GRE05 From0797-0996 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in GRE05 From0797-0996 Deck (200):
1

trite

hackneyed; commonplace

2

reparation

compensation (for loss or wrong); amends; Ex. make reparation for the damage; CF. repair

3

impermeable

impervious; not permitting passage through its substance; impossible to permeate

4

crux

essential or main point; Ex. the crux of the problem; ADJ. crucial: of deciding importance

5

supersede

replace; cause to be set aside; make obsolete; N. supersession

6

inasmuch_as

since; owing to the fact that

7

subterfuge

stratagem(deceptive scheme); pretense; evasion; Ex. resort to a harmless subterfuge

8

equipoise

balance; balancing force; equilibrium

9

covenant

binding agreement between two groups or people; compact; V: enter into a covenant; promise

10

chapel

small church (in a prison, college, or hospital)

11

compromise

adjust or settle by making mutual concessions; endanger the interests or reputation of; put into danger, disrepute, or a dishonorable position; Ex. compromise one's principle; N.

12

bombastic

pompous; using inflated language

13

seemly

(of behavior) proper; appropriate

14

slew

large quantity or number; Ex. slew of errands left

15

hull

husk; dry outer covering of a seed; frame or body of a ship

16

deleterious

harmful

17

berserk

mad with violent anger; frenzied; madly excited

18

concur

agree; coincide; happen at the same time

19

inimitable

matchless; not able to be imitated

20

eclectic

selective; composed of elements drawn from disparate sources; selecting individual elements from a variety of sources; N. eclecticism

21

restraint

moderation or self-control; controlling force; restriction

22

taxonomist

specialist in classifying (animals, etc.); CF. taxonomy: science of classification

23

barb

sharp projection from fishhook, arrow, or other object; openly cutting remark

24

nascent

incipient; coming into being or existence; Ex. nascent ability in music

25

macabre

gruesome; grisly; ghastly; CF. of death

26

clamor

loud continous noise; continuous demand or complaint made by a large number of people; V: make a clamor; express (a demand) continually and loudly; ADJ. clamorous

27

contrive

invent or fabricate in a clever way (by improvisation); manage; Ex. contrive to attract his attention

28

eerie

weird; causing fear because strange

29

lout

clumsy person; ADJ. loutish; CF. from countrysides ?

30

distrait

absentminded; distracted

31

incredulity

tendency to disbelief

32

holocaust

destruction by fire; CF. burnt whole; CF. Holocaust

33

putative

supposed; reputed; generally regarded as such; Ex. putative father of the child

34

transparent

permitting light to pass through freely; easily detected; obvious; clear; Ex. transparent lie

35

wean

accustom a baby not to nurse; accustom (the young of a mammal) to take nourishment other than by suckling; give up a cherished activity; cause to gradually leave (an interest or habit); Ex. wean oneself from cigarettes

36

repellent

driving away; disgusting; offensive; repulsive; unattractive; N.

37

friction

clash or conflict in opinion; rubbing against

38

pretext

excuse

39

venom

poison (of an animal); hatred; Ex. remarks full of venom; ADJ. venomous

40

dint

means; effort; Ex. by dint of hard work

41

malapropism

comic misuse of a word; CF. Mrs. Malaprop

42

caste

one of the hereditary classes in Hindu society; social stratification; prestige

43

incisive

(appreciatively) cutting; sharp; Ex. incisive remarks; V. incise: make a cut into

44

pariah

social outcast; Ex. Mariah the pariah

45

judiciary

judicial branch of government

46

tessellated

mosaic; inlaid; Ex. tessellated pattern

47

ghastly

horrible; terrifying; resembling ghosts; CF. aghast

48

pine

long for; yearn; languish from longing or grief; decline

49

colloquy

informal discussion; conversation

50

coagulate

congeal; thicken; clot; N. coagulant

51

papyrus

ancient paper made from stem of papyrus plant

52

bait

harass; tease; torment; Ex. badger baiting; N: food or other lure used to catch fish or trap animals

53

advent

arrival

54

pulpit

raised platform used in preaching (in a church)

55

protract

prolong; lengthen in time; draw out

56

aptitude

fitness; talent

57

blush

become red in the face (from embarrassment or shame); become red or rosy; N.

