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Flashcards in List_01 Deck (100):
2

abandon

考法1 n. 放纵: carefree, freedom from constraint
考法2 v. 放纵: to give (oneself) over unrestrainedly
考法3 v. 放弃: to withdraw from often in the face of danger or encroachment
考法4 v. 停止做某事: to put an end to (something planned or previously agreed to)

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abase

考法1 v. 降低(地位、职位、威望或尊严): to lower in rank, office, prestige, or esteem

4

abash

考法1 vt. 使尴尬,使羞愧: to destroy the self-possession or self-confidence of ,disconcert, embarrass

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abate

考法1 v. 减轻(程度或者强度): to reduce in degree or intensity
考法2 v. 减少(数量或者降低价值): to reduce in amount or value
考法3 v. 停止,撤销: to put an end to

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abbreviate

考法1 v. 缩写,缩短: to make briefer

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abdicate

考法1 v. 正式放弃(权力、责任): to renounce a throne,to relinquish (power or responsibility) formally

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aberrant

考法1 adj. 异常的,非常规的: deviating from the usual or natural type

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abet

考法1 v. 帮助,怂恿: to assist or support in the achievement of a purpose
考法2 v. 鼓励: to actively encourage (as an activity or plan)

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abeyance

考法1 n. 中止,搁置: temporary inactivity

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abhor

考法1 vt. 深恶痛绝,极度厌恶: to regard with extreme repugnance

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abiding

考法1 vt. 永久的: lasting for a long time; enduring

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abject

考法1 adj. 无精打采的: cast down in spirit, spiritless
考法2 adj. (地位、身份)悲惨、凄凉的: sunk to or existing in a low state or condition
考法3 adj. 卑微的,讨好的: expressing or offered in a humble and often ingratiating spirit

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abjure

考法1 v. 发誓放弃: a firm and final rejecting or abandoning often made under oath
考法2 v. 抵制,避免: to resist the temptation of

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abnegate

考法1 v. 否认: deny, renounce
考法2 v. 投降,放弃,交出(权力等):surrender, relinquish

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abominate

考法1 v. 憎恶: to hate or loathe intensely, abhor

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aboveboard

考法1 adj. 无欺诈的,光明正大的: free from all traces of deceit or duplicity

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abrade

考法1 v. 磨损,精神上折磨: to rub or wear away especially by friction; wear down spiritually

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abridge

考法1 v. 缩短,缩小: to shorten in duration or extent
考法2 v. 在不改变本意的条件下删减词语, 缩写: to shorten by omission of words without sacrifice of sense

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abrogate

考法1 v. 官方的正式废除: to abolish by authoritative action, annul
考法2 v. 无视(某事的)存在: to treat as nonexistent

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abscond

考法1 v. 偷偷离开: to depart secretly and hide oneself

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absolute

考法1 adj. 专制的: unconstrained by constitutional or other provisions
考法2 adj. 无限的: unqualified in extent or degree; total
考法3 adj. 完美的、纯净不掺杂的: free from imperfection free or relatively; free from mixture
考法4 adj. 不容置疑的,确凿的: positive, unquestionable

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absolve

考法1 v. 使无罪,解除责任: to set free from an obligation or the consequences of guilt, exculpate

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abstain

考法1 v. 自我克制,主动戒绝: to refrain from something by one's own choice

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abstemious

考法1 adj. (吃喝等)有节制的,节俭的: marked by restraint especially in the consumption of food or alcohol, sparring

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abstract

考法1 vt. 做总结,概括: to make an abstract of,summarize
考法2 vt. 使分心: to draw away the attention of
派 abstraction n. 心不在焉

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abstruse

考法1 adj. 难以理解的: difficult to comprehend : recondite

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absurd

考法1 adj. 不合理的:ridiculously unreasonable, unsound, or incongruous

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abundant

考法1 adj. 大量的: marked by great plenty (as of resources)

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abuse

考法1 v. 辱骂抨击: language that condemns or vilifies usually unjustly, intemperately, and angrily
派 abusive 辱骂的
考法2 v. 不正当不合理使用: to put to a wrong or improper use; 过分过量使用:to use excessively

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abut

考法1 v. 邻接,毗邻: to touch at one end or side; lie adjacent

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abysmal

考法1 adj. 极低的或极可怜的: immeasurably low or wretched
考法2 adj. (程度)很深的、极端的: immeasurably great

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accede

考法1 v. 赞成: to express approval or give consent
考法2 v. 就任,就职:To arrive at or come into an office or dignity:

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accelerate

考法1 v. 加速: to cause to move faster
考法2 v. 使提前发生: to bring about at an earlier time
考法3 v. 变大,变多: to become greater in size, extent, volume, amount, or number

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accessible

考法1 adj. 可以到达的: situated within easy reach
考法2 adj. 可理解的: capable of being understood or appreciated
考法3 adj. 能够获得的: possible to get

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accessory

考法1 adj. 辅助的,附属的: having a secondary, supplementary, or subordinate function.
考法2 n. 帮凶: one associated with another in wrongdoing

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accidental

考法1 adj. 意外发生的,偶然的: occurring unexpectedly or by chance
考法2 adj. 附带的,不重要的: not being a vital part of or belonging to something

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acclimate

考法1 vt. 使适应: to change (something) so as to make it suitable for a new use or situation

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accolade

考法1 n. 同意,赞赏: an expression of approval
考法2 v. 赞扬: to praise or honor

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accommodate

考法1 v. 提供所需(例如服务、借贷、寄宿): to provide with something desired, needed, or suited (as a helpful service, a loan, or lodgings)
考法2 v. 改变以适应新情况、新场景: to change (something) so as to make it suitable for a new use or situation
考法3 v. 使和谐: to bring to a state free of conflicts, inconsistencies, or differences

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accost

考法1 vt. 以挑衅的形式搭讪: to approach and speak to often in a challenging or aggressive way

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accrete

考法1 v. 逐渐增长: to grow or increase gradually, as by addition
派 accretion n. 慢慢增加

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accumulate

考点1 vi. 逐渐增长: to increase gradually in quantity or number

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acerbic

考法1 adj. 酸涩的心情、心境或者语调: marked by the use of wit that is intended to cause hurt feelings
派 acerbity n. 酸

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acme

考法1 n. 顶点,极点: the highest point or stage, as of achievement or development
考法2 n. 最佳典范: the most perfect type or example

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acquiesce

考法1 v. 勉强同意;默许: to accept, comply, or submit tacitly or passively

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acrid

考法1 adj. 辛辣的,刺鼻的: sharp and harsh or unpleasantly pungent in taste or odor : irritating
考点2 adj. 刻薄的: marked by the use of wit that is intended to cause hurt feelings

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acrimonious

考法1 adj. 刻薄的,充满仇恨的: having or showing deep-seated resentment

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acumen

考法1 n. 不同寻常的洞察力和鉴别力: exceptional discernment and judgment especially in practical matters

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acute

考法1 adj. 敏锐的: marked by keen discernment or intellectual perception especially of subtle distinctions,penetrating
考法2 adj. 严重的,急性的: needing immediate attention
考法3 adj. (程度、影响)极强: extreme in degree, or effect

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adamant

考法1 adj. 固执的,不可动摇的:unshakable or insistent especially in maintaining a position or opinion, unyielding; inflexible

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adapt

考法1 vt. 修改,使适应: to modify according with the changing circumstances

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addict

考法1 v. 沉溺,上瘾: to devote or surrender (oneself) to something habitually or obsessively
考法2 n. 对某事上瘾的人: a person with a strong and habitual liking for something

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adhere

考法1 v. 依附,粘着: to cause to stick fast
考法2 v. 服从命令: to act according to the commands of
考法3 v. 坚定地支持: to give steadfast support to
派 adherent n. 追随者:a follower of a leader, party, or profession

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adjourn

考法1 vi. 延期,休会: to suspend a session indefinitely or to another time or place

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adjunct

考法1 n. 附属物,非必须部分: something joined or added to another thing but not essentially a part of it

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ad-lib

考法1 adj. 即兴的: made or done without previous thought or preparation

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admonish

考法1 v. 建议: to give advice to
考法2 v. 责备: to reprove gently but earnestly.
派 admonishment n. 责备

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adore

考法1 vt. 喜爱,感到愉悦: to take pleasure in
考法2 vt. 宠爱: to feel passion, devotion, or tenderness for

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adulate

考法1 v. 极度谄媚: to praise too much

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adulterate

考法1 vt. 掺杂,加入低等成分: to corrupt, debase, or make impure by the addition of a foreign or inferior substance or element

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adumbrate

考法1 vt. 部分地或有保留地揭露: to disclose partially or guardedly.
考法2 vt. 预示着: to give a slight indication of beforehand

