GRE10 From1792-1991 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in GRE10 From1792-1991 Deck (200):
1

gloat

express evil satisfaction; look at or think about with evil satisfaction; view malevolently; Ex. The thief gloated over the stolen jewels.

2

murmur

low, indistinct, continuous sound; V. CF. mumble

3

tortuous

winding; full of curves; Ex. tortuous mountain road

4

rhetoric

art of effective communication; art of using language effectively and persuasively; style of speaking or writing; grandiloquent language; Ex. political rhetoric; ADJ. rhetorical; CF. rhetorical question: question to which no answer is expected as ``Who knows it ?''

5

recess

pause; temporary cessation; alcove; secret inner place; Ex. parliament in recess; V. CF. recessive

6

desecrate

profane; violate the sanctity of

7

abscond

depart secretly and hide

8

transitory

transient; impermanent; fleeting; N. transitoriness

9

itinerary

plan of a trip; record of a trip

10

sycophant

servile flatterer; bootlicker; yes man; ADJ. sycophantic

11

aspersion

slanderous remark; Ex. cast aspersions on

12

frantic

wild; distraught as from fear or worry; Ex. frantic with fear

13

regime

method of system or government

14

begrudge

envy; give or allow unwillingly; grudge; Ex. We shouldn't begrudge him his success.

15

deft

neat; skillful

16

feline

of a member of the cat family; N.

17

incarnate

endowed with flesh; invested with bodily form; personified; Ex. devil incarnate; V: give bodily form to; embody

18

conclusive

decisive; ending all debate

19

prehensile

capable of grasping or holding (esp. by wrapping around); Ex. prehensile tails

20

addiction

compulsive habitual need

21

gamely

in a spirited manner; with courage; Ex. fight gamely against a superior boxer; ADJ. game

22

bevy

large group; Ex. a bevy of starlets

23

lubricate

apply a lubricant to; N. lubricant: substance that reduces friction

24

gentry

people of standing(rank or position); people of good family or high social position; class of people just below nobility

25

reverend

deserving reverence; N: priest

26

odds

chances; probability; disagreement; Ex. The odds are that it will rain. Ex. at odds with

27

indecisive

marked by indecision; inconclusive; Ex. indecisive battle

28

precipitant

something that causes a substance in a chemical solution to separate out in solid form; ħÀüÁ¦; OP. solvent

29

balk

stop short, as if faced with an obstacle, and refuse to continue; foil; stop or get in the way of; frustrate

30

rebuff

reject bluntly; snub; beat back; Ex. She rebuffed his invitation; N.

31

sojourn

temporary stay; V: stay for a time

32

laconic

brief and to the point; using few words; terse

33

aphasia

loss of speech due to injury or illness

34

compile

assemble; gather; accumulate; make (a report or a book) from facts and information found in various places; Ex. compile a dictionary

35

commonplace

ordinary; N: something ordinary or common; trite remark

36

feign

pretend

37

vivisection

act of dissecting living animals

38

apiary

a place where bees are kept

39

premise

assumption; postulate; proposition upon which an argument is based

40

faze

disconcert; dismay; embarrass

41

fatuous

smugly and unconsciously foolish; inane; silly; N. fatuity, fatuousness

42

vignette

small drawing placed at the beginning or end of a chapter; picture; short literary sketch; short written description of a character or scene

43

list

tilt (as of a ship); lean over (to one side)

44

terrestrial

on or relating to the earth

45

gusto

eager enjoyment; zest; enthusiasm

46

enfranchise

admit to the rights of citizenship (especially the right to vote); CF. franchise

47

plethora

excess; overabundance; Ex. a plethora of excuses

48

abstemious

sparing in eating and drinking; temperate

49

snub

ignore or behave coldly toward; Ex. I made a suggestion but she snubbed me; N.

50

incarnation

act of assuming a human body and human nature; one who personifies something; personification; Ex. previous incarnation/reincarnation

51

predicament

difficult situation; tricky or dangerous situation; dilemma

52

grouse

complain; fuss; grumble; grouch; N: plump chickenlike game bird

53

defection

desertion

54

unfrock

defrock; strip a priest or minister of church authority

55

disdain

treat with scorn or contempt

56

husband

use sparingly; conserve; save; Ex. husband one's energy; CF. house holder

57

sedition

conduct or language inciting rebellion; rebellion; resistance to authority; insubordination; ADJ. seditious

58

inane

silly; senseless; Ex. inane remarks; N. inanity

59

trigger

set off; start

60

tightwad

miser; excessively frugal person

61

entree(entr\'ee)

entrance; a way in; right to enter; main dish of a meal; Ex. entree into the exclusive circle

62

promulgate

announce; proclaim a doctrine or law; make known by official publication

63

mincing

affectedly dainty(delicate); V. mince: cut (esp. meat) into very small pieces; walk with exaggerated primness; walk in an unnatural way, taking little short steps; Ex. The actor minced across the stage; CF. mincemeat; CF. mincer

