GRE16 From2986-3185 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in GRE16 From2986-3185 Deck (200):
1

sloth

slow moving tree-dwelling mammal; laziness; ADJ. slothful: lazy; indolent

2

decoy

lure or bait; V.

3

incorporeal

without a material body; insubstantial

4

forestall

prevent by taking action in advance

5

ravine

narrow valley with steep sides; gorge; CF. gully, canyon

6

cauterize

burn (a wound or snakebite, etc.) with hot iron or caustic substance to stop bleeding and prevent infection

7

wither

(of a plant) dry up from loss of moisture; lose freshness; shrivel; decay

8

superfluous

excessive; overabundant; unnecessary; N. superfluity

9

blas\'e

bored with pleasure or dissipation; uninterested or bored

10

dauntless

bold; fearless

11

improvise

compose on the spur of the moment

12

touching

causing a feeling of pity or sympathy; pathetic; V. touch: cause to feel pity or sympathy; ADJ. touched

13

imponderable

weightless; that cannot undergo precise evaluation; CF. pound

14

sepulcher

tomb; V: place in a sepulcher; ADJ. sepulchral

15

impregnable

invulnerable; impossible to capture or enter by force; Ex. impregnable fort/argument; CF. take

16

vouch

give a personal guarantee; Ex. I can vouch for his integrity; N. voucher

17

prolong

lengthen; extend; draw out

18

scavenge

hunt through discarded materials for usable items or food; search, especially for food; N. scavenger: one who scavenges; animal that feeds on refuse and carrion

19

barterer

trader; V. barter: trade; exchange good for other goods rather than money

20

succulent

juicy; full of juice or sap; full of richness; N: succulent plant such as a cactus

21

alms

money or goods given to the poor

22

mash

crush into mash; convert into mash; N: mixture of ground grain and nutrients fed to livestock and fowl

23

ostentatious

showy; trying to attract attention; pretentious; N. ostentation: showy display

24

propriety

fitness; quality of being proper; correct conduct; conformity to prevailing customs and usages; CF. proprietor, proprietary

25

outspoken

candid; blunt

26

sybarite

lover of luxury; person devoted to pleasure and luxury; CF. Sybaris: an ancient Greek city in Italy

27

herald

messenger; sign of something to come; V: announce; proclaim; Ex. unheralded researcher

28

harping

tiresome dwelling on a subject; V. harp: dwell on(think or speak a lot about) tediously

29

gargoyle

waterspout carved in grotesque figures on a building

30

repertoire

list of works of music, drama, etc., a performer is prepared to present; CF. repertory

31

inconsequential

insignificant; unimportant

32

eugenic

pertaining to the improvement of race; N. eugenics: study of hereditary improvement of the human race

33

homeostasis

tendency of a system or organism to maintain relative stability or internal equilibrium; CF. homeo-: constant; Ex. homeotherm

34

throttle

strangle; regulate the speed of with a throttle; N: valve that regulates the flow; CF. throat ?

35

fuss:

trouble or worry over trifles; make nervous; pay too much attention to; N: needless concern or worry (about a trivial thing); anxious nervous condition; display of attention; Ex. make a fuss over the baby

36

wane

decrease in size or strength (after being full); grow gradually to an end; Ex. The moon waxes and wanes every month; N.

37

exclaim

cry out suddenly; N. exclamation; ADJ. exclamatory

38

gorge

stuff oneself (with food); glut; CF. gorgeous: dazzlingly beautiful

39

denounce

condemn; criticize; N. denunciation

40

concede

admit; acknowledge as being true (often reluctantly); yield; grant; Ex. concede a goal

41

canine

related to dogs; doglike

42

abrogate

abolish

43

mutilate

maim; injure lastingly; deprive of a limb or an essential part

44

refrain

abstain from; resist; forbear; N: chorus

45

impiety

irreverence; lack of respect for God or piety

46

dysentery

inflammatory disorder of the lower intestinal tract

47

unobtrusive

inconspicuous; not blatant

48

evanescent

fleeting; vanishing; soon disappearing; V. evanesce

49

deducible

derived by reasoning; V. deduce: infer; derive by reasoning

50

debase

degrade; reduce in quality or value; degenerate; lower in esteem; disgrace; N. debasement

