GRE11 From1991-2190 Flashcards Preview

GRE 4000 words > GRE11 From1991-2190 > Flashcards

Flashcards in GRE11 From1991-2190 Deck (200):
1

surge

powerful movement of or like a wave; V.

2

profound

deep; not superficial; complete; Ex. profound thinker/remark/silence/deafness; N. profundity

3

generate

cause; produce; create

4

gaffe

social blunder

5

kindred

related; belonging to the same group; similar in nature or character; Ex. kindred languages; N: relative; kin; kinship

6

slake

satisfy (thirst); quench; sate

7

imbalance

lack of balance or symmetry; disproportion

8

titular

of a title; in name only; nominal; having the title of an office without the obligations; Ex. titular head of the company

9

rescind

repeal; annul; cancel (a law, decision, or agreement)

10

decollete

(of a dress) having a low-cut neckline; CF. d\'ecolletage: low neckline (on a dress)

11

unison

unity of pitch (in musical performance); complete accord; Ex. The choir sang in unison.

12

desolate

make desolate; forsake; abandon and desert

13

surpass

exceed

14

cabal

small group of persons secretly united to promote their own interests

15

revulsion

sudden strong feeling of disgust; sudden violent change of feeling; negative reaction; Ex. revulsion from the scenes of torture

16

gossamer

sheer; very light; like cobwebs; N: soft and sheer fabric; cobweb

17

primordial

existing at the beginning (of time); rudimentary

18

codify

arrange (laws or rules) as a code; classify; N. code: system of words used instead of ordinary writing; collection of laws, rules, established social customs

19

incrustation

hard coating or crust; V. incrust: encrust; cover with a crust

20

ethereal

like a spirit or fairy; unearthly light; heavenly; unusually refined; Ex. She has an ethereal beauty; CF. ether: upper air

21

reprimand

reprove severely; rebuke; N.

22

merit

deserve; ADJ. meritorious: deserving reward or praise

23

certitude

certainty

24

consonance

harmony; agreement

25

alchemy

medieval chemistry

26

intangible

not able to be perceived by touch; vague

27

flamboyant

ornate; highly elaborate; richly colored; ostentatious; showy; CF. flame

28

contend

struggle; compete; assert earnestly; state strongly

29

arbiter

person with power to decide a matter in dispute; judge who is in a position ot make influential judgments; Ex. supreme arbiter of fashion in beachware

30

malingerer

one who feigns illness to escape duty; V. malinger: feign illness to avoid work

31

doddering

shaky; infirm from old age; V. dodder

32

marshal

put in order; guide ceremoniously to the correct place; Ex. marshal the children into the museum; N: military officer; official

33

stolid

dull; impassive; showing little emotion when strong feelings are expected

34

homespun

domestic; made at home; spun or woven at home; simple and ordinary; Ex. homespun philosophy

35

refractory

unmanageable; disobedient and stubborn; Ex. refractory horse

36

opportune

timely; well-chosen

37

jab

poke abruptly with something sharp; punch with short blows

38

clown

act stupidly; play the fool; N.

39

pertinacious

holding tenaciously to an action; stubborn; persistent

40

delude

deceive

41

depravity

extreme corruption; wickedness; V. deprave

42

pulchritude

beauty; comeliness; ADJ. pulchritudinous

43

rend

split; tear apart; N. rent; CF. heartrending: causing deep sorrow

44

grandiose

affectedly grand; pretentious; high-flown; ridiculously exaggerated; impressive; great in size or scope; grand; Ex. grandiose ideas

45

nectar

drink of the gods; sweet liquid collected by bees

46

saturnine

morose; gloomy; Ex. Do not be misled by his saturnine countenance.

