GRE24 From4578-4777 Flashcards Preview

GRE 4000 words > GRE24 From4578-4777 > Flashcards

Flashcards in GRE24 From4578-4777 Deck (200):
1

variegated

(esp. of a flower or leaf) many-colored

2

harangue

long, passionate, and vehement speech; V.

3

ratiocination

reasoning; act of drawing conclusions from premises; V. ratiocinate: reason logically

4

squander

waste; spend foolishly

5

fulminate

thunder; explode; issue a severe denunciation

6

attribute

essential quality; V: ascribe; explain

7

luster

shine; gloss (of a polished surface)

8

recline

lie down

9

infiltrate

pass into or through; penetrate or enter (an organization) sneakily; Ex. infiltrate the troops into enemy territory; CF. infiltrator

10

reproach

blame (not angrily but sadly); express disapproval or disappointment; N. ADJ. reproachful

11

gnarl

protruding knot on a tree; V.

12

influx

flowing into

13

expurgate

clean; remove offensive parts of a book

14

edifice

building (of imposing size)

15

abusive

coarsely insulting; physically harmful

16

parvenu

upstart; newly rich person

17

quail

cower; shrink back in fear; lose heart

18

extricate

free from an entanglement or difficulty; disentangle

19

unearth

dig up; discover (facts) by careful searching; Ex. He unearthed some secrets about her; OP. conceal

20

ploy

strategem to gain an advantage; tactic; Ex. management ploy

21

mobile

movable; not fixed; N. mobility

22

sultry

(of weather) hot; sweltering; sensual; voluptuous

23

arsenal

storage place for military equipment

24

solace

comfort in sorrow or trouble; consolation; V: comfort or console in time of sorrow or trouble

25

congenital

existing at birth

26

jurisdiction

right and power to apply the law; authority

27

equivocal

(of words or statements) ambiguous; intentionally misleading; (of behavior) questionable; OP. unequivocal

28

compelling

overpowering; irresistible in effect; holding one's attention; that compels one to do something; Ex. a compelling adventure story; V. compel

29

bantering

joking talk; good-naturedly ridiculing; N.V. banter

30

effective

effectual; producing a strong response; striking; in operation; in effect; Ex. effective speech/photograph

31

aria

operatic solo; a song sung by one person in an opera or oratorio

32

recidivism

habitual return to crime (even after being punished); N. recidivist

33

pedagogy

teaching; art of education

34

privy

secret; hidden; not public; made a participant in something secret; Ex. privy chamber government; Ex. be privy to a discussion; CF. private

35

vilify

slander; speak evil of; N. vilification

36

rag

scrap of cloth; ADJ. ragged: old and torn; seeming unfinished and imperfect; Ex. ragged debut/performance

37

buffoon

stupid person; clown

38

multilingual

having many languages; fluent in several languages

39

macerate

soften by soaking in liquid; waste away; Ex. macerate powdered wood to make paper

40

impute

attribute; ascribe; charge; N. imputation

41

venture

risk; expose to risk; dare; undertake a risk; N.

42

rivulet

small stream; CF. rill < rivulet < river

43

venue

location; place (of a crime, trial, gathering, etc.); CF. come

44

tout

promote or publicize (one's goods or service); praise excessively (as a form of advertisement); CF. advertise

45

embed(imbed)

enclose; place in something; fix firmly in a surrounding mass

46

loft

room or space under the roof; attic

47

crevice

crack; fissure

48

institute

organization for a special purpose; V: establish

49

pinion

restrain or immobilize by binding the wings or legs; N: bird's wing

50

lull

moment of calm; period of reduced activity; Ex. a lull in the rain; V: cause to become less active; cause to sleep or rest; Ex. lull the opponents into a false sense of security; CF. lullaby

51

affiliation

joining; associating with

52

libido

psychic and emotional energy or urges behind human activity; sexual desire

53

gull

trick; deceive; hoodwink; N: person who is easily tricked; dupe

54

equine

resembling a horse; Ex. equine face

55

scenario

plot outline; screenplay(script for a movie); opera libretto; outline of possible future events

56

vent

release or discharge through a vent; express (esp. unfairly); utter; Ex. He vented his wrath on his family.

57

relic

surviving remnant (from an extinct culture); memento; keepsake; relics: corpse; Ex. ancient relics; Ex. relics of his travel; Ex. His relics are buried at X.