51

agnostic

one who is skeptical of the existence or knowability of a god or any ultimate reality

52

provision

act of providing; something provided; preparatory measure; provisions: necessary supplies (esp. food); stipulation; condition in an agreement; Ex. According to the provisions of the agreement

53

tramp

walk with a heavy step; travel on foot; N: vagrant; one who travels aimlessly about; long walk; sound of heavy walking

54

abet

assist usually in doing something wrong; encourage

55

phalanx

formation of infantry carrying overlapping shields and long spears; group of men packed together (for attack or defense)

56

miasma

swamp gas; heavy vaporous atmosphere often emanating from decaying matter; pervasive corrupting influence; noxious atmosphere or influence

57

rigor

severity; Ex. rigors of the Russian winter

58

titanic

gigantic; N. titan

59

forge

counterfeit; reproduce fraudulently; form by heating in a forge and hammering into shape; move with a sudden increase of speed or power; Ex. forged ahead in the last two years; N: furnace where metals are heated

60

usurp

seize another's power or rank (without legal authority); supplant; appropriate; N. usurpation; CF. take for one's own use

61

lineage

descent; ancestry

62

whimsy

whim; tendency to behave amusingly strangely; Ex. story full of whimsy

63

detached

emotionally removed; free from emotional involvement; calm and objective; physically separate; N. detachment; CF. attachment

64

aperture

opening; hole; adjustable opening in a camera that limits the amount of light

65

referendum

direct vote by all the people

66

engage

attract; employ; hire; pledge oneself; confront; fight; enter into confliction; interlock; lock together; participate; N. engagement: agreement to marry; arrangement to meet someone or to do something; battle

67

indolent

lazy

68

callous

hardened; unfeeling; without sympathy for the sufferings of others; unkind

69

dart

move or throw suddenly and quickly

70

contrived

unnatural and forced; artificial; not spontaneous; Ex. The ending was rather contrived.

71

complicity

participation; involvement (in a questionable act or a crime)

72

inequity

unfairness; ADJ. inequitable

73

creed

system of religious or ethical belief

74

concord

harmony; accord

75

fashion

give shape to; make; Ex. fashion the pot out of clay

76

proclivity

inclination; natural tendency (esp. towards something bad)

77

glare

shine intensely and blindingly; stare fixedly and angrily; N.

78

bromide

platitude; chemical compound used to calm excitement

79

rake

angle of a slope; V: slant from the perpendicular

80

antiquated

obsolete; old-fashioned; outdated

81

amalgamate

(of societies or groups) combine; unite in one body

82

extenuate

weaken; mitigate; lessen the seriousness of (bad behavior)

83

season

enhance the flavor of by adding a spice, etc.; inure; harden; N. seasoning: something used in seasoning

84

solicitous

anxious; worried; concerned; eager; Ex. solicitous to do something; N. solicitude

85

unsavory

distasteful; disagreeable; morally offensive; Ex. unsavory activity/reputation

86

oligarchy

government by a privileged few

87

sect

separate religious body; faction; group of people with common beliefs within a larger group

88

kernel

central or vital part; core; whole seed (as of corn)

89

harbinger

forerunner (which foreshadows what is to come)

90

galley

low ship with sails (rowed along by slaves)

91

harbor

give protection (by giving food and shelter); provide a refuge for; hide; keep in mind (thoughts or feelings); Ex. harbor a grudge/criminal; N: place of shelter; refuge

92

homily

sermon; tedious moralizing lecture; serious warning; ADJ. homiletic

93

rotunda

circular building or hall covered with a dome

94

defrock

strip a priest or minister of church authority; unfrock

95

chorus

phrase repeated throughout a song or poem

96

genus

division of animals or plants, below a family and above a species

97

resonant

(of a sound) echoing; resounding(sounding loudly); deep and full in sound; producing resonance; Ex. resonant voice; N. resonance

98

tautological

needlessly repetitious; Ex. ``It was visible to the eye''; N. tautology: needless repetition of the same sense; statement that is always true

99

linguistic

pertaining to language

100

castigation

punishment; severe criticism or disapproval

101

cataract

great waterfall; eye abnormality (causing a gradual loss of eyesight)

102

strident

loud and harsh; insistent; N. stridency

103

cognate

having a common origin; related linguistically; allied by blood; similar or akin in nature; Ex. cognate languages; N.

