GRE21 From3981-4180 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in GRE21 From3981-4180 Deck (200):
1

benediction

blessing

2

outskirts

fringes; outer borders (as of a city); Ex. outskirts of Boston

3

frivolous

lacking in seriousness; flippant; self-indulgently carefree; unworthy of serious attention; relatively unimportant; trivial

4

impassable

not able to be traveled or crossed

5

finesse

delicate skill; V: handle with finesse

6

induct

place formally in office; install; admit as a member; initiate; N. induction: inducting; process of deriving general principles from particular facts

7

personify

represent (an inanimate object) as a person; be the embodiment or perfect example of; Ex. She is evil/patience personified; N. personification

8

recurrent

occurring again and again

9

fallible

liable to err

10

matinee(matinee)

dramatic or musical performance given in the afternoon

11

poultice

soothing application applied to sore and inflamed portions of the body

12

indigence

poverty

13

battalion

army unit made up of four or more companies

14

vying

contending; CF. vie

15

oatmeal

crushed oats used for making porridge

16

venison

meat of a deer; CF. cow: beef; CF. pig: pork, ham, bacon; CF. calf: veal; CF. sheep: mutton; CF. lamb: lamb

17

amiss

wrong; faulty; Ex. something amiss; ADV.

18

shaving

very thin piece, usually of wood (cut from a surface with a sharp blade)

19

anarchist

person who seeks to overturn the established government; advocate of abolishing authority

20

dominate

control; rule; enjoy a commanding position in; overlook from a height; ³»·Á´Ùº¸´Ù

21

sow

plant or scatter seed

22

ineffable

unutterable; not to be uttered; taboo; that cannot be expressed in speech; indescribable; unspeakable; inexpressible; Ex. ineffable name/joy

23

rhapsody

excessively enthusiastic expression of feeling; musical composition of irregular form (as if made up as one plays it)

24

arbitrate

act as judge (at the request of both sides)

25

drastic

strong; violent and severe; Ex. drastic changes/measures

26

carousal

drunken revel; V. carouse

27

d\'ebris

rubble; wreckage; scattered remains of something broken or destroyed

28

effluvium

noxious(harmful) smell

29

hallowed

blessed; consecrated; Ex. hallowed ground; V. hallow: set apart as holy

30

affidavit

written statement made under oath (for use as proof in a court of law)

31

deprecate

express disapproval of; deplore; protest against; belittle; ADJ. deprecatory

32

indeterminate

uncertain; not clearly fixed; indefinite

33

opus

work (esp. musical composition); Ex. magnum opus: masterpiece; CF. opera

34

somnolent

half asleep; drowsy; N. somnolence

35

ingratiate

become popular with; bring (oneself) in favor of another; Ex. ingratiate himself with the boss

36

tome

large volume; book

37

stun

make unconscious or numb as by a blow; amaze; astound

38

nova

star that suddenly becomes much brighter and then returns to its original brightness

39

genteel

well-bred; elegant; striving to convey an appearance of refinement; Ex. genteel poverty

40

seamy

sordid; base; filthy; unwholesome; Ex. seamy side of city life

41

riveting

holding one's attention; absorbing; engrossing

42

shackle

chain; fetter; confine with shackles; N.

43

besmirch

soil; defile; make dirty

44

abortive

unsuccessful; fruitless

45

egress

exit; opening for going out; act of going out; OP. ingress

46

delve

dig; search deeply; investigate

47

centrifugal

radiating; departing from the center

48

ellipsis

omission of words from a text; mark used to indicate an omission (when the meaning can be understood without them); PL. ellipses

49

innate

inborn

50

defalcate

embezzle

51

odorous

having an odor

52

reconnaissance

survey of enemy by soldiers; reconnoitering; V. reconnoiter: make a preliminary inspection of (esp. to gather military information)

53

gambol

romp; skip about; leap about playfully; frolic; N.

