GRE12 From2190-2389 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in GRE12 From2190-2389 Deck (200):
1

waver

move or swing back and forth; be uncertain or unsteady in decision or movement; Ex. wavering between accepting and refusing

2

meteoric

like a meteor; swift; momentarily brilliant; Ex. meteoric rise to fame; N. meteor

3

imperious

domineering; too commanding; haughty; CF. imperial/emperor

4

flit

fly; fly or move lightly or quickly; dart lightly; pass swiftly by; Ex. a bee flitting from flower to flower

5

temper

moderate; make less severe; tone down or restrain; toughen (steel) as by alternate heating and cooling

6

typhoon

tropical hurricane or cyclone

7

garrulous

loquacious; wordy; talkative; N. garrulity

8

wastrel

waster; profligate

9

tureen

deep dish for serving soup

10

itinerant

wandering; traveling from place to place (to perform work); Ex. itinerant preacher

11

chide

scold; rebuke (someone who has done wrong)

12

bemoan

lament; moan for; express sorrow or disapproval of

13

anoint

consecrate; put oil on (in a religious ceremony)

14

gruel

thin liquid porridge

15

interrogate

question closely; cross-examine; cross-question

16

evoke

call forth (memory or feeling); Ex. That old film evoked memories of my childhood; N. evocation

17

haunt

(of a spirit) visit (a place); come to mind continually; visit (a place) regularly; frequent; Ex. haunted house; Ex. haunted by his last words; N: place much frequented

18

blasphemy

irreverence; sacrilege; cursing; bad language about God or holy things; V. blasphem; ADJ. blasphemous; CF. sacrilege

19

homage

honor; tribute; great respect; Ex. pay/do homage to

20

enmity

ill will; hatred; hostility

21

multifarious

varied; greatly diversified; Ex. multifarious activities

22

omnivorous

eating both plant and animal food; devouring everything

23

consistency

absence of contradictions; uniformity; degree of thickness or firmness; Ex. consistency of thick cream; CF. viscous

24

prodigy

highly gifted child; person with exceptional talents; marvel; wonder

25

snuffle

sniffle; sniff repeatedly (in order to keep liquid from running out of the nose)

26

reprehensible

deserving blame; blameworthy; V. reprehend: blame

27

viable

capable of maintaining life; feasible; practical or workable; Ex. viable scheme

28

ursine

bearlike; pertaining to a bear

29

platitude

trite remark; commonplace statement; ADJ. platitudinous

30

gourmand

epicure; person who takes excessive pleasure in food and drink

31

anomalous

abnormal; irregular

32

trident

three-pronged spear

33

lounge

stand, sit, or lie in a lazy, relaxed way

34

homely

not good-looking; unattractive

35

perquisite(perk)

any gain above stipulated salary; Ex. perquisites such as free meals and a car

36

verve

enthusiasm (as in artistic performance or composition); liveliness; vigor

37

coincidence

the chance occurrence, at the same time, of two or more seemingly connected events; V. coincide: happen at the same time; be in agreement; CF. coincident; CF. coincidental

38

cow

terrorize; intimidate

39

malcontent

person dissatisfied with existing state of affairs; discontented person; ADJ: discontented

40

emboss

produce a design in raised relief; decorate with a raised design

41

gale

windstorm; gust of wind; emotional outburst (laughters, tears); Ex. gale of laughter

42

canvass

determine or seek opinions, votes, etc.; go through (a region) to solicit votes or orders; conduct a survey; N.