47

significant

expressing a meaning; important; Ex. significant smile; N. significance: importance; meaning; V. signify: denote; mean; signal; make known; matter; be significant

48

ulcer

sore place appearing on the skin inside or outside the body; Ex. stomach ulcer; ADJ. ulcerous; V. ulcerate

49

giddy

light-hearted; not serious; frivolous; dizzy; causing dizziness; Ex. giddy youth; Ex. giddy climb/height

50

soluble

able to be dissolved in a liquid; able to be worked out or solved

51

obstetrician

physician specializing in delivery(assisting in giving birth) of babies; N. obstetrics; CF. midwife

52

annul

make void

53

aloof

apart; not open in one's relationship with other people; reserved; ADV.

54

incongruity

lack of harmony; absurdity; ADJ. incongruous: lacking in harmony; inappropriate

55

termination

end; V. terminate

56

credential

evidence concerning one's authority; written proof of a person's position; Ex. The new ambassador presented his credentials to the court.

57

solvent

able to pay all depths; N. solvency

58

lot

object used in making a determination at random; fate; piece of land

59

factious

inclined to form factions; causing dissension

60

aboriginal

being the first of its kind in a region; primitive; native; indigenous; N. aborigine

61

impair

injure; hurt; damage

62

profligate

wasteful (of money); dissipated; wildly immoral; dissolute; N: profligate person; N. profligacy

63

deify

turn into a god; make a god of; idolize; Ex. Kings were deified; CF. deity

64

engender

cause; produce; give rise to

65

contusion

bruise

66

deadpan

wooden; impassive; with no show of feeling; with an expressionless face

67

brook

tolerate; endure; Ex. brook no interference; N: small stream

68

minion

servile dependent; obsequious follower

69

blandishment

flattery

70

precarious

unsafe; lacking in stability; uncertain; risky; Ex. precarious living

71

sequester

isolate; segregate; seclude; retire from public life

72

subdue

less intense; quieter; Ex. subdued lighting; Ex. subdue: conquer; make less intense; quiet; Ex. subdue one's anger

73

dingy

(of things and place) dirty and dull; Ex. dingy street/curtain

74

lampoon

ridicule; N: written attack ridiculing or satirizing a person, group, or institution

75

curb

chain or strap used with a bit to restrain a horse; something that checks; V: check; restrain

76

repudiate

disown; disavow; deny

77

ideology

system of ideas characteristic of a group or culture

78

glossary

brief explanation of words used in the text

79

grate

make a harsh noise; have an unpleasant effect; shred by rubbing against a rough surface; Ex. grated cheese N: framework of metal bars to hold fuel in a fireplace

80

unfetter

liberate; free from chains; V. unfetter

81

celerity

speed; rapidity

82

cache

hiding place; V.

83

ordeal

severe trial or affliction; difficult experience; trial(test of patience or endurance); affliction

84

stultify

make stupid in mind; cause to appear or become stupid or inconsistent; suppress; frustrate or hinder; Ex. stultifying effect of uninteresting work; Ex. stultify free expression

85

menagerie

collection of wild animals on exhibition; zoo

86

flutter

(of a bird with large wings) wave (the wings) lightly, rapidly, and irregularly; vibrate rapidly or erratically; fly by waving quickly; flitter; N.

87

luxuriate

take pleasure in great comfort

88

kneel

go down on one's knee(s)

89

authenticate

prove genuine

90

casualty

serious or fatal accident; person killed or wounded in an accident or battle

91

pedagogue

teacher; CF. child leader

92

mode

prevailing style; current fashion; manner; way of doing something; Ex. in the latest mode; Ex. simple mode of life

93

sunder

separate; part; CF. asunder

94

parsimony

stinginess; excessive frugality; ADJ. parsimonious

95

exorbitant

(of costs or demands) excessive; exceeding reasonable bounds

96

superimpose

place over something else

97

bargain

agreement between two groups or people; something for sale at a price advantageous to the buyer; V: negotiate; trade; Ex. bargaining power

98

loquacious

talkative; N. loquacity

99

surmise

guess; N.

