GRE17 From3185-3384 Flashcards Preview

GRE 4000 words > GRE17 From3185-3384 > Flashcards

Flashcards in GRE17 From3185-3384 Deck (200):
1

rightful

legally correct; Ex. rightful owner

2

bulwark

strong wall built for defense; earthwork or other strong defense; person who defends

3

dilettante

aimless follower of an art or a field of knowledge (not taking it seriously); amateur; dabbler; CF. delight

4

penance

self-imposed punishment for sin; Ex. do penance for one's sins; CF. penitent

5

grumble

complain; mutter discontentedly; grouch; N.

6

pretend

feign; pretend to: claim to possess; make pretensions to; Ex. I don't pretend to much expertise; N. pretense

7

discriminating

able to see differences; discerning; prejudiced; N. discrimination

8

miserly

stingy; mean

9

divest

strip (as of clothes); deprive (as of rights); dispossess; N. divestiture(divestment)

10

sterile

incapable of producing young; free from microorganism; V. sterilize

11

laborious

demanding much work or care; tedious

12

rotund

(of a person) fat and round

13

fraught

filled (with something unpleasant); full; Ex. fraught with danger and difficulties; CF. freight

14

mellifluous

(of words or a voice) sweetly or smoothly flowing; melodious; having a pleasant tune

15

stymie

thwart; present an obstacle; stump

16

submerge

place under water; dip; go under water; cover completely (as with water); Ex. submerged in work

17

provincial

pertaining to a province; limited in outlook; narrow; unsophisticated

18

vegetate

live in a monotonous way (without interests or activity); CF. vegetation: plants of an area; CF. vegetarian; CF. vegan

19

impotent

weak; ineffective; lacking in physical strength or power

20

calligraphy

beautiful writing; excellent penmanship

21

capsize

(of a boat) turn over

22

clasp

hold firmly within arms

23

paste

smooth viscous mixture as of flour(powder made by crushing grain) and water (used as an adhesive); V: cause to adhere by applying paste

24

cession

yielding to another; ceding

25

decomposition

decay; V. decompose: decay; break and separate into simple parts

26

lexicon

dictionary

27

forbearance

patience; forgiveness; V. forbear: refrain from (in a generous and forgiving way); be patient; Ex. forbear to send him to prison

28

obtrude

push (oneself or one's ideas) forward or intrude; impose (oneself or one's ideas) on others; butt in; stick out or extrude; thrust out; Ex. obtrude A on B; ADJ. obtrusive; N. obtrusion; CF. unobtrusive

29

pugnacity

combativeness; disposition to fight; ADJ. pugnacious: (of people) belligerent; combative in nature

30

expunge

cancel; remove a word or name (from a book or list); erase

31

ponderous

having great weight; weighty; unwieldy; lacking lightness; dull; Ex. ponderous body/style of writing

32

animosity

active enmity

33

accessory

additional object; useful but not essential thing

34

blowhard

talkative boaster; braggart

35

tutelary

protective; pertaining to a guardianship; Ex. tutelary deities

36

implicit

understood but not stated; implied; unquestioning and complete; Ex. implicit trust

37

irrevocable

unalterable; irreversible; impossible to revoke

38

frail

weak; N. frailty

39

avalanche

great mass of falling snow and ice

40

sprout

begin to grow; give off shoots or buds; N: new growth on a plant; shoot

41

pretension

pretentiousness; claim (without foundation); Ex. I make no pretensions to skill as an artist.

42

bilk

swindle; cheat

43

redress

remedy; compensation; Ex. seek redress for the damage to your car; V: put right; remedy or rectify (a wrong); make amends for

44

degradation

humiliation; debasement; degeneration; V. degrade: debase; disgrace; degenerate; reduce (something) in worth; demote (someone); reduce in rank

45

monochrome

painting in only one color; ADJ.