54

accommodate

oblige or help someone; adjust or bring into harmony; adapt; make enough space for; ADJ. accommodative; CF. accomodating: helpful and obliging

55

levitate

rise and float in the air (especially by magical means); CF. light

56

amok(amuck)

in a state of rage; Ex. run amok

57

compendium

brief, comprehensive summary; ADJ. compendious

58

pith

core or marrow; spongelike substance in the center of stems; essence; substance

59

proponent

supporter; backer; opposite of opponent

60

juncture

crisis; point in time; joining point; joint; act of joining

61

goad

urge on; drive with a goad; cause (someone) to do something by continued annoyance; Ex. They goaded him into doing it by saying he was a coward; N: sharp-pointed stick for driving cattle; stimulus; CF. annoy continually

62

toss

throw lightly; move or lift (the head) with a sudden motion; flip (a coin) to decide something

63

altercation

noisy quarrel

64

precedent

something preceding in time which may be used as an authority or guide for future action; V. precede; CF. unprecedented

65

portly

stout; corpulent

66

wreak

inflict; Ex. wreak one's vengeance on

67

scuttle

sink (a ship) by cutting holes in the hull; scrap; discard; N: small hatch in a ship's deck or hull

68

contingent

dependent on something uncertain or in the future; conditional; happening by chance; accidental; N: a group of soldiers, ships to a larger force; CF. contingency: future event that may or may not occur; possibility; Ex. prepare for every contingency

69

hilarity

boisterous mirth(merriment; laughter); ADJ. hilarious: full of laughter

70

pseudonym

pen name; fictitious name assumed by an author; ADJ. pseudonymous

71

sear

burn the surface of; char or burn; brand; parch; cause (a plant) to wither

72

comprise

include; consist of

73

drudge

do drudgery; N: person who drudges

74

muddle

confuse; mix up confusedly; N: state of confusion

75

knit

contract into wrinkles; grow together; join together closely; make (a fabric or garment) by interwining yarn or thread; Ex. knit the brow; Ex. The bones should knit together in a few weeks.

76

afterlife

life after death; later part of one's life

77

confidence

self-assurance; calm unworried feeling based on a strong belief in one's abilities; strong belief in the ability of a person or plan; trust or faith in a person or thing; something confided; secret; Ex. confidence in your ability; Ex. I'm telling you this in confidence; Ex. exchange confidences about their boyfriends; ADJ. confident

78

axiom

self-evident truth requiring no proof

79

leash

restraining rope fastened to the collar of an animal (to control it); Ex. a dog on a leash

80

flounder

struggle and thrash about; proceed clumsily or falter (as in water, mud, snow, etc.); proceed in confusion

81

discrepancy

lack of consistency or agreement as between facts; difference; Ex. discrepancy between two descriptions

82

avert

prevent; avoid; turn away (eyes or thought); Ex. An accident was averted by his quick thinking; Ex. She averted her eyes from the terrible sight.

83

kindle

start a fire; ignite; inspire; arouse

84

miscellaneous

made up of a variety of parts

85

recipient

receiver

86

valor

bravery; ADJ. valiant: possessing valor; brave

87

hedonist

one who believes that pleasure is the sole aim in life; CF. hedonism: practice of living one's life purely for pleasure

88

enjoin

command; order; forbid

89

idiosyncrasy

individual trait usually odd in nature; behavioral peculiarity; eccentricity; attitude, behavior, or opinion peculiar to a person; anything highly individual or eccentric; ADJ. idiosyncratic

90

melancholy

gloomy; morose; blue; N. ADJ. melancholic; CF. melancholia

91

insensible

unconscious; unresponsive; insensitive; unaware; imperceptible; Ex. insensible of his danger/to pain; Ex. insensible change; CF. not the opposite of sensible

92

layman

man who is not a cleric; man who is nonprofessional

93

pediatrician

physician specializing in children's diseases; N. pediatrics

94

consort

associate with; keep company; N: husband or wife (or a ruler)

95

riddle

pierce with holes; permeate or spread throughout; Ex. The gunman riddled the car with bullets; Ex. The whole report is riddled with errors; N. large sieve (separating earth from stone)

