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Flashcards in List_02 Deck (100):
2

amorphous

考法1 adj. 无固定形状的having no definite form: shapeless
考法2 adj. 不可归类的being without definite character or nature : unclassifiable

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analgesic

考法1 n. 镇痛剂:a medication that reduces or eliminates pain
同 anesthetic, anodyne

4

anarchist

考法1 n. 反抗权威的人:a person who rebels against any authority, established order, or ruling power
同 rebel, insurgent
派 anarchy n. 混乱 :a state of lawlessness or political disorder due to the absence of governmental authority

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anathema

考法1 n. 诅咒:a ban or curse solemnly pronounced by ecclesiastical authority and accompanied by excommunication

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ancillary

考法1 adj. 次要的:of secondary importance
考法2 adj. 辅助的,补充的 : auxiliary, supplementary

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anecdote

考法1 n. 短小有趣的故事:a usually short narrative of an interesting, amusing, or biographical incident

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anemic

考法1 adj. 缺乏力量、活力、精神的:lacking force, vitality, or spirit

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anesthetic

考法1 n. 止痛剂 : something (as a drug) that relieves pain
考法2 adj. 无感觉的,麻木的:lacking awareness or sensitivity

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animate

考法1 adj. 活的:having or showing life
考法2 adj. 有活力的:having much high-spirited energy and movement
考法3 v. 使有活力,支持:to give spirit and support to
派 animation 生命力,活力:the quality or condition of being alive, active, spirited, or vigorous.
考法4 v. 使行动,驱使:to move to action
考法5 v. 使活灵活现,使栩栩如生:to make or design in such a way as to create apparently spontaneous lifelike movement

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animus

考法1 n. 敌意:a usually prejudiced and often spiteful or malevolent ill will, enmity

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annoy

考法1 vt. 不断烦扰:to disturb or irritate especially by repeated acts

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annul

考法1 v. 宣告无效,取消:to declare or make legally invalid or void
考法2 v. 抵消 to balance with an equal force so as to make ineffective

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anomalous

考法1 adj. 不普通的,不平常的 being out of the ordinary
派 anomaly n. 反常 deviation or departure from the normal or common order, form, or rule.
考法2 adj. 反常的,不正常的departing from some accepted standard of what is normal

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anonymous

考法1 adj. 匿名的:not named or identified
考法2 adj. 无特色的 lacking individuality, distinction, or recognizability

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antagonize

考法1 vt. 敌对,反对:to act in opposition to : counteract
考法2 vt. 激起敌意:to incur or provoke the hostility of

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antediluvian

考法1 adj. 非常古老的,过时的:extremely old and antiquated
考法2 n. 保守的人:a person with old-fashioned ideas

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anterior

考法1 adj. 前面的:coming before in time or development

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antic

考法1 adj. 滑稽可笑的:characterized by clownish extravagance or absurdity

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apathy

考法1 n. 冷漠,缺乏情感:lack of feeling or emotion
考法2 n. 缺乏兴趣,不关心:lack of interest or concern

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aphorism

考法1 n. 短小有智慧的格言:a short witty sentence which expresses a general truth or comment

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apocalyptic

考法1 adj. 预言的,启示的:of a revelatory or prophetic nature
考法2 adj. 重要的,转折点的 of, relating to, or being a major turning point
考法3 adj. 夸大的 wildly unrestrained : grandiose

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apocryphal

考法1 adj.假的:of doubtful authenticity : spurious

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apoplectic

考法1 adj. 极度愤怒的:extremely angry; furious

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apostasy

考法1 n. 放弃宗教信仰:renunciation of a religious faith
考法2 n. 变节,背叛:abandonment of a previous loyalty : defection

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appall

考法1 vt. 使惊恐:to overcome with consternation, shock, or dismay

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appeal

考法1 n. 申请:an application (as to a recognized authority) for corroboration, vindication, or decision
考法2 n. 起诉to charge with a crime : accuse

