GRE14 From2588-2787 Flashcards Preview

GRE 4000 words > GRE14 From2588-2787 > Flashcards

Flashcards in GRE14 From2588-2787 Deck (200):
1

overblown

inflated; exaggerated

2

recession

withdrawal; retreat; time of low economic activity

3

spin

rotate swiftly; make (thread) by twisting (cotton, wool, etc.); N.

4

impediment

hindrance; stumbling-block; speech defect preventing clear articulation; Ex. speech impediment

5

sustenance

sustaining; means of livelihood, support, food, nourishment; something that maintains life; food

6

warranty

guarantee; assurance by seller

7

aspire

seek to attain (position or status); long for; Ex. aspire to become president; Ex. aspire to/after the leadership

8

contest

dispute; argue about the rightness of; compete for; try to win; Ex. contest the election results; Ex. contest a seat in Parliament; N.

9

audacious

daring; bold; N. audacity

10

emend

correct (usually a text); N. emendation: correction of errors; improvement

11

hermitage

home of a hermit

12

spangle

small shiny metallic piece sewn to clothing for ornamentation

13

reprise

musical repetition; repeating of a piece of music; repeat performance; recurrent action; Ex. reprise in the finale; Ex. constant reprises

14

conventional

ordinary; typical; not nuclear; Ex. conventional weapons

15

provender

dry food for livestock; fodder

16

vampire

ghostly being that sucks the blood of the living

17

spoonerism

accidental transposition of sounds in successive words; Ex. ``Let me sew you to your sheet'' for ``Let me show you to your seat''; CF. William Spooner

18

figment

invention; something invented; imaginary thing; Ex. figment of your imagination

19

ensconce

settle comfortably; place comfortably (in a secure place)

20

egoism

excessive interest in one's self; belief that one should be interested in one's self rather than in others; selfishness; ADJ. egoistic, egoistical

21

haggard

wasted away; gaunt; Ex. haggard faces of the rescued miners

22

monolithic

solidly uniform; unchangeable; unyielding; N. monolith: large block of stone

23

resign

give up (a position, right, or claim); submit (oneself) passively

24

affront

insult; offense; intentional act of disrespect; V: insult or hurt the feelings of intentionally

25

gouge

overcharge (with high price); extort from; Ex. gouge the public; CF. usury

26

mortician

undertaker; CF. death

27

flag

droop; grow feeble; decline in vigor or strength; ADJ. flagging; CF. unflagging

28

maverick

rebel; nonconformist (in a group)

29

forum

public square of an ancient Roman city; public place for open discussion; court of law

30

enthrall

capture; enslave; captivate; hold the complete attention of (as if magic); hold spellbound

31

emblazon

ornament richly (a shield or flag); N. emblazonment

32

subsume

include (as a member of a group); encompass

33

parched

extremely dry; very thirsty; V. parch: make or become extremely dry (by exposure to heat)

34

standstill

condition of no movement or activity; stop

35

foreshadow

give an indication beforehand; be a sign of (what is coming); portend; prefigure

36

manifest

evident; visible; obvious; V: show plainly

37

pusillanimous

cowardly; lacking courage; fainthearted

38

parish

area in the care of a single priest and served by one main church

39

emollient

soothing or softening remedy (for the skin); ADJ.

40

utopia

ideal place, state, or society; ADJ. utopian

41

nexus

connection

42

arboreal

of or living in trees

43

boisterous

violent; rough; noisy

44

deluge

flood; rush; V.

45

fake

not genuine; N: one that is not genuine; impostor; sham; V: counterfeit; Ex. fake the results of the experiment/the signature

46

unprepossessing

unattractive

47

correlate

either of the correlated things; V.

