GRE18 From3384-3583 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in GRE18 From3384-3583 Deck (200):
1

luscious

pleasing to taste or smell; delicious

2

pervasive

spread throughout; V. pervade: (of smells, ideas, feelings) spread throughout; charge; permeate

3

frugality

thrift; economy; ADJ. frugal: practicing economy; costing little; inexpensive

4

clangor

loud resounding noise; sound of repeated clanging

5

abode

dwelling place; home

6

pending

not yet decided or settled; impending; Ex. pending decision; PREP. while awaiting; until; Ex. delay the decision pending his return

7

disgorge

surrender something (stolen); eject; vomit; OP. gorge

8

exemplify

show by example; furnish an example; serve as an example of; Ex. His pictures exemplify that sort of painting.

9

choice

delicate; of very fine quality

10

bleak

cold or cheerless; frigid; unlikely to be favorable; depressing

11

dowse

use a divining rod to search for underground water or minerals

12

bask

luxuriate; take pleasure in warmth

13

stentorian

(of the voice) extremely loud; CF. Stentor: a loud herald in the Iliad

14

inchoate

(of desire, wish, plan) recently begun; not explicit; at the beginning of development; rudimentary; elementary; Ex. inchoate mass

15

obelisk

tall column tapering(becoming gradually narrower toward the end) and ending in a pyramid

16

bloated

(unpleasantly) swollen or puffed as with water or air

17

hostility

unfriendliness; hatred; enmity; ADJ. hostile

18

salvage

rescue (goods or property) from loss; N: saving; property saved

19

score

number of points; written form of a musical composition; reason; group of 20; notch or incision; Ex. full/vocal score; Ex. Don't worry on that score; V: mark with lines or notches; Ex. score the paper to make it easy to fold

20

plait

braid; interwine; interweave strands or lengths of; make by weaving strands together; Ex. plaited hair; N: braided length as of hair o fabric; CF. pigtail, ponytail

21

creep

move with body close to the ground; move stealthily or slowly; N.

22

palpitate

throb; beat rapidly; flutter; tremble; Ex. Her heart began to palpitate.

23

vantage

position giving an advantage (such as a strategic point); CF. vantagepoint

24

deplore

regret; express sorrow and severe disapproval for something bad; Ex. deplore their violent behavior; ADJ. deplorable: very bad; deserving severe disapproval; Ex. deplorable living condition

25

circlet

small ring; band of gold, silver, jewel, etc. (worn on the head, arms, or neck as decoration)

26

parameter

limit; independent variable; Ex. parameters of the problem; Ex. within the parameters of the budget

27

fervor

glowing ardor; intensity of feeling; quality of being fervent or fervid; zeal; intense heat

28

hide

skin of an animal

29

wretch

miserable person; bad or despicable person; ADJ. wretched: miserable; bad; contemptible; vile

30

oath

solemn promise; blasphemous use of sacred words to express strong feelings; swear-word; Ex. ``For Christ's sake''

31

exigency

urgent situation; ADJ. exigent

32

balmy

soft and mild (of air); fragrant

33

gobble

eat very quickly

34

imposture

assuming a false identity; masquerade; CF. impostor

35

sluggard

lazy person

36

loiter

hang about/around; stand idly about; linger

37

gall

annoy; exasperate; chafe; N: skin sore caused by rubbing (as on the skin of a horse); exasperation

38

benefit

advantage; anything that brings helpl, advantage, or profit; money provided by the government to the people; fund-raising public entertainment; Ex. unemployment benefit; V: receive benefits; be beneficial to; give benefits

39

sportive

playful; frolicsome; merry; CF. sport: play or frolic; CF. sportsmanlike

40

irate

angry; CF. ire: anger; wrath

41

transient

staying for a short time; momentary; temporary; N: one that is transient

42

consensus

general agreement; opinion reached by a group

43

rant

speak violently or excitedly; rave; talk excitedly showing anger; scold; make a grandiloquent speech; Ex. The priest ranted about the devil.

