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Flashcards in D History Chapter 4 Deck (21):
1

English Reformation

Reform effort initiated by King Henry the 8th that included banning catholic church and declaring the English monarch head of new Church of England. Henry's primary concern was consolidating his political power

2

Puritans

Dissenters from the Church of England who wanted a genuine Reformation rather than the partial Reformation sought by Henry the 8th.

3

Separatists

People who sought withdrawal from the Church of England. Pilgrims were Separatists

4

Calvinism

Christian doctrine of Swiss protestant theologian John Calvin. Calivinisms ideas is that God serves predestination

5

predestination

that god chooses whether you are going to hell or heaven before your life starts

6

visible saints

Puritans to passed the tests of conversion and church membership and were therefore thought to be among God's elect

7

antinomians

Individuals who believed that Christians could be saved by faith alone and did not need to act in accordance with God's law as set forth in the Bible.

8

Puritan Revolution

English Civil war that arose out of disputes between King Charles and Parliament. The conflict began in 1642 and ended with execution of Charles I in 1649. Puritans ruled England until 1660

9

Halfway Covenant

A puritan compromise that allowed children of visible saints to become "halfway members" and then be able to babtize their children

10

Quakers

Belief was that God spoke directly to each individual through an inner light and neither ministers or the bible was essential to discovering God's Word. Believed all people were equal through God's eyes. Note: New England did not like Quakers

11

New Netherland

Dutch colony on Manhattan island. New Amsterdam was its capital and colony headquarters.

12

King Phillip's War

War begun by Metacomet in which the Wampanoag Indians attacked colonial settlements in western Massachusetts in 1675. Colonists responded by attacking the Wampanoag and other tribes they believed conspired with them. Colonists prevailed in the brutal war.

13

Pennsylvania

In 1662 William Penn was granted the land of Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania came to be one of the most diverse colonies that there was. (because William Penn was a quaker and believed everyone was someone that God spoke to in a way)

14

New Netherland

Later become New York. Duke of York had control over colony after Charles II granted it to him. Did not attract many European immigrants

15

Middle Colonies

New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. The middle colonies often were more accepting to people than New England

16

Puritan Revolution

After this happened, Puritans no long considered themselves a city upon a hill because the people stopped coming to New England after this. The overall gist of the story is that King Charles I was killed and England's ruler were then Puritans.

17

Anne Hutchinson

While living in Puritan New England she began giving lectures at her home as to how people could be saved by God's Grace alone. Winthrop did not approve and shipped her off to New York. She and her followers were considered antinomians

18

Thomas Hooker

clashed with Winthrop because he believed people should be admitted to church even if they hadn't converted. He also founded Connecticut

19

Roger Williams

Didn't think the New England Church was "pure enough" so he moved to Plymouth Colony. Later founded Rhode Island

20

Puritans Legacy

Puritans believed in predestination. They also believed that by being a good person that was God showing signs that you may be one of the 10%. Public life and their life with God went hand in hand.

21

John Winthrop

Founded New England (Massachusetts Bay) The Massachusetts Bay Company chose Winthrop (a lawyer and landowner) to be the governor. He wanted to reform the puritan church. Winthrop established the "city on a hill" in New England. Eventually over 20,000 immigrants from England would come over to New England.