104

belligerent

quarrelsome

105

deference

courteous regard for another's wish; courteous yielding to another's wish or opinion (showing respect); ADJ. deferential; OP. effrontery

106

winnow

sift; separate the chaff from grain by blowing; separate good parts from bad; CF. wind

107

problematic

causing a problem; open to doubt; doubtful; unsettled; questionable; Ex. Whether the arena will ever be completed is problematic.

108

tractable

docile; easily managed; (of something) easily changed or molded; N. tractability

109

indoctrinate

cause to accept a doctrine without questioning it; Ex. indoctrinated with mindless anti-communism

110

virtuoso

highly skilled artist (esp. in music); Ex. piano virtuoso

111

dais

raised platform for speakers or other important people

112

euphemism

mild expression in place of an unpleasant one; ADJ. euphemistic

113

indignity

treatment or situation that causes shame or loss of dignity, respect; offensive or insulting treatment; humiliating or degrading treatment; Ex. I suffered the indignity of having to say that in front of them.

114

maternal

motherly; N. maternity: motherhood

115

demographic

related to population balance; N. demography: statistical study of human population

116

stricture

severe and adverse criticism; critical comments; limit or restriction

117

dynamic

energetic; vigorously active

118

impersonal

not being a person; not showing personal feelings; Ex. impersonal force/manner/organization

119

warble

(of a bird) sing; babble; N.

120

discordant

not harmonious; conflicting

121

criteria

standards used in judging; CF. criterion

122

demeanor

behavior; bearing

123

doctrine

teachings in general; particular principle (religious, legal, etc.) taught; dogma; tenet; ADJ. doctrinal

124

rivet

metal pin used for fastening metal plates together; V: fasten with a rivet; engross

125

levity

lack of seriousness or steadiness; frivolity; lightness of manner

126

executioner

person administering capital punishment

127

cemetery

place for burying the dead

128

protocol

diplomatic etiquette; ceremony and etiquette observed by diplomats; first copy of a treaty before its ratification; Ex. Protocol demands that the queen meet him at the airport.

129

catechism

book for religious instruction in question-and-answer form; religious instruction by question and answer; V. catechize

130

mendacious

lying; habitually dishonest; N. mendacity

131

dull

(of colors or surfaces) not bright; cloudy; overcast; boring; (of edge or sound) not sharp; not rapid; sluggish; slow in thinking and understanding; stupid; V.

132

chant

tune(melody) in which a number of words are sung on the same note; V: sing (a chant); utter (a slogan) in the manner of a chant

133

parchment

writing material made from the skin of a sheep or goat

134

baroque

highly ornate

135

motto

brief statement used to express a principle

136

juxtapose

place side by side; CF. next

137

insolence

impudent disrespect; haughtiness; ADJ. insolent; CF. haughty + rude

138

culmination

highest point; climax; V. culminate in: reach the highest point in; end in; Ex. a series of minor clashes culminating in war

139

adhere

stick fast; be a devotd follower; N. adhesion: adhering; devotion; loyality

140

putrid

decayed and foul-smelling; foul; rotten; decayed; N. putridity

141

sodden

thoroughly soaked; dull or stupid as if from drink

142

threat

sign or warning (of coming danger); Ex. threat of rain; V: express a threat; give warning of (something bad); Ex. The cloud threatens rain.

143

pivotal

of a pivot; central; critical; crucial

144

nuptial

of marriage or the wedding ceremony; N; nuptials; wedding ceremony

145

detraction

slandering; aspersion; detracting; CF. detractor

146

malapropos

inappropriate; ADV.

