GRE20 From3782-3981 Flashcards Preview

GRE 4000 words > GRE20 From3782-3981 > Flashcards

Flashcards in GRE20 From3782-3981 Deck (200):
1

reciprocate

do or give something in return; repay in kind; give or take mutually; interchange; move backwards and forwards; Ex. reciprocate his invitation by inviting him; N. reciprocity: reciprocal relationship; mutual interchange of advantages between two groups; Ex. reciprocity in trading rights

2

pragmatic

practical (as opposed to idealistic); concerned with practical worth or impact of something; Ex. pragmatic test of the skill

3

sleigh

large vehicle drawn by a horse over snow or ice

4

mangy

shabby; wretched; suffering from mange; of bad appearance

5

exposure

risk, particularly of being exposed to disease or to the elements; unmasking; act of laying something open; Ex. exposure of governmental corruption

6

insomnia

wakefulness; inability to sleep

7

latch

fastening or lock consisting of a movable bar that fits into a notch; V: close with a latch

8

plaintive

expressing sorrow; mournful; Ex. plaintive song

9

benign

kindly; favorable; not malignant (disease); Ex. benign tumor

10

matrimony

state of being married

11

mollycoddle

pamper; coddle; baby; indulge excessively

12

accord

agreement

13

lagoon

shallow body of water or lake near a sea; lake separated from a sea by sandbars or coral reefs

14

saturate

soak thoroughly; imbue; impregnate; charge; fill to capacity

15

scintillate

sparkle; flash; be animated; be full of life; Ex. scintillating conversation

16

nocturnal

done or active at night; Ex. nocturnal animals/raids; CF. nocturne

17

embryonic

undeveloped; rudimentary; N. embryo: organism in the early stage of development

18

minutiae

petty or trivial details; CF. minutia

19

suture

stitches sewn to hold the cut edges of a wound or incision; material used in sewing; V: sew together a wound

20

inveigh

denounce; utter censure or invective; Ex. inveigh against the evils of drink

21

polemical(polemic)

aggressive in verbal attack; disputatious (rather than simply expressing opinions)

22

malodorous

foul-smelling

23

metrical

metric; written in the form of poetry; Ex. metrical translation of Homer

24

rousing

lively; inducing excitement; stirring; V. rouse: waken; arouse from sleep or depression; excite; stir up

25

listless

lacking in spirit or energy; languid

26

gibberish

nonsense; nonsensical or unintelligible talk or writing; babbling

27

ancillary

serving as an aid or accessory; auxiliary; N.

28

tether

tie (an animal) with a rope or tether; N: rope or chain to which an animal is tied; limit of one's endurance; Ex. the end of one's tether

29

contrite

penitent; repentant; N. contrition

30

finish

surface texture; completeness of execution

31

requisite

necessary requirement; something required; ADJ: required; necessary

32

stockade

wooden enclosure or pen; fixed line of posts used as defensive barrier

33

martinet

strict disciplinarian; person who demands total obedience to rules and orders; CF. Jean Martinet

34

jest

playful remark or act; V. act or speak playfully

35

molt(moult)

periodically shed or cast off hairs or feathers (for replacement by a new growth)

36

seismic

pertaining to earthquakes

37

philatelist

stamp-collector; N. philately: stamp collecting

38

refurbish

renovate; make clean, bright, or fresh (make new) again; make bright by polishing; Ex. refurbish an old theater; CF. furbish: polish

39

fancy

imagination (of a whimsical or fantastic nature); capricious liking; V: imagine; be fond of; ADJ. decorative; elaborate

40

anesthetic

substance that removes sensation with or without loss of consciousness; N. anesthesia

41

pathetic

causing sadness, compassion, pity; touching

42

incinerate

burn to ashes

43

porridge

soft food made by boiling oatmeal

44

expertise

specialized knowledge (in a particular field); expert skill

45

treatise

article treating a subject systematically and thoroughly

46

omniscient

all-knowing

47

amity

friendship; peaceful relationship as between nations

48

concordat

formal agreement

49

sanctuary

place of refuge; shelter; shrine; holy place; Ex. The outlaw was granted sanctuary in the church.

