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Flashcards in List_04 Deck (100):
2

canvass

考法1 v. 仔细检查或详尽地讨论;审查: to examine carefully or discuss thoroughly; scrutinize:
考法2 v. 游说:去(一个地区)的各处或找到(个人)来拉选票或定单: to go through (a region) or go to (persons) to solicit votes or orders

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capitulate

考法1 v. 投降,默许: to give up all resistance; acquiesce; yield

4

caprice

考法1 n. 一时冲动的决定: an impulsive change of mind
考法2 n. 反复无常,善变: an inclination to change one's mind impulsively.
派 capricious adj. 反复无常的,善变

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captivate

考法1 vt. 吸引: to attract and hold by charm, beauty, or excellence

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cardinal

考法1 adj. 主要的,非常重要的: of foremost importance; paramount

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careworn

考法1 adj. 伤心焦虑的: showing the effect of grief or anxiety

8

caricature

考法1 n. 用讽刺歪曲等手法的夸张,漫画,讽刺画: exaggeration by means of often ludicrous distortion of parts or characteristics
派 caricaturist n.漫画家
考法2 v. 嘲笑性模仿或夸张: to copy or exaggerate (someone or something) in order to make fun of

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carnal

考法1 adj. 肉体的,物质的: relating to the physical
考法2 adj. 世俗的: worldly

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carouse

考法1 vi. 畅饮,狂饮作乐: to drink liquor freely or excessively

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carp

考法1 vi. 对小事吹毛求疵,挑剔: to make often peevish criticisms or objections about matters that are minor, unimportant, or irrelevant
考法2 v. 没完没了地表现不满意: to express dissatisfaction, pain, or resentment usually tiresomely

12

carve

考法1 vi. 雕刻: to create a three-dimensional representation of (something) using solid material
考法2 v. (通过长期不懈努力)产生或导致: to produce or bring about especially by long or repeated effort

13

cast

考法1 n. 演员,演员阵容: a set of characters or persons
考法2 vt. 选派(演员): to assign (as an actor) to a role or part
考法3 vt. 提出: to put forth, give off, to place as if by throwing
考法4 v. 抛弃: to get rid of as useless or unwanted

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castigate

考法1 v. 强烈(公开)指责: to criticize harshly and usually publicly
考法2 v. 惩罚: to inflict a penalty on for a fault or crime

15

catalyze

考法1 vt. 成为导火索,导致: to be the cause of (a situation, action, or state of mind)
派 catalyst n. 催化剂:an agent that provokes or speeds significant change or action

16

catastrophe

考法1 n. 大灾难: the final event of the dramatic action especially of a tragedy
考法2 n. 彻底的失败: utter failure : fiasco

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categorical

考法1 adj. 没有例外的,无条件限制的,绝对的: being without exception or qualification; absolute

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catholic

考法1 adj. 普遍的,包容的: not limited or specialized in application or purpose

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caustic

考法1 adj. 腐蚀性的: capable of destroying or eating away by chemical action : corrosive
考法2 adj. 挖苦讽刺的,刻薄的: marked by incisive sarcasm

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caveat

考法1 n. 警告,告诫: a warning of a specific limitation of something such as information or an agreement

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cavil

考法1 v. 挑剔,吹毛求疵: to find fault unnecessarily; raise trivial objections :quibble

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cavort

考法1 vi. 欢快地蹦跳或行走,雀跃: to bound or prance about in a sprightly manner; caper

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cede

考法1 vt. (根据条约)放弃,割让: to surrender possession of, especially by treaty

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cement

考法1 n./v. 粘合: a uniting or binding force or influence

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censor

考法1 vt. 审查并删除不良的东西: to examine in order to suppress or delete anything considered objectionable
派 censorship n. 审查制度

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censorious

考法1 adj. 挑剔指责的: highly critical.

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censure

考法1 v. 公开表示反对,谴责: to express public or formal disapproval of

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census

考法1 n. 户口普查: an official survey of the population of a country that is carried out in order to find out how many people live there and to obtain details of such things as people's ages and jobs

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cessation

考法1 n. 终止,暂停: the stopping of a process or activity

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chaff

考法1 v. 开玩笑: to make jokes

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chagrin

考法1 n. 沮丧,懊恼: disquietude or distress of mind caused by humiliation, disappointment, or failure

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chameleon

考法1 n. 变色龙,善变的人:a person who dexterously and expediently changes or adopts opinions

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champion

考法1 vt. 支持 / n. 支持者: to fight for, defend, or support as a champion

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chaos

考法1 n. 混乱 a condition or place of great disorder or confusion.
派 chaotic adj. 混乱的,无序的:happening in a state of complete disorder and confusion

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charade

考法1 n. 装模作样: a display of emotion or behavior that is insincere or intended to deceive
考法2 n. 动作字谜: a game in which words or phrases are represented in pantomime

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charlatan

考法1 n. 骗子: a person who makes elaborate, fraudulent, and often voluble claims to skill or knowledge; a quack or fraud.

