List_12 Flashcards Preview

3000_zy_en > List_12 > Flashcards

Flashcards in List_12 Deck (100):
2

harsh

考法1 adj. 粗糙的,不具有美感的: unpleasantly coarse and rough to the touch, disagreeable to one's aesthetic or artistic sense
考法2 adj. 严厉的: unduly exacting, given to exacting standards of discipline and self-restraint

3

hasten

考法1 vt. 促进: to speed up; accelerate

4

hasty

考法1 adj. 轻率的: fast and typically superficial; acting or done with excessive or careless speed

5

haunt

考法1 vt. 常去拜访: to visit often; frequent
考法2 vt. 不断地想起,萦绕心头: to come to mind continually; obsess

6

hauteur

考法1 n.傲慢,自大: haughtiness in bearing and attitude; arrogance

7

haven

考法1 n. 安全的地方: a place of safety

8

havoc

考法1 n. 大混乱: a state in which everything is out of order
考法2 n. 大范围破坏: the state or fact of being rendered nonexistent, physically unsound, or useless

9

headlong

考法1 adj. 鲁莽的: without deliberation

10

hearken

考法1 vi. 倾听,关注: to give respectful attention

11

hearten

考法1 vt. 给予鼓励,鼓舞: to give strength, courage, or hope to; encourage

12

heartrending

考法1 adj. 令人心碎的: causing intense sorrow or distress

13

hedonism

考法1 n. 享乐主义: the doctrine that pleasure or happiness is the sole or chief good in life

14

hegemony

考法1 n. 霸权,统治权: preponderant influence or authority over others

15

heinous

考法1 adj. 可憎的,十恶不赦的: hatefully or shockingly evil, abominable

16

herald

考法1 vt. 告知: to make known openly or publicly
考法2 v. 预示,预兆: to give a slight indication of beforehand

17

heresy

考法1 n. 异教,和普遍观点相悖: a controversial or unorthodox opinion or doctrine, departure from a generally accepted theory, opinion, or practice

18

heretical

考法1 adj. 异教的,异端的: departure from established beliefs or standards

19

hermetic

考法1 adj. 深奥的: relating to or characterized by occultism or abstruseness

20

hesitance

考法1 n. 犹豫,不情愿: the quality or state of being hesitant, reluctance

21

heterodox

考法1 adj. 非正统的,异端的: holding unorthodox opinions or doctrines, not rigidly following established form, custom, or rules

22

hew

考法1 vi. 遵守: confirm, adhere, to hold to something firmly as if by adhesion
考法2 v. 支持: to give steadfast support to

23

hidebound

考法1 adj. 死板的,极度保守的: tending to favor established ideas, conditions, or institutions

24

hideous

考法1 adj. 非常丑陋的: exceedingly ugly
派 hideousness 丑陋

25

hie

考法1 vi. 匆匆忙忙: to go quickly, hasten

26

hike

考法1 vi. 上涨: to rise up, to move from a lower to a higher place or position

27

hilarious

考法1 adj. 非常好笑的: marked by or causing hilarity: extremely funny

28

histrionic

考法1 adj. 戏剧的,演员的: of or relating to actors, acting, or the theater

29

hive

考法1 n. 忙碌之地: a place swarming with activity
考法2 v. 储备,积累: to store up; accumulate

30

hoard

考法1 v. 贮藏,秘藏: to keep hidden or private

31

hoary

考法1 adj. 极老的: extremely old

32

hoax

考法1 n./v. 欺骗: to cause to believe what is untrue

33

hodgepodge

考法1 n. 大杂烩: a mixture of dissimilar ingredients; a jumble

34

homage

考法1 n. 尊敬,敬意: expression of high regard: respect

35

homely

考法1 adj. 其貌不扬的,朴素简单的: not attractive or good-looking

36

homily

考法1 n. 冗长乏味的道德讲演或训诫: an idea or expression that has been used by many people

37

homogenize

考法1 v. 使统一化: to make agree with a single established standard or model

38

hone

考法1 v. 磨快: to sharpen or smooth with a whetstone

39

hoodwink

考法1 vt. 欺骗: to take in by deceptive means; deceive

40

hortative

考法1 adj. 鼓励的: giving exhortation

41

hovel

考法1 n. 茅屋: a small, wretched, and often dirty house

42

hubris

考法1 n. 狂妄自大: exaggerated pride or self-confidence

43

humble

考法1 adj. 谦逊的: marked by meekness or modesty in behavior, attitude, or spirit; not arrogant or prideful
考法2 adj. 顺从的,谦卑的: showing, expressing, or offered in a spirit of humility or unseemly submissiveness