50

sleight

dexterity; CF. sleight of hand: legerdemain; quickness of the hands in doing tricks

51

dissection

analysis; cutting apart in order to examine

52

remediable

reparable

53

vogue

popular fashion; Ex. Jeans became the vogue.

54

stagnant

(of water) not flowing (often bad-smelling); motionless; stale; not developing; inactive; dull; Ex. stagnant industrial output

55

stamp

step on heavily (so as to crush or extinguish); put an end to; imprint or impress with a mark, design, or seal; shape with a die; characterize; Ex. machine stamping out car bodies; Ex. newspaper stamping him as a liar; N. stamping; implement used to stamp; impression stamped; mark; Ex. Her remarks bear the stamp of truth.

56

subtlety

perceptiveness; ingenuity; delicacy; ADJ. subtle: delicate; so slight as to be difficult to detect; able to make fine distinctions; clever; Ex. subtle mind/differences in meaning

57

mingle

mix together in close association

58

lace

cord used to draw and tie together two opposite edges (as of a shoe); delicate fabric made of fine threads; V: draw together by tying a lace

59

convulsion

violent uncontrollable shaking movement (caused by illness); V. convulse; ADJ. convulsive

60

protean

able to take on many forms; versatile; CF. Proteus: sea god to change his shape at will

61

abstain

refrain; withhold from participation; intentionally not use one's vote; ±â±ÇÇÏ´Ù

62

granulate

form into grains or granules; N. granule: grain or particle

63

rankle

irritate; fester; annoy

64

solder

repair or make whole by using a metal alloy; N: metal alloy (usually tin and lead) used in the molten state to join metallic parts

65

beguile

deceive; mislead or delude; cheat; pass time pleasantly; charm or attract; Ex. beguiling smile

66

dross

waste matter; worthless impurities

67

rakish

jaunty; stylish; sporty; morally corrupt; dissolute; Ex. He wore his hat at a rakish and jaunty angle.

68

convert

one who has adopted a different religion or opinion; V: change into another form; (persuade to) adopt a particular religion or belief

69

acne

skin disease (on the face)

70

impunity

freedom from punishment or harm; CF. punish

71

gruesome

grisly; horrible

72

arid

(of land) dry; barren; unproductive

73

extrapolation

projection; conjecture; V. extrapolate: infer (unknown information) from known information

74

interjection

exclamation; Ex. ``Ouch''

75

ennui

boredom; listlessness and dissatisfaction resulting from lack of interest; CF. annoy

76

winsome

charming (in a childlike way); agreeable; gracious; engaging

77

parquet

floor made of wood strips inlaid in a mosaic like matter; CF. strip: long narrow piece

78

innuendo

indirect or subtle (derogatory) hint; insinuation; Ex. sexual innuendo

79

sere

sear; parched; dry

80

testy

irritable; impatient and bad-tempered; short-tempered; N. testiness

81

saline

salty

82

environ

enclose; surround; N. environs: surrounding area (as of a city)

83

lance

pierce with a lance; cut into; N: spearlike weapon

84

fiend

evil spirit; devil

85

clip

cut off with shears; fasten; N: something clipped off (as a short extract from film); clasp or fastener

86

crabbed

sour; bad-tempered; peevish; difficult to read as handwriting

87

maneuver(manoeuver)

strategic military or naval movement (done for training purposes); carefully planned process; stratagem; V: carry out a military maneuver; use maneuvers in gaining an end

88

existential

pertaining to existence; pertaining to the philosophy of existentialism

89

irrepressible

unable to be restrained or held back; impossible to hold back

90

husbandry

frugality; thrift; economy; agriculture; farming; Ex. animal husbandry; CF. husbandman

91

spoof

parody

92

collusion

conspiring in a fraudulent scheme to cheat or deceive others; V. collude

93

urbane

suave; refined in manner; elegant

94

receptive

quick or willing to receive (ideas, suggestions, etc.); Ex. receptive to the proposal

95

wholesome

conducive to mental or physical health; healthful

96

adept

expert at; very skilled

97

temperate

moderate; restrained; self-controlled; moderate in respect to temperature; CF. temperance: moderation and self-restraint; abstinence of alcoholic drinks; Ex. temperance society