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appealing

考法1 adj. 吸引人的 attractive, inviting

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applause

考法1 n. 鼓掌,认可:approval publicly expressed (as by clapping the hands)

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apposite

考法1 adj. 相关的,合适的highly pertinent or appropriate: apt

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appreciable

考法1 adj. 可感知的,明显的:capable of being perceived or measured; perceptible

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apprehension

考法1 n. 忧虑,恐惧:suspicion or fear especially of future evil
考法2 n. 逮捕:seizure by legal process : arrestment
考法3 n. 理解:the knowledge gained from the process of coming to know or understand something

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apprise

考法1 v. 通知,告知:to give notice to; inform

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approbation

考法1 n. 同意:an expression of warm approval

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appropriate

考法1 v. 私自挪用to take possession of or make use of exclusively for oneself, often without permission
考法2 adj. 适当的:especially suitable or compatible: fitting

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apropos

考法1 adj.相关的:being both relevant and opportune
考法2 prep. 关于,有关:having to do with

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apt

考法1 adj. 恰当的,合适的:exactly suitable; appropriate
考法2 adj. 有…倾向的,可能的:having a tendency : likely
考法3 adj. 聪明的keenly intelligent and responsive

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archaic

考法1 adj. 过时的,久远的:no longer current or applicable; antiquated
派 archaism 古语:the use of archaic diction or style

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archetype

考法1 n.典范,榜样:an ideal example of a type
考法2 n.先驱,鼻祖:something belonging to an earlier time from which something else was later developed
考法3 n. 原型:something from which copies are made

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ardor

考法1 n. 狂热:strong enthusiasm or devotion; zeal

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arduous

考法1 adj. 难以做到,费劲的:hard to accomplish or achieve: difficult

42

argot

考法1 n. 隐语,黑话,行话:a specialized vocabulary or set of idioms used by a particular group

43

arrest

考法1 vt. 使不活跃:to make inactive
考法2 n/v. 停止:the stopping of a process or activity; to bring to a standstill
考法3 v. 逮捕:to take or keep under one's control by authority of law
考法4 v. 吸引注意力:to hold the attention of as if by a spell

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arresting

考法1 adj. 吸引人的:attracting and holding the attention; striking

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arrhythmic

考法1 adj. 不规律的:lacking rhythm or regularity

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arrogance

考法1 n.傲慢,自大:overbearing pride

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articulate

考法1 v. 清晰地表达:to utter clearly and distinctly
考法2 adj. 表达清晰的:able to express oneself clearly and well

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ascendant

考法1 adj. 有影响力的,主宰的:dominant in position or influence; superior.
考法2 adj. 上升的:moving upward : rising

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ascetic

考法1 adj. 禁欲的:practicing strict self-denial as a measure of personal and especially spiritual discipline
考法2 n. 禁欲者:a person who renounces material comforts and leads a life of austere self-discipline, especially as an act of religious devotion.

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aseptic

考法1 adj. 消毒的,无菌的:preventing infection
考法2 adj. 缺乏活力的:lacking vitality
考法3 adj. 冷漠的:emotion, or warmth

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askew

考法1 adj. 不成直线,歪的:out of line, awry

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aspect

考法1 n. 外表,容貌:appearance to the eye or mind

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asperity

考法1 n. (举止、性情)粗暴:roughness of manner or of temper
考法2 n.(环境)艰苦:rigor, severity

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aspersion

考法1 n. 诽谤,中伤:a false or misleading charge meant to harm someone's reputation

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aspirant

考法1 n. 有抱负者, 有野心者:one who aspires, as to advancement, honors, or a high position
考法2 adj. 想成为…的:seeking to attain a desired position or status

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assent

考法1 vi. 同意:to agree to something especially after thoughtful consideration

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assert

考法1 vt. 断言,肯定地说出:to state or declare positively and often forcefully or aggressively

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assertive

考法1 adj. 武断的,强烈自信的:inclined to bold or confident assertion; aggressively self-assured.