44

memoir

memoirs; autobiography; biography

45

abyss

enormous chasm; vast bottomless pit

46

hypochondriac

person unduly worried about his health; worrier without cause about illness; ADJ. CF. hypochondria: neurosis that one is or is becoming ill; CF. abdomen

47

smear

spread or cover with a sticky substance; N: mark made by smearing

48

anvil

iron block used in hammering out metals

49

droop

bend or hang downward; become weakened; Ex. His shoulders drooped with tiredness; N.

50

mogul

powerful person; Ex. oil moguls; CF. Mogol, Moghul; CF. Mongolian

51

mandatory

obligatory; compulsory; of a mandate

52

striated

marked with parallel bands; striped; grooved; Ex. striated rocks; V. striate; N. stria: thin groove or line

53

expostulation

protest; remonstrance; reasoning with someone to correct or dissuade; V. expostulate

54

inordinate

beyond reasonable limits; unrestrained; excessive; Ex. inordinate demands

55

uncanny

strange; mysterious; Ex. uncanny knack

56

wan

having a pale or sickly color; pallid

57

pulse

rhythmical throbbing of arteries; brief sudden change in a normally constant quantity; V: pulsate

58

chary

cautious; unwilling to take risks; sparing or restrained about giving; OP. bold

59

emolument

salary; payment for an office; compensation

60

devoid

empty; lacking

61

anonymity

state of being nameless; anonymousness; ADJ. anonymous

62

untoward

unexpected and adverse; unfortunate or unlucky; Ex. untoward encounter

63

hypothetical

based on assumptions or hypotheses; supposed; N. hypothesis

64

phobia

morbid fear

65

dormant

sleeping; temporarily inactive; lethargic; latent

66

slick

make smooth or glossy; N: smooth surface; Ex. oil slick; ADJ: smooth; glossy; deftly executed; adroit; glib

67

glossy

smooth and shining; N. gloss: shiny brightness on a surface; superficially attractive appearance; Ex. gloss of good manners

68

surmount

overcome

69

coin

make coins; invent or fabricate (a word or phrase); N. coinage: word or phrase recently invented

70

versatile

having many talents; capable of working in many fields; having many uses or functions; N. versatility

71

ciliated

having minute hairs; CF. cilium; CF. cilia: eyelash

72

condole

express condolences; N. condolence: sympathy for someone who has experienced great sorrow

73

anthology

book of literary selections by various authors; CF. omnibus

74

stammer

speak with involuntarily pauses or repetitions

75

retract

withdraw; take back; draw back; Ex. retract a statement/an offer/claws; N. retraction; CF. retractile

76

daunt

intimidate; frighten; discourage; dishearten

77

affirmation

positive assertion; confirmation; solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath; V. affirm; ADJ. affirmative; CF. affirmative action: positive discrimination

78

perceptive

insightful; showing a good ability at perceiving and understanding; aware; wise; of perception

79

restitution

returning something (lost or stolen) to the rightful owner; reparation; indemnification; compensation for loss, damage, or injury

80

timorous

fearful; timid; demonstrating fear

81

minute

extremely small; CF. minutes: official record of the proceedings at a meeting

82

gavel

hammerlike tool; mallet(wooden hammer) used by a presiding officer or an auctioneer; V.

83

gloss

brief explanation note or translation of a difficult expression; V.

84

morgue

mortuary; place where bodies are kept before burial or cremation

85

recuperate

recover; return to health; regain; Ex. recuperate losses

86

nuance

shade of slight difference in meaning or color; subtle distinction

87

vixen

female fox; ill-tempered woman; CF. shrew

88

grotto

small cavern

89

trinket

knickknack; bauble; cheap jewelry

90

limn

draw; outline; describe; CF. line ?

91

hermetic

concerning alchemy or magic; obscure and mysterious; occult

92

tumid

(of a part of the body) swollen; distended; bombastic; pompous

93

flair

talent

94

amass

collect (gradually, in a very large amount)

95

scheme

systematic plan; plot; clever dishonest plan; orderly arrangement of elements; Ex. health insurance scheme; Ex. a scheme to escape taxes; Ex. a color scheme; Ex. a story with no scheme; V: contrive a scheme

96

filibuster

block legislation or prevent action in a lawmaking body by making very slow long speeches; N; freebooter

97

hindrance

block; obstacle; V. hinder

98

omnipotent

all-powerful; having unlimited power

99

expiate

make amends for (a sin)

100

frond

fern leaf; palm or banana leaf

101

cull

pick out from others (to kill the weakest members); reject; select; collect (information); N.