98

churlish

boorish; rude; N. churl: boor; yahoo

99

token

outward sign; Ex. a token of our gratitude

100

intellect

higher mental powers; person of great intellectual ability

101

fawning

courting favor by cringing and flattering; V. fawn: exhibit affection as a dog; seek favor or attention by obsequiousness

102

unsightly

ugly; unpleasant to look at

103

salubrious

healthful; conducive to health or well-being; socially desirable; Ex. salubrious area; CF. health

104

morose

ill-humored; sullen; sullenly melancholy

105

sheaf

bundle of stalks of grain; any bundle of things tied together

106

paradox

something apparently contradictory in nature (that may nonetheless be true); statement that looks false but is actually correct

107

actuate

motivate; activate; cause to act

108

amble

walking at an easy unhurried pace; V: walk slowly and aimlessly

109

imply

suggest a meaning not expressed; signify

110

paramount

foremost in importance; supreme; CF. para-: beyond; above; Ex. paranormal

111

intractable

unruly; difficult to manage; Ex. intractable problem/child

112

qualms

uneasy feelings; misgivings; uneasy fears especially about matters of conscience; Ex. I have no qualms about giving this assignment to Helen.

113

unravel

disentangle; solve

114

tarnish

make or become dull or discolored; N.

115

manifestation

outward demonstration; manifesting; indication of the presence of something; Ex. manifestation of his pronounced musical bent

116

blackball

vote against (an applicant); ostracize; N: negative vote

117

allegory

story, play, or picture in which characters are used as symbols; fable

118

insensate

without feeling; lacking sense; foolish

119

embitter

make bitter; fill with painful or bitter feelings; make sad and angry; Ex. He was embittered by many disappointments.

120

zany

comic; crazy; N: clown; comical person (given to outlandish behavior)

121

reactionary

strongly opposed to social or political change; opposing progress; politically ultraconservative; N. OP. radical

122

decapitate

behead

123

cessation

stoppage

124

cunning

clever in deceiving; sly; N: cleverness in deceiving; deceit

125

crone

hag; ugly old woman

126

lust

intense sexual desire; intense eagerness; V.

127

illimitable

infinite; limitless

128

constituency

voters represented by an elected official; district so represented; group of supporters (or constituents)

129

sullen

silently showing ill humor or resentment; dark; gloomy

130

potable

suitable for drinking; drinkable

131

acclaim

applaud; praise; greet with great approval; announce with great approval; Ex. The new drung has been acclaimed as the most important discoveries for years; N: strong expression of approval and praise

132

tract

propaganda pamphlet (esp. by a religious or political group); expanse of land; region of indefinite size; system of related organs; Ex. digestive tract

133

refectory

dining hall; room where meals are served (in a school)

134

omnipresent

universally present; ubiquitous

135

furtive

stealthy; quiet and secret (trying to escape notice); sneaky; Ex. furtive glance

136

vindicate

clear from blame; free from blame or accusation (with supporting proof); exonerate; substantiate; justify or support; avenge; Ex. vindicate one's client; Ex. vindicate one's claim; CF. vindicator

137

quirk

sudden sharp turn or twist; startling twist; caprice; idiosyncrasy; peculiarity of behavior; Ex. by a quirk of fate

138

adulation

flattery; admiration that is more than is necessary or deserved

139

mountebank

charlatan; boastful pretender

140

spawn

lay eggs (in large numbers); produce offspring (in large numbers); N: eggs of aquatic animals

141

fitful

spasmodic; intermittent; irregular

142

flourish

grow well; prosper; make sweeping gestures; wave; brandish; Ex. The trees flourished in the sun. N: showy movement or gesture; embellishment or ornamentation (esp. in handwriting)

143

bastion

stronghold; something seen as a source of protection; Ex. the last bastion of male chauvinism

144

stipple

paint or draw with dots or short strokes

145

comprehensive

broad; including a lot or everything; thorough; inclusive

146

pharisaical

pertaining to the Pharisees, who paid scrupulous attention to tradition; self-righteous; hypocritical

