1.0 Other Respiratory Conditions Flashcards Preview

Ambulance Study Notes > 1.0 Other Respiratory Conditions > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1.0 Other Respiratory Conditions Deck (19):
1

Pneumonia - What is it?

It is an infection of the alveolar or gas exchange portion of the lungs.
It may produce an intense inflammatory response that causes the airspace to fill with organisms, pus & white blood cells.



2

Bronchitis - What is it?

It is an infection of the lower conducting airways of the lungs producing inflammation, pus & sometimes bronchospasm.


3

Pneumonia & Bronchitis - signs & symptoms:

Fever or chills.
Cough.
Dyspnoea.
Sharpe & localised chest pain that is worse when breathing deaply or coughing.
Wheeze or crackles that are unilateral or limited to one lobe/area in the presence of a productive cough or elevated temperature.





4

Chest infection managment:

Oxygen for hypoxia or the prevention of hypoxia.
Paracetamol for mild pain or in addition to other measures for moderate pain.
Nebulised bronchodilators if bronchospasms are present.
Backup may be required for patients who are in moderate to severe respiratory distress, shock or dehydration.





5

Hyperventilation syndrome - What is it?

It is anxiety or excitement, which usually results in an increased ventilatory rate.
Diagnoses is by exclusion, it is made after assessment to rule out any pathological causes.

6

Hyperventilation syndrome - signs & symptoms:

Rapid breathing.
Cool & possibly pale skin.
Carpopedal spasm.
Tachycardia.
Loss of consciousness & seizures (late & rare occurrences).
Lightheadedness, giddiness & anxiety.
Numbness, paraesthesia of hands, feet & around mouth.
Cold hands & feet.
Dyspnoea.
Chest pain.



7

What is a pneumothorax?

Abnormal presence of air in the pleural cavity resulting in the collapse of the lung.

8

What are some causes of a pneumothorax?

Trauma or spontaneous

9

What happens if a patient has a pneumothorax and air continues to enter the pleural cavity?

If air continues to enter, and does not escape, the result is a tension pneumothroax - a more serious condition.

10

What are some signs of a pneumothorax?

Shortness of breath
Chest pain
Tachycardia
Hypotension
Absence of normal breath sounds
Decreased chest wall movement on the affected side



11

What are some signs and symptoms of asthma?

SOB
Chest tightness
Anxiety
Respiratory distress
Tachyponoea
Accessory muscle use (neck, abdomen)
Prolonged expiratory phase
Wheeze
Coughing
Difficulty speaking
Tachycardia
Cyanosis



12

What are some signs and symptoms of CORD?

SOB
Abnormal sputum
Chronic cough
Anxiety
Tachyponoea
Wheeze
Crackles
Prolonged expiratory phase
Chest enlargement (barrel chest)
Accessory muscle use (neck, abdomen)
Pursed lips
Tachycardia
Difficulty performing daily activities

13

What do crackles sound like?

Bubbling or crackling - heard mainly on inspiration.

14

What are crackles usually associated with regards to the condition of the respiratory system itself?

Fluid in the airways - base of lungs

15

Wheeze sounds like what?

High pitched whistle - mainly on expiration

16

What does a wheeze indicate with regards to what is happening with the respiratory system?

Narrowing or the bronchioles.

17

What are the signs and symptoms of pneumonia?

fever/chills
cough
dyspnea
chest pain

18

What is hyperventilation?

Increased ventilators rate

19

What are the signs and symptoms of hyperventilation?

rapid breathing
cool and pale skin
hand spasm
loss of consciousness/seizures
light headed
numbness of hands, feet and mouth
cold hands and feet
chest pain

Decks in Ambulance Study Notes Class (79):