100

subjective

influenced by personal feelings; occurring or taking place within the mind; unreal; Ex. subjective sensation of the ghostly presence

101

counterpart

thing that completes another; things very much alike; thing that has the same purpose in a different system

102

imbroglio

complicated situation (as in a play); painful or complex misunderstanding (as in a play); entanglement; confused mass (as of papers); V. embroil

103

solicit

entreat; request earnestly; seek to obtain; Ex. solicit votes; CF. solicitor: one who solicits; chief law officer

104

tycoon

wealthy and powerful businessperson; wealthy leader; magnate; Ex. business tycoon

105

conjugal

pertaining to marriage

106

pert

(esp. of a girl or young woman) impertinent; forward; trim; jaunty; Ex. pert young miss/hat

107

emetic

substance causing vomiting; ADJ.

108

quibble

minor objection or complaint; V: raise minor objections; carp; cavil

109

aristocracy

hereditary nobility; privileged class; government by nobility; N. aristocrat

110

collage

work of art put together from fragments

111

aerie

nest of a large bird of prey

112

bewitch

cast a spell over; captivate completely

113

humid

damp; N. humidity

114

plumber

one who installs and repairs pipes and plumbing(pipes)

115

pallid

pale; wan; Ex. pallid complexion

116

fell

cruel; (of a disease) deadly

117

substantial

of substance; material; solid; essential or fundamental; ample; considerable; well-to-do; wealthy

118

bungle

mismanage; blunder; botch; blow; spoil by clumsy behavior

119

centigrade

denoting a widely used temperature scale (basically same as Celsius)

120

garish

overbright in color; unpleasantly bright; gaudy

121

scowl

frown angrily; N: angry frown

122

quotidian

daily; commonplace; customary; Ex. quotidian routine

123

thrive

prosper; flourish

124

lambaste

beat; thrash verbally or physically

125

continence

self-restraint; sexual chastity; sexual abstinence; voluntary control over bladder and bowel functions; ADJ. continent

126

meditation

reflection; thought; V. meditate

127

somber

dark; gloomy; melancholy; depressing; CF. shadow

128

ventilate

admit fresh air into to replace stale air

129

tundra

rolling treeless plain in Siberia and arctic North America

130

deciduous

falling off at a specific season or stage of growth as of leaves; Ex. deciduous tree/teeth

131

inevitable

unavoidable

132

hegemony

dominance especially of one nation over others

133

consummate

complete; V.

134

brawny

muscular; having well-developed muscles

135

amicable

peaceful; politely friendly; not quarrelsome; Ex. amicable settlement

136

pyromaniac

person with an insane desire to set things on fire

137

pitfall

hidden danger; concealed trap

138

venturesome

(of a person) bold; adventurous; daring; (of an action) risky

139

nutrient

nourishing substance; ADJ: providing nourishment

140

peroration

conclusion of an oration; perorating; V. perorate: conclude a speech; speak at great length

141

torrid

(of weather) hot or scorching; passionate; Ex. torrid love affairs

142

amnesia

loss of memory

143

outstrip

outrun; surpass; outdo

144

lethargic

drowsy; dull; N. lethargy: state of sluggishness and inactivity

145

queue

line (of waiting people or vehicles)

146

zest

outer skin of an orange used for giving a special taste to food; spice; interest; flavor; spirited enjoyment; Ex. add a certain zest to the affair; Ex. zest for life

147

opiate

medicine to induce sleep or deaden pain; something that relieves emotions or causes inaction; sleep-producing drug containing opium

148

defect

shortcoming; V: desert (in order to join the opposite one)

149

jocular

said or done in jest or playfully; marked by joking

150

ravage

devastate; plunder; despoil; Ex. crops ravaged by storms

151

ambidextrous

capable of using either hand with equal ease

152

visceral

felt in one's inner organs; N. viscera: internal body organs; CF. eviscerate

153

fickle

changeable (in affections or friendship); faithless

154

stratified

divided into classes; arranged into strata; V. stratify

155

retort

quick sharp reply; V.