44

humility

考法1 n. 谦卑,谦逊: the absence of any feelings of being better than others

45

humor

考法1 n. 幽默,令人发笑的事物: something that is or is designed to be comical or amusing
考法2 v. 迎合,迁就: to comply with the wishes or ideas of

46

hurricane

考法1 n. 飓风: a violent rotating storm or system of winds
考法2 n. 飓风般的事物,引起动荡的事物: something resembling a hurricane especially in its turmoil

47

husband

考法1 vt. 节俭,勤俭持家: to use sparingly or economically
派 husbandly adj. 节俭的;husbandry n. 节俭

48

husk

考法1 n.(果类或谷物的)外壳: a usually dry or membranous outer covering (as a pod or one composed of bracts) of various seeds and fruits (as barley and corn)
考法2 v. 剥去: to remove the natural covering of

49

husky

考法1 adj. (尤指声音)沙哑的,粗糙的: hoarse or rough in quality
考法2 adj. 高大威猛的: big and muscular

50

hybrid

考法1 n. 杂交品种,混合品种: something of mixed origin or composition
考法2 adj. 杂交的: being offspring produced by parents of different races, breeds, species, or genera

51

hymn

考法1 n. 赞歌,赞美诗: a song of praise or joy
考法2 v. 赞美: to proclaim the glory of

52

hyperbole

考法1 n. 夸张: a figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect

53

hypnotic

考法1 adj.催眠的: tending to cause sleep

54

hypocritical

考法1 adj. 虚伪的: not being or expressing what one appears to be or express
派 hypocrite n. 虚伪的人,伪君子

55

iconoclast

考法1 n. 特立独行的人: a person who does not conform to generally accepted standards or customs
派 iconoclastic adj. 特立独行的

56

idolatrize

考法1 v.(通常盲目)崇拜: admires intensely and often blindly
派 idolatry n. 崇拜

57

idyll

考法1 n. 无忧无虑的生活: a carefree episode or experience

58

ignite

考法1 vt.点燃: to cause to burn; to set fire to
考法2 vt. 激起,唤起(感情等): to arouse the passions of

59

ignominy

考法1 n. 耻辱: the state of having lost the esteem of others
派 ignominious adj. 可鄙的

60

illiteracy

考法1 n. 文盲: the condition of being unable to read and write
派 illiterate adj. 不识字的

61

illuminate

考法1 vt. 照明: to make luminous or shining
考法2 vt. 阐明: to make plain or understandable
考法3 vt. 启迪,启发: to provide (someone) with moral or spiritual understanding
派 illumination n. 照明;启迪

62

illuminati

考法1 n. 智者: persons who claim to be unusually enlightened
考法2 n. 精英: individuals carefully selected as being the best of a class

63

illusory

考法1 adj. 幻觉的,虚幻的: produced by, based on, or having the nature of an illusion
派 illusion n. 幻觉

64

imbibe

考法1 v. 喝水,摄取水分: to take in (something liquid) through small openings

65

imbroglio

考法1 n. 困境,复杂的局面: an intricate or complicated situation
考法2 n. 纷争: an often noisy or angry expression of differing opinions

66

imitation

考法1 n. 仿制品: something that is made to look exactly like something else
派 imitating adj. 仿制的

67

immaculate

考法1 adj. 干净的,纯净的: free from dirt or stain; free from any trace of the coarse or indecent
考法2 adj. 完美的,没有任何错误的: being entirely without fault or flaw

68

immanent

考法1 adj. 内在的: being a part of the innermost nature of a person or thing

69

immaterial

考法1 adj. 非实体的: not composed of matter
考法2 adj. 无关的,不重要的: of no importance or relevance

70

immature

考法1 adj. 未完全发展的,未发育成熟的: lacking complete growth, differentiation, or development
考法2 adj. (思维、举止)不够成熟的: lacking in adult experience or maturity

71

immemorial

考法1 adj. 古老的: dating or surviving from the distant past

72

immune

考法1 adj. 不易被感染的,有免疫力的: of, relating to, or having resistance to infection
考法2 adj. 不受影响的: not affected by a given influence
考法3 adj. 不受约束的: not subject to an obligation imposed on others
派 immunity n. 免疫性