46

indemnify

make secure against damage or loss; compensate for damage or loss; CF. make uninjured

47

fodder

coarse food for cattle, horses, etc.; feed for livestock; CF. food

48

surrogate

substitute; person or thing used in place of another; Ex. surrogate mother; ADJ.

49

frolicsome

prankish; gay; playful; merry; frisky

50

pandemic

widespread; affecting the majority of people; N: pandemic disease; CF. all people

51

medium

element that is a creature's natural environment; nutrient setting in which microorganisms are cultivated; appropriate occupation or means of expression; channel of communication; compromise; middle position between extremes; intervening substance through which something else is transmitted

52

curator

superintendent; manager (in charge of a museum or a library)

53

consanguinity

kinship; relationship by birth

54

psychosomatic

of the influence of the mind on the body (esp. with respect to disease)

55

boorish

rude; insensitive

56

genealogy

record of descent; lineage; ancestry; study of ancestry

57

unceremonious

not done politely without due formalities

58

distraught

upset; distracted by anxiety; very anxious and troubled almost to the point of madness; Ex. distraught with grief/worry

59

philanthropist

lover of mankind; doer of good; N. philanthropy

60

compulsion

compelling; strong desire that is difficult to control; irresistible impulse

61

analogous

comparable; similar

62

quaint

odd in an old-fashioned way; odd; old-fashioned; picturesque

63

demoniac(demoniacal)

fiendish; cruel; N. demon: evil supernatural being; devil

64

occult

mysterious; secret; supernatural; beyond human comprehension; CF. mysterious to human ?; OP. bare

65

suborn

persuade to act unlawfully (especially to commit perjury); N. subornation

66

tickle

touch (the body) lightly so as to cause laughter; please

67

perimeter

outer boundary; length of the outer boundary; circumference

68

objective

not influenced by emotions; fair; N: goal; aim

69

simian

monkeylike; N: ape or monkey

70

palatable

agreeable; pleasing to the taste

71

narrative

related to telling a story; N: narrated account; story; V. narrate: tell (a story); CF. narration

72

rubric

title or heading (in red print); directions for religious ceremony; protocol

73

uninhibited

having no inhibitions; free in behavior and feelings

74

militia

army composed of ordinary citizens rather than professional soldiers

75

formidable

menacing; arousing fear; threatening; difficult to defeat; Ex. formidable foe/question

76

pushy

disagreeably aggressive

77

masticate

chew

78

incessant

uninterrupted; unceasing

79

interim

meantime; Ex. in the interim; ADJ. taking place during an interim; Ex. interim paper

80

mimicry

imitation

81

countermand

cancel; revoke (an order)

82

erode

eat away; wear away gradually by abrasion; Ex. The sea erodes the rocks.

83

caldron(cauldron)

large kettle

84

swagger

walk or behave with an over-confident manner

85

squeamish

easily shocked or sickened by unpleasant things; fastidious; Ex. A nurse should not be squeamish.

86

parallel

similar; analogous; corresponding; N: parallel line; person or thing that is parallel (to another); similarity; Ex. know of no parallel to the case; Ex. without parallel; V: be similar to; make parallel; Ex. Your experience parallels mine; CF. unparalleled

87

effeminate

having womanly traits

88

lustrous

shining; brilliant; Ex. lustrous hair

89

stereotype

one regarded as embodying a set image or type; fixed and unvarying representation; standardized mental picture often reflecting prejudice; Ex. stereotype of the happy slave; V: make a stereotype of; represent by a stereotype; Ex. It is wrong to stereotype people; Ex. stereotyped answer

90

filch

steal (things of small value)

91

imminent

impending; near at hand

92

corpus

collection (of writings or information); Ex. the corpus of Shakespear's works; Cf. corpse

93

piquant

pleasantly tart-tasting; spicy; pleasantly stimulating; Ex. piquant situation when my old enemy asked for my help

94

anomaly

irregularity

95

nondescript

undistinctive; ordinary; ordinary-looking; Ex. nondescript fellow in a crowd

96

gauche

clumsy (in social behavior); coarse and uncouth

97

sophist

teacher of philosophy; quibbler; employer of fallacious reasoning; N. sophism: plausible but fallacious argument

98

agog

highly excited; intensely curious

99

transpire

(of a fact) become known; be revealed; happen; give off (watery waste matter) through pores

100

debut

d\'ebut; first public appearance; formal presentation of a young woman to society

101

fictitious

imaginary; non-existent; purposely invented to deceive; untrue; Ex. fictitious name/boyfriend; CF. fictional

102

romp

play or frolic boisterously; gambol; N.