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assess

考法1 v. 评估重要性、尺寸、价值等:to determine the importance, size, or value of
考法2 v. 征收费用(如罚款):to establish or apply as a charge or penalty

60

assiduous

考法1 adj. 勤勉的,专心仔细的:marked by careful unremitting attention or persistent application; busy
派 assiduity n. 勤勉:persistent application or diligence; unflagging effort.

61

assuage

考法1 vt. 缓和,减轻:to lessen the intensity of
考法2 vt. 平息,抚慰:to pacify or calm
考法3 vt. 使满足:to put an end to by satisfying

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astounding

考法1 adj. 令人吃惊的,出乎意料的:causing astonishment or amazement

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astute

考法1 adj. 机敏的,有洞察力的:having or showing shrewdness and perspicacity

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asunder

考法1 adv. 分离成多部分或多片:into separate parts or pieces
考法2 adv. 分离:apart from each other in position

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asylum

考法1 n. 收容所/ 保护所:an inviolable place of refuge and protection giving shelter to criminals and debtors/ something (as a building) that offers cover from the weather or protection from danger

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asymmetrical

考法1 adj. 不平衡的,不对称的:having no balance or symmetry

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atone

考法1 v. 赎罪,弥补:to make amends, as for a sin or fault

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atrocious

考法1 adj. 极坏的, 极其残忍的:extremely wicked, brutal, or cruel
考法2 adj. 让人极为不满意的 extremely unsatisfactory

69

attenuate

考法1 v. 使降低(数量,力量,价值): to lessen the amount, force, magnitude, or value of
派 attenuation n. 弱化,贬值

70

audacious

考法1 adj. 大胆的,(但往往)愚勇的: fearlessly, often recklessly daring; bold
考法2 adj. 蔑视(法律、礼节)的,无礼的: contemptuous of law, religion, or decorum
考法3 adj. 乐于冒险的: inclined or willing to take risks
考法4 adj. 大胆创新的: marked by originality and verve
派 audacity n. 胆量,不敬

71

augur

考法1 n. 预言家: one who predicts future events or developments
考法2 v. 出现好兆头: to show signs of a favorable or successful outcome
考法3 vt. 预言:to tell of or describe beforehand

72

authentic

考法1 adj. 真实的,非仿造的: being exactly as appears or as claimed
考法2 adj. 准确的,相符合的: following an original exactly
派 authenticity n. 真实,真实性

73

authority

考法1 n. (某领域的)权威人士: a person with a high level of knowledge or skill in a field
考法2 n. 管辖权,控制: lawful control over the affairs of a political unit (as a nation)
考法3 n. 影响力: the power to direct the thinking or behavior of others usually indirectly
考法4 n. (管束他人的)权力: the right or means to command or control others
考法5 n. 根据,理由: a warrant for action

74

autocracy

考法1 n. 独裁政府:government in which a person possesses unlimited power
派 autocratic adj. 独裁的

75

autonomy

考法1 n. 政治上的独立: the quality or state of being self-governing
考法2 n. 自我主导的自由,尤其是精神独立: self-directing freedom and especially moral independence
派 autonomous adj. 自治的

76

avarice

考法1 n. 贪财,贪婪: excessive or insatiable desire for wealth or gain
派 avaricious adj. 贪婪的

77

aver

考法1 v. 声称为真: to state as a fact usually forcefully
考法2 v. (态度强硬而明确地)声明: to state clearly and strongly

78

aversion

考法1 n. 非常讨厌,极厌恶:a dislike so strong as to cause stomach upset or queasiness
考法2 n. 令人厌恶的事物:something or someone that is hated

79

avid

考法1 adj. 急切渴望的: marked by keen interest and enthusiasm
考法2 adj. 贪婪(钱财)的: having or marked by an eager and often selfish desire especially for material possessions
派 avidity n. 贪婪