48

heterogeneous

dissimilar; mixed; not homogeneous; consisting of dissimilar elements or plants

49

addendum

addition; appendix to book; something that is added (as at the end of a speech or book)

50

germ

earliest form of an organism; seed or bud; something that may develop into something larger or more important; microbe

51

polemic

attack or defense of an opinion; controversy or refutation; argument in support of point of view; N. polemics: art of debate or controversy

52

self-indulgence

excessive indulgence of one's own desire

53

futile

useless; hopeless; ineffectual

54

gist

essence; main point; substance

55

perpetual

everlasting

56

holster

leather pistol case (that hangs on a belt around the waist)

57

astral

relating to the stars

58

enunciate

announce; proclaim; utter or speak, especially distinctly; pronounce clearly; articulate; Ex. This theory was first enunciated by him.

59

elegy

poem or song expressing lamentation (for the dead); ADJ. elegiacal, elegiac

60

absolve

pardon (an offense)

61

sophomoric

immature; half-baked; like a sophomore

62

negligence

neglect; failure to take reasonable care; ADJ. negligent: neglectful; lax; not taking enough care

63

irretrievable

impossible to recover or regain; CF. retrieve

64

frustrate

thwart; defeat; prevent from accomplishing a purpose

65

vortex

whirlwind; whirlpool; center of turbulence; predicament into which one is inexorably plunged

66

maladroit

clumsy; not skillful; awkward; bungling

67

filial

pertaining to or befitting a son or daughter; Ex. filial respect

68

fray

brawl; fight; V: wear away or unravel by rubbing; have loose threads developing; cause to become worn out (a person's temper or nerves); CF. rub

69

genuflect

bend the knee as in worship

70

eon(aeon)

long period of time; an age; longest division of geologic time containing two or more eras

71

egregious

notorious; conspicuously bad or shocking

72

perfidious

treacherous; disloyal; N. perfidy: treachery

73

epitaph

inscription in memory of a dead person (as on a tombstone)

74

concoct

prepare by mixing or combining; make up in concert; devise (something false) so as to deceive; Ex. concoct an elaborate excuse for being late; N. concoction

75

alienate

make unfriendly or hostile; estrange; separate; change the ownership of

76

squelch

produce a splashing sound (when stepping through mud); crush; squash; CF. ÁøÈëÀ» À§¿¡¼­ ¹âÀ» ¶§

77

rickety

(of buildings) likely to break or fall apart; of rickets; CF. rickets; CF. vitamin D

78

podiatrist

doctor who treats ailments of the feet; chiropodist; N. podiatrics

79

dossier

file of documents on a subject or person; file; CF. bundle of papers labeled on the back

80

pass\'e

old-fashioned; past the prime

81

hubbub

confused uproar; loud noise; din

82

witless

lacking intelligence or wit; foolish; idiotic

83

robust

strong; vigorous

84

earthly

of this earth; terrestrial; worldly; not divine; possible; Ex. no earthly reason

85

fetish(fetich)

object believed to have spiritual powers; object of excessive attention or reverence; CF. fetishism

86

demean

disgrace; humiliate; debase in dignity; behave

87

hyperbole

exaggeration; overstatement; ADJ. hyperbolic: of hyperbole; of a hyperbola

88

dainty

delicate; delicately beautiful; fastidious; not easy to please; Ex. dainty movement/dress

89

insolvent

bankrupt; lacking money to pay; N. insolvency

90

plebiscite

direct vote by the entire electorate (on an important issue)

91

purgatory

place of spiritual expiation; temporary state or place in which the souls must expiate their sins

92

gory

bloody; N. gore: blood (from a wound)

93

momentum

quantity of motion of a moving body; impetus; moving force

94

Shangri-la

imaginary remote paradise on earth; CF. Lost Horizon

95

credo

creed

96

strangle

kill by choking or suffocating; suppress

97

exhume

dig out of the ground; remove from a grave

98

writhe

twist in coils; contort in pain

99

torque

twisting force; force producing rotation

100

frenetic(phrenetic)

frenzied; frantic

101

lope

gallop slowly

102

abbreviate

shorten

103

vicar

parish priest; representative

104

bovine

cowlike; placid and dull; slow-thinking; calm

105

epitome

perfect example or embodiment; brief summary; Ex. epitome of good manners; V. epitomize: make an epitome of; be an epitome of; embody