64

cower

shrink quivering as from fear; cringe

65

finale

conclusion; concluding part

66

supplant

take the place of unfairly; usurp; replace

67

calculated

deliberately planned; likely

68

supposititious

assumed; counterfeit; hypothetical

69

humdrum

dull; monotonous

70

rejoinder

reply; retort; comeback; V. rejoin: say in reply

71

acme

peak; pinnacle; highest point

72

underlying

lying below; fundamental

73

slap

hit quickly with the flat part of the hand; N. CF. smack

74

elope

run away secretly with the intention of getting married

75

tarry

linger; delay in starting or going; dawdle

76

covert

secret; hidden; implied; OP. overt

77

intrigue

make secret plans; plot; arouse the curiosity of; N: secret scheme; plot; secret love affair

78

suffragist

advocate of the extension of voting rights (for women); CF. suffrage

79

tedium

boredom; weariness; ADJ. tedious

80

quicksilver

mercury

81

idiom

expression whose meaning as a whole differs from the meanings of its individual words; distinctive style (of expression); Ex. idiom of the modern popular music; ADJ. idiomatic

82

breadth

width; extent

83

guile

deceit; duplicity; wiliness; cunning; Ex. persuade her by guile

84

speechless

unable for the moment to speak (because of strong feeling); Ex. speechless with anger

85

pr\'ecis

abstract; concise summing up of main points; concise summary of a text

86

misogynist

hater of woman; CF. misogyny

87

prevaricate

lie; hide the truth (by equivocating)

88

smart

intelligent; quick and energetic; fashionable; Ex. smart pace/restaurant; V: cause or feel a sharp pain; N: smarting pain

89

defame

harm someone's reputation; malign; speak evil of; slander; N. defamation; ADJ. defamatory

90

distill

refine (a liquid by evaporating and subsequent condensation); concentrate; separate the most important parts from; Ex. distill fresh water from sea water; CF. brew

91

arcade

a covered passageway usually lined with shops

92

fraudulent

cheating; deceitful; Ex. fraudulent means; N. fraud: deception; swindle

93

careen

lurch; sway from side to side; move with irregular swinging movement; stagger

94

insatiable

not easily satisfied; unquenchable; Ex. insatiable appetite

95

avocation

secondary or minor occupation

96

domineer

rule over tyrannically

97

onus

burden; responsibility

98

neophyte

recent convert; new member of a religious group; beginner; CF. plant

99

wilt

loose freshness; droop

100

enduring

lasting; surviving; V. endure: bear (pain or suffering) for a long time; remain alive (in spite of difficulties); last; survive

101

compost

mixture of decaying organic matter used as fertilizer; V: put or make compost

102

uncouth

boorish; clumsy in speech or behavior; outlandish

103

underscore

underline; emphasize

104

madrigal

pastoral song; song for several singers without instruments

105

circumscribe

limit; confine; draw a line around

106

exotic

not native; from another part of the world; strange; intriguingly unusual; Ex. exotic flower/dress

107

thrall

slave; bondage; slavery; Ex. Her beauty held him in thrall; CF. enthrall

108

stickler

perfectionist; person who insists things be exactly right

109

gyroscope

apparatus used to maintain balance, ascertain direction, etc.

110

placate

pacify; bring peace to; conciliate; appease

111

misgivings

doubts

112

wrath

anger; fury

113

interloper

intruder; one who interferes

114

bequeath

leave to someone by means of a will; hand down in his will; N. bequest

115

incarcerate

imprison

116

forfeit

something surrendered as punishment for a crime or breach of contract; V: lose as a forfeit; N. forfeiture

117

astronomical

enormously large or extensive

118

dismember

cut into small parts; cut (a body) apart limb from limb

119

arboretum

place where different trees and shrubs are studied and exhibited

120

integrity

honesty; uprightness; wholeness; state of being whole and undivided; completeness

121

assimilate

absorb; take (food) into the body and digest it; understand (knowledge) completely and be able to use properly; cause to become homogeneous (the people of a country or race in the wasy of behaving or thinking)

122

meter

arrangement of words in the form of poetry (by accentual rhythm)

123

obloquy

slander; disgrace; infamy

124

beatitude

blessedness; state of great happiness

125

grudge

deep feeling of dislike; Ex. grudge fight; V.

126

agglomeration

collection; heap; V. agglomerate: gather into a rounded mass; N. aggolmeate: jumbled mass; heap

127

barrage

barrier laid down by artillery fire; overwhelming profusion; large number of questions or statements; Ex. a barrage of criticism

128

amphitheater

oval building with tiers of seats; CF. arena

129

refraction

bending of a ray of light

130

smirk

conceited smile; offensively self-satisfied smile (often at someone else's misfortune); V.

131

sway

swing from side to side; influence (someone) to change one's opinion; N.