43

sublimate

refine; purify; replace (natural urges) with socially acceptable activities; change between a solid state and a gaseous state

44

beholden

obligated; indebted; owing thanks; obliged or indebted from gratitude

45

fret

be annoyed or vexed; Ex. fret over your poor grades; N: irritation of mind; ADJ. fretful

46

allay

calm; pacify

47

artery

blood-vessel; CF. vein

48

avid

greedy; extremely eager for; Ex. avid learner; N. avidity

49

kaleidoscope

tube in which patterns made by the reflection in mirrors of colored pieces of glass, etc. produce interesting symmetrical effects; series of changing events; Ex. kaleidoscope of European history; CF. beautiful

50

waggish

humorous; mischievous; tricky

51

commune

small (often rural) community whose members share work and income; V: exchange thoughts or feelings; Ex. commune with nature

52

disenfranchise

disfranchise; deprive of a civil right; OP. enfranchise

53

sage

person celebrated for wisdom; wise person; ADJ: wise

54

comely

attractive; agreeable; having a pleasing appearance

55

succumb

yield (to something overwhelming); give in; die; Ex. succumb to the illness

56

fledgling(fledgeling)

inexperienced; N: young bird that has acquired wing feathers and is learning to fly; inexperienced person

57

clique

small exclusive group of people

58

serendipity

gift for finding valuable things by accident; accidental good fortune or luck; CF. The Three Princes of Serendip

59

wistful

sadly thoughtful (because of desires or memories); sadly pensive; vaguely longing

60

snivel

complain or whine tearfully; run at the nose; snuffle; Ex. Don't come back sniveling to me.

61

incontrovertible

indisputable; impossible to dispute; not open to question; unquestionable

62

assent

agree; accept; N. assessment

63

dismantle

take apart; disassemble

64

inter

bury; N. interment

65

untenable

(of a position, esp. in an argument) indefensible; not able to be maintained

66

fusillade

simultaneous firing or outburst (of missiles, questions, etc.)

67

noisome

foul smelling; very unpleasant; unwholesome

68

court

attempt to gain; seek; woo; risk; behave so as to invite; attempt to gain the favor of by attention; Ex. court disaster

69

delete

erase; strike out

70

equivocate

use equivocal language to deceive people; lie; mislead; attempt to conceal the truth; N. equivocation

71

converse

opposite; ADJ.

72

philistine

narrow-minded person, uncultured and exclusively interested in material gain; uncultured person who is indifferent to artistic and cultural values; member of an ancient people in Palestine; OP. aesthete

73

unassailable

not open to attack; impregnable; not subject to question

74

antithesis

contrast; direct opposite of or to; ADJ. antithetic or antithetical

75

pharisee

Pharisee: member of an ancient Jewish group that emphasized strict observance of the Mosaic law (considering themselves very holy); hypocritical self-righteous person

76

dazzle

make blind with a sudden intense light; amaze; fill with wonder

77

antediluvian

antiquated; extremely ancient

78

reverent

respectful; worshipful; V. revere: regard with reverence; N. reverence: profound respect

79

clarion

shrill, trumpetlike sound; kind of trumpet used in former times

80

atone

make amends for; pay for; Ex. atone for

81

unassuaged

unsatisfied; not soothed

82

touchstone

stone used to test the fineness of gold alloys; criterion; standard

83

falter

hesitate; weaken in purpose or action; walk or move unsteadily through weakness; N.

84

slink

move furtively; ADJ. slinky: stealthy; furtive; sneaky (as in ambush)

85

helm

steering wheel of a ship; position of control

86

equitable

fair; impartial; OP. inequitable

87

heterodox

(of beliefs) against accepted opinion; unorthodox; unconventional

88

malaise

uneasiness; vague feeling of ill health (without any particular pain or appearance of disease)

89

killjoy

grouch; spoilsport; one who intentionally spoils the pleasure of others

90

extemporaneous

not planned; impromptu; extempore

91

hoard

stockpile; accumulate for future use; N: supply stored for future use

92

relinquish

give up something (with reluctance); yield; release; Ex. relinquish power/the claim to the land/his hold on my arm

93

penology

study of prison management and criminal rehabilitation

94

impolitic

not wise; not expedient; not politic

95

complement

complete; consummate; make perfect; N.

96

consonant

harmonious; in agreement; N.

97

brink

edge (at the top of a cliff); Ex. on the brink of the Grand Canyon

98

grunt

utter a deep guttural sound (as a pig does); N.