80

awash

考法1 adj. 被淹没的: containing, covered with, or thoroughly penetrated by water
考法2 adj. (如洪水般)泛滥的: filled, covered, or completely overrun as if by a flood

81

awe

考法1 n./v. 敬畏: an emotion variously combining dread, veneration, and wonder that is inspired by authority or by the sacred or sublime
派 awesome adj. 令人敬畏的

82

awkward

考法1 adj. 缺乏灵活性和技巧的: lacking dexterity or skill
考法2 adj. (处理问题)缺乏手段和智谋的: showing or marked by a lack of skill and tact (as in dealing with a situation)
考法3 adj. 臃肿笨拙的,不优雅的: lacking ease or grace (as of movement or expression)
考法4 adj. 令人尴尬的: causing embarrassment
考法5 adj. (因过大过重或设计问题)难以操作的: difficult to use or operate especially because of size, weight, or design

83

awning

考法1 n. 雨篷,遮阳篷: a piece of material attached to a caravan or building which provides shelter from the rain or sun

84

awry

考法1 adj. 弯曲或扭曲的: in a turned or twisted position or direction
考法2 adj./adv. 走样的(地),出差错的(地): off the correct or expected course

85

axiomatic

考法1 adj. 公理的: based on or involving an axiom or system of axioms
考法2 adj. 不言自明的: taken for granted, self-evident
派 axiom n. 公理

86

babble

考法1 v. 发出含糊无意义的嘟囔声,胡乱说: to utter a meaningless confusion of words or sounds
考法2 v. 闲聊: to engage in casual or rambling conversation

87

backhanded

考法1 adj. 间接的,含沙射影的, 虚情假意的: indirect, devious, especially sarcastic

88

badger

考法1 vt. 不断纠缠或骚扰: to harass or annoy persistently

89

badinage

考法1 n. 打趣,善意的玩笑: playful repartee, banter

90

bait

考法1 v. 逗弄,激怒: to persecute or exasperate with unjust, malicious, or persistent attacks
考法2 v.引诱: to lead away from a usual or proper course by offering some pleasure or advantage
考法3 n. 诱饵: something (as food) used in luring especially to a hook or trap

91

bale

考法1 n. 痛苦,悲哀: woe, sorrow

92

baleful

考法1 adj. 有害的: harmful or malignant in intent or effect
考法2 adj. 凶兆的: foreboding or threatening evil
考法3 adj. 致命的: likely to cause or capable of causing death

93

balk

考法1 v. 阻碍: to check or stop by or as if by an obstacle
考法2 v. 不愿接受,拒绝: to show unwillingness to accept, do, engage in, or agree to
派 balky adj. 倔强的

94

balky

考法1 adj. 不服管束的,倔强的: refusing or likely to refuse to proceed, act, or function as directed or expected

95

ballad

考法1 n. 由简单诗节和叠句组成的民歌: a narrative poem, often of folk origin and intended to be sung, consisting of simple stanzas and usually having a refrain

96

balloon

考法1 v. 迅速增加: to increase rapidly

97

balm

考法1 n. 香油,止痛膏,安慰物: a sweet-smelling oil that heals wounds or reduce pain
派 balmy adj. 柔和的
考法2 n. 香气: a sweet or pleasant smell

98

banal

考法1 adj. 非原创的,陈腐的: lacking originality, freshness, or novelty; trite
派 banality n. 陈腐

99

bane

考法1 n. 祸根:a source of harm or ruin
考法2 n. 有害的物质:a substance that by chemical action can kill or injure a living thing
派 baneful adj. 有害的

100

banish

考法1 vt. 驱逐出境:to require by authority to leave a country
考法2 vt. 赶出:to drive or force out
派 banishment n. 驱逐

101

banter

考法1 n./v. 幽默、打趣的(地)谈话: good-humored, playful conversation