102

sallow

(of the skin) yellowish and unhealthy-looking; sickly in color; Ex. sallow complexion due to jaundice

103

harass

annoy by repeated attacks

104

convene

come together; assemble; call to meet; Ex. convene the council

105

potent

powerful; convincing; persuasive; greatly influential

106

voracious

ravenous; eating large quantities of food; exceedingly eager; insatiable; Ex. voracious animal/reader

107

denouement

final outcome; final development of the plot of a play or other literary work; the end of a story when everything is explained

108

ovoid

egg-shaped; CF. ovum; CF. ovulate

109

hierarchy

arrangement by rank or standing; authoritarian body divided into ranks; body of persons having authority

110

vintner

wine merchant; winemaker; seller of wine

111

graduated

arranged by degrees (of height, difficulty, etc.)

112

acute

(of the senses) sharp; quickly perceptive; keen; penetrating; brief and severe; Ex. acute sense of smell/analysis/pain

113

debutante

young woman making formal entrance into society

114

hem

surround tightly so that movement is impossible; Ex. hem in; N.

115

natty

neatly or smartly dressed; dapper; smart; Ex. natty dresser

116

carafe

glass water bottle; decanter

117

delusive

deceptive; likely to delude; misleading; raising vain hopes; Ex. delusive promises

118

ulterior

intentionally hidden; beyond what is evident; situated beyond; unstated and often questionable; Ex. ulterior motive

119

rumble

make or move with a deep rolling sound (as thunder or stomach)

120

benison

blessing

121

chip

lose a small piece from the surface or edge; N: small piece broken off something; CF. French fry; Potato chip/crisp

122

sarcasm

cutting ironic remark; scornful remarks; stinging rebuke; ADJ. sarcastic

123

caustic

burning; corrosive; able to burn by chemical action; sarcastically biting; (of remarks) intended to hurt; bitter; harmful; OP. harmless

124

swindler

cheater

125

tarantula

venomous spider

126

diffidence

shyness; lack of self-confidence; timidity; ADJ. diffident

127

inviolable

secure from corruption, attack, or violation(or profanation); unassailable; Ex. inviolable oath/rights; N. inviolability

128

aloft

upward; high up in the air

129

hazy

slightly obscure; misty; unclear; N. haze: light mist or smoke; confused state of mind

130

prosperous

successful; rich; affluent; well-to-do; well-off

131

panache

flair; manner of doing things without any difficulty (causing admiration); flamboyance; bunch of feathers (on a helmet); Ex. with great panache; CF. ÀÜ ¾Æ·¡·Î õÀ» »©³»´Â ¼Ø¾¾

132

log

record of a voyage or flight; record of day-to-day activities; section of a trunk; V.

133

shirk

avoid (responsibility, work, etc.); malinger

134

decelerate

slow down

135

cater

provide food and drink (for); cater to: try to satisfy (desires of a bad kind)

136

exculpate

clear from blame or guilt

137

innocuous

harmless

138

philology

study of language or words

139

reprisal

retaliation

140

scourge

lash; whip (formerly used for punishment); source of severe punishment; V: whip; afflict

141

calamity

disaster; misery

142

appropriate

acquire; take possession of for one's own use without permission; set aside for a particular purpose; allocate; CF. misappropriate

143

granary

storehouse for grain

144

prevalent

widespread; generally accepted

145

plebeian

common; vulgar; pertaining to the common people; N: common people in ancient Rome; CF. patrician

146

factitious

artificial; produced artificially; sham; false; Ex. factitious tears

147

gentle

kindly; soft; mild; of good family

148

insouciant

without concern or care; unconcerned; indifferent

149

impoverish

make poor; deprive of natural strength or something important; Ex. impoverished soil