132

disingenuous

not naive; not candid; sophisticated; worldly wise; OP. ingenuous

133

myriad

very large number; ADJ. CF. ten thousand

134

conduit

aqueduct; passageway for fluids

135

importunate

urging; always demanding; troublesomely urgent or persistent

136

effigy

dummy; likeness of a person made of wood, paper, or stone; Ex. burn an effigy of the President

137

supple

flexible; limber; pliant

138

anthropoid

manlike; resembling a human being; N.

139

amnesty

pardon (allowed by government to political criminals)

140

wanderlust

strong longing to travel

141

wage

begin and continue (a war)

142

gradation

series of gradual stages; degree in such a progression

143

scuffle

struggle confusedly; move off in a confused hurry; N. CF. scuffling twins ?

144

swelter

(of a person) suffer from oppressive heat; be oppressed by heat

145

jeopardize

endanger; imperil; put at risk; N. jeopardy: danger

146

pellucid

transparent; limpid(crystal clear); clear in meaning; easy to understand

147

propagate

increase in number by producing young; multiply; spread; Ex. Most plants propagate by seed; Ex. newspaper propagating their ideas

148

bouillon

clear beef (or meat) soup

149

docile

obedient; easily managed; submissive

150

peon

landless agricultural worker; bond servant; menial worker; N. peonage

151

scrappy

quarrelsome

152

ascribe

refer; attribute; assign

153

doldrums

blues; listlessness(lack of spirit or energy); slack(inactive) period; period of stagnation; ocean area near the equator where ships cannot move because there is no wind; Ex. in the doldrums

154

spoilsport

one who spoils the pleasure of others

155

incubate

hatch; warm (eggs) with the body to promote hatching; maintain at optimal environment conditions for development; be holding in one's body an infection which is going to develop into a disease; N. incubation; CF. incubation:disease

156

barefaced

shameless and noticeable; blatant; bold; unconcealed; having no covering on the face; Ex. barefaced lie

157

dialectical

relating to the art of debate; mutual or reciprocal; Ex. dialectical situation; N. dialectic: art of arriving at the truth by the exchange of logical arguments

158

toll

sound (a large bell) slowly at regular intervals; N: sound of a bell; fixed tax or charge

159

maleficient

doing evil; N. maleficience

160

perigee

point of moon's orbit when it is nearest the earth; CF. apogee

161

temerity

boldness; nerve; rashness; Ex. temerity to ask for a pay increase after only three day's work

162

drivel

nonsense; foolishness; V: talk nonsense

163

compulsory

obligatory; that must be done

164

solemnity

seriousness; gravity

165

prologue

introduction (to a poem or play)

166

quixotic

idealistic but impractical; CF. Don Quixote

167

peripatetic

walking about from place to place (to work); moving; Ex. peripatetic school of philosophy

168

ape

imitate or mimic (a person's behavior or manner)

169

beneficent

kindly; doing good

170

pauper

very poor person

171

vituperative

abusive; scolding; V. vituperate: berate; scold; rail against abusively

172

insurrection

rebellion; uprising

173

rancid

having the odor of stale or decomposing fat; rank

174

compensatory

making up for; repaying

175

vindictive

disposed to revenge; vengeful; out for revenge; spiteful; intended to cause harm; malicious; Ex. vindictive streak

176

ineffectual

not effective; not having a desired effect; weak

177

lineaments

features especially of the face; distinctive shape or contour of the face; CF. line

178

alcove

nook; recess

179

fester

rankle; produce irritation or resentment; (of a cut or wound) generate pus or rot; Ex. His insult festered in my mind for days.

180

facade(fa\c{c}ade)

front or face (of building); superficial or false appearance

181

docket

program as for trial; book where such entries are made; list of things to be done; agenda; label fixed to a package listing contents or directions; V: describe in a docket

182

acquittal

deliverance from a charge; V. acquit: free from a charge or accusation; discharge from a duty; conduct (oneself) in a specified manner

183

gallows

framework from which a noose is suspended (used for execution by hanging)

184

magnanimity

generosity; ADJ. magnanimous: generous

185

depreciate

lessen in value; belittle; represent as of little value

186

courier

messenger

187

promontory

headland

188

overwhelm

(of water) cover completely; defeat completely by much greater force; Ex. overwhelmed by grief

189

wizened

shriveled; withered; Ex. wizened apple/old lady

190

cognitive

having to do with knowing or perceiving related to the mental processes; N. cognition: the mental process of knowing

191

condone

overlook; forgive; give tacit approval; excuse

192

tirade

long angry denunciatory speech; diatribe; harangue; extended scolding; denunciation

193

gibe

mock; make jeering remarks; N: jeering remarks

194

vernal

pertaining to spring

195

connoisseur

person competent to act as a judge of art, etc. (whose judgments are respected); a lover of an art

196

progeny

children; offspring; descendants

197

profusion

great amount; plenty; overabundance; excess; lavish expenditure; Ex. profusion of choices; ADJ. profuse: plentiful; copious; giving or given abundantly; extravagant

198

cleft

N: split

199

ravenous

extremely hungry; voracious

200

surge

powerful movement of or like a wave; V.