Flashcards in New Testament FINAL EXAM Deck (88):
The "end" of love
Philemon: When I remember you in my prayers, I always thank my
God because I hear of your love for all the saints and
your faith toward the Lord Jesus. I pray that the
sharing of your faith may become effective when you
perceive all the good that we may do for Christ. I
have indeed received much joy and encouragement
from your love, because the hearts of the saints have
been refreshed through you, my brother
main theme of Philemon
Owning slaves in the early church
The undisputed letters of Philemon
Freedom in slaves (Gal 3:28), Advice to slaves, Chloe's people (1 Cor 1:11)
Rhetorical situation of Philemon
Paul wants Philemones manumit Onesimus
Slave of Philemon whom Paul sent back to his master. Paul's letter to Philemon gives instructions on how Philemon needs to treat Onesimus
Owner of Onesimus and primary addressee of one of Paul's letters
Paul's letters (date)
1 Peter (date)
2 Thessalonians, Colossians, Ephesians (date)
2 Peter (Date)
Johannine Epistles (date)
Pastoral Epistles (date)
the belief that Jesus did not have a physical body, but was a spiritual presence on earth. John opposes this theory
most thought it the world was a lowly place and they wanted to escape.
If a book is pseudonymous it means that the book is written by someone other than who claims to be the author. Most apocalyptic books are
second series of letters written in Paul's name.
Title Slide: 2 Thessalonians
The End of Eschatology: As to the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our being
gathered together to him, we beg you, brothers and sisters, not
to be quickly shaken in mind or alarmed, either by spirit or by
word or by letter, as though from us, to the effect that the day
of the Lord is already here. Let no one deceive you in any
way; for that day will not come unless the rebellion comes first
and the lawless one is revealed, the one destined for
destruction (2 Thess 2:1-3)
Man of Lawlessness
We do not know who this is but he appears in 2 Thessalonians as evidence of the day of the lord has not come yet. he lived in the late 1st century
What is the argument in 2 Thessalonians?
The day of the lord has not yet come
What does eschatology bring?
Hope and encouragement
Title Slide: The end of the Church
Colossians and Ephesians So then you [Gentiles] are no longer strangers and aliens, but
you are citizens with the saints and also members of the
household of God, built upon the foundation of the apostles
and prophets, with Christ Jesus himself as the cornerstone. In
him the whole structure is joined together and grows into a holy
temple in the Lord; in whom you also are built together
spiritually into a dwelling place for God (Eph 2:19-22).
Colossians and Ephesians pseudonomy
Colossians is believed by 60% to be pseudonomous while Ephesians is believed by 80%
Colossians opposes certain beliefs and writings. What are they?
Involving the Torah and visions
What does it mean to "seek the things that are above?"
This is from Colossians and it means to live in a proper manner in all aspects of life. This includes sexual sins, anger, and slander.
What does it mean to be baptized
Colossians touches on this and it means to become indemnified with Christ and count on him for your salvation
When was Ephesians written in relation to Colossians?
A little bit after because the author uses some phrases and themes.
The relationship between Gentile and Jews in a unified Church (Ephesians)
Gentiles didn't know if the Jews should be let in...the tables had turned
Who was the churches cosmic head?
Christ was the cosmic head and this is talked about in Ephesians
What book hits on the unity of the church between Jewish and Gentiles?
What are the main themes of Ephesians?
1.) unity between gentile and Jew
2.) superiority of Christ to all other powers
3.) emphasis on traditional values
Title Slide: The end of ministry
The pastoral epistles (Timothy 1 and 2):
If you put these instructions before the brothers and sisters,
you will be a good servant of Christ Jesus, nourished on the
words of the faith and of the sound teaching that you have
followed. Have nothing to do with profane myths and old
wives’ tales. Train yourself in godliness, for, while physical
training is of some value, godliness is valuable in every way,
holding promise for both the present life and the life to come.
The saying is sure and worthy of full acceptance. For to this
end we toil and struggle, because we have our hope set on the
living God, who is the Savior of all people, especially of those
who believe. (1 Tim 4:6-10)
The pastoral epistles (Timothy's and titus) are psudonomous or nah?
What were 1 Timothy's leadership roles and qualifications?
The leaders in the church need to be men and these men need to men have to be recognized as appropriate by surrounding culture as a leader
What is 1 Timothy's proper use of the Torah?
Gentile Christians should interpret and keep the Mosaic law.
What does Paul the social conformist says?
(in the pastoral epistles) 1.) women should be submissive bc Eve caused the fall 2.) women should be married and in the home 3.) Bishops should be overseers and should be married (male) 4.) conformity on slavery
Important aspects to 2 Timothy
The author of this book believes that Paul is a prime example the letter sets forward. It implies that people should follow the way of Paul (and other good people) and stray away from the bad people
Title Slide: "end of Judaism?"
