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Flashcards in List_22 Deck (100):
2

riveting

考法1 adj. 吸引人的,极迷人的: wholly absorbing or engrossing one's attention

3

rivulet

考法1 n. 小河,小溪: a small stream

4

robust

考法1 adj. 精力充沛的,强壮的,健康的: full of health and strength
派 robustness n. 健壮,活力四射

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roil

考法1 vt. 搅浑,使混乱: to stir up; disorder
考法2 vt. 激怒: to displease or disturb

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roisterer

考法1 n. 喝酒喧闹的人: one who engages in merrymaking especially in honor of a special occasion

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rookie

考法1 n. 新兵;新手;菜鸟: recruit; novice

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roster

考法1 n. 值勤表,花名册: a roll or list of personnel

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rostrum

考法1 n. 讲坛,演讲坛: a stage for public speaking

10

rouse

考法1 v. 激起,煽动: to stir up
考法2 v. 唤醒: to cause to stop sleeping

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royalty

考法1 n. 皇家身份: regal character or bearing
考法2 n. 版税: a payment to an author or composer for each copy of a work sold or to an inventor for each item sold under a patent

12

rubicund

考法1 adj. 红润的,健康的: inclined to a healthy rosiness

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rudimentary

考法1 adj. 初始的,未发展的: being in the earliest stages of development
考法2 adj. 最根本的,基础的: consisting in first principles: fundamental

14

rue

考法1 n. 后悔,遗憾: the feeling of regret, remorse, or sorrow for
派 rueful adj. 后悔的

15

ruffle

考法1 n. 皱褶,褶裥花边: a strip of fabric gathered or pleated on one edge
派 ruffled adj. 有褶裥边修饰的
考法2 vt. 使粗糙: to destroy the smoothness or evenness of
考法3 vt. 扰乱,打扰:to disturb the peace of mind of (someone) especially by repeated disagreeable acts

16

ruminate

考法1 vt. 沉思: to go over in the mind repeatedly and often casually or slowly
派 ruminative adj. 沉思的

17

rumple

考法1 vt. 使皱,弄皱: to wrinkle or form into folds or creases
考法2 vt. 打乱,使不整齐: to undo the proper order or arrangement of
派 rumpled adj. 褶皱的

18

run

考法1 n. (不间断的)连续演出: an unbroken course of performances or showings

19

runic

考法1 adj. 神秘的: having some secret or mysterious meaning

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rupture

考法1 v. 打破;打碎: to part by violence

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ruse

考法1 n. 诡计: a wily subterfuge

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rustic

考法1 n. 乡下人,头脑简单的人: an awkward or simple person especially from a small town or the country
考法2 adj. 乡村的:of, relating to, associated with, or typical of open areas with few buildings or people
考法3 adj. 粗俗的: lacking in social graces or polish
派 rustically adv. 粗俗地

23

rustle

考法1 v. 快速地行动: to move or act energetically or with speed; to proceed or move quickly

24

sabotage

考法1 n. 妨害,破坏: treacherous action to defeat or hinder a cause or an endeavor; deliberate subversion
考法2 vt. 从事破坏活动,阻止:to practice sabotage on

25

saccharine

考法1 adj. 像糖一样的,有甜味的: of, relating to, or resembling that of sugar
考法2 adj. 做作的,矫情的: appealing to the emotions in an obvious and tiresome way

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sacrilege

考法1 n. 亵渎圣物: desecration, profanation, misuse, or theft of something sacred
派 sacrilegious adj. 不敬的,亵渎神明的

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saddle

考法1 vt. 使某人负担: to load or burden

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safeguard

考法1 n. 保护措施: a technical contrivance to prevent accident
考法2 v. 保护: to make safe: protect

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sage

考法1 n. 智者: one (as a profound philosopher) distinguished for wisdom
派 sagacious adj. 睿智的;sagacity n. 聪慧

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salient

考法1 adj. 显著的,最突出的: standing out conspicuously
派 salience n. 突出,特点

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salubrious

考法1 adj. 有益健康的: favorable to or promoting health or well-being

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salutary

考法1 adj. 有益健康的: beneficial, promoting health
考法2 adj. 有利的,利好的: promoting or contributing to personal or social well-being