103

mantle

loose sleeveless outer garment; cloak; something that covers or envelops; the layer of the earth between the crust and the core

104

loom

appear or take shape (usually in an enlarged, indistinct, or distorted form); Ex. The shadow of the gallows loomed threateningly. N: apparatus for making thread into cloth

105

torso

trunk of statue with head and limbs missing; human trunk

106

dissipate

squander; waste foolishly; scatter

107

stringent

(of rules) binding; rigid; marked by scarcity of money; Ex. stringent economic conditions

108

ewe

female sheep

109

cavalcade

procession of riders or horse-drawn carriages; parade; CF. cavalry

110

cardiologist

doctor specializing in ailments of the heart

111

draw

choosing of a lot or card

112

hap

chance; luck

113

pinnacle

peak; highest point; acme; Ex. pinnacle of fame

114

sound

in good condition; showing good judgment or good sense; thorough; complete; Ex. sound mind/investment/training

115

austere

forbiddingly stern; ascetic; without comfort or enjoyment; severely simple and unornamented; Ex. a monk's austere life; Ex. austere grandeur of the cathedral; N. austerity

116

unilateral

one-sided; involving or affecting only one side; Ex. unilateral declaration

117

prominent

protruding(sticking out); conspicuous; notable; eminent

118

degenerate

become worse in quality; deteriorate; ADJ: having become worse; Ex. a degenerate species; N: depraved or corrupt person

119

Elysium

place or condition of bliss

120

anthem

song of praise or patriotism; Ex. national anthem

121

derivative

unoriginal; obtained from another source; Ex. derivative prose style; N.

122

daze

stun as with a blow or shock; bemuse; benumb; N.

123

skim

read or glance through quickly; touch lightly in passing; brush; remove from the surface of a liquid

124

preposterous

absurd; completely unreasonable; ridiculous

125

apostate

one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs; N. apostasy

126

funereal

sad; solemn; suitable for a funeral

127

circumlocution

indirect or roundabout expression (by using an uncecessarily large number of words esp. when trying to avoid answering a difficult question directly)

128

lag

move or develop more slowly; straggle; Ex. lag behind the rest; N.

129

labyrinth

maze

130

devolve

deputize; pass or be passed to others (power, work, or property); Ex. devolve on/upon/to

131

obligatory

binding; required; compulsory; V. oblige: constrain; make grateful; do a favor; accommodate

132

undertaker

funeral director; one whose business is to arrange burials

133

chaff

worthless products of an endeavor; husk(outer seed cover) separated from grain; Ex. separate the wheat from the chaff

134

mammal

vertebrate animal whose female suckles its young

135

eloquence

expressiveness; persuasive speech; ADJ. eloquent: movingly expressive; expressing ideas well so that the hearers can be influeneced

136

document

provide written evidence (for a claim); record with documents; N.

137

matrix

point of origin; array of numbers or algebraic symbols; mold or die; Ex. the matrix of Western civilization

138

excoriate

scold with biting harshness; censure strongly; strip the skin off

139

mute

silent; without speech; not pronounced; unable to speak; N: one who is incapable of speech; V: soften the sound, color, shade of

140

molten

melted; Ex. molten lava

141

allege

state without proof

142

calumny

malicious misrepresentation; slander

143

reduce

diminish; bring to a weaker or more difficult condition; demote; lower in rank; separate into components by analysis; Ex. reduced to the ranks; Ex. reduce the house to rubble; N. reduction

144

obsessive

related to thinking about something constantly; of an obsession; preoccupying; N. obsession: compulsive preoccupation with a fixed idea; compulsive idea; V. obsess: preoccupy the mind of excessively

145

infraction

violation (of a rule or regulation); breach

146

dehydrate

remove water from; dry out

147

weary

tired after long work; V.

