List_31 Flashcards Preview

3000_zy_en > List_31 > Flashcards

Flashcards in List_31 Deck (76):
2

remnant

考法1 n. 残余,剩余物: something left over

3

renege

考法1 vt. 放弃,摒弃: to solemnly or formally reject or go back on (as something formerly adhered to)
派 renegade n. 叛徒

4

replenish

考法1 vt. 补充: to fill or make complete again; add a new stock or supply to

5

replicate

考法1 vt. 复制,复刻: to make an exact likeness of
考法2 vt. 重复,反复: to make or do again
派 replicable adj. 可复制的,能复现的

6

residual

考法1 adj. 剩余的,残存的: of, relating to, or characteristic of a residue

7

restitution

考法1 n. 补偿,赔偿: a making good of or giving an equivalent for some injury

8

resurrect

考法1 vt. 使重生,使复苏: to bring back to life, practice, or activity
派 resurrection n. 重生,复苏

9

retentive

考法1 adj. 记性好的: having the ability or capacity to retain knowledge or information with ease
派 retentiveness n. 好记性

10

retrieve

考法1 vt. 寻回,找回: to get back again

11

reverberate

考法1 vi. 回荡,回响: to continue or be repeated in a series of reflected sound waves
派 reverberation n. 回响,回音

12

rhetorical

考法1 adj. 语言上的,文字上的: of or relating to words or language
考法2 adj. 言辞华丽(却往往无内涵的): full of fine words and fancy expressionsbut mostly meaningless words and phrases

13

rigmarole

考法1 n. 混乱而无意义的话: language marked by abstractions, jargon, euphemisms, and circumlocutions; confused or meaningless talk

14

ruthless

考法1 adj. 没有怜悯心的,残忍的: having no pity

15

sacrosanct

考法1 adj. 极为神圣的,不可侵犯的: most sacred or holy

16

scourge

考法1 n. 祸害: a source of harm or misfortune

17

screen

考法1 n. 掩护物,屏障: something that shelters, protects, or hides
考法2 vt. 保护,使…免受攻击: to drive danger or attack away from
考法3 vt. 掩护,遮蔽: to keep secret or shut off from view

18

scrimp

考法1 vi. 节俭: to avoid unnecessary waste or expense

19

scruple

考法1 n. (良心上的)不安: an uneasy feeling about the rightness of what one is doing or going to do

20

secede

考法1 vi. 脱离,退出(组织、团体、联盟等): to withdraw from an organization (as a religious communion or political party or federation)

21

sectarianism

考法1 n. 宗派主义,顽固: stubborn or intolerant adherence to one's opinions or prejudices

22

secular

考法1 adj. 世俗的,尘世的: of or relating to the worldly or temporal

23

sequel

考法1 n. 结果: a result or consequence

24

shift

考法1 vt. 改变…的位置: to change the place or position of
考法2 vi. 改变,变化: to pass from one form, state, or level to another
考法3 vt. 交换: to give up (something) and take something else in return

25

shifty

考法1 adj. (显得)狡诈的,(显得)欺诈的: having, displaying, or suggestive of deceitful character

26

simile

考法1 n. 明喻: a figure of speech comparing two unlike things that is often introduced by like or as

27

skittish

考法1 adj. 容易受到惊吓的,胆小的: easily frightened
考法2 adj. 容易激动的: easily excited by nature
考法3 adj. 善变的,多变的: likely to change frequently, suddenly, or unexpectedly

28

sparing

考法1 adj. 节俭的,节约的: marked by or practicing careful restraint (as in the use of resources)
考法2 adj. 不足的,缺乏的: less plentiful than what is normal, necessary, or desirable

29

splinter

考法1 n. 尖细条,刺: a sharp, slender piece, as of wood, bone, glass, or metal, split or broken off from a main body
考法2 vt. 切成细条: to split or break into sharp, slender pieces

30

splutter

考法1 vi. 急切而不清楚地说: to speak hastily and incoherently, as when confused or angry

31

squeamish

考法1 adj. 恶心的,晕船的: affected with nausea

32

stasis

考法1 n. 平衡,停滞: a condition of balance among various forces

33

staunch

考法1 adj. 忠诚的,坚定的: steadfast in loyalty or principle

34

stereotype

考法1 n. 成见,老套的理念: a conventional, formulaic, and oversimplified conception, opinion, or image

35

stigmatize

考法1 vt. 使蒙上污名: to characterize or brand as disgraceful or ignominious

36

substitute

考法1 n. 取代者,替代品: a person or thing that takes the place or function of another
考法2 vt. 取代,替代: to take the place of
派 substitution n. 取代

37

succumb

考法1 vi. 屈服: to yield to superior strength or force or overpowering appeal or desire
考法2 vi. 死亡: to be brought to an end (as death) by the effect of destructive or disruptive forces

38

supersede

考法1 vt. 取代,替代: to displace in favor of another

39

surly

考法1 adj. 脾气不好的: irritably sullen and churlish in mood or manner

40

surmise

考法1 n. (根据不足的)推测,揣测: a thought or idea based on scanty evidence
考法2 vt. 推测: to form a notion of from scanty evidence