58

expatiate

talk at length; speak or write in detail

59

executive

person having administrative authority; one branch of government executing laws; ADJ: relating to executing

60

nimble

quick in movement; agile; quick in understanding; Ex. nimble climber/mind

61

philanderer

faithless lover; flirt

62

insightful

discerning; perceptive

63

repugnance

disgust; strong dislike; loathing; ADJ. repugnant: arousing disgust; repulsive

64

bully

one who is habitually cruel to weaker people; V.

65

trajectory

path taken by a projectile; Ex. trajectory of a bullet

66

abase

lower; degrade; humiliate; make humble; make (oneself) lose self-respect

67

provisional

tentative; temporary

68

revelry

boisterous merrymaking; V. revel: engage boisterous festivities; enjoy greatly; N: boisterous festivity or celebration

69

culprit

one guilty of a crime

70

monogram

design composed of one or more initials of a name; V.

71

juridical

of the law and its administration; CF. judicial: of courts of law; CF. judiciary

72

tender

offer formally; extend; Ex. tender one's resignation/the exact fare; N: formal offer; money; Ex. legal tender; ADJ: young and vulnerable; sensitive to the touch; sore; soft; delicate; Ex. child of tender years; Ex. tender wound

73

reprobate

morally disapproved person; person hardened in sin, devoid of a sense of decency; CF. disapproved by God ?

74

respiration

breathing; exhalation; ADJ. respiratory

75

murky

dark and gloomy; thick with fog; vague; Ex. murky night/fog; N. murk: partial or complete darkness; gloom

76

dolt

slow-thinking stupid person; CF. dull

77

incense

enrage; infuriate(make furious); make extremely angry; outrage; N: aromatic substance burned to produce a pleasant odor

78

irreparable

not able to be corrected or repaired; impossible to repair

79

wax

increase gradually (as the moon); grow

80

arduous

hard; strenuous; Ex. arduous work

81

rife

(of something bad) widespread; abundant; current

82

surreptitious

done secretly; secret; furtive; sneaky; hidden

83

piscatorial

pertaining to fishing; CF. Pisces

84

indulgent

humoring; yielding; lenient; showing indulgence

85

bilious

suffering from indigestion; sick from having too much bile; irritable; easily irritated

86

apolitical

having an aversion or lack of concern for political affairs

87

woeful

sad; (of something bad) deplorable; deplorably bad; Ex. woeful housing conditions

88

galvanic

of the production of electricity by the action of an acid on a metal; having the effect of an electric shock; Ex. galvanic cell; galvanic effect; CF. Luigi Galvani

89

commodious

spacious and comfortable

90

prohibitive

so high as to prohibit purchase or use; tending to prevent the purchase or use of something; prohibiting; inclined to prevent or forbid; Ex. prohibitive tax

91

leniency

mildness; permissiveness; ADJ. lenient: not severe in judgment or punishment

92

satyr

half-human, half-bestial being in the court of Dionysus (resembling a goat), portrayed as wanton(unrestrained) and cunning; lecher; CF. faun; CF. goat: lecherous man

93

optimum

most favorable; optimal; N: most favorable condition

94

adjunct

something attached to but holding an inferior position

95

rampant

growing or spreading uncontrollably; growing in profusion; unrestrained; Ex. rampant lawlessness/weed

96

functional

made for practical use only (without decoration); functioning; Ex. functional modern furniture; CF. functionalism

97

insurgent

rebellious; N.

98

dogmatic

opinionated; holding stubbornly to one's opinion; arbitrary; doctrinal

99

unearthly

not earthly; supernatural; weird; ghostly

100

artisan

a manually skilled worker

101

nautical

pertaining to ships or navigation

102

zenith

point directly overhead in the sky; summit; acme; highest point

103

blight

plant disease; V: infect with blight; ruin; destroy

104

exorcise

drive out evil spirits

105

vision

eyesight; foresight; mental image produced by the imagination; experience of seeing the supernatural

106

outlaw

fugitive from the law (excluded from legal protection); V: declare (someone) to be an outlaw; deprive of the protection of the law; declare illegal; Ex. Drinking has been outlawed.