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salutation

考法1 n. 致敬,打招呼(表示欢迎和礼貌): a polite expression of greeting or goodwill
考法2 n. 表扬: a formal expression praise
派 salute v. 敬礼,致敬

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salvage

考法1 v. (从灾难中)抢救: to save from loss or destruction
派 salvageable adj. 可以挽回的

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salve

考法1 v. 减轻,缓解: quiet, assuage

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sanctify

考法1 vt. 使神圣,敬为神: to make holy
派 sanctification n. 敬为神明

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sanctimonious

考法1 adj. 假装虔诚的: hypocritically pious or devout

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sanction

考法1 v. 批准,同意,认可: to make valid or binding usually by a formal procedure (as ratification)
考法2 n. 制裁: an economic or military coercive measure adopted usually by several nations in concert for forcing a nation violating international law to desist or yield to adjudication

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sanctuary

考法1 n. 避难所: a place of refuge and protection

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sand

考法1 vt. 磨光: to make smooth by friction

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sanguine

考法1 adj. 乐观的,确信的: having or showing a mind free from doubt
考法2 adj. 面色红润的: having a healthy reddish skin tone

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sanitary

考法1 adj. 健康的,清洁的: of or relating to health

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sap

考法1 vt. 削弱: to weaken or exhaust the energy or vitality of
考法2 n. 健康,活力: active strength of body or mind

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sapient

考法1 adj. 聪明的,有洞察力的: having or showing deep understanding and intelligent application of knowledge

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sarcasm

考法1 n. 讽刺,轻蔑: a sharp and often satirical or ironic utterance designed to cut or give pain

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sartorial

考法1 adj. 裁缝匠的,裁缝的: of or relating to a tailor or tailored clothes

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sate

考法1 vt. 使饱足,充分满足: to glut; to satisfy (an appetite) fully

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satiate

考法1 v./adj. 饱足,过分满足: to satisfy fully or to excess

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satire

考法1 n. 讽刺诗,讽剌文学: a literary work holding up human vices and follies to ridicule or scorn

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satirize

考法1 vt. 讽刺: to ridicule or attack by means of satire

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saturate

考法1 v./adj. 使饱和,浸透: to wet thoroughly with liquid

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saturnine

考法1 adj. 忧郁的,阴沉的: causing or marked by an atmosphere lacking in cheer
考法2 adj. 讥讽的: having a sardonic aspect

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saunter

考法1 vi. 闲逛,漫步: to travel by foot for exercise or pleasure

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savant

考法1 n. 博学之士,学者: a person of learning

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savory

考法1 adj. 口感好的,味道好的: appetizing to the taste or smell
考法2 adj. 令人愉悦的: giving pleasure or contentment to the mind or senses

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savvy

考法1 n. 老练,机智: knowledge gained by actually doing or living through something
考法2 v. 明确了解: to have a clear idea of
考法3 adj. 有见识,精明能干的: having or showing a practical cleverness or judgment

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scads

考法1 n. 许多,大量: a large number or quantity

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scant

考法1 adj. 不足的,缺乏的: barely or scarcely sufficient

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scathing

考法1 adj. 尖酸刻薄的: marked by the use of wit that is intended to cause hurt feelings

60

schism

考法1 n. 不一致: a lack of agreement or harmony

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scintillate

考法1 vi. 闪耀: to emit sparks
派 scintillating 才气横溢的:brilliantly lively, stimulating, or witty

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scion

考法1 n. 子孙: descendant, child

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scission

考法1 n. 切断,分离,分裂: a division or split in a group or union: schism

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scoff

考法1 vt. 嘲笑: to treat or address with derision: mock
考法2 v. 狼吞虎咽: to swallow or eat greedily

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scorch

考法1 vt. 炙烤,烘干: to burn on the surface; to make dry

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scorn

考法1 vt. 轻蔑,鄙视,不屑: reject or dismiss as contemptible or unworthy

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scotch

考法1 vt. 停止: to put an abrupt end to

68

scour

考法1 vt. 用力擦洗: to clean, polish, or wash by scrubbing vigorously
考法2 vt. 搜查: to look through (as a place) carefully or thoroughly in an effort to find or discover something

