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Flashcards in List_21 Deck (100):
2

referee

考法1 n. 仲裁者;裁判员: a person who impartially decides or resolves a dispute or controversy
考法2 vt. (就纠纷或争议)给出意见: to give an opinion about (something at issue or in dispute)

3

refine

考法1 vt. 提纯,精炼:to free (as metal, sugar, or oil) from impurities or unwanted material
考法2 vt. 改善,改进: to improve or perfect by pruning or polishing
派 refined adj. (物品)精雕细琢的,(人)彬彬有礼的;refinery n. 炼油厂

4

reflect

考法1 vt. 反射: to prevent passage of and cause to change direction
考法2 vt. 反映,显露: to make manifest or apparent: show
考法3 vi. 思考: to think seriously
派 reflective adj. 思考的,深思熟虑的

5

refractory

考法1 adj. 倔强的,不顺从的: resisting control or authority

6

refulgent

考法1 adj. 辉煌的,灿烂的: shining radiantly; resplendent
派 refulgence n. 灿烂,光芒四射

7

refute

考法1 vt. 否认: to declare not to be true
考法2 vt. 证明为假,证伪: to prove wrong by argument or evidence: show to be false or erroneous
派 refutable adj.可辩驳的

8

regenerate

考法1 vt. 使重获新生,使焕然一新: to bring back to life, practice, activity or a former condition of vigor
考法2 vi./vt. (使)洗心革面: to make better in behavior or character
派 regeneration n. 复兴

9

regimen

考法1 n. (政治上的)统治: lawful control over the affairs of a political unit (as a nation)

10

regress

考法1 vi. 后退: to go back; move backward
考法2 vi. 退化,恶化: to become worse or of less value
派 regressive adj. 后退的,退化的;regression n. 后退,退化

11

rehabilitate

考法1 vt. 使复原,使康复: to restore to a former state (as of efficiency, good management, or solvency) or a healthy condition
考法2 vi./vt. (使)洗心革面: to make better in behavior or character
派 rehabilitation n. 康复,复原

12

rehearsal

考法1 n. 排练,彩排: the act of practicing in preparation for a public performance

13

reign

考法1 n. 统治权: the right or means to command or control others
考法2 vi. 占统治地位或盛行:to be predominant or prevalent

14

rein

考法1 n. 抑制,限制: the act or practice of keeping something (as an activity) within certain boundaries
考法2 vi. 抑制,控制: to keep from exceeding a desirable degree or level (as of expression)

15

reiterate

考法1 v. 重申: to say or state again

16

rejoice

考法1 vi. 欣喜,喜悦: to feel joy or great delight
派 rejoiced adj. 高兴的

17

relapse

考法1 vi. 故态复萌,再犯: to slip or fall back into a former worse state

18

release

考法1 vt. 排放: to throw or give off
考法2 vt. 释放,使获得自由: to set free from restraint, confinement, or servitude
考法3 vt. 解雇: to let go from office, service, or employment

19

relentless

考法1 adj. 残酷的,无情的: showing or promising no abatement of severity, intensity, strength, or pace
考法2 adj. 固执的,不肯妥协的: showing no signs of slackening or yielding in one's purpose

20

relevant

考法1 adj. 有关系的,重要的: having a bearing on or connection with the matter at hand
派 relevance n. 关联

21

religion

考法1 n. 宗教,信仰: a body of beliefs and practices regarding the supernatural and the worship of one or more deities
考法2 n. (对于宗教信仰的)忠诚,虔诚: belief and trust in and loyalty to God
派 religious adj. 宗教的,忠诚的

22

relinquish

考法1 vt. 放弃(职位、权力等): to give up (as a position of authority) formally
考法2 vt. 移交,交出: to give (something) over to the control or possession of another usually under duress

23

relish

考法1 n. 喜好,偏好: an appetite for something; a strong appreciation or liking
考法2 n. (愿望达成时的)高兴,满足感: the feeling experienced when one's wishes are met
考法3 vt. 享受,喜欢: to take keen or zestful pleasure in

24

reluctant

考法1 adj. 不情愿的,反感的: feeling or showing aversion, hesitation, or unwillingness
派 reluctance n. 不愿意,不情愿

25

remiss

考法1 adj. 疏忽的,不留心的: exhibiting carelessness or slackness

26

remodel

考法1 vt. 改造,改变结构: to alter the structure of

27

remonstrance

考法1 n. 抗议,抱怨: an expression of protest, complaint, or reproof, especially a formal statement of grievances

28

remorse

考法1 n. 懊悔,悔恨: moral anguish arising from repentance for past misdeeds; bitter regret
派 remorseful adj. 懊悔的,悔恨的

29

remunerate

考法1 vt. 支付报酬或补偿: to pay an equivalent to for a service, loss, or expense
派 remunerative adj. 有报酬的

30

rend

考法1 vt. 撕裂,猛拉: to tear or split apart or into pieces violently

31

renegade

考法1 n. 背教者,叛徒: one who rejects a religion, cause, allegiance, or group for another; a deserter

