ornamental clasp; pin

125

embody

give a bodily form to; incorporate; include

126

stem_from

arise from; originate from

127

obviate

make unnecessary; get rid of; Ex. obviate the need

128

anemia

condition in which blood lacks red corpuscles; ADJ. anemic

129

infantile

childish; infantlike

130

mortar

vessel in which substances are crushed with a pestle

131

oblivion

obscurity; condition of being completely forgotten; forgetfulness

132

podium

pedestal; raised platform

133

wizardry

sorcery; magic

134

artifacts

object made by human beings, either hand-made or mass-produced

135

prefatory

introductory; of a preface

136

subversive

tending to overthrow or ruin; V. subvert: overthrow completely (an established system); destroy completely; CF. undermine ?

137

tyranny

oppression; cruel government; ADJ. tyrannical: of a tyrant or tyranny; despotic; V. tyrannize: treat tyrannically; oppress

138

opulence

extreme wealth; luxuriousness; abundance; ADJ. opulent: possessing great wealth; abundant

139

advocacy

support; active pleading on behalf of someone or something

140

saunter

stroll(go for a leisurely walk) slowly; N.

141

cohere

stick together

142

paraphernalia

equipment; odds and ends used in a particular activity; personal belongings; Ex. photographic paraphernalia; CF. married woman's property exclusive of her dowry

143

wangle

achieve by cleverness or trick; wiggle out; fake; Ex. She tried to wangle an invitation to the party.

144

chameleon

lizard that changes color in different situations

145

parody

humorous imitation; spoof; takeoff; travesty; V.

146

agility

nimbleness; ability to move quickly

147

secrete

conceal; hide away or cache; produce and release a substance into an organism; CF. secretive

148

elated

filled with excited joy and pride; overjoyed; in high spirits; joyful and proud; Ex. elated crowd; V. elate; N. elation

149

dyspeptic

suffering from indigestion; N. dyspepsia: indigestion; difficulty in digesting food

150

disperse

scatter; Ex. disperse the cloud/crowd

151

browbeat

bully; intimidate

152

moodiness

fits of depression or gloom; ADJ. moody: given to changeable moods; subject to periods of depression; gloomy CF. mood:

153

hibernal

wintry; wintery; of or like winter

154

primary

first in rank or importance; principal; earliest in time; Ex. primary stages; N. CF. first

155

recluse

hermit; loner; ADJ. reclusive

156

denomination

religious group; unit in a system; name or designation; CF. denominator: common trait or characteristic

157

labile

likely to change; unstable; Ex. emotionally labile; N. lability

158

ragamuffin

dirty child in torn clothes; person wearing tattered clothes

159

parley

conference (between opponents); CF. speak

160

gullible

easily deceived

161

plenitude

abundance; plenty; great amount; completeness; fullness; CF. plenary, plenty

162

gnarled

twisted

163

withhold

refuse to give; hold back; Ex. withholding tax

164

shove

push forward; push roughly; Ex. pushing and shoving to get on the bus; N.

165

bristling

rising like bristles; showing irritation

166

pious

devout; religious; N. piety

167

penumbra

partial shadow (in an eclipse); CF. almost shadow

168

incredulous

withholding belief; skeptical; showing disbelief

169

tacit

understood (without actually being expressed); not put into words; Ex. tacit agreement

170

graphite

black form of carbon used in lead pencils

171

arrears

being in debt; money that should have been paid; work that should have been done

172

concentric

having a common center

173

connotation

suggested or implied meaning of an expression; V. connote

174

laity

laypersons; laymen; persons not connected with the clergy

175

rococo

ornate; highly decorated; N. CF. 18th century

176

livid

lead-colored; black and blue (as from a bruise); ashen; enraged; extremely angry

177

gazette

official periodical publication; newspaper

178

impecunious

without money

179

primate

group of mammals including humans

180

languid

lacking energy or vitality; weary; sluggish; listless

181

rail

complain bitterly; scold; rant; Ex. the weaker railing against injustices

182

thermal

pertaining to heat; producing heat; warm; Ex. thermal bath; N: rising current of warm air

183

anchor

secure or fasten firmly; be fixed in place; N. anchorage

184

splice

join together end to end to make one continuous length; fasten together; unite; Ex. splice two strips of tape; N.

185

verisimilar

having the appearance of truth or reality; probable or likely to be true; plausible

186

propensity

natural inclination

187

purport

intention; purpose; meaning; V: claim; profess; Ex. order which purports to be signed by the general

188

billow

large wave of water; a great swell or surge (of smoke); V: surge, swell, roll in billows

189

rank

offensive in odor or flavor

190

interminable

endless

191

panoramic

denoting an unobstructed and comprehensive view; N. panorama: unbroken view of a wide area

192

stoop

bend forward and down; lower or debase oneself; fall to a lower standard of behavior by doing something; condescend; Ex. stoop to lying

193

negate

cancel out; nullify; cause to have no effect; deny; N. negation

194

relevant

having importance; pertinent; referring to the case in hand; N. relevance, relevancy

195

evocative

tending to call up (emotions, memories)

196

idyllic

charmingly carefree; simple and happy; Ex. idyllic scene

197

rue

regret; lament; mourn; Ex. He will rue the day; N. ADJ. rueful

198

academic

related to a school; not practical or directly useful

199

cumbersome

heavy and awkward to carry or wear; burdensome; Ex. cumbersome parcel/uniform

200

incline

slope; slant; Ex. steep incline