156

whit

small amount; smallest speck;

157

exhilarating

invigorating and refreshing; cheering; V. exhilarate: make cheerful and excited; Ex. exhilarated by the ride in the sports car

158

vain

full of self-admiration; conceited; without result; unsuccessful; N. vanity

159

lunatic

insane; Ex. lunatic asylum

160

heedless

not noticing; disregarding

161

tempestuous

stormy; violent; impassioned; N. tempest: violent storm

162

lithe

flexible; supple; CF. limber

163

conceit

vanity or self-love; too high opinion of one's own value; extravagant metaphor (in poetry)

164

defer

give in respectfully; submit; delay till later; exempt temporarily; N. deferment; CF. show respect, comply with, courteous

165

adapt

make or become suitable for a specific use; alter; modify; adjust; N. adaptation: act of adapting; composition recast into a new form; Ex. The play is an adaption of a short novel.

166

bereft

deprived of (something valuable); lacking

167

shear

remove (fleece or hair) by cutting; remove the hair or fleece from; cut with or as if with shears; N: shears; pair of scissors

168

defoliate

destroy leaves; deprive of leaves (by the use of chemicals); N. defoliant

169

preternatural

beyond what is normal in nature; supernatural; Ex. preternatural strength/forces

170

distant

reserved or aloof; cold in manner; Ex. distant greeting; ADV. distantly

171

expedite

hasten; make go faster

172

factotum

handyman; person who does all kinds of work; CF. do everything

173

abide

dwell; abide by: comply with; put up with; tolerate; Ex. abide by the rules; Ex. I can't abide rude people.

174

fussy

fastidious; finicky; easily upset

175

hover

hang about; (of birds or aircraft) stay in the air in one place; (of people) wait nearby; stay around one place; waver; be in an uncertain state

176

apoplexy

stroke; loss of consciousness caused by too much blood in the brain

177

dissemble

disguise; hide the real nature of; pretend

178

garnish

decorate; add a garnish to; decorate (food or drink) with small items such as lemon slices; N.

179

steep

soak; saturate; Ex. steep the fabric in the dye bath; ADJ: precipitous

180

catcall

shout of disapproval or displeasure (made at the theater or a sports match); boo; V.

181

conservatory(conservatoire)

school of the fine arts (especially music or drama); glass-enclosed area; CF. conservancy

182

unfaltering

steadfast; firm; not changing

183

staid

serious and sedate; sober; Ex. staid during the funeral ceremony

184

invincible

unconquerable

185

precept

practical rule guiding conduct; Ex. mother's precept

186

avuncular

of or like an uncle

187

domicile

home; V. ADJ. domiciled: having one's domicile; Ex. He is domiciled in Britain.

188

screech

unpleasant high sharp sound; shriek; V.

189

graze

(of an animal) feed on growing grass; cause (an animal) to feed on grass; scrape (esp. the skin) or touch lightly in passing; brush; Ex. We can't graze the cattle till summer; N: surface wound

190

debilitate

weaken (esp. through heat, hunger, illness); enfeeble

191

impervious

impenetrable; incapable of being damaged or distressed; incapable of being affected (in one's opinions); Ex. impervious to water/criticism

192

diverse

differing in some characteristics (from each other); various; N. diversity:

193

impudence

impertinence; insolence

194

limbo

region near heaven or hell where certain souls are kept; prison (slang); Ex. Purgatory and Limbo

195

threadbare

worn through till the threads show; shabby and poor; hackneyed; Ex. threadbare excuses

196

propitious

favorable; auspicious; advantageous; fortunate; Ex. propitious day/sign

197

frock

long loose garment (worn by monks)

198

drone

idle person who lives on other people's work; male bee

199

suffuse

spread through or over (with a color or liquid); charge; Ex. A blush suffused her cheeks.

200

waver

move or swing back and forth; be uncertain or unsteady in decision or movement; Ex. wavering between accepting and refusing