GRE03 From0399-0598 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in GRE03 From0399-0598 Deck (200):
1

hummock

small hill; hillock

2

abscission

cutting off; separation

3

enormity

hugeness (in a bad sense); excessive wickedness; Ex. enormity of the crime; ADJ. enormous

4

trample

step heavily with the feet; crush under the feet

5

galvanize

stimulate or shock by an electric current; stimulate by shock; shock into action; stir up; coat with rust-resistant zinc by using electricity

6

irony

hidden sarcasm or satire; use of words that seem to mean the opposite of what they actually mean; use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning

7

metaphor

implied comparison; CF. simile

8

wrongheaded

stubbornly wrong

9

increment

increase

10

clime

climate

11

corrosive

eating away by chemicals or disease; (of language) fierce

12

rampart

defensive mound of earth

13

prognosis

forecasted course of a disease; prediction; CF. prognostic

14

miscellany

mixture of writings on various subjects; collection of various items

15

deviate

turn away from (a principle, norm); move away from an accepted standard; swerve; depart; diverge; N. deviation; Ex. deviation of the path of light by a prism

16

chronic

long established as a disease

17

agrarian

pertaining to land or its cultivation; Ex. agrarian reform

18

intrinsic

essential; inherent; built-in

19

transcendental

going beyond common thought or ideas; impossible to understand by practical experiences or practices; known only by studying thoughts or intuition; OP. empirical; CF. transcendentalism

20

camp

group sharing a common cause or opinion

21

fertile

producing many young, fruits, or seeds; (of land) producing good crops; V. fertilize

22

satire

form of literature in which irony, sarcasm, and ridicule are employed to attack human vice and folly

23

defray

provide for the payment of; undertake the payment of; pay

24

swipe

hit with a sweeping motion; N.

25

speck

small piece or mark; Ex. speck of dust in the eye

26

alloy

mixture as of metals; something added that lowers in value or purity; V: mix; make less pure; lower in value or quality; spoil; CF. unalloyed: not in mixture with other maetals; pure; complete; unqualified; Ex. unalloyed happiness

27

languish

lose animation or strength

28

laceration

torn ragged wound; V. lacerate: tear (the skin as with broken glass); wound

29

uninhibited

unrepressed; free in behavior and feelings

30

bland

soothing or mild (food); agreeable; causing no trouble or offence

31

suitor

man who is courting a woman

32

fluted

having vertical parallel grooves (as in a pillar); V. flute: make long parallel inward curves in; N. flute: long rounded groove incised on the shaft of a column

33

ultimatum

last demand; last warning; last statement of conditions that must be met; Ex. They have ignored our ultimatum.

34

visionary

produced by imagination; fanciful; mystical; showing foresight; N: one having foresight; one given to speculative impractical ideas

35

diatribe

bitter scolding or denunciation; invective; abuse

36

pan

criticize harshly

37

approbation

approval

38

hibernate

sleep throughout the winter; N. hibernation

39

rabid

of or suffering rabies; like a fanatic; extremely zealous; furious; CF. rabies: hydrophobia

40

flicker

burn unsteadily or fitfully; move waveringly; N: flickering movement or light; brief sensation; Ex. flicker of excitement

41

vent

small opening; outlet (as of fumes or a gas); Ex. He gave vent to his anger by kicking the chair.

42

compact

agreement; contract; ADJ: tightly packed; firm; brief; concise; Ex. compact statement

43

strut

pompous walk; V: walk in a self-important manner

44

advocate

speak in favor of; support (an idea or plan); urge; plead for

45

cacophonous

discordant; inharmonious; N. cacophony: unpleasant mixture of loud sounds

46

patrician

noble; aristocratic; N: person of high rank; aristocrat; CF. member of the governing classes in ancient Rome; CF. plebian

47

tensile

capable of being stretched; of tension; Ex. tensile rubber

48

reserve

self-control; self-restraint; formal but distant manner; reticence; Ex. without reserve: freely and openly; ADJ. reserved: shy and uncommunicative

49

disputatious

argumentative; fond of argument

50

bolt

door bar; fastening pin or screw; length of fabric; large roll of cloth; V: dash or dart off; fasten (a door); gobble down

51

haphazard

random; by chance; happening in an unplanned manner; Ex. haphazard growth of the town

52

generic

characteristic of an entire class or species; of a genus

53

spurn

reject disdainfully; scorn; Ex. She spurned all offers of help.