148

sluice

artificial channel for directing or controlling the flow of water (with a gate to regulate the flow)

149

fleck

spot; mark with flecks; N: small mark or spot

150

temporize

gain time as by postponing an action; avoid committing oneself

151

indifferent

unmoved or unconcerned by; having no interest in; mediocre; neither good nor bad

152

behoove(behove)

be suited to; be incumbent upon; be right and necessary; Ex. It behooves one to do.

153

rebuke

scold harshly; criticize severely

154

theoretical

based on theory; not practical or applied; hypothetical

155

inanimate

lifeless; not animate

156

lilliputian

extremely small; CF. Lilliput in Gulliver's Travels

157

cajole

persuade by praise or false promise; coax; wheedle

158

imperial

like an emperor; related to an empire; CF. imperialism

159

maculated

spotted; stained; CF. immaculate

160

infernal

pertaining to hell; devilish; N. inferno: place of fiery heat or destruction

161

depict

portray

162

patina

green crust on old bronze works or copper; tone slowly taken by varnished painting

163

expound

explain

164

herbivorous

grain-eating; CF. herbivore

165

tenuous

thin; slim; rare

166

emancipate

set free; liberate

167

odoriferous

giving off an odor

168

engulf

surround and swallow up

169

ramshackle

(of a building or vehicle) poorly constructed; rickety; falling apart

170

nefarious

very wicked

171

deign

condescend; stoop

172

hue

outcry; loud cry or clamor; strong protest; Ex. hue and cry against the new rule

173

suckle

give or take milk at the breast or udder

174

filth

dirty matter; ADJ. filthy

175

passive

not active; acted upon; receiving an action without acting in return; accepting without resistance

176

hybrid

mongrel; mixed breed; V. hybridize

177

excise

cut away; cut out; N: government tax on good produced and used inside a country; N. excision

178

groove

long narrow channel made in a surface to guide the movement of something; Ex. groove of the record

179

outgoing

sociable; eager to mix socially with others

180

communal

held in common; public; of a group of people; of a commune

181

leave-taking

farewell or departure

182

tatter

torn piece of cloth; ADJ. tattered: (of clothes) old and torn; (of a person) dressed in old torn clothes

183

bolster

support; reinforce

184

elliptical

elliptic; oval; of an ellipse; containing an ellipsis; ambiguous either purposely or because key words have been left out

185

charisma

divine gift; great popular charm or appeal; magnetism

186

turgid

swollen; distended (as from liquid)

187

billowing

swelling out in waves; surging

188

mercurial

capricious; quick and changing; fickle; containing the element mercury; Ex. mercurial temper; CF. mood

189

hoodwink

deceive; delude

190

tread

walk; trample; N: grooved face of a tire; horizontal part of a step

191

vitreous

of glass; pertaining to or resembling glass; V. vitrify: change into glass; CF. petrify

192

ductile

malleable; pliable; (of metals) easily pulled into shape; flexible; (of someone) easily influenced or controlled

193

amputate

cut off part of body; prune (a limb)

194

ambush

act of lying in wait to attack by surprise; sudden attack made from a concealed position; Ex. lie in ambush; V.

195

magniloquent

boastful; pompous

196

novelty

something new; newness; ADJ. novel: new; original

197

decree

authoritative order; edict; judgment of a court of law; V: order or judge by decree

198

palimpsest

parchment or piece of writing material used for second time after original writing has been erased

199

insipid

lacking in flavor; lacking interest; dull; Ex. insipid food/character

200

luscious

pleasing to taste or smell; delicious