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chary

考法1 adj. 非常谨慎的: very cautious

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chase

考法1 v. 镂雕(金属)以装饰: to decorate (metal) by engraving or embossing.
考法2 v. 驱赶: to drive or force out

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chasm

考法1 n. 分歧,意见、利益或忠诚上的明显差异: a pronounced difference of opinion, interests, or loyalty.

40

chauvinistic

考法1 adj. 盲目爱国的: having or showing excessive favoritism towards one's own country

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check

考法1 vt. 突然停止,阻止: to arrest the motion of abruptly
考法2 vt. 同意,一致: to be in agreement on every point

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cherubic

考法1 adj. 天使般可爱的:innocent-looking usually chubby and rosy

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chicanery

考法1 n.诡计多端,欺骗 :deception by artful subterfuge or sophistry

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chide

考法1 v. 责备:to scold mildly so as to correct or improve

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choleric

考法1 adj. 易怒的,暴躁的:easily angered; bad-tempered.
派 choler n. 易怒:ready disposition to irritation : irascibility also : anger
考法2 adj. 生气的:feeling or showing anger: angry, irate

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chord

考法1 vi. 和谐一致;符合:to be in accord; agree.

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chromatic

考法1 adj. 彩色的: relating to colors or color

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chronic

考法1 adj. 经常发生的,复发的:marked by long duration or frequent recurrence
考法2 adj. 习惯性的,不可能改变的:being such by habit and not likely to change

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churl

考法1 n. 粗野的人; a rude, boorish person
派 churlish adj. 粗野的,暴躁的:of, like, or befitting a churl; boorish or vulgar
考法2 n. 吝啬鬼:a mean grasping person who is usually stingy with money

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cipher

考法1 n. 无影响或无价值的人:a person of no importance or influence
考法2 v. 计算(价值):to determine (a value) by doing the necessary mathematical operations
考法3 n. 密码: a method of transforming a text in order to conceal its meaning

51

circuitous

考法1 adj. 不直接的:not being forthright or direct in language or action
派 circuity n. 不直接:lack of straightforwardness
考法2 adj. 冗长的:using or containing more words than necessary to express an idea

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circumlocution

考法1 n. 绕圈子的说话:the use of unnecessarily wordy and indirect language, evasion in speech
派 circumlocutory a. 绕圈子的
考法2 n. 冗长:the use of too many words to express an idea

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circumscribe

考法1 vt. 限制:to limit narrowly; restrict
考法2 vt. 包围,围绕:to surround by or as if by a boundary

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circumspect

考法1 adj. 谨慎的;小心的:careful to consider all circumstances and possible consequences: prudent

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circumvent

考法1 vt. 躲避(不遵从):to avoid having to comply with (something) especially through cleverness

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civility

考法1 n. 彬彬有礼:courteous behavior; politeness

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claim

考法1 v. 要求(权利):to ask for especially as a right
考法2 v. 断言:to state as a fact usually forcefully
考法3 v. 剥夺生命:to deprive of life
考法4 n. 权利:a legal right to participation in the advantages, profits, and responsibility of something

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clandestine

考法1 adj. 隐藏的,秘密的:kept or done in secret, often in order to conceal an illicit or improper purpose

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clarion

考法1 adj. 清楚响亮的:loud and clear

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clarity

考法1 n.清晰、清楚:the quality or state of being clear: lucidity
派 clarify v. 澄清,使清晰:to free of confusion
考法2 n. 清澈透明:the state or quality of being easily seen through

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clasp

考法1 n./v. 紧握:the act or manner of holding

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clement

考法1 adj. 宽容的,善良的:tolerant and kind in the judgment of and expectations for others
派 clemency n. 仁慈
考法2 adj. 气候温和的:marked by temperatures that are neither too high nor too low

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cliché

考法1 n./ adj. 陈词滥调(的):a hackneyed theme, characterization, or situation

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clog

考法1 n. 阻碍物:something that makes movement or progress difficult
考法2 v. 阻碍:to create difficulty for the work or activity of
考法3 v. 堵塞:to prevent passage through by filling with something

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clot

考法1 n. 密集的一群:a number of things considered as a unit
考法2 v. 堵塞:to prevent passage through by filling with something
考法3 v. 凝结:to turn from a liquid into a substance resembling jelly

66

cloudburst

考法1 n. 突然一场暴雨:a sudden copious rainfall

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clout

考法1 n. 权力,影响力:influence ; pull

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cloying

考法1 adj. 甜得发腻的,感情用事的:excessively sweet or sentimental

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clumsy

考法1 adj. 笨拙的:lacking or showing a lack of nimbleness in using one's hands;a lack of skill and tact
考法2 adj. 不文雅的:lacking social grace and assurance;showing an inability to move in a graceful manner
考法3 adj. 不精致的hastily or roughly constructed