54

sensual

devoted to the pleasures of the sense; carnal; voluptuous; Ex. sensual woman/curves/lips

55

saboteur

one who commits sabotage; destroyer of property; N. sabotage: destruction of property (usually carried out secretly)

56

ironic

expressing irony; occurring in an unexpected and contrary manner

57

bid

command; utter (a greeting); offer as a price; N: offer of a price; amount offered; earnest effort to gain something; Ex. bid for freedom

58

carnal

fleshly; sensual; concerning the desires of the body

59

grueling

exhausting; Ex. grueling marathon race

60

evince

show clearly

61

minuscule(miniscule)

extremely small

62

ensue

follow (as a result)

63

prosper

become successful (esp. financially); thrive; grow well; Ex. children prospering under his care

64

limpid

crystal clear

65

synchronous

similarly timed; simultaneous with; occurring at the same time; V. synchronize

66

idolatry

worship of idols; excessive admiration or devotion; ADJ. idolatrous

67

knoll

little round hill; hillock

68

snip

short quick cut with scissors; V: cut with scissors

69

fluke

unlikely occurrence; stroke of fortune; accidental stroke of good luck; ADJ. fluky

70

universal

characterizing or affecting all; general; present everywhere; of the universe; cosmic; Ex. universal agreement; Ex. a subject of universal interest

71

valediction

saying farewell; expression of leave-taking

72

upbraid

reprimand; severely scold

73

grandiloquent

(of a person or speech) using high sounding or important-sounding language; pompous; bombastic

74

palette

board on which painter mixes pigments(coloring matters)

75

crest

top (as of a hill or wave); showy feathers on the head of a bird

76

abut

border upon; adjoin

77

mannered

affected; not natural; Ex. mannered way of speech

78

veer

change in direction; swerve

79

stipend

pay for services

80

ruminate

chew over and over (mentally or, like cows, physically); mull over(ponder)

81

authoritative

having the weight of authority; regarded as providing knowledge that can be trusted; reliable; peremptory and dictatorial; Ex. authoritative dictionary/manner; CF. definitive

82

rationalize

make rational; devise false reasons for (one's behavior); offer an excuse; give a plausible reason for an action in place of a true, less admirable ones; N. rationalization

83

lexicographer

compiler of a dictionary; CF. lexicography: work of compiling a dictionary

84

putrescent

becoming putrid; putrefying

85

wrangle

quarrel noisily; obtain through arguing; herd cattle; N.

86

unfeigned

genuine; real

87

junta

group of persons joined in political intrigue; cabal; group of military officers ruling a country after seizing power (by force)

88

stanza

division of a poem (composed of two or more lines)

89

casual

happening by chance; irregular; occasional; informal; showing or feeling little interest; Ex. casual reader/labor/remark

90

dabble

work at in a nonserious fashion; splash around; move noisily in a liquid

91

vagrant

wandering from place to place; roving; stray; moving in a random fashion; Ex. vagrant thoughts; N. vagrancy

92

alliteration

repetition of beginning sound in poetry

93

fete(f\^ete)

honor at a festival; celebrate or honor with a feast; N. (outdoor) festival or feast; CF. feast

94

lucre

money; profit; Ex. filthy lucre

95

debonair

(of men) friendly, charming, and fashionably dressed; aiming to please; CF. of good disposition

96

psychiatrist

doctor who treats mental diseases

97

ominous

threatening; of an evil omen

98

respite

time for rest; interval of relief; delay in punishment; reprieve

99

cringe

shrink back as if in fear; cower

100

collation

a light meal; collating

101

grapple

wrestle; come to grips with; take hold of and struggle with; Ex. grapple with the burglar

102

marrow

soft fatty tissue that fills most bone cavities and is the source of blood cells

103

sylvan

pertaining to the woods or the country

104

throb

(of a heart or machine) beat rapidly or violently; N. Ex. hearthrob: heartbeat; sweetheart

105

assiduous

diligent

106

renounce

abandon; give up (by formal announcement); disown; repudiate; Ex. renounce one's claim to the property/one's religion; N. renunciation

107

confound

confuse; puzzle

108

alimentary

supplying nourishment

109

dupe

someone easily fooled or deceived; V: deceive

110

orthodox

traditional; (of someone) conservative in belief; adhering to an established doctrine

111

predator

predatory animal or bird; predatory person; creature that seizes and devours another animal; person who robs or exploits others; ADJ. predatory: living by preying on other organisms; plundering; N. predation

112

privation

lack of the basic necessities or comforts of life; hardship; want; CF. deprive

113

osseous

made of bone; bony

114

countenance

approve; support; tolerate; Ex. countenance his rude behavior; N: face; appearance

115

sledge

large sled drawn by work animals

116

contaminate

pollute

117

except

exclude; N. exception: objection; exclusion; ADJ. exceptional: unusual; of unusually high quality

118

prevail

be widespread; triumph over; gain victory; prevail on: persuade; induce; Ex. Justice has prevailed; Ex. prevail on someone to do something

119

arraign

charge in court; indict

120

preen

make oneself tidy in appearance; feel self-satisfaction or pride; (of a bird) smooth or clean (feathers) with the beak; Ex. preen oneself on; CF. prune

121

conglomeration

mass of material sticking together

122

scurvy

contemptible; despicable; N: disease caused by deficiency of Vitamin C

123

breach

breaking of contract or duty; fissure or gap; opening; V.