Now the main point of what we are saying i s this: We do have such a
high priest, who sat down at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty
i n heaven, and who serves in the sanctuary, the true tabernacle set up
by the Lord, not by a mere human being. Every high priest i s appointed
to offer both gifts and sacrifices, and so i t was necessary for this one
also to have something to offer. If he were on earth, he would not be a
priest, for there are already priests who offer the gifts prescribed by
the law. They serve at a sanctuary that i s a copy and shadow of what i s
in heaven. This is why Moses was warned when he was about to build
the tabernacle: “ See to it that you make everything according to the
pattern shown you on the mountain. ” But in fact the ministry Jesus has
received is as superior to theirs as the covenant of which he is mediator
is superior to the old one, since the new covenant is established on
better promises (8:1-6).
Author of Hebrews?
"God only knows who wrote Hebrews" (probably Apollos)
This letter came from an extremely sophisticated greek and requires careful attention
Hebrews...both the writer and the audience are Jewish
What is the Primary purpose in Hebrews?
compare the blessings a person enjoys as a member of the covenant Moses with one that a person has with Christ.
What role does Hebrews play in keeping the Christians in the church?
The church tries to convince people not to abandon their faith in Christ. The people of the church are starting to question Christ because he has not come yet. The author tries to show people what they are gaining from being in the church; not their struggles
What does Hebrews say about salvation?
Even if you are currently saved, it is possible for you to become unsaved if you stop believing
Dangers of Triumphalism in Hebrews
The fact that claims have been made that lead to the slaughtering of millions. The message can also result in hate and harassment
Themes in Hebrews
1.) The son is greater than the prophets, angels and Moses
2.) Christ believing Jews rest with Christ
3.) The son is the only high priest in the sanctuary
4.) perfection is through the son, not the law
Conclusion in Hebrews
The end of the old covenant in the Jewish new covenant
Title Slide: The End of Wisdom
Who is wise and understanding among you? Show by your
good life that your works are done with gentleness born of
wisdom. But if you have bitter envy and selfish ambition in your
hearts, do not be boastful and false to the truth. Such wisdom
does not come down from above, but is earthly, unspiritual,
devilish. For where there is envy and selfish ambition, there will
also be disorder and wickedness of every kind. But the
wisdom from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, willing
to yield, full of mercy and good fruits, without a trace of
partiality or hypocrisy. And a harvest of righteousness is sown
in peace for those who make peace (3:13-18)
Date and author of James?
40-95...either James the brother of Jesus or James the brother of John
Instructions that James gives
Resist temptation and live your faith (rather than talk about it. He also says not to say bad things about each other and don't get easily angry.
What is James specifically concerned about?
The poor. He tells readers that they need to give up there wealth for the well being of others.
"faith without works is dead" where is this passage from?
James...if your life does not show that you have faith, then you don't have faith
James vs Paul in their views on faith
James: says that it has a dependence on god, but still need to respect moral demands and be a good person
Paul: has a dependence on god
Theme of James: Wisdom is gentile and productive
This is said through pure religion and faith
Theme of James: wisdom is incompatible with envy and selfish ambition
basically James is saying don't be selfish with your money and give back to the poor
Theme of James: Wisdom is merciful and impartial
Not judging one and other and taming the tongue
Overall goal of James
To guide one to salvation
Title Slide: the end of truth
The Johannine Epistles (John 1 2 and 3):
What is a main quality that a person should have according to 1 John?
Why does John see Docetism as such a threat?
It distances God from the world and diminishes the connection between Christ and Christians.
What does the author of 2 John identify himself as
the elder. He follows the same themes and instructions of 1 John.
There are two themes of 2 John..what are they?
1.) the need to love each other
2.) a warning against Docetists
believe Jesus is divine, not human
Community of John on Jesus
believe he is divine and human
Belief system that most scholars think develops in the 2nd century. These people do not think the real world is a good place, therefore they do not think Jesus could be human. started with Judaism and then went to Christianity
Title Slide: the end of suffering
What is the main theme of first peter
To remind the people of Turkey that he understand their position and to give them an example to follow
Why are the people of Turkey being persecuted in 1 Peter?
Because of their faith.
What does 1 Peter encourage the people of Turkey to do?
to be distinct from those around them to prove that they are Christians because the salvation of god make up for the struggle they are going through
Title slide: The end of the Apocalypse
What is ex eventu in Revelation?
The pretended predictions of world history
What role does symbolic imagery play in revelations?
The author gives imagery that will be easy to decode for the reader. For example, ALexander the great is a goat.
The experience of not having things one thinks that they are entitled to
The Tribulation Prophecy
This is the series of sevens (seven seals, bowls, and trumpets)
Revelation stresses something about God a lot..what is it?
The fact that God always wins and you will also win if you stay faithful
What are the Catholic Epistles known as?
James, 1 and 2 Peter, 1, 2, 3 John, and Jude
The author of which book says that faith of Israel is valid and of great value?
What are the Pastoral epistles?
Timothy 1, 2 and Titus
What do the Pastoral epistles do for Paul?
instruct him how to conduct work as a pastor.
What is the most difficult thing about Hebrews?
the way it compares Judaism and Christianity
What is the primary reason people are leaving the church in Hebrews?
they are being persecuted
These are writing in the New Testament that claim to be written by Paul, but most scholars thing are written by someone else
This author shows concern for proper teaching and ethical living
The first letter written after the death of Paul
What was a main purpose of Colossians
To oppose teachers who begun to say that these people had not yet been forgiven of their sins
Who said that faith without works is dead?