150

promote

advance in rank; advance; help to flourish; advocate; help actively in forming; publicize or popularize; Ex. Milk promotes health; Ex. promote a match/bill; Ex. promote a new product

151

horoscope

diagram of the positions of stars at a given moment (eg. of a person's birth) used by astrologers

152

schematic

of a schema or scheme; relating to an outline or diagram; using a system of symbols; N. schema: diagrammatic representation; outline

153

nullify

make invalid; make null; invalidate

154

conflagration

great fire

155

paranoia

psychosis marked by delusions of grandeur or persecution; N: ADJ: paranoid, paranoiac

156

tribune

official of ancient Rome elected by the plebians to protect their rights; protector of the people

157

scrutinize

examine closely and critically; N. scrutiny

158

agitate

stir up; disturb

159

malicious

hateful; spiteful; expressing malice; N. malice: desire to harm others; spite

160

hone

sharpen (a tool); N: whetstone for sharpening a tool

161

hoax

trick which makes someone take action; practical joke; Ex. hoax mail; V.

162

smolder

smoulder; burn slowly without flame; be liable to break out at any moment; exist in a suppressed state; Ex. smoldering anger

163

concession

an act of yielding; conceding; something conceded; point, right, etc. given unwillingly; privilege of maintaining a business in a certain place; Ex. oil concessions in the North sea; CF. concessionaire

164

paradigm

model; example that serves as a model; pattern; list of all the inflectional forms of a word

165

notoriety

disrepute; ill fame

166

clapper

striker (tongue) of a bell

167

probe

explore with a probe or tools; investigate; N: slender instrument used to explore a wound or body cavity; device designed to investigate an unknown region; thorough investigation; Ex. space probe

168

compliant

readily acting in accordance with a rule, order, or the wishes or others; yielding; comforming to requirements

169

brocade

rich, figured(patterned) fabric

170

verbatim

word for word; in the same words; repeating the actual words exactly

171

ubiquitous

being everywhere; omnipresent; N. ubiquity

172

glower

scowl; glare; look or stare angrily

173

consequential

self-important; significant; consequent; following as a result; Ex. consequential air; CF. subsequent

174

exacting

extremely demanding; Ex. exacting standard of safety

175

minatory

menacing; threatening

176

inamorata

woman whom a man loves

177

trivia

trifles; unimportant matters

178

scabbard

case for a sword blade; sheath

179

cohesion

tendency to keep together

180

varnish

paint used to coat a surface with a glossy film; glossy coating produced by using this substance; Ex. nail varnish; V.

181

acknowledge

recognize; admit

182

shack

crude cabin

183

reaper

one who harvests grain; Ex. the Grim Reaper; V. reap: cut and gather (crop); harvest a crop

184

largess

generous gift (given to people who do not have enough)

185

solvent

substance that dissolves another; ADJ: capable of dissolving another substance

186

exquisite

delicate; very finely made; extremely beautiful; Ex. exquisite piece of jewelry

187

proscenium

part of stage in front of curtain; front arch of a stage

188

catalyst

agent which brings about a chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged; CF. catalysis

189

symbiosis

interdependent relationship (between groups, species) often mutually beneficial; ADJ. symbiotic; CF. together + life

190

incantation

singing or chanting of magic spells; magical formula; (the saying of) words used in magic; CF. enchant

191

transpose

reverse the order or position of

192

endear

make beloved; Ex. endear her to everyone; ADJ. dear: loved; cherished; high-priced

193

seep

pass slowly through small openings; ooze; trickle; N. seepage

194

diorama

life-size, three-dimensional scene from nature or history; three-dimensional scene with modeled figures against a painted background

195

rout

put to rout; stampede; drive out; N: complete defeat and disorderly retreat

196

digression

wandering away from the subject; V. digress

197

parable

short simple story teaching a moral

198

retentive

holding; able to retain things (esp. facts in the mind); having a good memory

199

vehement

forceful; intensely emotional; with marked vigor; strong; N. vehemence

200

fruition

bearing of fruit; fulfillment; realization; Ex. come to/be brought to fruition