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Flashcards in PLS unit one e Deck (82)
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1

Politics

the process of picking government officals who make decisions about public policy

2

civic life

participation in the community. Also includes institutions of the government

3

government

the body or bodies charged with making decisions

4

civil society

consists of different things that communities do to bring them together (recycling on campus)

5

social capital

things that are done to create trust between people in a society

6

representative democracy

What the United States does to elect president (have representatives from each state)

7

ruling elite theory

the argument that the wealthy have more say in the government than those who are not

8

pluralism

people with common beliefs get into the same group to try and establish dominance in the government but it rarely works out long term

9

biased plurallism

the wealthy play a larger role in determining the policies than normal citizens

10

direct initiatives

allows citizens to put certain laws directly on the ballet for voter approval

11

Indirect initiatives

citizens put their laws on a ballet and they have to go through legislature before it is sent on for the voters to vote on

12

popular referendum

this allows citizens to act upon laws that legislative has already decided on

13

legislative referendum

ballot measure that tries to gain voter approval for some legislative acts

14

recall

this is where citizens can remove and replace a public official before the end of their term

15

idelolgies

beliefs about how governments should operate

16

liberal democracy

ideology stressing individual rights and expressing faith in popular control of government. ideology that guided the American experience

17

political participation

Taking part in activities aimed at influencing the policies or leadership of government

18

social class

ones wealth, income, education all contribute to it

19

Thomas Jefferson

Called for periodic citizen uprisings to reinvigorate the spirit of democracy

20

Locke (why there is government)

said that people didn't need government in the past because the resources were plenty

21

Locke's Treatise of Government

says that people place themselves under control of government because of the mutual advantages that the government offers citizens

22

political participation

taking part in activities that are aimed at influencing policies or leadership of government

23

electoral majorities

who is elected to office, laws, how laws are administered

24

First time America looked at having a government?

When Britain and the colonies were not getting along

25

House of Burgess

America's first legislative government. consisted of 7 people and started in 1619. Continued to stand even when parliment took over the colonies in 1624

26

First Continental congress

Delegates of all 13 colonies (except Georgia) met in Philly to discuss the issues with parliament. urged boycott of British products

27

Second continental congress

met in 1775 and was used to discuss the colonial army and the upcoming war brewing with Britain

28

sovereign

recognized by the articles of confederation as this. (Also means independent)

29

three main economic concerns at the begininng of the colonies becoming a nation

1.) No common currency
2.) lack of control of inerstate commerce
3.) No way to collect federal taxes

30

Regulators

small farmers who roamed Massachusetts demanding that the tax impose be change...this led to Shay's rebellion