70

coagulate

考法1 v. 凝结,使变稠:to cause to become viscous or thickened into a coherent mass : curdle, clot
派 coagulant n. 凝结剂:an agent that causes a liquid to coagulate

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coalesce

考法1 v.合并,融合to unite into a whole: fuse

72

coax

考法1 vt. 哄骗:to persuade or try to persuade by pleading or flattery; cajole

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coda

考法1 n. 终曲:the concluding passage of a movement or composition

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coerce

考法1 vt. (以武力)强制:to achieve by force or threat
派 coercion n. 强力压迫:the act of persuading someone forcefully to do something that they do not want to do

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coeval

考法1 adj. 同时代的,同龄的:of the same or equal age, antiquity, or duration

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cogent

考法1 adj. 令人信服的:appealing forcibly to the mind or reason: convincing
考法2 adj. 相关的:pertinent, relevant

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cognizant

考法1 adj. 知道的,意识到的:fully informed; conscious; aware
派 incognizance n. 不认识,没有知识

78

collapse

考法1 vi. 突然倒塌或收缩:to fall or shrink together abruptly and completely
考法2 n. 完全耗尽体力:a complete depletion of energy or strength
考法3 v./n. 失败 to be unsuccessful/ a falling short of one's goals

79

collude

考法1 v. 串通,共谋(做坏事):to act together secretly to achieve a fraudulent, illegal, or deceitful purpose; conspire

80

colossal

考法1 adj. 巨大的:of a size, extent, or degree that elicits awe or taxes belief; immense

81

coltish

考法1 adj. 不守纪律的:not subjected to discipline
考法2 adj. 爱开玩笑的:given to good-natured joking or teasing

82

coma

考法1 n. 昏迷,深度无知觉:a state of profound unconsciousness caused by disease, injury, or poison
考法2 n. 迟钝,冷漠: a state of mental or physical sluggishness : torpor

83

combustible

考法1 adj. 可燃的:capable of igniting and burning
考法2 adj. 容易激动的:easily excited

84

comely

考法1 n. 漂亮的,吸引人的:pleasing and wholesome in appearance; attractive

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comity

考法1 n. 友好,社会和谐:friendly social atmosphere :social harmony

86

commencement

考法1 n. 开始:a beginning; a start.
考法2 n. 毕业典礼the ceremonies or the day for conferring degrees or diplomas

87

commend

考法1 vt. 赞扬:to mention with approbation: praise
考法2 vt. 委托保管:to entrust for care or preservation
考法3 vt. 推荐:to recommend as worthy of confidence or notice

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commensurate

考法1 adj. 同样大小的:equal in measure or extent
考法2 adj. 相称的,相当的:corresponding in size or degree; proportionate

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commingle

考法1 v. 充分混合:to blend thoroughly into a harmonious whole

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commitment

考法1 n. 致力,投入:the state or an instance of being obligated or emotionally impelled
考法2 n. 确信:a strong belief in something
考法3 n. 承诺,表态:the act of revealing one’s view of

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committed

考法1 adj. 忠诚的: loyal to a belief, organization, or group, and willing to work hard for it
派 noncommittal adj. 不明确的:giving no clear indication of attitude or feeling

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commodious

考法1 adj. 宽敞舒适的comfortably or conveniently spacious: roomy

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commonsensical

考法1 adj. 符合常识的,有依据的:displaying common sense,based on sound reasoning or information

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commotion

考法1 n. 骚乱:an agitated disturbance

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compendium

考法1 n. 摘要:a brief summary of a larger work or of a field of knowledge: abstract
派 compendious adj. 简洁而全面的:concise and comprehensive
考法2 目录:各种项目的列表或集合:a list or collection of various items.

96

complacency

考法1 n. 自满,无忧患意识:a feeling of self-satisfaction, coupled with an unawareness of trouble

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complaisance

考法1 n. 愿意顺从,讨好,彬彬有礼:disposition to please or comply: affability

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compliant

考法1 adj. 顺从的:ready or disposed to comply: submissive

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compliment

考法1 n./ vt. 称赞,恭维:an expression of praise, admiration, or congratulation
派 complimentary adj. 称赞的:expressing or containing a compliment
考法2 n. 敬意,免费赠送的礼物:formal and respectful recognition : honor

100

comply

考法1 vi. 遵从:to conform, submit, or adapt (as to a regulation or to another's wishes) as required or requested

101

compose

考法1 v. 使镇定:to free from agitation: calm
派 composed adj. 镇静的,安定的:free from agitation: calm
派 composure n. 镇定:a calmness or repose especially of mind, bearing, or appearance
考法2 v. 组成,构成:to form the substance of : constitute