96

grotesque

fantastic; comically hideous; strange and unnatural (causing fear or amusement)

97

sporadic

occurring irregularly; intermittent

98

disaffected

disloyal; lacking loyality; V. disaffect: cause to lose affection or loyalty

99

placid

peaceful; calm; Ex. placid child/lake

100

litter

waste material thrown away (as bits of paper scattered untidily); V: cover untidily with scattered litter

101

crave

desire; want intensely

102

linger

loiter or dawdle; be slow in leaving; delay going; continue or persist; be slow to disappear; Ex. The smell lingered for days.

103

hatch

deck opening; lid covering a deck opening; V: emerge from an egg; produce (young) from an egg

104

pestilential(pestilent)

causing plague; tending to cause death; baneful; N. pestilence: fatal epidemic disease (esp. bubonic plague)

105

impuissance

powerlessness; feebleness

106

swathe

swath; wrap around; bandage; Ex. one's head swathed in bandages

107

epoch

period of time

108

pander

cater to (the low desires of others)

109

brindled

tawny or grayish with streaks or spots (of animals)

110

mannerism

distinctive behavioral trait; affected style in art (according to a set of styles)

111

jargon

language used by special group; technical terminology; gibberish; nonsensical or incoherent talk

112

temporal

of time; not lasting forever; limited by time; temporary; secular; worldly

113

thematic

of a theme; relating to a unifying motif or idea

114

kudos

honor; glory; acclaim or praise for exceptional achievement

115

ethos

underlying character of a culture, group, etc.; character or ideas peculiar to a specific person, group, or culture; Ex. the company ethos

116

corrode

destroy or wear away gradually by chemical action (over a long period)

117

bookish

fond of books and reading

118

fructify

bear fruit; produce fruit

119

turmoil

extreme confusion; great commotion and confusion; Ex. throw the country into turmoil

120

smudge

dirty mark with unclear edges made by rubbing; V.

121

stalemate

deadlock; situation in which further action is blocked

122

resolve

decide; settle; solve; separate; make a determined decision; N. resolution

123

awful

terrible; very bad

124

subpoena

writ(written command issued by a court) summoning a witness to appear in court; V: summon with a subpoena

125

accessible

easy to approach; obtainable

126

reprieve

postponement or cancelation of a punishment; temporary stay; V: postpone or cancel the punishment of

127

chauvinist

blindly devoted patriot; zealous adherent of a group, cause, or sex; ADJ. chauvinistic; CF. chauvinism; Nicolas Chauvin

128

mendicant

beggar; ADJ: living as a beggar

129

incentive

spur; motive; something which encourages one to greater activity

130

depredation

plundering; destruction

131

latent

present but not yet noticeable or active; dormant; hidden; N. latency; CF. potential

132

scale

climb up; ascend; remove or come off in scales; N: flake of epidermis; ascending or descending series of musical tones

133

coterie

group that meets socially; select circle; close group of people with shared interests

134

illicit

illegal

135

lament

grieve; express sorrow; N. lamentation

136

renovate

restore to good condition; renew

137

bode

foreshadow; portend

138

accede

agree

139

phoenix

symbol of immortality or rebirth; Ex. phoenix rising from its ashes

140

intoxicate

make drunk; stimulate or excite; Ex. intoxicated by all the money he might win

141

glut

overstock; fill beyond capacity (with food); fill to excess; N: oversupply

142

spate

sudden flood or rush; Ex. spate of accidents

143

retrench

cut down; cut down expenses; economize

144

precinct

division of a city for election or police purposes; precincts: space that surrounds a building; Ex. precincts of the college

145

turbulence

state of violent agitation; ADJ. turbulent: violently agitated or disturbed

146

upright

(sitting or standing) straight up; honest; moral

147

fathomless

too deep to be measured or understood; unfathomable

148

pandemonium

wild tumult(commotion); wild noisy disorder; CF. Paradise Lost

149

intelligentsia

intellectuals; members of the educated elite (often used derogatorily)

150

parlance

language; manner of speaking; idiom; Ex. in legal/common parlance

151

bizarre

fantastic; violently contrasting; noticeably odd; strikingly unconventional

152

abominable

detestable; extremely unpleasant

153

disarray

state of disorder; a disorderly or untidy state; Ex. with her clothes in disarray

154

mat

not shiny; matte; having a dull finish; N: flat piece of material used as a floor covering; V.

