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Flashcards in Unit 2 Test (vocab) Deck (41):
1

constitutes

citizens from state or office that an elected official represents

2

Congressional budget office

Non-partisan agency created by government to assist in the budget process

3

safe districts

Electoral district in which the candidate from that party usually wins by 55 percent or more

4

franking privilege

Free postage so the members of congress can send their constitutes mail about what is going on

5

casework

process of finding solutions to the constituents problems

6

redistricting

drawing congressional district boundaries to accord with population changes

7

reapporitantment

periodic changes of the 435 house seats based on population

8

gerrymander

drawing congressional boundaries to the advantage of one party

9

racial gerrymandering

Redistricting that affects the racial and ethnic groups of people in that region. (is not alllowed)

10

majority-minority district

a district in which there are a lot of minorities

11

descriptive representation

The idea that a representative should have the same demographics as the people

12

delegate representation

representation that mirrors the daily issues that the people have

13

trustee representation

trusting the lawmakers own judgment

14

politico style of representation

lawmaker tries to balance the opinions of the constituents and their own beliefs

15

earmarks

funding for specific projects that are added by members of congress to appropriations bills.

16

speaker of the house

most powerful leader of the house of representatives

17

majority leader

leader of the majority party in each house. responsible for marshaling support for the parties agenda

18

whips

assistant party leaders in each house whose jobs include ensuring that party members are present for floor votes and prepared to vote as the party prefers

19

logrolling

trading votes for the mutual advantage of each member in the senate (done by whips)

20

president pro-tempore

The second highest ranking in the US Senate

21

committee chairs

The leaders of congressional committees. They usually have the most power in a majority committee

22

Ranking minority member

the highest position on the minority committee. (usually the most senior of anyone on that committee.)

23

discharge position

Method for freeing legislation from a committee in the house that requires 218 signatures

24

filibuster

senate practice of continuous debate often employed to stop pending legislative action

25

oversight

congressional authority to monitor the actions and budgets of executive agencies it creates

26

Reconciliation

Process of amending spending bills to meet budget targets

27

omnibus bill

A bill that folds spending for all executive agencies into one legislative package

28

caucus

voter gathering used to select who to run in the general election

29

nominating convection

meeting of delegates from all states and territories to elect who will run for president

30

battleground state

a state where neither party holds much of an edge

31

express powers

powers given to the president by the constitution

32

delegated powers

powers ceded to president by congress

33

discretionary powers

power that the president assumes, giving him greater authority and flexibility in performing duties in office

34

recess appointment

Political appointment made by president when congress is out of session

35

rescission

cutback of funds for particular programs that requires congressional approval

36

line item veto

Executive power to reject a portion of a bill

37

extraordinary rendition

The practice of secretely abducting terriorist suspects and taking them to undisclosed locations

38

executive agreement

a pact made between the president and foreign leader of government that does not require senate approval

39

coattails

This has to do with the success of the president that could potentially help the candidates of the same party that are running for something lower

40

honeymood period

This is the time when congress and the people give the president the most latitude in decision making (right after he is elected president)

41

Chief of staff

the official in charge of coordinating between president and other staffers