32

renounce

考法1 vt. (正式地)放弃: to give up, refuse, or resign usually by formal declaration
考法2 vt. 宣布与…决裂: to refuse to follow, obey, or recognize any further
派 renunciation n. 放弃

33

renovate

考法1 vt. 修复,维修: to restore to a former better state (as by cleaning, repairing, or rebuilding)
考法2 vt. 使重获新生,使焕然一新:to bring back to life, practice, activity or a former condition of vigor

34

repartee

考法1 n. 机智的回答: a quick witty response
考法2 n. 打趣,善意的玩笑: good-natured teasing or exchanging of clever remarks

35

repatriate

考法1 vt. 遣返: to restore or return to the country of origin, allegiance, or citizenship

36

repeal

考法1 vt. 撤销,废除(法律等): to rescind or annul by authoritative act
考法2 vt. 宣布与…决裂: to refuse to follow, obey, or recognize any further

37

repel

考法1 vt. 抵制: to fight against; resist
考法2 vt. 使厌恶: to cause aversion in: disgust
派 repelling adj. 令人厌恶的

38

repertoire

考法1 n. (技术、设备或原料等的)详单: the complete list or supply of skills, devices, or ingredients used in a particular field, occupation, or practice

39

repine

考法1 vi. 抱怨,表达不满: to feel or express discontent or dejection
考法2 vi. 渴望: to long for something

40

replete

考法1 adj. 彻底吃饱了的: having one's appetite completely satisfied
考法2 adj. 充满…的,富于…的: possessing or covered with great numbers or amounts of something specified
派 repletion n. 装满

41

repose

考法1 n. (劳作后的)休息: a state of resting after exertion or strain
考法2 n. 平静,宁静: a state of freedom from storm or disturbance
考法3 vi. 休息: to take a rest
考法4 vt. 放置,交给他人: to put (something) into the possession or safekeeping of another

42

reprehend

考法1 vt. 谴责,责难,批评: to express one's unfavorable opinion of the worth or quality of
派 reprehensible adj. 应受谴责的

43

repress

考法1 vt. 镇压: to put down by force, usually before total control has been lost; quell
考法2 vt. 阻止(正常的表达、活动或发展等): to prevent the natural or normal expression, activity, or development of
派 repression n. 阻止,镇压

44

reprieve

考法1 vt. 暂缓处刑,免罪: to postpone or cancel the punishment of
考法2 vt. 维持运行: to prevent (something) from being closed, destroyed, etc., for a period of time

45

reproach

考法1 n. 令人羞愧的事物,耻辱: one that causes shame, rebuke or blame
考法2 vt. 批评,责备: to express disapproval, criticism, or disappointment in (someone)
派 irreproachable adj. 无可指责的

46

reprobate

考法1 n. 堕落者,道德败坏的人:a morally unprincipled person
考法2 adj. 堕落的,放荡的: morally corrupt
考法3 vt. 谴责,痛斥: to condemn strongly as unworthy, unacceptable, or evil
考法4 vt. 拒绝,不提供: to be unwilling to grant

47

reproof

考法1 n. 批评,反对: criticism for a fault, rebuke

48

reprove

考法1 vt. 温和地责备,警告: to scold or correct usually gently or with kindly intent
考法2 vt. 不欣赏,不喜欢: to hold an unfavorable opinion of

49

repudiate

考法1 vt. 否认: to declare not to be true
考法2 vt. 拒绝接受: to show unwillingness to accept, do, engage in, or agree to
派 repudiation n. 拒绝,否认

50

repugnant

考法1 adj. 令人厌恶的: arousing disgust or aversion
考法2 adj. 不和谐的,不协调的: not being in agreement or harmony
派 repugnance n. 厌恶;不一致

51

repulse

考法1 vt. (使)厌恶,排斥: to rebuff or reject with rudeness, coldness, or denial
派 repulsion n. 排斥

52

repute

考法1 n. (尤指好的)名声,名誉: a good reputation
派 reputable adj. 有好名声的

53

requisite

考法1 n. 必需品: something necessary, indispensable, or unavoidable
考法2 adj. 必不可少的,必备的: essential, necessary

54

requite

考法1 vt. 酬谢,报答: to make repayment or return for
考法2 vt. 报仇: to punish in kind the wrongdoer responsible for

55

rescind

考法1 vt. 废除,取消: to make void

56

reserved

考法1 adj. 内向的,缄默的: restrained in words and actions
派 unreserved adj. 无保留的,外向的

57

residue

考法1 n. 剩余物: something that remains after a part is taken, separated, or designated
派 residual adj. 剩余的

58

resign

考法1 vt. 辞职,放弃(职位): to give up one's job or office

59

resilience

考法1 n. 弹力: the property of a material that enables it to resume its original shape or position after being bent, stretched, or compressed
考法2 n. 恢复能力: the ability to recover quickly from illness, change, or misfortune
派 resilient adj. 有弹性的;能迅速恢复的