69

scowl

考法1 vi. 皱眉(表现出不高兴): to contract the brow in an expression of displeasure

70

scrap

考法1 n. 废料,废物: discarded or useless material
考法2 vt. 抛弃: to get rid of as useless or unwanted
考法3 v. 终止,放弃原计划: to put an end to (something planned or previously agreed to)

71

scrappy

考法1 adj. 好斗的,好吵架的: having an aggressive and determined spirit,quarrelsome

72

scrawl

考法1 vt. 乱涂,潦草地写: to write or draw awkwardly, hastily, or carelessly

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scribble

考法1 vt. 潦草地书写,乱写: to cover with scribbles, doodles, or meaningless marks

74

scrupulous

考法1 adj. 正直的: guided by or in accordance with one's sense of right and wrong; principled
考法2 adj. 一丝不苟的: taking, showing, or involving great care and effort

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scrutable

考法1 adj. 可以理解的: capable of being understood through study and observation; comprehensible.

76

scrutinize

考法1 vt. 仔细检查: to examine or observe with great care

77

scuff

考法1 vt. 磨损: to become scratched, chipped, or roughened by wear
考法2 v. 脚步拖沓: to move heavily or clumsily

78

scurrilous

考法1 adj. 说粗话的: given to the use of vulgar, coarse, or abusive language

79

scurvy

考法1 adj. 下流,让人鄙视的: mean; contemptible

80

seamy

考法1 adj. 肮脏的,堕落的: sordid; base

81

secluded

考法1 adj. 隐僻的,隐蔽的: screened or hidden from view

82

secrete

考法1 vt. 隐藏: to conceal in a hiding place; cache
考法2 vt. 分泌: to generate and separate (a substance) from cells or bodily fluids

83

sedate

考法1 adj. 淡定的,安静的: free from emotional or mental agitation

84

sedentary

考法1 adj. 固定不动的: not migratory: settled

85

seduce

考法1 vt. 劝说(使不忠,使不服从),诱…误入歧途: to attract or persuade to disobedience or disloyalty

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sedulous

考法1 adj. 勤奋认真的:involving or accomplished with careful perseverance

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seemly

考法1 adv. 得体的,遵守礼节的: following the established traditions of refined society and good taste

88

segment

考法1 vt./n. 分割,部分: to separate into segments

89

self-abasement

考法1 n. 自卑,自谦: degradation or humiliation of oneself

90

self-absorbed

考法1 adj. 自恋的,自私的: absorbed in one's own thoughts, activities, or interests

91

seminal

考法1 adj. 有发展性的: containing or contributing the seeds of later development
考法2 adj. 创新的: of, relating to, or having the power to originate; creative

92

sensation

考法1 n. 感觉,知觉: a perception associated with stimulation of a sense organ or with a specific body condition
考法2 n. 轰动事件: a state of intense public interest and excitement

93

sensitive

考法1 adj. 敏感的: susceptible to the attitudes, feelings, or circumstances of others

94

sentinel

考法1 n. 哨兵,看守: a person or group that watches over someone or something

95

septic

考法1 adj. 腐败的,感染的: of, relating to, or causing putrefaction

96

sepulchral

考法1 adj.阴沉的,丧葬的: causing or marked by an atmosphere lacking in cheer; funereal

97

sequela

考法1 n. 结果: a secondary consequence or result

98

sequester

考法1 vt. 使隔绝,分离: to set apart: segregate
考法2 vt. 使隐退: to cause to withdraw into seclusion

99

sere

考法1 adj. 干枯的,凋萎的: being dried and withered

100

serendipity

考法1 n. 意外发现珍奇(或称心)事物的本领: the faculty of making fortunate discoveries by accident

101

serene

考法1 adj. 安静的: free from disturbing noise or uproar
考法2 adj. 稳重的,镇静的: unaffected by disturbance; calm and unruffled
派 serenity n. 平静 the quality or state of being serene