58

herd

group of animals; crowd; one who looks after a herd; Ex. shepherd/goatherd; Ex. herd instinct; Ex. herdsman; V: come together in a herd; look after a herd; Ex. herd cattle

59

patronize

support; act superior toward; treat in a condescending manner; be a customer of; N. patron: one that supports; regular customer; N. patronage; CF. boycott

60

astute

wise; shrewd; keen; seeing quickly something that is to one's advantage

61

flux

flowing; series of changes; fluctuation; Ex. in a state of flux

62

rustle

make slight sounds like silk moving or being rubbed together

63

mutter

utter (complaining words) indistinctly in low tones

64

ribald

marked by vulgar lewd humor; wanton; profane; N. ribaldry: ribald language or joke

65

base

contemptible; morally bad; inferior in value or quality; Ex. base motives/conduct; Ex. base metal such as iron

66

illusory

illusive; deceptive; not real

67

flush

redden; blush; flow suddenly and abundantly; wash out by a rapid brief flow of water; N: reddish tinge; blush; brief rush; rush of strong feeling; Ex. flush of pride; ADJ: having surfaces in the same plane; even; blushing

68

mirage

unreal reflection; optical illusion

69

frigid

intensely cold; cold in manner; Ex. frigid zone

70

missive

letter; written statement; CF. sent

71

anthropologist

student of the history and science of humankind

72

carapace

shell covering the back (of a turtle, tortoise, crab, etc.)

73

perforate

pierce; put a hole through

74

gait

manner of walking or running; speed

75

acrimonious

stinging; caustic; bitter in words or manner; N. acrimony: bitter ill-natured animosity in speech or behavior

76

abhor

detest; hate

77

conciliatory

reconciling; soothing; V. conciliate: reconcile; soothe; win the friendly feelings (by removing anger)

78

missile

object to be thrown or projected

79

hew

cut to pieces with ax or sword; chop; N.

80

vassal

in feudalism, one who held land of a superior lord; subordinate or dependent

81

prank

mischievous trick

82

fulcrum

support on which a lever rests or pivots

83

stupor

state of being stupefied; state of apathy; daze; lack of awareness

84

sift

put through a sieve to separate fine from coarse particles; sort or examine carefully

85

doze

sleep lightly; nap

86

pathological

pertaining to disease; N. pathology: study of disease

87

brevity

conciseness; shortness of duration

88

metallurgical

pertaining to the art of removing metals from ores; N. metallurgy: science that deals with extracting metals from ores

89

apathy

lack of caring; indifference; lack of concern or interest in important matters; Ex. He was sunk in apathy after his failure; ADJ. apathetic

90

metaphysical

pertaining to speculative philosophy; of metaphysics; N. metaphysics: branch of philosophy that examines the nature of reality

91

archetype

prototype; primitive pattern

92

burgeon

grow rapidly; grow forth; send out buds; Ex. burgeoning computer industry; CF. bludgeon

93

atrophy

wasting away; V: weaken and lose flesh and muscle (through lack of blood or lack of use)

94

shoddy

made of inferior material; sham; not genuine; inferior; dishonest; Ex. shoddy goods/trick

95

levee

earthen or stone embankment to prevent flooding; CF. raise

96

quack

charlatan; impostor

97

salutary

tending to improve; beneficial; wholesome; Ex. The punishment had a salutary effect on the boy; CF. health

98

sedentary

requiring sitting; done while sitting; not moving from one place to another; settled; Ex. sedentary job/population

99

incriminate

accuse of or implicate in a crime; serve as evidence against; cause to seem or make guilty of a crime; Ex. incriminating evidence

100

presumptuous

going beyond what is right; excessively forward; arrogant; taking liberties

101

abstract

theoretical; not concrete; nonrepresentational

102

cornucopia

horn (or horn-shaped container) overflowing with fruit and grain; symbol of abundance; horn of plenty

103

transcribe

copy; write a copy of; N. transcription

104

enliven

make lively or spirited; animate

105

materialism

preoccupation with physical comforts and things; excessive regard for worldly concerns (rather than spiritual matters)

106

cherubic

angelic; innocent-looking; N. cherub; CF. seraph: winged angel of the highest order

107

rancor

long-lasting hatred; bitterness; Ex. negotiation without rancor; ADJ. rancorous

108

panegyric

formal praise; encomium; Ex. I don't deserve such panegyrics.

109

sustain

suffer (harm or loss); experience; support; prop; maintain; keep in existence; nourish (to maintain life); Ex. sustain the family/the trapped miners

110

cursory

casual; hastily done with little attention to detail

111

explicate

explain in detail; interpret; clarify; CF. explicable

112

plaudit

praise; enthusiastic approval; round(succession or series) of applause; ADJ. plauditory; CF. applaud

113

garner

gather; store up; amass

114

disinter

dig up; unearth; OP. inter

115

resourceful

clever and imaginative (in dealing with difficult situations); N. resource, resourcefulness

116

horticultural

pertaining to cultivation of gardens; N. horticulture: science or art of cultivating fruits, vegetables, or ornamental plants; CF. agriculture: science or art of farming or growing crops

117

detonation

explosion

118

ram

male sheep; V. strike or drive against with a heavy impact

119

spartan

without attention to comfort; lacking luxury and comfort; sternly disciplined; Ex. spartan living condition/life

120

vertebrate

having a backbone or spinal column; N: group of animals having a segmented spinal column

121

arable

fit for growing crops; Ex. arable land

122

elucidate

explain; make clear; clarify; enlighten; CF. lucid

123

dismiss

eliminate from consideration; no longer consider; put out of court without further hearing; reject; discharge from employment; direct to leave; ADJ. dismissive; N. dismissal

124

couple

join; unite; OP. uncouple

125

subordinate

occupying a lower rank; inferior; submissive; N. V: put in a lower rank or class

126

torpedo

underwater explosive apparatus; V.