124

celestial

heavenly

125

apocalyptic

prophetic; pertaining to revelations especially of disaster; N. apocalypse

126

misanthrope

one who hates mankind; misanthropist

127

disseminate

distribute; spread; scatter (like seeds)

128

rote

repetition; memorization through repetition without understanding; Ex. learn poetry by rote

129

pomposity

self-important behavior; acting like a stuffed shirt(pompous person); ADJ. pompous: self-important

130

epithet

word or phrase characteristically used to describe a person or thing; descriptive phrase to characterize a person (often contemptous)

131

painstaking

taking pains; showing hard work; taking great care; very careful and through

132

integral

complete; necessary for completeness; Ex. integral part

133

incoherent

unintelligible; muddled; unable to express one's thoughts in an orderly manner; illogical; lacking cohesion; not coherent

134

maniacal

raging mad; insane; N. maniac: insane person; CF. mania: disorder of the mind; intense enthusiasm

135

cog

tooth projecting from a wheel

136

favoritism

display of partiality toward a favored person

137

stratagem

deceptive scheme; clever trick

138

bucolic

rustic; pastoral

139

remorse

deep regret for wrongdoing; guilt; self-reproach

140

isthmus

narrow neck of land connecting two larger bodies of land

141

potion

dose (of liquids); liquid dose

142

cue

word or signal (as in a play to prompt another actor's speech or entrance); reminder or hint; V: give a cue to

143

buffoonery

clowning

144

novice

beginner

145

hardy

(of people or animals) sturdy; robust; (of plants) able to stand inclement(stormy) weather

146

belated

delayed

147

asperity

sharpness; roughness; severity (of temper or weather); Ex. asperities of a Russian winter

148

dank

damp; unpleasantly wet

149

dys-

abnormal; impaired

150

pachyderm

thick-skinned animal

151

flout

reject; mock; show contempt for; scorn; Ex. flout the rules

152

dappled

spotted

153

aberrant

abnormal or deviant

154

bliss

complete happiness; ADJ. blissful

155

historical

connected with history; based on events in history (whether regarded as important or not)

156

feral

(of an animal) not domestic; wild

157

grill

question severely; cook on a grill; broil; N: cooking surface of parallel metal bars

158

rendition

rendering; translation; artistic interpretation of a song, etc

159

drone

talk dully; buzz or murmur like a bee; N.

160

tenancy

possession of land or building by rent; period of a tenant's occupancy

161

retinue

following; attendants

162

ventriloquist

someone who can make his or her voice seem to come from another person or thing (without moving lips or jaws); N. ventriloquism, ventriloquy

163

deflect

turn aside; turn away from a straight course

164

judicious

sound on judgment; wise

165

stench

strong foul odor; reek; stink

166

carrion

rotting flesh of a dead body; CF. vulture

167

sextant

navigation tool used to determine a ship's latitude and longitude (by measuring the altitudes of stars)

168

cuisine

style of cooking; Ex. French cuisine

169

repel

drive away; disgust; Ex. repel the attack/moisture; Ex. repelled by the dirty room; CF. repulsion

170

audit

examination of accounts of a business; official examination; V.

171

propulsive

driving forward; N. propulsion

172

archaeology

study of artifacts and relics of early mankind

173

bicker

quarrel

174

inherent

firmly established by nature or habit; intrinsic

175

lookout

act of keeping watch; high place commanding a wide view; person who keeps watch

176

impel

drive or force onward; drive to take action; urge to action

177

bureaucracy

overregulated administrative system marked by red tape; ADJ. bureaucratic

178

intrude

put or force in without being asked; trespass; enter as an uninvited person; Ex. intrude one's own opinion into the report; CF. thrust in

179

gambit

opening in chess in which a piece is sacrificed; action made to produce a future advantage

180

suspend

cause to stop for a period; interrupt; hold in abeyance; defer; hang from above; exclude for a period from a position; Ex. suspended state; Ex. suspend judgment; Ex. suspended from the team; N. suspension

181

allegiance

loyalty

182

hovel

shack; small wretched house

183

hoary

white with age

184

precursor

forerunner; predecessor

185

orator

public speaker

186

confidential

spoken or written in secret; trusted with private matters; Ex. confidential secretary

187

recount

narrate or tell (a story); count over again

188

infringe

violate (a law); encroach (the right of another person)

189

patrimony

property inherited from a father

190

guffaw

boisterous laughter; V.

191

havoc

widespread damage; disorder; chaos

192

trifling

trivial; unimportant

193

titillate

tickle; excite pleasantly; Ex. not to titillate the audience but to enlighten it

194

relapse

return to a former state (esp. after improvement); N.

195

adorn

decorate

196

buxom

full-bosomed; plump; jolly

197

doff

take off; OP. don

198

incendiary

arsonist; ADJ: causing fire; of arson; Ex. incendiary bomb

199

luxuriant

abundant; growing healthily and in large amounts; excessively ornate; rich and splendid; fertile; Ex. luxuriant forests/prose; CF. luxurious, luxuriate

200

astigmatism

eye defect which prevents proper focus; OP. stigmatism