107

decipher

decode; CF. indecipherable

108

provident

providing for future needs; displaying foresight; thrifty; preparing for emergencies; OP. improvident

109

dishonor

disgrace; N. ADJ. dishonorable

110

spontaneity

lack of premeditation; naturalness; freedom from constraint; ADJ. spontaneous: self-generated; unpremeditated; happening without being planned

111

sibling

brother or sister

112

stoke

stir up a fire or furnace; feed plentifully

113

prurient

having or causing lustful desires and thoughts; arousing immoderate sexual desire

114

shunt

move (a railway train) from one track to another; turn aside; divert; sidetrack; Ex. shunt traffic around an accident; N.

115

coalesce

combine; fuse; N. coalescence

116

invocation

prayer for help (used in invoking); calling upon as a reference or support; act of invoking

117

pique

irritation; resentment from wounded pride (eg. loss in a contest); V: provoke; arouse; annoy; cause to feel resentment; Ex. pique her curiosity

118

adjuration

solemn urging; V. adjure: entreat earnestly; enjoin solemnly

119

adage

wise saying; proverb

120

testator

maker of a will; CF. testatrix

121

braid

plait; interweave strands or lengths of; make by weaving strands together; N: braided segment (as of hair)

122

accoutre

equip; N. accoutrement

123

guy

cable or chain attached to something that needs to be braced or steadied; CF. guide

124

polygamist

one who has more than one spouse at a time; CF. bigamy; CF. polyandry

125

malefactor

evildoer; criminal

126

knack

special talent; art

127

covetous

avaricious; desirous of (someone else's possessions); V. covet: desire eagerly (someone else's possessions)

128

glaze

cover with a thin and shiny surface; apply a glaze to; N: thin, smooth, shiny coating (as for pottery); Ex. unglazed pottery

129

ceremonious

marked by formality; extremely formal and polite; CF. ceremony: conventional social courtesy

130

scrupulous

conscientious; extremely thorough; Ex. scrupulous worker

131

bluff

pretense (of strength); deception; high cliff; ADJ: rough but good-natured

132

ignite

kindle; light; catch fire or set fire to

133

sanguine

optimistic; cheerful; hopeful; of the color of blood; red

134

millennium

thousand-year period (as in the New Testament); hoped-for period of happiness and prosperity

135

perverse

purposely continuing to do something wrong; stubbornly wrongheaded; perverted; directed away from what is right; wicked and unacceptable; Ex. perverse satisfaction; Ex. Hannibal Lecter in a perverse mood; N. perversity

136

overturn

turn over; capsize; topple

137

oaf

stupid awkward person; CF. elf

138

quarry

person or animal of pursuit; victim; object of a hunt; prey

139

forerunner

predecessor; one that comes before and indicates the approach of another

140

citadel

fortress

141

spare

give; use; refrain from harming; save from experiencing; exempt; Ex. spare me 5 minutes; Ex. Take this money and spare my life; Ex. The emperor was spared the onus; ADJ: kept in reserve; free for other use; unoccupied; Ex. spare time

142

hackles

hairs on back and neck, especially of a dog; Ex. make someone's hackles rise

143

jollity

gaiety; cheerfulness; ADJ. jolly: merry; gay

144

desperate

having lost all hope; despairing; reckless and violent because of loss of hope or despair; undertaken as a last resort

145

vapid

lacking liveliness; dull and unimaginative; insipid and flavorless; Ex. vapid lecture

146

vicarious

experienced as if one were taking part in the experience of another; done by a deputy for other people; acting as a substitute; Ex. vicarious thrill at the movies; Ex. the vicarious sufferings of Christ

147

knave

untrustworthy person; rogue; scoundrel; jack; N. knavery

148

stigma

token of disgrace; brand; V. stigmatize: mark with a stigma; characterize as disgraceful

149

foil

defeat; frustrate; prevent from being successful; thwart; CF. fail

150

notable

conspicuous; worthy of note; remarkable; important; distinguished; noted

151

wag

shake repeatedly from side to side; Ex. The dog wagged its tail; N: humorous person; wit

152

runic

mysterious; set down in an ancient alphabet; N. rune: one of the letters of an alphabet used by ancient Germanic peoples (cut on stone or wood); magic charm