127

narcissist

conceited person; N. narcissism; CF. narcissus

128

aspirant

seeker after position or status

129

outcast

one that has been excluded from a society; ADJ.

130

acrid

bitter (to the taste or smell); sharp; bitterly pungent

131

dour

sullen; gloomy; stubborn

132

cataclysm

deluge; upheaval; earthquake; violent and sudden event or change

133

banal

hackneyed; commonplace; trite; lacking originality; clich\'ed

134

veracity

truthfulness; adherence to the truth

135

jabber

chatter rapidly or unintelligibly

136

determinate

having a fixed order of procedure; precisely defined; invariable; fixed; conclusive; final

137

canny

shrewd in money matters; thrifty

138

pithy

concise and meaningful; substantial; meaty

139

earthy

unrefined; coarse; of earth; Ex. earthy remarks; OP. ethereal

140

vociferous

clamorous; noisy; V. vociferate: cry out loudly (when complaining)

141

shun

keep away from; avoid deliberately; Ex. She has been shunned by her neighbors.

142

perturb

disturb greatly

143

captious

faultfinding; too critical

144

flora

plants of a region or era

145

crypt

secret recess or vault usually used for burial; underground room (under a church)

146

catastrophe

calamity ; disaster

147

stint

supply; allotted amount of work; assigned portion of work; limitation; Ex. two-year stint in the army; Ex. without stint

148

postmortem

autopsy; ADJ: occurring after death; of a postmortem

149

capacious

spacious

150

leonine

like a lion

151

aviary

enclosure for birds; large cage

152

inaugurate

begin formally; install in office; induct into office by a formal ceremony; N. inauguration; ADJ. inaugural

153

miniature

small model; small painting; ADJ: small

154

compliance

conformity in fulfilling requirements; readiness to yield; disposition to yield to others; V. comply

155

hortatory

encouraging; exhortive; marked by exhortation; CF. exhort

156

mire

entangle; stick in swampy ground; stick or sink in mire; N: bog; deep mud; Ex. sucked deeper into the mire

157

prototype

original work used as a model by others

158

hale

healthy

159

ornate

excessively or elaborately decorated

160

effectual

able to produce a desired effect; valid

161

cavil

quibble; make frivolous objections; find fault unnecessarily

162

catharsis

purging or cleansing of any passage of the body; purging and weakening of strong emotions as a result of experiencing a dramatic work of art

163

totter

shake or move unsteadily; sway as if about to fall

164

rile

irritate; vex; muddy

165

rou\'e

lecherous man

166

alluvial

pertaining to soil deposits left by running water

167

qualify

reach a necessary standard; limit the meaning of something stated

168

resort

turn to for help; Ex. resort to violence; N.

169

sanction

approve; ratify; N: permission; penalty intended to enforce compliance

170

ward

administrative division of a city; division in a hospital or prison; incompetent person placed under the protection of a guardian; V: guard; ward off: avert

171

graphic

pertaining to the art of delineating; vividly described

172

solicitor

lawyer in the lower court of law

173

impeccable

faultless

174

visage

face; appearance

175

sacrosanct

invioably sacred; most sacred; inviolable

176

plump

pleasantly fat; nicely rounded

177

tenet

doctrine; dogma

178

comport

bear one's self; behave; Ex. comport oneself; N. comportment

179

mettle

courage (to continue bravely in spite of difficulties); spirit; ADJ. mettlesome

180

corollary

natural consequence (which naturally follows from something else)

181

immobility

state of being immovable

182

supposition

assumption; hypothesis; surmise; V. suppose

183

savory

pleasant in taste; tasty; pleasing, attractive, or agreeable; Ex. savory reputation

184

insubstantial

lacking substance; insignificant; frail; immaterial

185

decrepitude

state of collapse or weakness caused by illness or old age

186

hallucination

delusion; false idea; false perception of objects with a compelling sense of their reality; objects so perceived; V. hallucinate; ADJ. hallucinatory

187

imbecility

weakness of mind; state of being an imbecile; N. imbecile: stupid person; fool

188

congeal

freeze; coagulate

189

memorialize

commemorate

190

enterprise

willingness to take new ventures; initiative; business organization; plan (that is difficult or daring); Ex. their latest enterprise to sail round the world in a small boat

191

overthrow

topple; N.

192

unsullied

untarnished; CF. sully

193

neologism

new or newly coined word or phrase

194

fiat

command; arbitrary order; Ex. presidential fiat; CF. let it be done

195

tawdry

cheap and gaudy; Ex. tawdry jewelry

196

inverse

opposite

197

felon

person convicted of a grave crime; CF. felony: serious crime

198

braggadocio

boasting

199

despoil

plunder; sack; Ex. despoil the village

200

malady

illness