106

sever

separate; cut off (a part) from a whole; break up (a relationship); N. severance; CF. severance pay: extra pay given an employee upon leaving a position

107

benefactor

gift giver; patron; person who does good or who gives money for a good purpose

108

vigilant

watchful; on the alert; watchfully awake; alert to spot danger; N. vigilance

109

bugaboo

bugbear; object of baseless terror

110

chagrin

annoyance and disappointment; vexation (caused by humiliation or injured pride)

111

trenchant

cutting; incisive; keen

112

precipitous

steep; overhasty; precipitate

113

tonsure

shaving of the head especially by person entering religious orders; V.

114

forsake

desert; abandon; renounce

115

obstinate

stubborn; hard to control or treat; Ex. obstinate cough; N. obstinacy

116

noxious

harmful; CF. obnoxious

117

motley

multi-colored (as of a garment worn by a jester); mixed; heterogeneous; CF. jester: one who jests (as a paid fool at medieval courts)

118

buoyant

able to float; cheerful and optimistic; N. buoyancy; Ex. buoyancy of wood/water/American market

119

whinny

neigh like a horse; CF. neigh: make the sound which horses make

120

concomitant

that which accompanies; Ex. Deafnes is a frequent concommitant of old age; ADJ: existing or happening together with something else

121

dumbfound(dumfound)

astonish (making dumb); ADJ. dumbfounded, dumfounded, dumbstruck

122

indiscriminate

choosing at random; confused; not based on careful distinctions

123

vaunted

boasted; bragged; highly publicized; V. vaunt: boast; brag

124

halfhearted

exhibiting little interest or enthusiasm

125

sidetrack

switch (a railroad car) to a siding; divert from a main issue; N. CF. siding: short section of railroad track connected by switches with a main track

126

chasten

discipline; punish in order to correct; CF. castigate

127

reminiscent

suggestive of something (in the past); of reminiscence

128

amazon

female warrior

129

leaven

add leaven to; cause to rise or grow lighter; enliven; N: agent, such as yeast, that causes dough to rise (by fermentation); element that lightens or enlivens

130

ablution

washing

131

cleave

split or sever; cling to; remain faithful to; N. cleavage; ADJ. cloven

132

censor

(in ancient Rome) overseer of morals (also taking the census); person who eliminates inappropriate matter; V.

133

levy

impose (a fine); collect (a payment); impose or collect (a tax); Ex. levy a tax on tobacco

134

daub

smear (as with paint); cover with something sticky; Ex. daub one's clothes with mud/paint; N: small bit of sticky substance; Ex. a daub of paint

135

squabble

minor quarrel; bickering; V: engage in a minor quarrel; Ex. squabbling children

136

submissive

willing to obey orders; yielding; timid

137

siren

apparatus for making sounds; womanlike creature

138

nostrum

questionable medicine; quack medicine; CF. our (remedy)

139

discretion

prudence; ability to adjust actions to circumstances; freedom of action or judgment; ADJ. discreet; CF. discretionary

140

disjointed

disconnected; lacking coherence; V. disjoint: disconnect; disjoin

141

hermetic

sealed by fusion so as to be airtight; airtight

142

comestible

something fit to be eaten

143

dispatch

speediness; prompt execution; message sent with all due speed; V: send to a specified destination; finish promptly; kill

144

resumption

taking up again; recommencement; V. resume: begin or take up again; take or occupy again; Ex. Kindly resume your seats.