60

resolute

考法1 adj. 坚定的: marked by firm determination
派 resolution n. 坚定的决心

61

resonant

考法1 adj. (声音)洪亮的,共鸣的: strong and deep in tone
派 resonance n. 洪亮

62

resourceful

考法1 adj. 有创造力的,机智的: able to act effectively or imaginatively, especially in difficult situations
派 resourcefulness n. 能解决困难的能力

63

respire

考法1 vi. 呼吸: to inhale and exhale air successively
派 respiration n. 呼吸

64

respite

考法1 n. 间歇,休息: an interval of rest or relief

65

resplendent

考法1 adj. 华丽辉煌的: shining brilliantly
派 resplendence n. 辉煌

66

responsive

考法1 adj. 敏感的: quick to respond or react appropriately or sympathetically
派 responsiveness n. 敏感

67

restive

考法1 adj. 急躁的,忧虑的: marked by impatience or uneasiness
考法2 adj. 难以管束的: stubbornly resisting control
派 restiveness n. 不安,躁动

68

restless

考法1 adj. 不平静的: marked by or causing a lack of quiet, repose, or rest

69

restrain

考法1 vt. 限制,控制: to limit, restrict, or keep under control
派 restrained adj. 受限制的

70

resurgence

考法1 n. 复兴: a restoration to use, acceptance, activity, or vigor
派 resurgent adj. 正在复兴的

71

resuscitate

考法1 vt. 使复活,使苏醒: to restore consciousness, vigor, or life to
派 resuscitation n. 复活,复兴;resuscitated adj. 复活的

72

retainer

考法1 n. 家仆: a person attached or owing service to a household

73

retaliate

考法1 vt. 报复,反击: to pay back(as an injury)in kind
派 retaliation n. 报复

74

retard

考法1 vt. 减速,延迟: to cause to move or proceed slowly; delay or impede

75

reticent

考法1 adj. 沉默不语的: inclined to be silent or uncommunicative in speech
考法2 adj. 不愿意的: slow to begin or proceed with a course of action because of doubts or uncertainty

76

retinue

考法1 n. 随行人员: a group of retainers or attendants

77

retort

考法1 n. (尤指机智的)回应,回答: something spoken or written in reaction especially to a question, especially a quick, witty, or cutting reply

78

retouch

考法1 v. 润饰,改进: to improve or change (a photographic negative or print)

79

retract

考法1 vt. 收回,否认: to take back
派 retractable adj. 可收回的

80

retrench

考法1 vi. 削减开支: to curtail expenses
派 retrenchment n. 削减开销

81

retribution

考法1 n. 报偿,报应: the dispensing or receiving of reward or punishment especially in the hereafter
派 retributive n. 报应的

82

retrograde

考法1 adj. 倒退的: moving or tending backward
考法2 v. 退步,退化: to decline to a worse condition

83

retrospective

考法1 adj. 回顾的: looking back on, contemplating, or directed to the past

84

revelry

考法1 n. 狂欢,喧闹的作乐: noisy partying or merrymaking

85

revenge

考法1 n. 报复,复仇: an act or instance of retaliating in order to get even
考法2 vt. 复仇: to avenge (as oneself) usually by retaliating in kind or degree

86

revere

考法1 vt. (尤指对神的)尊崇,尊敬: to offer honor or respect to (someone) as a divine power
派 reverence n. 尊重;reverent adj. 恭敬地,虔诚的

87

revise

考法1 vt. 更改,修正: to look over again in order to correct or improve
派 revision n. 修改

88

revive

考法1 vi. 恢复意识: to return to consciousness or life, become flourishing again
考法2 v. 再获新生: become active or flourishing again
派 revival n. 复苏

89

revoke

考法1 vt. 撤回,宣告无效: to annul by recalling or taking back
派 revocation n. 撤销,废除

90

revolt

考法1 vt. 使厌恶,反感: to fill with disgust or abhorrence
考法2 vi. 反叛: to renounce allegiance or subjection (as to a government)
派 revolter n. 反叛者

91

ribald

考法1 adj. 举止、言语下流粗俗的: characterized by or indulging in vulgar, lewd humor

92

rickety

考法1 adj. 不稳的: lacking stability or firmness

93

rider

考法1 n. 骑马的人: one that rides
考法2 n. 附件: a clause appended to a legislative bill to secure a usually distinct object

94

ridicule

考法1 vt. 嘲笑: to make fun of
派 ridiculous adj. 荒谬的

95

rife

考法1 adj. 丰富的,普遍的: possessing or covered with great numbers or amounts of something specified

96

rift

考法1 n. 离间: a break in friendly relations
考法2 vt. 使开裂: to cause to split open or break

97

rile

考法1 vt. 刺激,惹怒: to make agitated and angry

98

riot

考法1 n. 喧闹,暴乱: public violence, tumult, or disorder

99

ripen

考法1 v. 使成熟,成熟: to make or become ripe or riper
派 ripened adj. (酒、果实等)成熟的

100

rite

考法1 n. 惯例,仪式: a prescribed form or manner governing the words or actions for a ceremony
派 ritual n. 仪式

101

rive

考法1 vt. 撕开: to wrench open or tear apart or to pieces
派 riven adj. 被撕开的