73

immure

考法1 v. 监禁,禁闭: to confine within or as if within walls

74

immutable

考法1 adj. 不可变的: not capable of changing or being changed
派 immutability n. 不变性

75

impassive

考法1 adj. 冷漠的,无感情的: giving no sign of feeling or emotion

76

impeccable

考法1 adj. 无罪的: free from sin, guilt or blame
考法2 adj. 无瑕的,无可挑剔的: free from fault or blame

77

impecunious

考法1 adj. 贫穷的: having very little or no money

78

impede

考法1 v. 妨碍,阻碍: to interfere with or slow the progress of
派 impediment n. 障碍,阻碍

79

impending

考法1 adj. 即将发生的: being soon to appear or take place

80

impenetrable

考法1 adj. 不可渗透的,不可穿透的: impossible to get through or into
考法2 adj. 难以理解的: incapable of being comprehended

81

impenitent

考法1 adj. 不悔悟的: not feeling or expressing humble or regretful pain or sorrow for sins or offenses

82

imperative

考法1 n. 命令: a statement of what to do that must be obeyed by those concerned
考法2 adj. 命令的,强制性的:forcing one's compliance or participation by or as if by law
考法3 adj. 迫切的: needing immediate attention
考法4 adj. 必要的: impossible to do without

83

imperial

考法1 adj. 帝国的,帝王的: of, relating to, or suggestive of an empire or a sovereign, especially an emperor or empress
考法2 adj. 巨大的,令人惊叹的: large and impressive in size, grandeur, extent, or conception

84

imperious

考法1 adj. 爱发号施令的: fond of ordering people around
考法2 adj. 傲慢的,专横的: arrogantly domineering or overbearing
考法3 adj. 迫切的: intensely compelling

85

impertinent

考法1 adj. 无关紧要的: not having a clear decisive relevance to the matter in hand
考法2 adj. 粗鲁无礼的,大胆的: given to or characterized by insolent rudeness
考法3 adj. 不守礼节的,不为他人着想的: showing a lack of manners or consideration for others

86

imperturbable

考法1 adj.沉着冷静的,淡定的: marked by extreme calm, impassivity, and steadiness

87

impervious

考法1 adj. 不可渗透的,不可穿透的: not allowing entrance or passage
考法2 adj. 不能被破坏的: not capable of being damaged or harmed
考法3 adj. 不为所动的: not capable of being affected or disturbed

88

impetuous

考法1 adj. 冲动的,性急的,轻率的: marked by impulsive vehemence or passion
考法2 adj. 剧烈的,猛烈的: marked by force and violence of movement or action
派 impetus n. 推动力

89

impious

考法1 adj.不敬神的: lacking reverence for holy or sacred matters
派 impiety n. (对神的)不敬

90

implacable

考法1 adj. 固执的: sticking to an opinion, purpose, or course of action in spite of reason, arguments, or persuasion
考法2 adj. 无法平息的: not capable of being appeased, significantly changed, or mitigated

91

implement

考法1 n. 工具: a device used in the performance of a task
考法2 v. 执行,实施: to put into practical effect; carry out
派 implementation n. 执行,履行

92

implode

考法1 v. 剧烈收缩,坍缩,内爆: to collapse inward violently

93

importune

考法1 vt. 恳求,迫切请求: to make a request to (someone) in an earnest or urgent manner

94

imposing

考法1 adj. 宏伟壮丽的: impressive in size, bearing, dignity, or grandeur

95

impostor

考法1 n. 冒充者: one that assumes false identity or title for the purpose of deception

96

impotent

考法1 adj. 无生育能力的: unable to produce fruit or offspring
考法2 adj. 无力的,无能的: lacking in power, strength, or vigor

97

imprecise

考法1 adj. 不精确的: not precise
派 imprecision n. 不准确,不精确

98

impromptu

考法1 n. 即席的表演: something, such as a speech, that is made or done extemporaneously
考法2 adj. 即席的,即兴的:composedwithout previous preparation

99

improvise

考法1 v. 即兴而作: to invent, compose, or perform with little or no preparation

100

imprudent

考法1 adj. 不明智的: lacking discretion, wisdom, or good judgment

101

impudent

考法1 adj. 放肆大胆的,无礼的: marked by contemptuous or cocky boldness or disregard of others
派 impudencen. 放肆无礼