GRE09 From1593-1792 Flashcards Preview

GRE 4000 words > GRE09 From1593-1792 > Flashcards

Flashcards in GRE09 From1593-1792 Deck (200):
1

whorl

ring of leaves around stem; ring; circular arrangement;

2

esoteric

hard to understand; known only to the chosen few, esp. initiates; N. esoterica

3

auspicious

favoring success; giving signs of future success; Cf. auspices

4

palpable

tangible; (of something bad) easily perceptible; obvious; Ex. palpable blunder

5

takeoff

burlesque; act of leaving the ground

6

ingenue

ing\'enue; young innocent girl

7

sophistry

seemingly plausible but fallacious reasoning; sophism

8

anticlimax

letdown in thought or emotion; something unexciting, ordinary, or disappointing coming after something important or exciting

9

blunder

error; stupid mistake

10

excerpt

selected passage (written or musical) taken from a longer work; V.

11

patriarch

father and ruler of a family or tribe

12

caption

title; chapter heading; text under illustration

13

whittle

pare; cut away thin bits (from wood); fashion in this way; reduce gradually; trim

14

zealot

one who is zealous; fanatic; person who shows excessive zeal

15

somatic

pertaining to the body; bodily; physical

16

bridle

harness fitted about a horse's head (used to restrain); curb; check; V: put a bridle on; control or restrain; show anger

17

fugitive

fleeting or transitory; lasting only a short time; roving(wandering); running away or fleeing as from the law; N: one who flees; Ex. fugitives at large

18

controvert

oppose with arguments; attempt to refute; contradict; ADJ. controversial; N. controversy

19

component

element; ingredient

20

subsidiary

serving to assist; subordinate; secondary; of a subsidy; N.

21

tranquillity

calmness; peace

22

jetsam

things thrown from a ship (to lighten the ship)

23

specious

seemingly reasonable but incorrect; misleading (often intentionally)

24

commandeer

take (private property) for military use without needing permission or giving payment; draft for military purposes

25

prance

move about in a spirited manner (proudly and confidently)

26

amulet

charm; talisman; an object worn believed to protect against evil, bad luck

27

brisk

quick and active; marked by liveliness and vigor

28

gerontology

study of the sociological phenomena associated with old age

29

asunder

into parts; apart; V. sunder

30

warren

tunnels in which rabbits live; overcrowded living area; crowded conditions in which people live

31

abate

subside or moderate

32

prosaic

lacking in imagination; dull and unimaginative; matter-of-fact(concerned with facts, not imagination or feelings); factual; CF. prose

33

erroneous

mistaken; wrong; incorrect

34

putrefy

make or become putrid; N. putrefaction

35

pliant

flexible; easily influenced

36

suppliant

entreating; beseeching; N.

37

trilogy

group of three related works (connected by a shared subject but each complete in itself)

38

septic

of or causing sepsis; putrid; producing putrefaction; N. sepsis: poisoning of part of the body (producing pus)

39

eminent

rising above others; high; lofty; distinguished; Ex. eminent position

40

insularity

narrow-mindedness; isolation; ADJ. insular: of an island; isolated; narrow-minded; CF. peninsula

41

abolish

cancel; put an end to

42

penury

extreme poverty; stinginess; ADJ. penurious: very poor; stingy

43

histrionic

theatrical; excessively dramatic or emotional; affected; of actors or acting; N. histrionics: histrionic behavior

44

aver

state confidently; declare as true

45

pallet

small poor bed; Ex. straw pallet

46

periphery

outside edge especially of a round surface; perimeter; Ex. periphery of the town

47

solecism

nonstandard grammatical construction; construction that is flagrantly incorrect grammatically; violation of social etiquette

48

demotic

of or pertaining to the people

49

jug

pitcher; container for holding liquids

50

desultory

aimless; haphazard; digressing at random

51

affinity

feeling of kinship; similarity; Ex. strong affinity for her; Ex. many affinities between two languages

52

disparate

basically different; impossible to compare; unrelated

53

tribute

tax levied by a ruler; payment made by one nation to another in acknowledgment of submission; mark of respect (such as praise or gift); Ex. pay tribute to