99

pacifist

one opposed to force; antimilitarist; ADJ. N. pacifism: opposition to war as a means of resolving disputes

100

headstrong

willful; stubborn; unyielding; determined to have one's own way; CF. no 'excessive'

101

slaughter

killing of animals for food; massacre; V: butcher (animals) for food; kill in large numbers

102

nib

beak(bill); pen point

103

fulsome

disgustingly excessive; offensively flattering; Ex. fulsome praise/expressions of admire

104

trickster

person who cheats people

105

predetermine

determine in advance; predestine; settle or decide beforehand; influence markedly

106

adventitious

accidental; casual; happening by chance

107

condiments

seasonings; spices

108

effulgent

shining brightly; brilliant

109

attrition

rubbing away by friction; gradual decrease in numbers or strength; reduction in the work force without firing employees; wearing away of opposition by means of harassment; Ex. a war of attrition

110

eddy

swirling current of water, air, etc.; V.

111

sentimental

swayed by sentiment; appealing to the sentiments

112

mercenary

motivated solely by money or gain; N.

113

nirvana

in Buddhist teachings, the ideal state in which the individual loses himself in the attainment of an impersonal beatitude

114

preempt

prevent in advance; head off(forestall); forestall by acting first; appropriate for oneself before others; supplant; take the place of; displace; Ex. preempt any attempts; ADJ. preemptive

115

derelict

negligent; (of someone) neglectful of duty; (of something) deserted by an owner; abandoned; N: abandoned property; homeless or vagrant person

116

rigid

hard and unbending; stiff and unyielding; fixed in behavior or views; strict; rigorous; Ex. rigid rule

117

expose

public revelation of something discreditable

118

roseate

rosy; optimistic; Ex. roseate views

119

shyster

lawyer using questionable methods; unscrupulous practioner

120

pose

assume a particular posture; put forward; present; affect a particular attitude (to impress others); Ex. pose a threat; N.

121

nostalgia

homesickness; longing for the past; Ex. nostalgia for the clothes of 1920s; ADJ. nostalgic

122

bristle

short stiff hair; V: (hair or fur) stand up stiffly

123

bacchanalian

drunken

124

shuffle

mix together; jumble; move (something) from one place to another; slide (the feet) along the ground while walking; Ex. shuffle papers from one pile to another; N.

125

desperado

reckless, desperate outlaw

126

demise

death

127

prowess

extraordinary ability; military bravery; Ex. prowess in battle

128

jingoist

extremely aggressive and militant patriot; warlike chauvinist; N. jingoism: extreme nationalism

129

convention

social or moral custom; established practice; formal meeting; international agreement

130

cornice

projecting molding on building (usually above columns or pillars); ó¸¶ Àå½Ä

131

encipher

encode; convert a message into code; put into cipher

132

delusion

false belief; hallucination; deluding; Ex. delusions of grandeur; Ex. under the delusion that

133

premonition

forewarning; presentiment; foreboding

134

aesthetic

artistic; dealing with or capable of appreciating the beautiful (of a person or building); CF. aesthete; CF. aesthetics

135

gnome

dwarf; underground spirit who guards treasure hoards

136

stratum

layer of earth's surface; layer of society; PL. strata

137

taper

very thin candle; gradual decrease in the width of a long object; V. make or become gradually narrower toward one end

138

syllogism

logical formula consisting of a major premise, a minor premise and a conclusion; deceptive or specious argument

139

cogent

convincing

140

decorum

propriety; orderliness and good taste in manners; appropriateness of behavior or conduct

141

potentate

monarch; sovereign

142

trunk

main wooden stem of a tree; human body excluding the head and limbs; torso; prehensile nose of an elephant

143

endemic

prevailing among a specific group of people or in a specific area or country; peculiar to a particular region or people; CF. pandemic

144

migratory

wandering; V. migrate: move from one region and settle in another; move periodically from one region to another

145

confluence

flowing together; the place where two rivers flow together; crowd; gathering together

146

physiognomy

face (as showing the character and the mind); art of judging human character from facial features

147

escapade

prank; flighty conduct; reckless adventure that disobeys rules

148

renegade

deserter; traitor; ADJ.