147

clap

strike the palms of the hands together with a sudden explosive sound; come together suddenly with a sharp sound; put or send promptly; Ex. clap the thief in jail; N: clapping; loud or explosive sound; CF. applause

148

apparition

ghost; phantom

149

pang

sudden sharp feeling of pain

150

charlatan

quack; pretender to knowledge (esp. in medicine)

151

desolate

(of a place) deserted; unpopulated; (of a person) lonely; forlorn; joyless

152

dermatologist

one who studies the skin and its diseases

153

presume

take for granted; assume; act overconfidently; take liberties; presume on/upon: take unfair advantage of (someone's kindness or connection); N. presumption

154

drip

fall or let fall in drops; shed drops; N: action or sound of falling in drops; liquid that falls in drops

155

vulture

carrion-eating birds

156

bruise

injure without breaking the skin; N.

157

resentment

indignation; bitterness; displeasure; V. resent: feel anger about

158

defiance

refusal to yield; resistance; V. defy; ADJ. defiant

159

correlation

mutual relationship

160

urgent

compelling immediate action; pressing; persistent; importunate; Ex. urgent in his demands

161

liquidate

settle accounts; pay off (a debt); clear up; eliminate; kill or abolish

162

entreat

plead; ask earnestly

163

shrivel

make or become shrunken and wrinkled (often by drying)

164

consanguineous(consanguine)

having a common ancestor

165

behemoth

huge creature; something of monstrous size or power

166

regent

a person who governs in place of a ruler who is ill, absent, or still a child; ADJ. Ex. the Prince regent

167

unimpeachable

that cannot be impeached; beyond doubt or question; blameless and exemplary

168

calorific

heat-producing; N. calorie

169

retrograde

go backwards; recede; degenerate; deteriorate; ADJ.

170

eccentricity

oddity; idiosyncrasy

171

navigable

(of a body of water) wide and deep enough to allow ships to pass through; (of a ship or aircraft) able to be steered

172

anecdote

short story of an amusing or interesting event

173

imperturbable

unshakably calm; placid

174

antagonism

hostility; active opposition; V. antagonize: cause to become an enemy; N. antagonist: person who is opposed to another; opponent; adversary; principal character in oppostion to the protagonist

175

crotchety

(of someone old) eccentric; odd; whimsical; bad-tempered; N. crotchet: odd or whimsical notion

176

replete

fully filled; filled to the brim or to the point of being stuffed; abundantly supplied; Ex. report replete with errors

177

volition

act of using one's will; act of making a conscious choice; Ex. She selected this dress of her own volition.

178

commiserate

feel or express pity or sympathy for

179

vex

annoy; distress

180

broach

introduce as a subject; moot; open up

181

harrowing

agonizing; distressing; traumatic; V. harrow: break up and level (soil) with a harrow; inflict great distress on; agonize; N: farming machine to break up the earth

182

catapult

slingshot; hurling machine; V: fire from catapult

183

vagary

capricious happening; caprice; whim; CF. wander

184

salacious

lascivious; lustful; Ex. salacious monk

185

malleable

(of a metal) capable of being shaped by pounding(beating); pliable; (of someone) impressionable(easily influenced); easily controlled; tractable

186

verbose

wordy; N. verbosity

187

awl

pointed tool used for piercing

188

practical

based on experience; of or acquired through practice (rather than theory); useful; Ex. practical man

189

contumacious

stubborn and disobedient; resisting authority (esp. disobedient to an order made by a court)

190

leeway

room to move; margin; latitude; Ex. leeway for the deadline

191

gaunt

lean and angular; thin and bony; emaciated; barren

192

edify

instruct; correct morally

193

badinage

teasing conversation; banter; joking talk

194

gracious

kind in a generous way (to someone less important)

195

prot\'eg\'e

person receiving protection and support from a patron

196

militate

work against; Ex. militate against the chances of promotion; CF. serve as a soldier

197

permissive

allowing much freedom; lenient; Ex. permissive society

198

mediate

settle a dispute through the services of an outsider; act as an intermediary; produce by mediating; Ex. mediate a cease-fire

199

emissary

agent (sent on a mission to represent another); messenger

200

benediction

blessing