54

beset

harass or trouble from all directions; hem in

55

allure

entice; attract; tempt

56

mural

wall painting

57

apiculture

bee-keeping

58

pensive

dreamily or deeply thoughtful; sadly thoughtful; thoughtful with a hint of sadness; contemplative; CF. think over

59

matriarch

woman who rules a family or larger social group

60

mime

pantomime(act without dialogue); mimicry; mimer; V: mimic; pantomime

61

advert

refer

62

tentative

not fully worked out or developed; provisional; experimental; uncertain; hesitant; not definite or positive; Ex. tentative agreement/reply

63

prey

target of a hunt; victim; V: hunt and eat as prey; victimize; Ex. Cats prey on mice.

64

reconcile

make friendly again (after quarrel); make consistent (two ideas in opposition); correct inconsistencies; Ex. reconcile one's political principles with one's religious beliefs

65

inveterate

deep-rooted; habitual; CF. grow old

66

pen

fenced enclosure for animals; confining space; Ex. sheep pen; V: confine in a pen; enclose

67

inured

accustomed; hardened; Ex. inured to the Alaskan cold; V. inure: make used to something undesirable; harden; CF. unfeeling

68

meddlesome

interfering; V. meddle: interfere

69

welter

wallow (as in mud or high seas); lie soaked (as in blood);

70

career

rush wildly; go at full speed

71

ruthless

pitiless; merciless; cruel

72

aberration

deviation from the normal; mental disorder

73

niggle

spend too much time on minor points (esp. when finding fault); find fault; Ex. niggle over details; ADJ. niggling

74

porous

full of pores; like a sieve

75

transcendent

exceeding ordinary limits; superior; surpassing; V. transcend: go beyond; exceed; surpass; N. transcendancy

76

faction

party; clique (within a large group); dissension

77

droll

queer and amusing

78

hackneyed

commonplace; trite

79

pry

inquire impertinently (someone else's private affairs); use leverage to raise or open something; prize; N. pries: tool for prying

80

hindmost

furthest behind; farthest to the rear

81

doctrinaire

unable to compromise about points of doctrine; dogmatic; unyielding; marked by inflexible attachment to a doctrine without regard to its practical difficulties

82

corroborate

confirm; support; strengthen

83

embezzlement

taking for one's own use in violation of trust; stealing (of money placed in one's care)

84

lunar

pertaining to the moon

85

witticism

witty saying; wisecrack(clever joking remark)

86

skittish

inconstant; capricious; frivolous; not serious; Ex. charming but skittish young woman; CF. skit

87

indisputable

too certain to be disputed; beyond doubt

88

precedent

preceding (in time, rank, etc.)

89

tan

convert (hide) into leather; make brown by exposure to the sun

90

sphinx-like

enigmatic; mysterious

91

recreant

disloyal; cowardly; N: disloyal and cowardly person

92

feint

trick; shift; sham blow; feigned attack to draw away defensive action; V.

93

glow

shine brightly without a flame (as of eyes or metals); show redness and heat (in the face) after hard work or because of strong feelings; N: light produced by a heated body; brilliance of a color

94

stygian

unpleasantly dark; gloomy; hellish; deathly; CF. Styx: the chief river in the subterranean land of the dead

95

exploit

make use of, sometimes unjustly; N. exploitation

96

start

move suddenly or involuntarily; Ex. start at the sight of a snake

97

unregenerate

making no attempt to change one's bad practices

98

unanimity

complete agreement; ADJ. unanimous

99

remiss

negligent; careless about a duty

100

incognito

with identity concealed; using an assumed name; ADJ.