147

amorphous

formless; lacking shape or definition

148

patent

obvious; easily seen; open for the public to read; of or protected by a patent; Ex. patent to everyone; N.

149

rationale

fundamental reason or principle (on which a system or principle is based); fundamental reason or justification; grounds for an action

150

scurrilous

abusive; obscene; indecent; Ex. scurrilous remark

151

bent

determined; Ex. bent on advancing in the business; N: natural talent or inclination

152

decorous

proper (in behavior, conduct, or appearance)

153

improvident

thriftless; not providing for the future

154

menial

suitable for servants; lowly; mean; N: someone who does menial work (esp. servant in a house)

155

disband

dissolve; disperse; (of a group) break up and separate; Ex. The club has disbanded.

156

indite

write; compose

157

foment

stir up; incite; instigate; promote the growth of (something evil or unpleasant)

158

cavalier

casual and offhand; arrogant; N: knight

159

recrimination

countercharges; V. recriminate

160

graduate

arrange into categories or grades; divide into marked intervals (for use in measurement); Ex. graduated ruler

161

pillage

plunder

162

maroon

leave helpless on a deserted island or coast; ADJ. red brown

163

annals

records arranged in yearly parts; history

164

peer

one who has equal standing with another; nobleman; V: look intently; N. peerage; CF. peeress

165

capacity

mental or physical ability; role; position or duty; ability to accommodate; Ex. in my capacity as president

166

junket

trip especially one taken for pleasure by an official at public expense

167

heed

pay attention to; N: close attention

168

tangible

able to be touched; real; concrete; palpable; possible to realize or understand; Ex. tangible proof

169

invective

abuse

170

rebus

representation of words in the form of pictures or symbols; puzzle in which pictures or letters stand for words; Ex. ``R U 18'' is a rebus for ``Are you 18''.

171

astringent

binding; causing contraction (stopping bleeding); harsh or severe; stringent; Ex. astringent criticism

172

impropriety

improperness; unsuitableness

173

repeal

revoke; annul

174

prone

inclined to; likely to (suffer); prostrate; lying with the front downward; Ex. prone to disease/make mistakes; Ex. accident-prone

175

precipice

cliff; dangerous position; Ex. on the edge of the precipice

176

ambivalence

the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes or opinions

177

elaboration

addition of details; intricacy

178

ethnic

relating to races

179

skulduggery

dishonest behavior or action; Ex. skulduggery in the election

180

pessimism

belief that life is basically bad or evil; gloominess; tendency to take the gloomiest possible view of a situation; ADJ. pessimistic

181

woe

great sorrow; deep inconsolable grief; affliction; suffering; Ex. financial woes

182

makeshift

temporary expedient or substitute (in the case of urgent need); Ex. makeshift shelter

183

parasite

animal or plant living on another; toady; sycophant; CF. para-: beside

184

conscript

draftee; person forced into military service; V.

185

verisimilitude

appearance of truth; quality of appearing to be true or real; likelihood; Ex. verisimilitude of her performance as Lady Macbeth

186

mollify

soothe an angry person

187

fallacious

false; based on a fallacy; misleading; N. fallacy: false idea or notion; false reasoning; Ex. popular fallacy; Ex. fallacy of the argument

188

authoritarian

subordinating the individual to the state; completely dominating another's will; Ex. authoritarian regime/father

189

seasonal

of a particular season; Ex. seasonal rise in employment

190

engaged

employed; busy; betrothed; involved in conflict

191

righteous

morally upright; just

192

inclusive

tending to include all; all-inclusive; Ex. inclusive charge

193

margin

border; room; allowance beyond what is needed; Ex. margin of safety

194

spasmodic

fitful; periodic; of or like a spasm; N. spasm: sudden involuntary muscular contraction; sudden burst of energy or emotion

195

effrontery

rudeness without any sense of shame; shameless boldness; presumptousness; nerve; cheek

196

warranted

justified; authorized

197

obsolete

outmoded; no longer used

198

intransigence

refusal of any compromise; stubbornness; ADJ. intransigent: uncompromising

199

premonitory

serving to warn

200

rightful

legally correct; Ex. rightful owner