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adventitious

考法1 adj. 外来的,后天的: coming from another source and not inherent or innate

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adversary

考法1 n. 敌手,对手: one that contends with, opposes, or resists : enemy

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advert

考法1 vi. 引起注意;提到:to call attention; refer:
派 advertent a 留意的

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advocate

考法1 vt. 支持,提倡: to speak, plead, or argue in favor of; support

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affable

考法1 adj. 和蔼的,温和的: characterized by ease and friendliness

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affinity

考法1 n. 喜欢,亲切感: a habitual attraction to some activity or thing
考法2 n. 相似: the fact or state of having something in common

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affluent

考法1 adj. 富裕的: having a generously sufficient and typically increasing supply of material possessions

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aggrandize

考法1 vt. 增加、提高力量、财富、地位、声誉等: to enhance the power, wealth, position, or reputation of

71

aggravate

考法1 vt. 加重,恶化: to make worse, more serious, or more severe
考法2 v. 使不爽: to disturb the peace of mind of (someone) especially by repeated disagreeable acts

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aggregate

考法1 n. 集合体: a mass or body of units or parts somewhat loosely associated with one another
考法2 v. 集合,聚集: to collect or gather into a mass or whole
派 disaggregate v. 分解

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aggressive

考法1 adj. 好斗的: having a quality of anger and determination that makes it ready to attack others
考法2 adj. 强有力的,强烈的: marked by or uttered with forcefulness

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aggrieve

考法1 vt. 使苦恼,悲痛: to give pain or trouble to, distress
派 aggrieved adj. 苦恼的,怨念的

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agitate

考法1 v. 煽动,激起: to attempt to arouse public feeling
考法2 v. 使不安: to excite and often trouble the mind or feelings of : disturb

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agog

考法1 adj. 极度感兴趣的: showing urgent desire or interest

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agonize

考法1 v. 使非常痛苦:to feel deep sadness or mental pain

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airtight

考法1 adj. 无瑕疵的: having no noticeable weakness, flaw, or loophole
考法2 adj. 密封的,不透气的:impermeable to air or nearly so

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alacrity

考法1 n. 反应迅速,乐意: promptness in response : cheerful readiness

80

alibi

考法1 n. 不在场的证明;托辞,借口: an excuse usually intended to avert blame or punishment (as for failure or negligence)

81

alienate

考法1 v. 疏远,离间: to make unfriendly, or indifferent especially where attachment formerly existed
考法2 v. 转移、变卖(财产或权利): to convey or transfer (as property or a right) usually by a specific act rather than the due course of law

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align

考法1 vt. 排成一行: to bring into line or alignment
考法2 vt. 调准,校准: to adjust to produce a proper relationship or orientation

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allay

考法1 vt. 减轻: to subdue or reduce in intensity or severity, alleviate

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allegiance

考法1 n. 忠诚: devotion or loyalty to a person, group, or cause

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alleviate

考法1 v. 缓和,减轻: relieve, lessen

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allude

考法1 vi. 间接提到: to convey an idea indirectly

87

allure

考法1 vt. 吸引: to attract or delight as if by magic
派 alluring 诱惑的,有吸引力的
考法2 v. 诱惑做某事: to lead away from a usual or proper course by offering some pleasure or advantage

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ally

考法1 n.盟友,支持者:one in helpful association with another
考法2 v. 加入联盟:to enter into an alliance

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aloft

考法1 adv. 在空中:in the air especially : in flight (as in an airplane)

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aloof

考法1 adj. 孤高的,不合群的:removed or distant either physically or emotionally

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altruism

考法1 n. 利他主义:unselfish regard for or devotion to the welfare of others
派 altruistic adj.利他的

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amalgamate

考法1 v. 合并,混合:to combine into a unified or integrated whole; unite

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ambiguous

考法1 adj.有多种理解方式的;不确定的:open to more than one interpretation;doubtful or uncertain

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amble

考法1 vi. / n. 漫步,闲逛:to walk slowly or leisurely; stroll

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ambrosial

考法1 adj. (食物或者气味)特别美味的:something extremely pleasing to taste or smell

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ameliorate

考法1 vt. 改善,改进:to make or become better; improve
派 ameliorator n. 改良物

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amenable

考法1 adj. 顺从的,服从的:readily brought to yield, submit, or cooperate

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amenity

考法1 n. (环境,设备等的)舒适,人性化:something that conduces to comfort, convenience, or enjoyment
考法2 n. 融洽,和谐:the quality of being pleasant or agreeable

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amiable

考法1 adj. 好脾气的,友好易相处的:being friendly, sociable, and congenial

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amicable

考法1 adj. 友善的:characterized by friendly goodwill; amiable

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amity

考法1 n.友好, 亲善和睦关系:friendship; especially: friendly relations between nations