149

fluency

smoothness of speech; ADJ. fluent

150

dilapidated

falling to pieces; in a bad condition; ruined because of neglect; Ex. dilapidated old car/castle; N. dilapidation

151

annotate

comment; make explanatory notes

152

retribution

deserved punishment for wrongdoing; punishment for offenses; compensation; vengeance; CF. pay back

153

guise

outward appearance; costume; Ex. in a new guise

154

application

diligent attention; diligence; V. apply oneself

155

analgesia

condition of being unable to feel pain

156

bandy

discuss lightly or glibly; discuss in a frivolous manner; exchange (words) heatedly; quarrel; Ex. bandy words with

157

regicide

murder of a king or queen

158

regatta

boat or yacht race

159

bicameral

two-chambered as a legislative body

160

reinstate

restore to a previous condition or position

161

indentation

notch; deep recess; V. indent; CF. tooth

162

slander

defamation; utterance of false and malicious statements; V. ADJ. slanderous

163

amalgam

combination of different things; mixture of metals (containing mercury) used for filling holes in teeth

164

appreciate

be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of; ADJ. appreciable: enough to be felt; Ex. appreciable difference

165

infidel

unbeliever (with respect to a particular religion)

166

tertiary

third in order or rank

167

sectarian

of a sect; narrow-minded; parochial; N: member of a sect; narrow-minded person

168

haughtiness

pride; arrogance; ADJ. haughty

169

brazen

insolent; without shame; bold; Ex. brazen lie; V: face with bold self-assurance or with unshamed confidence

170

dispirited

lacking in spirit

171

eulogy

expression of praise, often on the occasion of someone's death; V. eulogize

172

apocryphal

(of a story) widely believed but untrue

173

umbrage

resentment; anger; sense of injury or insult; Ex. take umbrage at his rudeness

174

suffocate

die or kill from lack of air; suppress

175

scaffold

temporary platform for workers (to work at heights above the ground); bracing framework; platform for execution

176

mauve

pale purple

177

usury

lending money at illegal high rates of interest

178

prestige

respect or admiration; impression produced by achievements or reputation; ADJ: causing admiration; ADJ. prestigious: having prestige

179

facsimile

copy

180

vitiate

spoil the effect of; make inoperative; corrupt morally

181

puzzle

baffle or confuse by a difficult problem; ponder over a problem in an effort to solve; clarify or solve by reasoning; Ex. puzzle out the answer; N.

182

naivet\'e(naivety)

quality of being unsophisticated; simplicity; artlessness; gullibility; ADJ. naive(na\"ive): ingenuous; lacking worldliness; simple; credulous

183

tempo

speed of music

184

lancet

small surgical tool for making incisions

185

glacial

like a glacier; of an ice age; extremely cold; Ex. glacial epoch; CF. iceberg

186

humane

marked by kindness or consideration; kind and compassionate; humanitarian

187

stem

stop or check (the flow of); Ex. stem the bleeding from the slashed artery; N: main axis of a plant; stalk

188

gleam

brief flash of light; glow; V.

189

extirpate

root up; uproot; destroy completely

190

bedraggle

wet thoroughly; ADJ. bedraggled: draggled

191

emaciated

thin and wasted (from hunger or illness)

192

mentor

counselor; teacher

193

etymology

study of word parts; study of the origins of words

194

far-fetched

too improbable to be believed; implausible; Ex. far-fetched story

195

commemorative

remembering; honoring the memory of; Ex. commemorative stamp

196

ecliptic

path of the sun and the planets

197

rectitude

moral correctness; moral uprightness; moral virtue; correctness of judgment

198

herpetologist

one who studies reptiles; CF. herpetology: branch of zoology that deals with reptiles and amphibians

199

prong

pointed projecting part

200

rake

immoral or dissolute person