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Flashcards in tumour pathology 3 Deck (8)
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1

local effects of benign tumours

pressure and obstruction

2

local effects on malignant tumours

-pressure
-obstruction
-tissue destruction
-bleeding (anaemia and haemorrhage)
-pain (caused by pressure on nerves)
effects of treatment

3

systemic effects of malignant tumours

-cancer cachexia (weight-loss due to cancer)
- over/under secretion/production of hormones
-secretion of hormones from an organ that does not normally secrete a hormone.
-paraneoplastic syndromes

4

paraneoplastic syndromes

conditions not caused by local or metastatic effects of tumours, due to immune mechanisms or production of hormone and growth factor

5

dysplasia

earliest change in the process of malignancy that can be visualised.

6

features of dysplasia

Increased nuclear size
Increased mitotic activity
Abnormal mitoses

7

intra epithelial neoplasia

the presence of a benign neoplasia (high grade dysplasia) in epithelial tissue

8

early detection methods for cancer

screening ( eg. cervical cancer screening)