101

convivial

pleasantly merry; festive; joyous; gay; characterized by joviality; jovial

102

imperative

absolutely necessary; that must be done; critically important; expressing command; Ex. It is imperative that; N: something that must be done

103

elevation

elevated position; altitude; height; flat upright side of a building; angle made by pointing a gun; Ex. The elevation of her style is much admired; Ex. front elevation of the house

104

parochial

narrow in scope or outlook; provincial; related to parishes

105

encircle

surround

106

rarefied

made less dense (of a gas); V. rarefy: make less dense; N. rarefaction

107

sadistic

inclined to cruelty; N. sadism: delight in cruelty

108

quiescent

dormant; temporarily inactive; at rest; N. quiescence

109

stanch

stop or check flow of blood; Ex. stanch the gushing wound

110

warrant

justification; written order that serves as authorization (esp. a judicial writ); Ex. search/death warrant; V: justify; guarantee

111

traverse

go through or across

112

overbearing

bossy; domineering and arrogant; decisively important; Ex. overbearing manner/importance; V. overbear: dominate

113

propellant(propellent)

substance which propels or drives forward (such as an explosive charge or a rocket fuel)

114

disavowal

denial; disclaiming; repudiating; disowning; V. disavow; CF. disclaim

115

nonsense

speech or writing with no meaning; foolish behavior or language; Ex. make (a) nonsense of: spoil; cause to fail

116

assurance

firm statement that something is certainly true; promise or pledge; certainty; confidence in one's own ability; self-confidence; Ex. In spite of all his assurances, he did not come back; Ex. assurance of his loyalty; Ex. The teacher lacked assurance in fron of his class; V. assure; tell firmly with confidence; ensure; make (something) certain to heappen; make (someone) feel sure; give confidence to; ADJ. assured: self-assured; confident in one's own ability; showing certainty

117

puny

tiny; weak; insignificant

118

inalienable

not to be taken away; nontransferable; Ex. inalienable rights

119

agenda

items of business at a meeting

120

mangle

tear or cut to pieces; mutilate or disfigure; Ex. badly mangled bodies

121

morbid

given to unwholesome or unhealthy thought; moody; characteristic of disease; Ex. morbid curiosity; N. morbidity; CF. disease

122

acoustics

science of sound; quality that makes a room easy or hard to hear in

123

humus

substance or rich soil formed by decaying vegetable matter; CF. soil

124

halting

hesitant; faltering; not fluent; Ex. halting steps/voice; V. halt: proceed or act with uncertainty; falter; hesitate; waver; stop

125

elysian

relating to paradise; blissful

126

clout

great influence (especially political or social); hard blow with fist

127

diffuse

wordy; verbose; rambling; spread out (like a gas); V: spread out in all directions; disperse; N. diffusion; CF. suffuse

128

preamble

introductory statement

129

dexterous

skillful; skill in using hands or mind; N. dexterity

130

retiring

shy and reserved (of a person); modest; Ex. her retiring personality

131

chore

daily domestic task (such as cleaning, cooking, and shopping); unpleasant task

132

scorch

sear; N.

133

scrap

small bit or fragment; discarded waste material; fight; Ex. a scrap of paper/cloth; V: break into parts for disposal; discard as worthless; fight; quarrel

134

impeach

charge (a public official) with crime in office; raise doubts about; indict; Ex. impeach a witness's credibility

135

low

moo; make the sound of a cow

136

fruitful

producing results; profitable; prolific; producing in abundance

137

dilatory

delaying; tending to delay

138

nutritious

providing nourishment

139

molecule

the smallest particle (one or more atoms) of a substance that has all the properties of that substance

140

entourage

group of attendants; retinue; CF. surround

141

volatile

changeable; of a quickly changing nature (as of temper); mercurial; tending to violence; evaporating rapidly; Ex. volatile character/situation in the street

142

oratorio

dramatic poem set to music; long musical work with singing but without acting; CF. cantata

143

discount

disregard; regard (a story or news) as unimportant; deduct from a cost

144

dilate

expand; dilate on/upon: speak or write at length on (a subject)

145

infamous

notoriously bad; notorious; well known for being bad; Ex. infamous behavior; N: infamy: infamous act; evil fame or reputation

146

waylay

ambush; lie in wait for and attack

147

skiff

small light sailboat or rowboat

148

remit

transmit (money) in payment; free someone from a debt or punishment

149

combustible

easily burned; N. CF. combustion

150

opprobrium

infamy; disgrace arising from shameful conduct; vilification(slander); scorn; contempt; Ex. opprobrium hurled against him; ADJ. opprobrious: expressing contempt; shameful or infamous

151

analogy

similarity; parallelism; comparing two similar things

152

schism

division into factions (esp. within a religious body); split

153

vicissitude

change (esp. from good to bad); change of fortune; CF. the last emperor of China

154

meek

submissive; patient and long-suffering

155

dislodge

remove (forcibly); force out of a position; Ex. dislodge the food caught in his throat; CF. lodge

156

discourse

serious speech, writing, or conversation; formal discussion (either written or spoken); conversation; V.

