Study Guide Unit 2 Test Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Study Guide Unit 2 Test Deck (50):
1

Requirements to be a part of the house and senate?

house: citizen for 7 years, 25 years old, must live in state running for. 2 year term
Senate: citizen for 9 years, 30 years old, must be resident. serves 6 years.

2

reasoning for difference in requirements between senate and house

The Senate has more power, and they serve longer so they want them to be a citizen and have a little more experience

3

Why is there a senate?

To slow down the process of making laws. This way dumb laws aren't being passed and more people are reviewing the laws

4

Organization of the House of representatives

435 members. A speaker of the house has the most power out of them. It include majority and minority leaders, Rules committee, and 3 options when a bill comes up. (Closed, open, restricted)

5

Difference between closed, open, and restricted bills

closed: amendments cannot be offered
open: amendments can be offered from this bill
restrictive: says only certain kinds of amendments can be made out of it

6

Organization of the Senate

equal representation in states. Vice President is (in charge) but he isn't there on a day to day basis. Pro Tempore is the next man in line which is based on seniority.

7

Standing committee (congressional)

permanent committee that deals with agriculture and budget

8

Select committee (congressional)

Is not there permanently. only there to investigate the accountability of a party

9

Joint committee (congressional)

comprised of both senate and house. Oversees day to day duties and discusses issues to try to make it satisfy both parties

10

voting behaviors of members of congress (3)

Representative view, attitudinal, organizational

11

Representative view

represent the people to vote

12

Attitudinal view

represent their own issues on the subject

13

organizational view

voters that depend on the party that they follow

14

built in conflict

This refers to the fact that what is in the national interest is not always in the interest of the voters in a state

15

Missouri limits for age for senate and house

24 for house 30 for senate

16

4 requirements of energy for the president

Unity, Duration, Dealing with Pay (adequate prevision of pay), competent powers

17

Duration (energy)

how long the office term will be held for

18

Adequate previson of support (energy)

This says that the president should be paid the highest among anyone in government

19

compentant powers (energy) 4 of these

1. commander in chief of military (declare war and oversee it)
2. chief executive
3. chief diplament
4. legislative authority (veto)`

20

Unity (presidental energy)

want just one president

21

president today compared to 19th century

in the 19th century the president didn't really do much

22

two presidencies thesis

says that the president has to deal with both domestic and foreign polices `

23

domestic policy

This says the president has to deal with congress and voters and such when trying to pass a law

24

Foreign policy

the president can pretty much do what he wants regarding this

25

Reason for electoral college ?

Because low information voters would usually vote for name recognition which come from big states

26

War Power act of 1973

states that the president must consult to congress before admitting troops to that war. 2.) Once the troops commit, the president has 48 hours to consult congress and 3.) the president has 60 days (plus 30) to send troops into war

27

formal and information requirements of becoming president

citizen for 14 years, 35 years old, American born citizen

28

Requirements to be Missouri governor

requirement is 30 years old, and can serve 2 terms (four years each), resident of state

29

Missouri has a plural executive, what does that mean?

This means that Missouri executives are members from both parties

30

five parts to the Missouri plural government

Lieutenant governor, attorney general, secretary of state, state treasurer, state auditor

31

critique against article III of the constitution

People said they didn't want life tenure for judges. Hamilton responded saying they are the least powerful people because all they do is interpret law (which is not true)

32

what is the constitutional court? how does it differ from a legislative court

The constituional court relates back to article 3 saying members have life tenure. The legislative court is a military court in which members do not serve for lyfe

33

What are the different types of opinions?

majority, concerning, dissenting, plurality

34

majority opinion

establishes rule of law and reason for rule of law

35

concurring opinion

a judge that agrees with an outcome, but a different reasoning for that outcome

36

Dissent opinion

disagree with the outcome , and why that should be the outcome

37

plurality opinion

There is a majority who agree with the outcome, but not the rationale. (The reason for that being the outcome)

38

Judicial review

The final say the supreme court has if a law is constitutional or not

39

originalism

The constituion has been made, leave it as is

40

living constitutionalism

The court should keep looking for ways to improve the court system

41

How are the state supreme court systems decided? (4 ways)

Missouri Merit plan, partisan election, non partisan election, political appointment

42

Missouri Merit Plan

Anyone can apply. goes through a committee of 5 people to decide who moves into the top three. The governor then picks out of those three

43

political appointment

the governor can elect whoever he want to be on the supreme court

44

non partisan elections

states can not run under a party label

45

partisian elections

states can run under a party label

46

circuit courts

felonies (series note. at least one year in jaill)

47

associate circuit courts

decides misdemeanor

48

Juvenile Division

deals with matter of kids

49

Probate Divison

Deals with deal. Testate means you die without a will. the state government is then in charge of your assets

50

Municipal court

deals with little stuff like tickets.