41

surmount

考法1 vt. 战胜,获得胜利: to achieve a victory over

42

surpass

考法1 vt. 超越,强于: to become better, greater, or stronger than
考法2 vt. 突破(界限,纪录等): to go beyond the limit of

43

surrogate

考法1 n. 替代品: one that takes the place of another

44

surveillance

考法1 n. 监视,监控: close observation of a person or group, especially one under suspicion

45

tame

考法1 adj. 被驯化的: reduced from a state of native wildness especially so as to be tractable and useful to humans
考法2 adj. 无聊的,乏味的: lacking spirit, zest, interest, or the capacity to excite
考法3 vt. 控制,抑制: to keep from exceeding a desirable degree or level (as of expression)

46

tangle

考法1 n. 困惑,不解: a state of perplexity or complete bewilderment
考法2 vt. 纠缠,使…纠结: to seize and hold in or as if in a snare

47

teeming

考法1 adj. 大量的: possessing or covered with great numbers or amounts of something specified

48

temporal

考法1 adj. 世俗的,尘世的: of or relating to earthly life

49

tentative

考法1 adj. 暂时性的,尝试的: not fully worked out or developed

50

thick-skinned

考法1 adj. 冷漠无情的,不顾及他人感受的: largely unaffected by the needs and feelings of other people

51

thrill

考法1 n. 强烈的兴奋感,快感: a pleasurably intense stimulation of the feelings
考法2 vt. 使兴奋,使激动: a pleasurably intense stimulation of the feelings
派 thrilling adj. 刺激的;thriller n. 恐怖电影

52

timely

考法1 adj. 及时的,无拖延的: done, carried out, or given without delay
考法2 adj. 恰到好处的,合乎适宜的: appropriate or adapted to the times or the occasion

53

topsy-turvy

考法1 adj. 混乱的,不整洁的: lacking in order, neatness, and often cleanliness; totally disordered

54

trifle

考法1 n. 不重要的事: something of little importance or value
考法2 vi. 不正经地对待,玩弄: to behave amorously without serious intent
派 trifling adj. 不重要的

55

trifling

考法1 adj. 细微的,不重要的: lacking in significance or solid worth

56

tycoon

考法1 n. 大亨,巨头: a person of rank, power, or influence in a particular field

57

tyrant

考法1 n. 暴君: a ruler who exercises absolute power oppressively or brutally
派 tyranny n. 暴政,苛政

58

umbrage

考法1 n. 不悦,生气: the feeling of being offended or resentful after a slight or indignity

59

unanimous

考法1 adj. 一致同意的: having the agreement and consent of all
派 unanimity n. 一致同意

60

unavailing

考法1 adj. 徒劳的,无果的: producing no results

61

unremitting

考法1 adj. 连续不断的: going on and on without any interruptions

62

versed

考法1 adj. 熟知的: having information especially as a result of study or experience
考法2 adj. 精通的: having or showing exceptional knowledge, experience, or skill in a field of endeavor

63

vile

考法1 adj. 丑陋的: unpleasant to look at
考法2 adj. (道德上)可鄙的,卑鄙的: morally despicable or abhorrent

64

vocation

考法1 n. 职业: the work in which a person is regularly employed
派 vocational adj. 职业的,为职业做准备的

65

vouchsafe

考法1 vt. 允诺,给予: to grant or furnish often in a gracious or condescending manner

66

voyeur

考法1 n. 淫窥狂: one obtaining sexual gratification from observing unsuspecting individuals who are partly undressed, naked, or engaged in sexual acts
派 voyeurism n. 偷窥癖

67

wanting

考法1 adj. 未出现的,缺少的: not present or in evidence
考法2 adj. 未达到要求的: not being up to standards or expectations

68

wayward

考法1 adj. 刚愎自用的,不服管束的: following one's own capricious, wanton, or depraved inclinations

69

weather

考法1 vt. 安全渡过(危机等),经受住: to come through (something) safely

70

willful

考法1 adj. 固执的,倔强的: obstinately and often perversely self-willed
考法2 adj. 故意的: done deliberately

71

willy-nilly

考法1 adv. 不论是否愿意的(地): whether desired or not
考法2 adj. 无秩序的,随意的: without order or plan

72

wilt

考法1 vi. (花、植物等)萎蔫: to become limp or flaccid
考法2 vi. 精神萎靡,憔悴: to feel or exhibit the effects of fatigue or exhaustion

73

wily

考法1 adj. 狡诈的,狡猾的: clever at attaining one's ends by indirect and often deceptive means

74

wiretap

考法1 n./vt. 偷听,窃听: to tap a telephone or telegraph wire in order to get information

75

wistful

考法1 adj. (带着忧伤而)渴望的,怀念的: full of yearning or desire tinged with melancholy

76

wrest

考法1 vt. 拧,扭动: to pull, force, or move by violent wringing or twisting movements
考法2 vt. 辛苦地获得: to gain with difficulty by or as if by force, violence, or determined labor

77

wrongheaded

考法1 adj. 固执己见的,坚持(错误观点)的: stubborn in adherence to wrong opinion or principles