153

anneal

reduce brittleness and improve toughness by heating and cooling (metal or glass)

154

blunt

having a dull edge; abrupt and frank in speech or manner; brusque; V: make or become blunt

155

blemish

mar; spoil the beauty or perfection of; N: flaw or defect (that spoils perfection); Ex. blemishes in the crystal; CF. unblemished

156

rider

amendment or clause added to a legislative bill

157

repine

fret; complain; be annoyed; Ex. repine over the undone work

158

lottery

contest in which winners are selected in a drawing of lots

159

surfeit

satiate; feed or supply to excess; stuff; indulge to excess in anything; N: surfeiting; excessive amount; Ex. surfeit of food

160

penitent

repentant; N.

161

nemesis

someone seeking revenge; source of downfall or ruin; CF. Nemesis

162

artifice

deception; trickery

163

incidental

not essential; minor; N: something incidental

164

manifesto

public declaration of principles; statement of policy

165

ordinance

decree; authoritative order

166

malfeasance

wrongdoing; misconduct (by a public official)

167

concave

hollow; curved inwards; OP. convex

168

biennial

every two years

169

ungainly

(of someone) awkward in movement; clumsy; (of something) unwieldy; Ex. ungainly dancer/instrument

170

qualified

limited; restricted; V. qualify: limit the meaning of; modify

171

incite

arouse to action; goad; motivate; induce to exist; Ex. incite a riot/the crowd to rebellion

172

quaff

drink with zest; drink with relish(zest; hearty enjoyment); ²Ü²©²Ü²© ¸¶½Ã´Ù; CF. sip

173

palliate

ease pain (without curing); make less severe or offensive (a crime or illness)

174

invidious

designed to create ill will or envy; tending to rouse ill will or envy; Ex. invidious comparison

175

aggregate

sum; total; ADJ. V: gather into a mass or whole; accumulate; add up to; Ex. aggregate 100 dollars

176

indubitable

unable to be doubted; which cannot be doubted; unquestionable

177

tutelage

guardianship; training; function of a tutor; instruction

178

cohorts

group of people who share some common quality; armed band; a group of between 300 and 600 soldiers under one commander (in the ancient Rome)

179

ruffian

violent scoundrel; bully

180

sully

defile; soil; tarnish; Ex. sully one's hands in menial labor

181

deliberate

consider; ponder; ADJ: done on purpose; slow

182

reek

emit (an unpleasant odor or smoke); give off an unpleasant odor; give out smoke; Ex. reeking chimney; N: unpleasant odor; stench

183

whine

complain (in a sad voice); make a high sad sound (as in pain or supplication)

184

forgo(forego)

give up; do without

185

vagrant

homeless wanderer

186

dilute

make (a liquid) less concentrated; reduce in strength; Ex. dilute the influence of the president

187

supine

lying on back; passive; inactive; Ex. The defeated pugilist lay supine; Ex. supine acceptance of the decision

188

proletarian

member of the working class; blue collar guy; N. proletariat: working class (who have to work for wages)

189

mundane

worldly as opposed to spiritual; everyday; of the ordinary; Ex. mundane existence; CF. world

190

implausible

unlikely (to be true); unbelievable; Ex. implausible alibi

191

jaded

tired or uninterested by surfeit; fatigued; surfeited; worn out; wearied; Ex. jaded appetite

192

garbled

mixed up; jumbled; distorted; V. garble: mix up or distort (a message) to such an extent as to make misleading or unintelligible

193

ichthyology

study of fish; CF. ichthyo-: fish

194

verge

border; edge, rim, or margin; Ex. on the verge of: very near to; V: border on

195

incandescent

strikingly bright; shining with intense heat; emitting visible light when heated; Ex. incandescent light bulb; CF. candle

196

bout

match; short period of great activity; Ex. wrestling bout; bout of drinking/flu

197

elicit

draw out fact or information (by discussion or from someone)

198

draconian

extremely severe; Ex. draconian punishment; CF. Draco: Athenian politician

199

bravado

swagger; assumed air of defiance; false show of bravery

200

gawk

stare foolishly; look in open-mouthed awe