145

adverse

going against; opposing; unfavorable; hostile

146

ecstasy

rapture; very strong feeling of joy and happiness; any overpowering emotion; ADJ. ecstatic: causing or experiencing ecstasy

147

negligible

so small, trifling, or unimportant as to be easily disregarded

148

monotheism

belief in one God

149

gastronomy

art and science of preparing and serving good food; CF. gastronome

150

wispy

thin; slight; barely discernible

151

enrapture

please intensely; fill with rapture and delight

152

discombobulated

discomposed; confused

153

brood

sit on in order to hatch; think deeply or worry anxiously; N: the young of certain animals; group of young birds hatched at one time

154

alleviate

relieve (pain)

155

mosaic

picture made of small colorful inlaid tiles; ADJ.

156

forensic

suitable to debate or courts of law; of or used in legal proceedings and the tracking of criminals; Ex. forensic science/medicine

157

seasoned

experienced

158

soporific

sleep-causing; marked by sleepiness; drowsy

159

munificent

very generous in giving; Ex. munificent benefactor; N. munificience

160

urge

drive or force forward (by causing impulses); drive to take action; impel; entreat earnestly; Ex. urge horses; N: impulse that prompts action

161

pulsate

throb; beat regularly; vibrate regularly

162

paroxysm

fit or attack of pain, laughter, rage; sudden outburst

163

irresolute

uncertain how to act; weak; lacking in resolution; indecisive; N. irresolution

164

irksome

annoying; tedious; V. irk: annoy

165

furrow

long shallow trench made by a plow; deep wrinkle in the skin; V.

166

castrate

remove the sex organs (of a male animal or person)

167

cadence

rhythmic rise and fall (of words or sounds); beat; regular beat of sound; rhythm

168

validate

make valid; confirm; ratify

169

insurmountable

overwhelming; unbeatable; insuperable

170

antidote

remedy to counteract a poison or disease; Ex. antidote to the economic troubles

171

kleptomaniac

person who has a compulsive desire to steal

172

scotch

stamp out(put an end to); thwart; hinder; Ex. scotch the rumor; CF. cut; CF. È°µ¿À» ÁÙÀÌ´Â ÀǹÌ

173

amend

correct; change ; generally for the better

174

xenophobia

fear or hatred of foreigners; N. xenophobe

175

igneous

produced by fire; of fire; volcanic; (of rocks) formed from lava; Ex. igneous meteorite

176

facilitate

help bring about; make less difficult

177

mortify

humiliate by embarassing excessively; shame; punish the flesh; discipline (one's body) by self-denial; Ex. mortified by her blunder; Ex. mortify the flesh; CF. cause to die

178

wary

very cautious; watchful

179

legend

explanatory list of symbols on a map

180

vivacious

lively or animated; sprightly

181

compute

reckon; calculate

182

toga

Roman outer robe

183

emulate

imitate; rival; try to equal or excel (through imitation)

184

polyglot

speaking several languages; multilingual; Ex. polyglot person/society; N.

185

paltry

insignificant; petty; trifling; contemptible; Ex. paltry sum; CF. trash

186

diva

operatic singer; prima donna

187

embroil

throw into confusion; involve in strife, dispute, or quarrel; entangle; CF. imbroglio

188

lank

long and thin; Ex. Lank, gaunt, Abraham Lincoln

189

surveillance

close observation of a person (esp. one under suspicion); watching; guarding

190

draft

first rough form; conscription; draught; V: make a draft of; conscript

191

berate

scold strongly

192

penetrate

enter into; pierce; permeate; see through; grasp the inner significance of; understand

193

slovenly

untidy; careless in work habits; slipshod; N. sloven: one who is habitually untidy or careless

194

condign

adequate; (of punishment) severe and well deserved

195

nether

lower; Ex. nether garments/regions

196

fabricate

build; lie; make up (a story) in order to deceive; Ex. fabricate the whole story; CF. fabric: underlying structure; Ex. fabric of society

197

dregs

sediment in a liquid; lees; worthless residue

198

mediocre

ordinary; commonplace; neither good nor bad

199

demure

(of a woman or child) grave; quiet and serious; coy; pretending to be demure

200

hurtle

crash; rush; move with great speed; Ex. hurtling runaway train