155

impetus

moving force; momentum; force of a moving body; incentive; stimulus; impulse

156

fidelity

loyalty; accuracy

157

repulse

reject with rudeness or coldness (an offer or friendship); drive back (an enemy attack); CF. repulse $\neq$ cause repulsion

158

appurtenances

subordinate possessions; something added to a more important thing

159

gingerly

very carefully; ADJ.

160

tactile

pertaining to the organs or sense of touch

161

archipelago

group of closely located islands

162

prize

pry; move with a lever; value highly; esteem; Ex. his most prized possession; N: something captured during war-time (esp. an enemy ship)

163

comity

courtesy; civility; Ex. comity of nations

164

squash

crush; quash; suppress

165

bereavement

state of being deprived of something valuable or beloved; state of being bereaved or bereft

166

maim

mutilate; injure lastingly; disable; cripple; Ex. maimed for life

167

institutionalize

make into an institution; put or confine in an institution

168

nicety

precision; accuracy; minute distinction or difference; Ex. to a nicety: exactly; precisely; Ex. distinguish between niceties

169

acetic

vinegary

170

finished

properly made and complete; Ex. finished product/performance

171

supplicant

one who supplicates; ADJ.

172

caulk(calk)

make watertight (by blocking up cracks as in a ship)

173

mete

measure; distribute; administer; Ex. mete out justice/punishment

174

embroider

decorate with needlework; ornament (a story) with fancy or fictitious details; embellish

175

sleazy

shabby and dirty; flimsy; insubstantial; Ex. sleazy back-street hotel/fabric

176

meander

wind or turn in its course; follow a winding or turning course; move aimlessly and idly

177

haven

place of safety; refuge; harbor; Ex. tax haven

178

unerringly

infallibly; ADJ. unerring: making no mistakes

179

seclusion

isolation; solitude; V. seclude: set apart from others; isolate

180

libretto

text of an opera or oratorio; CF. book

181

incident

event; event that causes a crisis

182

resolve

determination; resolution; firmness of purpose

183

seine

seine net; net for catching fish

184

nauseate

cause to become sick; fill with disgust; fill nausea

185

liaison

contact that keeps parties in communication; communication between groups; one that maintains communication; go-between; secret love affair; V. liaise: keep a connection

186

exodus

departure (of a large number of people)

187

codicil

supplement to the body of a will; later addition to a will

188

check

stop motion; curb or restrain

189

orthography

correct spelling; CF. ortho-: straight; correct; Ex. orthodontics

190

potential

expressing possibility; latent; N: capacity for growth

191

misconduct

immoral behavior; bad management; V.

192

blatant

extremely (offensively) obvious; loudly offensive; Ex. blatant lie; N. blatancy

193

unruly

disobedient; lawless; difficult to control

194

poignancy

quality of being deeply moving; keenness of emotion; ADJ. poignant: touching; deeply moving; (of sorrow, grief, etc.) painful; keenly distressing to the mind; Ex. poignant memory/anxiety; CF. prick

195

rapacious

voracious; ravenous; taking everything one can; excessively grasping; plundering; subsisting on live prey; Ex. rapacious birds

196

rustic

pertaining to country people; unsophisticated; simple; crude; uncouth; (of furniture) rough with the bark left on; N. rural person; rustic person

197

slacken

slow up; loosen; make or become slack

198

compilation

listing of information in tabular or book form; compiling

199

maudlin

effusively sentimental

200

immure

imprison; shut up in confinement; CF. wall