157

angular

sharp-cornered; having an angle; not rounded (body); bony; lean; gaunt; stiff in manner

158

gild

cover with a thin layer of gold

159

maraud

move in search of plunder; Ex. marauding army

160

conjure

cause to appear by magic; summon (a devil or a spirit) by magical power; practice magic (esp. by very quick movement of the hands); evoke; conjure up: bring into the mind; Ex. The magician conjured a rabbit out of his hat.

161

adamant

hard; inflexible

162

nutrition

process of nourishing or being nourished; CF. malnutrition

163

lascivious

lustful

164

stout

rather fat; strong in body; sturdy; resolute; determined; strong in determination; Ex. stout stick/supporter

165

progenitor

ancestor

166

gregarious

sociable; (of an animal) tending to form a group

167

procrastinate

postpone; delay or put off

168

tipple

drink (alcoholic beverages) frequently; N: alcoholic drink

169

hazard

venture; put in danger; risk; Ex. hazard a guess; N: possible source of danger

170

seminal

related to seed or semen; germinal; creative; providing a basis for further development; influencing future developments; Ex. seminal research in a new field

171

balm

something that relieves pain; oily liquid with a pleasant smell from trees

172

char

make or become black by burning; reduce or be reduced to carbon or charcoal(black substance made by burning wood) by incomplete combustion

173

rare

(of air) thin in density; rarefied; Ex. rare air of the mountains

174

oblique

indirect; slanting (deviating from the perpendicular or from a straight line); Ex. oblique reference

175

insubordination

disobedience; rebelliousness; ADJ. insubordinate

176

argot

slang; speech spoken by only a small group of people

177

coquette

flirt; flirtatious woman; woman who tries to attract the admiration of men without sincere feelings; V.

178

impale

pierce (with a sharp point); Ex. impaled by the spear

179

dispel

scatter; drive away; cause to vanish

180

providence

quality of being provident; divine care; god's care; Providence: god; Ex. It seemed like providence that the doctor happened to be there; ADJ. providential: of divine providence; fortunate

181

paleontology

study of prehistoric life or fossils; CF. paleo-: ancient or prehistoric; Ex. paleography: study of ancient written documents

182

truncate

cut the top off; shorten

183

epicure

connoisseur of food and drink; gourmet; ADJ. epicurean; CF. Epicurus

184

decadence

decay; fall to a lower level (of morality, civilization, or art); ADJ. decadent

185

ramp

slope; inclined plane or roadway (connecting two levels)

186

nomenclature

terminology(system of specialized words); system of names or naming things

187

purported

alleged; claimed; reputed or rumored; Ex. purported Satanists

188

canto

division of a long poem

189

flinch

hesitate; shrink back (in fear of something unpleasant); Ex. She did not flinch in the face of danger.

190

inimical

(of someone) unfriendly; hostile; (of something) harmful; detrimental; CF. enemy

191

windfall

fallen fruit; unexpected lucky event

192

squalor

condition of being squalid; filth; degradation; dirty neglected state; ADJ. squalid: dirty; sordid; morally repulsive; Ex. squalid story

193

defile

pollute; make filthy or dirty; corrupt morally; profane; desecrate; N: narrow passage or gorge through mountains

194

inexorable

relentless; unyielding; implacable; not capable of being changed by entreaty or efforts; Ex. inexorable price rises

195

sinewy

(of meat) tough; strong and firm; muscular; N. sinew: tendon; strong cord connecting a muscle to a bone

196

dwindle

shrink; reduce gradually

197

homogeneous

of the same kind; uniform in composition throughout

198

ratify

approve formally; confirm; verify

199

poise

good judgment with composure; balance; V: place in a carefully balanced position

200

gloat

express evil satisfaction; look at or think about with evil satisfaction; view malevolently; Ex. The thief gloated over the stolen jewels.